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w>oru  rapeM, 



Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Microfilm  Editor 

Gregory  Field 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
David  W.  Hutchings 
Lisa  Gltclman 
Leonard  DeGraaf 
Dennis  D.  Madden 

Mary  Ann  Hellrlgel 
Paul  B.  Israel 
Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Karen  A.  Detig 
Gregory  Jankunls 
Douglas  G.  Tarr 


Reese  V.  Jenkins 
Director  and  Editor 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
National  Park  Service,  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Smithsonian  Institution 

University  Publications  of  America 
Beth es da,  Maryland 


Reese  V.  Jenkins 
Director  and  Editor 

Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Associate  Director  and  Microfilm  Editor 

Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Managing  Editor,  Book  Edition 

Helen  Endlck 

Assistant  Director  for  Administration 

Associate  Editor 
Paul  B.  Israel 

Research  Associates 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
David  W.  Hutchings 
Karen  A.  Detig 

Assistant  Editors 

Keith  A.  Nler 
Gregory  Field 
Lisa  Gltclman 
Martha  J.  King 


Grace  Kurkowskl 

Gregory  Jankunls 

Student  Assistant 
Bethany  Jankunls 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of 
New  Jersey 

Francis  L.  Lawrence 
Joseph  J.  Seneca 
Richard  F.  Foley 
Rudolph  M.  Bell 

New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Howard  L.  Green 

National  Park  Service 
John  Maounis 
Maryanne  Gerbauckas 
Nancy  Waters 
George  Tselos 
Smithsonian  Institution 
Bernard  Finn 
Arthur  P.  Moiella 


James  Brittain,  Georgia  Institute  of  Technology 
Alfred  D.  Chandler,  Jr.,  Harvard  University 
Neil  Harris,  University  of  Chicago 
Thomas  Parke  Hughes,  University  of  Pennsylvania 
Arthur  Link,  Princeton  University 
Nathan  Reingoid,  Smithsonian  Institution 
Robert  E.  Schofield,  Iowa  State  University 


William  C.  Hittinger  (Chairman),  RCA  Corporation 
Edward  J.  Bloustein,  Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey  * 
Cees  Bruynes,  North  American  Philips  Corporation 
Paul  J.  Chnsuansen,  Charles  Edison  Fund 
Philip  F.  Dietz,  Westinghouse  Electric  Corporation 
Roland  W.  Schmitt,  General  Electric  Corporation 
Harold  W.  Sonn,  Public  Service  Electric  and  Gas  Company 
Morris  Tanenbaum,  AT&T 




The  Alfred  P.  Sloan  Foundation 
Charles  Edison  Fund 
The  Hyde  and  Watson  Foundation 
Geraldine  R.  Dodge  Foundation 


National  Science  Foundation 
National  Endowment  for  the  Humanities 
National  Historical  Publications  and 
Records  Commission 


Alabama  Power  Company 
Amerada  Hess  Corporation 

Atlantic  Electric 

Association  of  Edison  Illuminating 
Companies,  Inc. 

Battelle  Memorial  Institute 
The  Boston  Edison  Foundation 
Cabot  Corporation  Foundation,  Inc. 
Carolina  Power  &  Light  Company 
Consolidated  Edison  Company  of 
New  York,  Inc. 

Consumers  Power  Company 
Coming  Glass  Works  Foundation 
Duke  Power  Company 
Entergy  Corporation  (Middle  South 
Electric  Systems) 

Exxon  Corporation 
Florida  Power  &  Light  Company 
General  Electric  Foundation 
Gould  Inc.  Foundation 
Gulf  States  Utilities  Company 
Idaho  Power  Company 
International  Brotherhood  of  Electrical 

Iowa  Power  and  Light  Company 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Stanley  H.  Katz 
Matsushita  Electric  Industrial  Co.,  Ltd. 
McGraw-Edison  Company 
Minnesota  Power 
New  Jersey  Bell 
New  York  State  Electric  &  Gas 

North  American  Philips  Corporation 
Philadelphia  Electric  Company 
Philips  International  B.V. 

Public  Service  Electric  and  Gas 
RCA  Corporation 
Robert  Bosch  GmbH 
Rochester  Gas  and  Electric 

San  Diego  Gas  &  Electric 
Savannah  Electric  and  Power  Company 
Schering-Plough  Foundation 
Texas  Utilities  Company 
Thomas  &  Betts  Corporation 
Thomson  Grand  Public 
Transamerica  Delaval  Inc. 
Westinghouse  Educational  Foundation 
Wisconsin  Public  Service 

A  Note  on  the  Sources 

The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 


R©el  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
any  part  of  this  film  is  prohibited. 
In  lieu  of  transcripts,  however, 
enlarged  photocopies  of  selected' 
items  contained  on  these  reels 
may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 

1891.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Unsolicited  Correspondence  - 
Advice  (D-91-16) 

This  folder  contains  routine  correspondence  suggesting  improvements 
in  Edison  s  inventions,  asking  him  for  advice  on  technical  matters,  or 
requesting  his  assistance  in  improving  or  promoting  an  invention. 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  Most  of  the 
letters  selected  for  filming  received  a  significant  response  from  Edison. 


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Thomaa  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Edison  Laboratory, 
Orange,  N. 

Dear  Sir:- 


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Enclosed  herewith,  please  find  letter  which  I 

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Enc..„Q.  1.  _ 


V  TAiE- 

/  -(h»  w. L* s*  bayley,  m.  e.,  ^ 

*  T.  P.  PEMBERTON, 

5.  K.  MONROE,  * 

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Re  Sintzenich  Patent..  / 

Dear  Sir/-  ' 

A  Canadian  bey,  yen  will  knew  cf  Terente-,  and  sc 
the  name  cf  Clarksen  will  net  be  unfamiliar  tc  you— 

1  dc  net  wish  tc  trespass  tec  much  cn  ycur  time(which  I 
knemuat  be  very  folly  occupied).  9sp9cl<dlj  e8  ,  „aye  nc  dcuW 

”  n”°h  peitirM  »lth  l"“«»  «■  a  similar  errand  as  this. 

Mr.  Sintzenich  a  civil  engineer  cfgccd  rspnt.-sc«e 

years  age  patented  a  rail»ay  rail  chair-.  Having  „c  means  cf  his 
.<«  he  »a,  compelled  tc  rely  upon  the  casual  assistance  cf  friends 
“  irlnSlng  hls  lm,9"tlcn  tc  -cUo.  cf  the  pnblic.  He  ».6 
cn  the  .hole,  .ell  received  by  Win,  men  but  wheneve/th.  cccl- 
sxen  cccurred  .her.  money  .as  re,„ired  tc  effect  a  trid/f  his 

th9  fUndS  pet0r9d^t  an^ha  ^as  threwn  back,  dis- 
-  ene  and  eahansted  .*,£&  ^ 

«  is  fe.  personal  traps  from  *dcev-th. 

Hr*™  “  tC°  "y  P  &P*  h%w 

.  far  seme,  althc’  ^  aSilateUwc  >j_ 


practical  knowledge  cf  these  things,1^  whole  business  training 
and  occupation  led  me  to  discountenance  them.  Long  consideration 
led  me  to  the  belief,  perhaps  erroneous,  that  his  patent  was  a 
good  one,  and  serviceable,  end  finally  I  agreed  to  provide  the 
means  for  testing  his  patent  and  Mr.  Sintsenioh  S^SSTin  a 

business  like  way  to  see  what  could  be  don.  with  it.  I  may  hers 
state  that  two  years  ago  he  got  Mr.Pullman  to  go  into  the  matter 
Of  the  Patent,  and  that  gentleman  was  pleased  with  it,  and  wanted 
it  put  on  one  cf  the  American  roads  and  offered  to  superintend 
the  making  of  the  trial  chairs,  hut  here  the  fund,  gave  out  and 
nothing  was  done.  Later  however,  Mr.Rcbertscn  in  Mr.Pull.ans' 
office  has  frequently  written  me  asking  that  the  matter  be  brought 
“P  "gain.  Ibis  may  mean  something  or  nothing,  I  do  not  knc. 

a.  Canadian  Railroad  men.  on  a  first  step,  were  then  mte. 
viewed  a.y  examined  and  criticised  the  Patent  and  approved  cf 

dl I  l^  S“-  ^  *  Can. 

adian  Government  Railroad,  directed  that  a  trial  lot  cf  th  on 
should  be  put  down  on  the  Bedford  grad,  of  the  T  e  ' 

^  the  worst  grade  on  the  Id  1  °Cl0n,al 

to  Rnglmid  to  see  how  cheap  he  could  get  thelf  ^  S1”tS9nl°h 

a«e  time  to  lay  his  i„v.  ,  •  „  at 

invention  before  the  Railroads. 

R  (l[,  difai'huon, 


His  success,  sc  far  as  discussion  is  concerned,  has  been  marked 
and  most  successful.  He  was  met  with  cynicism  of  course,  but  no 
one  has  yet  openly  disclaimed  the  value  of  his  patent,  and  as  he 
is  new  backed  by  good  influence  in  England,  I  lock  for  very 
favorable  results  from  his  visit.  Meantime  his  chair  is  being 
put  cn  the  Bedford  grade  and  the  C.P.R.  and  the  G.T.R.  Cc's  are 
watching  the  trial  and  if  it  proves  to  be  as  good  as  we  hope  it 

will  be.  I  think  I  may  safely  say-it  will  be  used  by  the  Canadian 

me  Patent  consists  of  a  finn  holding  steel  chair  for 
rails,  preventing  the  spreading  cr  creeping  of  rails,  at  a  oeat 
net  ever  the  eeet  ef  the  present  fish  plat,  end  spikes,  and 
enabling  a  great  rat.  ef  speed  ever  the  rail,  with  perfeet  safety. 

I  wish  Ku  to  de  is  to  permit  me  to  send  yen  a 
sample  chair,  and  later,  when  Sintsenich  retnrns,  tc  give  him  en 
interview,  that  he  may  intelligently  discuss  with  yen  the  points 
merit  that  it  has.  If  «i.„  yen  it  good  to  r. 

Z  "  Stirt  -  — oh  Hailway  Hail 

^r::zr~::z.z  ----- 

stock  tc  be  given  tc  you  for  ycur  countenance  and  support. 

In  England  a  chair  has  been  used  for  years,  but  it  is 
made  tc  held  the  rails  securely  by  means  of  a  weed  block  which 
secticnmen  have  daily  to  wedge  up.  Our  patent  provides  a  firm 
and  durable  grip  to  the  rail  which  seems  tc  me  sc  admirable  and 
effective  that  I  believe  you  will  approve  of  it  at  first  sight. 

Most  of  the  accidents  are  caused  bythe  spreading  of  the 
rails— -this,  and  creeping,  J  believe  we  effectually  overcome. 

One  may  have  a  good  patent,  but  if  .one  cannot  properly  * 
utilise  it,  it  becomes  a  fcr  mcney# 

You  know  how  to  utilise  a  patent  of  this  kind,  and 
sooner  or  later,  the  perfect  stability  of  the  rail  will  effect  the 
««.cf  such  etectricai  appiiaaeee  as  m8y  lntroduos 
m  securing  great  speed. 

rca  may  affect  th.  ape*,.  tat  th,  m98ns  cf 

TH  ~  ^  «  •  P-eaUy 

ln°iden‘  rtth  **  »ill  quiet  the  , 

on  all  questions  as  tc  danger. 

muy  ef  th  ’  ha,e  --  “  -*-«  W 

.  ,  h°  Mer0antUe  «1  what  I.  am,  you  «iU 

least  receive  „e  aaeuyahe.  that  I  a.  pot  either  a  epeeZcr 

(£.  '|R,  (It.  (£t<U'(;jon, 

‘Evuolcc  and  OijuiDafot, 


cr  an  adventurer. 

I  believe  we  have  a  gccd  thing  in  this  Patent,  naturally 
I  gc  tc  the  best  source  fcr  using  it. 

At  ycur  leisure  write  tc  me,  and  seme  day  when  I  am 
in  ycur  State,  ycu  will  perhaps  allcw  me  tc  call  and  see  ms  you 
and  ycur  wonderful  invention. 

Ycurs  truly. 

V  v'"  v  '*:v_  *  L 

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1891.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Visitors  (D-91-20) 

This  folder  contains  requests  to  visit  Edison  and/or  the  West  Orange 
laboratory  or  one  of  the  company  shops.  Some  of  the  correspondence  relates 
to  a  proposed  visit  by  the  renowned  explorer,  Henry  M.  Stanley. 

Approximately  30  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  Routine 
unsolicited  requests  to  visit  Edison,  his  laboratory,  or  a  company  shop  have 
not  been  filmed.  J  K 


5>  10,0  •  * 

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A.  A.  BRENEMAN,  S.  13., 

LABORATORY,  97  WATER  STREET,  Room,  37-38,  49-50, 



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1891.  Edison  Manufacturing  Company  (D-91-21) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
business  of  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  Included  are  letters  concerning 
agreements  between  Edison,  Felix  Lalande,  and  Georges  Chaperon  in  regard 
to  galvanic  batteries;  correspondence  pertaining  to  a  rental  dispute  between 
the  company  and  Elmira  Ritchie,  who  continued  to  live  in  a  house  purchased 
by  the  company;  and  financial  reports  relating  to  the  sale  of  batteries  and  wax 
records.  Some  of  the  documents  may  be  illegible  due  to  faded  ink. 

Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  weekly  stock  and 
shipping  reports  of  the  Battery  Dept.;  routine  correspondence  regarding 
orders  and  shipments;  payroll  receipts;  routine  expense  sheets,  bill,  and 
receipts;  letters  of  transmittal  and  acknowledgement;  documents  that  duplicate 
information  in  selected  material. 

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31  6  ft 

Mr.  Gladstone  tells  me  that  he  has  had  some 
conversation  with  you  in  regard  to  having  the  l/l6  h.  p.  Motor 
wound  for  our  cells.  If  we  are  to  do  anything  with  these  we 
ought  to  be  in  a  position  to  commence  canvassing  for  sales  im¬ 
mediately.  Until  we  get  the  data  on  the  motor  we  cannot  deter¬ 
mine  how  many  cells  would  be  required  for  it.  We  also  must  know 

costs.  How  soon  could  we  obtain  this  information? 

A.  0.  TATK. 

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To  Edison  Mbnufhcturing  Company, 

_ ORANGE,  N.J. 

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OVS-eiXi..  <*-<^,C  I 

Mr.  A.O.  Tate- 

Edison  Laboratory, 
Brange,  N.J.' 

Dear  Sir- 

World  Building,  Room  87, 
New  York,  Aug,-  6th,  1891. 

Would  it  be  possible  to  send  me  a  sample  of  the  Edison  Lalande 
battery  to  show  to  customers?  While  the  battery  is  well  known,  still 
I  find  that  many  persons  wish  to  see  the  battery  before  deciding* 

I  have  not  a  phonograph  at  present  in  the  office,  but  am  in  active 
competition  with  the  James  H.  Mason  storage  battery  in  same  office, 
and  therefore  wish  to  place  the  two  side  by  side . 

While  I  appreciate  the  fact  that  a  primary  and  storage  battery  are 
dissimilar,  still  both  are  used  for  running  phonographs,  and  I  be¬ 
lieve  that  with  one  of  your  batteries  to  show,  I  can  effect  some  sales » 
I  have  placed  the  former  advertisement  of  the  Lalande  battery 
in  the  June  and  July  editions  of  The  Phonogram,  which  will  appear  as  one 
the  coming  week, (it  being  too  late  to  issue  both  separately)  in  order  to 
satisfy  the  Remington  type-writer  people, who  were  displeased  with  the 
appearance  of  the'  cut  used  previously^ and  who  had  a  new  cut  made*  1 
wrote  you  concerning  this  some  timeago,  and  you  ordered  same  inserted  in 
the  June  issue. 

Will  you  kindly  remit  the  last  bill  sent  to  you  some  fewweeks  ago, 
as  I  am  very  much  in  need  of  funds* 

Very  truly  yours. 

Manager . 


/Oe^r</  A-cm/ 

Mfc.  Tate: 

Hew  York  City,  Aug.  II,  1891. 

Very  truly  yours, 

S.B. Eaton  p  A.G.M  ^ 

^ _ •  ,  * 


Major  S.  B.  Eaton, 

S dig  on  Building,  Broad  St., 

s  not  yet  received  from  you  a  reply  to  my  let  tar 

23rd  ultimo,  with  ’.vhieh  I  sent  to  yc 

>  agrea.ients  between 

-dioon,  Felix  ae  Lalande  and  Georges  Chaperon,  and  asked  c-ec*- 
i  questions  with  relation  thereto.  An  answer  at  your  e'ar-Uf 

V  trull' 


t^l  (k  ccrtz  ^  ( 


44-  $9va£Jz$i£e6{  ec 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Private  Secretary, 

Edison's  laboratory,  Ormge  New  Jersey, 

Dear  Sir:- 

Re  Contracts  between  T.  A.  Edison,  lalande  and  Chaper¬ 
on.  Referring  to  the  questions  contained  in  your  letter  of  July 
23rd., and  to  the  nontraots  of  August  24,  1889  and  April  8,  1890, 

I  beg  to  say  that  the  matter  presented  very  considerable  difficul¬ 
ties  of  solution.  As  a  consequence,  it  has  b een  necessary  to  make 
a  considerable  investigation  of  authorities,  and  this  has  result¬ 
ed  in  delay. 

U)  The  Scope  of  the 'contracts. 

The  contractnof  Aug.  24,  1889,  gives  an  exclusive  li¬ 
cense  to  manufacture,  UBe  and  sell  galvanio  batteries  covered  by 
the  lalande-Chaperon  patents,  within  the  United  States,  for  all 
purposes  except  as  secondary  batteries  in  connect! on  with  electric 
lighting.  The  further  provision  as  to  phonograph  batteries 
seans  not  to  be  important  here.  The  royalty  is  25  centimes  per 
lit<re  capacity,  with  a  minimum  limit  of  royalty  of  $2,000,  per 

annum.  The  contract  provides  that  Mr.;  Edison  may  terminate  the 
license  on  six  months'  notice  in  writing— thate  is  no  provision  as 
to  termination  by  the  licensors. 

The  contract  of  April  8,  1890,  recites  that  the  purpose 
of  the  second  contract  is  to  extend  the  license  mentioned  in  the 
first  to  the  use  of  said  cells  for  electric  lighting  purposes 
in  electric  lighting  plants  of  a  capacity  not  exceeding  25  lamps, 
and  gives  a  further  right  to  sell  but  not  manufacture  in  the  Domin¬ 
ion  of  Qanada,  the  Republic  of  Mexico  and  all  oountriesupon  the 
European  continent  except  Franoe  and  Great  Britain.  This  license 
is  not  like  the  former  one,  exclusive.  The  royalty  is  the  same 
as  in  the  previous  contract,  to  wit,  25  centimes  per  litre  capacity; 
but  has  no  minimum  limit  of  royalty.  This  contraot  also,  unlike 
the  previous  one,  may  be  terminated  by  either  party. 

It  seems  quite  clear  that  these  contracts  are  to  be 
interpreted  separately— that  is,  each  stands  upon  its  own  basis 
so  far  as  obligations  are  concerned.  I  agreed  with  you,  therefore, 
that  the  minimum  royalty  provided  for  in  the  first  contract  must 
be  paid  without  any  reference  whatever  to  matters  covered  by  the 
second  contract. 

(2)  The  Questions  submitted  and  the  law  touching  the 



Your  question  is  stated  as  follows:-  "Now,  I  want  to 
"know  if  we  sell  to  the  E,  S.  Greeley  Company,  for  instance,  in 
"New  Yoric  City,  and  Greeley  exports  the  cells  to  Mexico,  must  we 
■account  under  the  oontract  of  August  24,1889,  or  under  the  oon- 
"tract  of  April  8,  1890?  In  other  words,  would  that  constitute 
"a  sale  by  Edison  in  the  United  Stat.eB  or  a  sale  by  him  in  Mex- 
"ico?  We  make  sales  to  Greeley  now,  and  he  can  dispose  of  the 
"batteries  in.  the  United  States  or  in  certain  South  American 
■couhtries  as  he  pleases  to.  What  I  want  to  know  is, whether 
•Greeley  would  in  the  eyes  of  the  law  be  considered  a  medium,  or 
"whether  our  responsibility  ceases  when  we  make  sales  to  him  in 
■New  York?  Lalande  has  no  patents  in  any  of  the  countries  which 
"I  have  in  mind," 

As  a  general  provision  of  la  w,  a  restricted  territorial 
licensee  is  not  cleared  of  his  responsibility  upon  a  sale  within 
the  lioensed  territory  As  a  general  proposition,  a  vendee  from 
such  licensee  may  UBe ,  but  not  sell  articles  so  purchased  in  tepri 
tories  outside  the  licensed  territory.  As  a  corollary  from  this, 
the  licensee,  for  say  the  State  of  New  Yodc  ,  may  not  sell  to  a 
person  within  the  State  of  New  York  far  sale  without  the  State  of 


New  York.  In  other  words,  a  licensee  for  a  restricted  terri¬ 
tory  is  not  allowed  to  aid  and  abet  any  other  person,  in  violat¬ 
ing  the  license.  Where  the  licensee  who  sells, knows  or  has 
reason  to  believe  the  person  to.  whan  he  sells  intends  to  Bell 
the  articles  witho  ut  the  licensed  territory,  the  responsibility 
of  the  licensee  does  not  cease  with  the  sale. 

This  would  be  true  as  to  sales  to  a  vendee,  who  in¬ 
tended  to  sell  and  did  sell  the  articles  in  a  territory  covered 
by  the  licensor's  patents,  other  than  the  territory  for  which  the 
licensee  had  a  license.  How  does  the  matter  stand  apart  from 
the  express  terms  of  our  contracts,  with  reference  to  territory 
where  the  licensors  have  no  patents?  We  think,  in  such  case, 
either  the  licensee, -Mr.  Edison,  or  his  vendee,  the  Greeley  Com¬ 
pany,  might  sell  in  the  territory  for  which  there  were  no  patents. 
It  would  not  be  a  violation  of  the  United  States  patents,  because 
they  eoveronly  thiis  country.  It  would  not  be  a  violatiai  of  Mex¬ 
ican  patents— let  us  say,  assuning  that  there  are  no  lalande  pat¬ 
ents  in  Mexico—  because  there  are  no  lalande  patents  of  that 
country  to  violate. 

But  the  act  of  the  licensee  in  selling  to  a  vendee 
for  purposes  of  sale  uutside  the  licensed  territory  and-  in  a 


territory  where  the  licensors  patentB  exist  and  for  which  the  li¬ 
censee  has  no  license,  is  not  considered  by  the  law  to  be  a  sale 
within  the  unlicensed  territory.  His  offense  is  considered  to  be 
aiding  and  abetting  another  to  sell  within  the  unlicensed  ter¬ 
ritory.  Consequently,  in  the  view  of  the  law,  the  licensee  is 
considered  as  actually  selling  in  the  plaoe  where  he  actually  does 
sell.  In  this  case,  in  theory  of  law,  the  E.  S.  Greeley  Com¬ 
pany  would  not  be  a  medium,  as  you  suggest,  and  Mr.  Edison's 
sale  would  actually  take  plaoe  within  the  United  States.  We  think, 
therefore,  that  the  matter  would  be  governed  by  the  first  contract 
and  the  royalty  woold  be  oanputed  under  it. 

We  do  not  think  that  the  license  to  Mr.  EdiBOn  in  the 
second  contract  to  sell  but  not  to  manufacture  the  batteries  in 
the  Dominion  of  Canada  and  the  Republic  of  Mexico,  applies  to 
such  a  case,  because,  it  would  seen  as  if  the  second  contract, 
as  to  this  point,  applied  only  to  sales  by  Mr.  Edison  in  Mexico. 

(3)  Cone  lust one. 

To  sun  up,  I  think  that  the  royalty  would  be  payable 
under  the  f&rst  contract  and  not  the  second,  I  may  say;  how¬ 
ever,  that  the  question  is  an  extremely  close  and  doubtful  one, 
i  and  I  cannot  guarantee  that  a  Court  would  take  a  sim^^a^ieWY  - 

fa  yau"' 


The  Phonogram, 

The  Official  Organ  of  the  Phonograph  Companies  of  the  United  States. 


Devoted  to  the  Interests  of  the  Phonograph,  and  Kindred  Subjects. 

Room  87,  Pulitzer  Building, 

-September— 28-,— 


Mr.  AO.  Tate, 

C/O  Edison  Mfg.  Co., 

near  sir:- 


Enclosed, please  find  receipt  ^sent  by  messenger  yesterday, 
for  which  please  accept  thanks.  I  received  the  two  new  plate/:  of  the 
Edison  Lalande  Battery  from  Messrs.  Burgoyne  &  Co,  and  will  insert 
same  in  place  of  the  old  one. 

Thanking  you  for  past  courtesies,  I  remain, 


SEP  8  0  1801 

Muit  fltanffgrapli  and  fltcuogtniilt-ilvnphoplimtf, 

i//  TiMEs-guiLPme, 

Edison  Mfg'  Co,  Orange,  N.J.-  ^ 


•  ANB-TOfrteERS 

PI loiinnHEP) fin';mrr';>rSv  TKwwm  i.rcTirncj-crar 

To  1/2  page  advertisement  in  Aug.  issue  (NO .  8)  Phono gri 


'The;  Phonogram, 

The  Official  Organ  of  the  Phonograph  Companies  of  the  United  States. 


Devoted  to  the  Interests  of  the  Phonograph,  and  Kindred  Subjects. 

Room  87,  Pulitzer  Building, 

Edison  r.Iftf.  Co., 

Orancre-  N-J- 



to  0CT  3  7  1891 

*  ] 


Enclosed  please  find  receipt  for  check  of  $^^,^£oy 
the  Edison  Lalande  Battery  Advertisement  in  the  issue  of  the 
Phonogram.  Please  accept  thanks  for  seme. 

We  forward  by  this  mail  Lalande  cut  which  was  sent  to 
us  from  l.Iess.  Burgoyne  &  Co . , 

Yours  veiy  truly- 

Thoms  At  Edison,  Esq. , 

N.  J'.  &  Penn' a.  Concent  rat  ing  Works, 
Ogdens  burgh,  II.  J. 

Doar  Sir:- 

X  enclose  herewith  copy  of  Duplicate  Musical  Record 
Report  for  the  week  ending  October  31st,  1891;.  also  copies  of 
Manufacture  Company’s  weokly  Financial  Reports  for  week  ending 
October  29th,  1891. 

I  also  oncloso  herevrlth  a  lotter  received  to-day  from  Mr. 

P.  B.  Delany,  together  with  newspaper  clippings. 

Yours  very  truly. 


.  NOV  4 , 18gi 





0  R  A  N  G  K  ,  N.  J. 


W  A  K  D  K  P  A  R  1  H  K  H. 






PAY  ROLL  FOR  WKKK - .3. gg 





0  R  A  N  G  K  ,  N.  J. 




SALES  "FOR  WEEK - 892.05 


ORDERS  ON  HAND - 129.17 



Leas  paid  Airing; week  587.58 

Net  sum  due _ 4294.40 


Less  received  during  week  892.57 

Net  sum  due - - 10044.51 


PAY  ROLL  FOR  WERE - - - 219.94 

1891.  Electric  Light  -  General  (D-91-22) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
electric  lighting  and  power.  Included  are  letters  pertaining  to  cable  insulation, 
electrocution,  insurance  for  central  stations,  and  lamp  filaments.  There  is  also 
correspondence  from  Charles  T.  Porter  in  regard  to  a  Porter  engine  at  the 
West  Orange  laboratory;  a  letter  by  Hermann  Claudius  about  the  early  electric 
light  work  done  at  Menlo  Park  and  Pearl  Street;  and  a  copy  of  an  article  by 
Dr.  Henry  G.  Piffard  describing  the  use  of  Edison  current  for  medical 

All  the  documents  have  been  filmed. 

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ChsTsi (?'7^<*l *+y 

STEPHEN  E.  BARTON,  Pros.  EVERETT  W,  BURDETT,  Vice-Pros.  CHARLES  F.  POLLARD  Sec'y  and  Treai 

GctW  Hrnjamin  P.  Pkacii,  Jr.,  I^Rnf'Man.,  Ass't 
T.‘  C.  Bates,  Worcester,  Mass.,  Director  Worcester  El. 
KLiiMtA  Morgan. Springfield.  M^ss., Pres. United  Kl.l.t. 

th"  ma^*t?  ro’IHo'i^d^  nr 

Thomas  A Edison,  Esq 

;  Laboratory , 
Or  an  go,  II.  J 

Electric  Mutualjlnsurance  Company, 

^  c-  r-  k 

85 'WATER  STREET.  Room  50. 

Boston,  Mass., ...Eeb...:_..l&, . ism _ 

*  >.ja^ 

My  Dear  Edison,- 

At  the  suggestion  of  our  friends  Messrs.'  Ste^ringer 
and  Zonks,  Captain  Brophy  and  I  desire  to  call  you-  attention  to 
our  new  Electric  Insurance  enterprise,  documents  concerning  which 
I  herewith  enclose:. 

Although  our  success  thus  far  has  been  very  flattering  and 
almost  beyond  our  expectations,  still  it  will  not  have  come  up  to 
our  own  satisfaction  until  we  can  include  Hr.  Edison  in  the  member¬ 
ship  of  our  Company,  and  fool  that  we  have  insurance  tip  on  those 
large  industries  which  bear  his  name . 

Aside  from  the  considerable  saving  in  premium  which  we  feel 
confident  we  can  save  you  in  this  Company  and  the  Factory  Mutuals, 
with  which  we  are  associated,  insurance  with  us  would  leave  the 
matter  of  inspection  exclusively  with  the  Captain,  since  the  Fac¬ 
tory  Mutuals  leave  such  matters  on  electrical  risks  in  the  manage¬ 
ment  of  this  Cornpany. 

In  tne  way  of  advantage  to  us,  such  a  consummation  would  not 
only  add  excellent  risks  to  our  rapidly  increasing  numbers  but  we 


BOSTON;  (MASS.  . g* . - 

Hioirns  A.  Edison,  Esq,', 

fool  that  it  would  be  invaluable  to  our  development  and  success  in 
tho  way  of  endorsement  which  it  would  add.  I  trust  I  am  not  too 
presumptuous  in  fooling  that  you  will  look,  with  favor  upon  our 
solicitation  and  place  tho  tatter  in  tho  hands  of  tho  proper  par¬ 
ties  with  whom  we  nay  negotiate. 

Y/ith  kindest  regards  from  tho  Captain  and  myself,  I  remain 
Yours  very  truly, 

Electric  Mutual  Insurance  Co. 



Presented  at  the  Corporation  Meeting  by  the  Board  of  Directors 


Electric  Mutual  Insurance  Company, 


To  the  Policyholders  B°STON’  MaSS"  j!lnuar>’  =°’  i89'’ 

The  causes  which  induced  the  formation  of  this  Company  were  the  following : 

The  exorbitant  rates  and  exacting  conditions  imposed  by  “Stock  Companies," —the  difficulty,  even,  of 
procuring  necessary  reliable  insurance  in  those  Companies  on  electrical  risks,  together  with  their  vacillating 
action  in  the  matter  of  rates,  which  are  subject  to  the  whims  and  prejudices  of  Local  Boards  and  Compacts  ;  and 
ai.o  the  realization  that  the  enormous  capital  invested  in  Electrical  industries  requiring  insurance  called  for  a 
Company  of  its  own. 

The  unfairness  of  the  Stock  Companies’  rates  (notwithstanding  their  protestations  to  the  contrary)  can  have 
no  more  potent  demonstration  than  the  alacrity  with  which  they  arc  .now  mincing  them  almost  one-half  wherever 
and  whenever  they  feel  the  competition  of  our  Company  Such  reductions  are  not  made,  however,  until  our 
competition  is  felt. 

About  the  first  of  January,  1890,  a  Prospectus  was  sent  out  setting  forth  the  purposes  and  prospects  of  the 
Electric  Mutual  Insurance  Company  and  calling  for  pledges  of  insurance  to  secure  an  incorporation  and  authority 
to  begin  business  under  Massachusetts  law.  Not  less  than  $500,000  insurance,  covering  at  least  200  separate 
risks,  was  required.  More  than  double  the  required  amount  was  pledged,  and  an  organization  and  incorporation 
was  at  once  effected.  The  Company  issued  its  first  policies  on  the  15111  of  May.  This"  report  covers  the  opera- 
tions  to  the  close  of  business  Dec.  31,  1890,  —  7  1-2  months. 

By  the  Treasurer’s  Report  you  have  seen  that  the  outstanding  risks  amount  to  the  large  sum  of  $2,897,587, 
tile  premium  on  which  is  $30,320.7 1  —  an  average  rate  of  about  1  1-5  per  cent.  The  average  amount  of  policies 
is  $9,055.  The  actual  cash  assets,  after  paying  every  dollar  of  taxes,  expenses  (including  costs  of  organization, 
equipment  of  office,  etc.)  and  losses,  amount  to  $18,907.04,  a  result,  we  believe,  that  is  unprecedented  in  the  form¬ 
ation  of  Mutual  Fire  Insurance  Companies. 

Not  a  risk  has  been  assumed  that  has  not  either  been  personally  examined  by  a  representative  of  the  Com¬ 
pany,  or  the  fullest  detail  and  description  submitted  by  the  member  insuring,  in  writing,  upon  blanks  of  the  Com¬ 
pany  provided  for  the  purpose.  Not  a  risk  is  outstanding  that  lias  not  been  improved  electrically  (where  im¬ 
provement  was  needed),  nor  that  is  seriously  exposed  or  without  good  facilities  for  extinguishing  fire.  Nothing 
can  better  attest  those  facts  than  the  statement  that  not  a  dollar  of  loss  has  occurred  on  any  Station  insured. 

If  the  experience  of  the  Company  during  the  first  eight  months  continues  to  the  end  of  the  first  year,  we  shall 
be  able  to  pay  back  to  members  50  per  cent,  of  the  premium  paid  for  their  policies,  and  add  to  our  reserve 
besides  ;  thereby  reducing  tile  cost  of  subsequent  insurance  by  one-half,  as  well  as  adding  to  tiie  strength  of  the 

Your  Directors  have  confidence  to  feel  that  so  soon  as  our  volume  of  premiums  shall  have  grown  large  enough 
to  reduce  the  ratio  of  expense  to  that  of  the  “  Factory.  Mutuals  ”  (about  10  per  cent,  of  premiums)  dividends  on 
profits  can  be  made  on  expiring  policies  equal  to  that  paid  by  those  Companies,  which  averages  nearly  75  per  cent. 
But  if  no  dividends  were  anticipated  from  the  Company,  your  Directors  feel  that  a  large  part  of  its  n.ission  lias  been 
accomplished  in  the  material  lessening  of  rales  which  it  has  already  caused,  —  the  average  prevailing  rate  of 
“  Board  Companies  ”  previous  to  its  advent  having  been  about  two  per  cent.,  while,  as  shown  by  your  Treasurer’s 
Report  our  average  is  but  a  trifle  over  one  per  cent.,  and  we  have  compelled  the  Board  Companies  to  make  similar 
reductions.  We  predict  that  they  will  bid  still  lower. 

The  fact  should  be  borne  in  mind  that  their  seeming  magnanimity  in  reducing  their  rates  will  only  last  while 
the  competition  does.  To  the  importance  of  sustaining  the  Company  as  a  competitor  and  controllor  of  rates,- 



(Extract  from  the  Proceeding  of  the  Edison  Contention  at  Minneapolis,  September  /0-/7-/8,  /800.) 

special  assignment,  the  question  of  insurance  was 
maun  the  first  order  of  business.  The  special  committee 
on  insurance  of  centra!  stations,  consisting  of  Messrs.  C. 
L.  Edgar,  Thomas  P.  Merritt,  W.  I.  tents  and  John  I. 
Deggs  (ex  officio),  reported  substantially  as  follows  :  — 
„.Tll!f  committee,  which  was  appointed  about  a  year  pre- 
plnint0  T8"?"10  ,ho  feasibility  of  some  plan  of  mutual 
“n,V,a-  station  insurance,  made  a  somewhat  careful  report 
in  ,  f  minS™  is  meellnS  last  year,  and  subsequently 
in  the  minutes  of  that  meeting  made  an  additional  report 
irom  material  gathered  after  the  meeting:,  bv  which  it  an. 

s.£( wstiers1 xfi-j 

there  was  printed  in  full  a  prospectus  of  the  Electric  Mutual 
Insurance  Company,  of  which  Mr.  S.  E.  Barton  is  the 
president.  I  hat  brought  the  matter  up  to  so  late  a  date, 
and  outlined  so  clearly  to  the  commitlec  the  probability  of 
a  fruition  in  the  direction  of  their  work  without  any  fur- 
ther  effort  on  their  part,  that  the  committee  had  not  con- 
fin’’,  i”  "cecssary  to  render  this  morning  any  formal 
report,  but  merely  to  call  attention  to  the  fact  that 
tins  prospectus  of  the  Electric  Mutual  Insurance  Com¬ 
pany  was  followed  up  by  the  projectors  of  that  enter¬ 
prise  in  the  development  of  an  organization  and  the 
beginning  of  business,  with  which  filets  most  of  you 
gentlemen  are  more  or  less  familiar :  and  the  committee 
desire,  in  view  of  the  mutually  useful  and  profitable  re- 
suits  which  appear  to  be  coming  forward,  in  the  interests 
of  the  central  stations,  to  report  at  this  meeting  that  their 
work  has  practically  been  accomplished,  so  far  as  they  un¬ 
derstand  their  instructions.  The  committee  also  decided 

most  efficient  fire  appliances,  automatic  spiinklers  —  in 
covers  the  eariy^ dayswli  eaMp,iantces’t.  Th's  experience  also 

are  able  to  form  an  intelligent  idea  of  the  working  of1  the 
system.  At  present  the  risks  of  these  companies  include 
cotton  and  woollen  mills,  all  textile  mills,  rubber  manufac¬ 
tories,  metal  factories,  foundries,  paper  mills,  and  everything 
included  in  the  large  manufacturing  industries  of  New 
England  and  the  Middle  States.  They  have  not  gone  very 
argely  into  the  Western  and  Southern  States  until  withih 
the  few  past  years.  Their  experience  is  that  they  are  giving 
“ ?  ,0  amount  ol  something  over  Sjoo,o5o,oo5 

to-day,  at  a  cost  of  one  fifth  of  one  per  cent,  per  annum. 
The  r  average  rate  is  about  one  per  cent.  Their  lowest  rate 
is  about  eight  tenths  of  one  percent.,  and  it  varies  from 
•"at^i upwards,  according  to  the  risks,  so  that  it  brings  their 

average  raie  on  tiie  $500,000,000  to  about  one  per  cent, 
they  have  returned  in  dividends,  after  paying  all  losses,  all 
expenses  and  everything  pertaining  to  the  conduct  of  the 
VoiffjmY"  a  •crag?  ?°  e  "”in, 67  l'cr  “»«• 

a„;°?i •  !"  mlnd  ,hit  tl,is  average  includes  their 

X,^  ™S„rS;nC.e  4  y  'verc  »rfl  organized,  when  the  con- 
s  ruction  of  factories  was.very  inferior  and  before  the  intro¬ 
duction  of  modern  fire  appliances.  At  the  present  time  the 
enid-  PxMds by  any  °nc  of  those  companies  is  60 
85  per  cent  h,g  ,est  95  per  cent** l,ie  average  being  about 
uJJnrt  ,val“able  experience  as  a  basis  to  guide 

nn  iSrh?lJh!"k  that. 'v.e  are  wrong  >n  assuming  that 

an  electric  light  station  as  it  is  constructed  to-dav.  with  all 

somewhat  in  explanation  of 
Insurance  Company  in  whii 
likely  to  become  interested, ! 

Iiat  in  a  historical  way,  an 
le  business  methods  of  th 
1  we  are  all  interested  0 

The  President  then  Introduced  Mr.  S.  E.  Barton,  who 
made,  in  substance,  the  following  remarks  :  — 

1  am  indeed  grateful  for  the  privilege  extended  to  me  of 
meeting  you  all  here  in  this  session.  I  do  not  feel  that  I 
have  come  as  a  stranger,  nor  brought  to  you  a  “  scheme  ” 
in  which  any  one  person  is  alone  interested.  I  feel,  and  I 
want  you  to  feel,  that  in  this  system  of  insurance  all  of  you 
who  may  become  insurers  will  become  owners,  as  it  were, 
and  I,  occupying  simply  the  position  of  being  at  the  head  of 
the  company,  your  servant. 

By  this  system  of  insurance  there  is  no  profit  to  be 
secured  by  officers,  stockholders,  and  agents.  There  is 
nothing  to  be  gained  by  any  person,  with  the  exception,  of 

an  electric  light  station  as  it  is  constructed  to-day,  with  all 
the  safeguards  and  the  same  adequate  amount  olfire  appli- 
'rayr°£  ProleFli™.  just  as  good  a  risk  (and 
IS e?ase®  a,fa£  supcrior  one)  as  those  that  the  manu- 
facturers  mutuals  have  made  their  showing  upon.  That  is 
tiintv"  Li?v^r|tamt?’  ,f«[ il  may  be  called  an  uncer¬ 
tainty,  that  we  have  to  deal  with.  Such  bcimr  the  case  I 
can  see  no  reason,  why  we  cannot  show  just  as  good  results 
as  they  have  done,  and  in  time,  when  our  business  shall 
have  assumed  proportions  so  that  our  expense  ratio  will  be 
tha^tliV^  bet! ter  results 

?hc°m,l'fm  Pfer,ce?t;°£  ",ei^  Pr'mium5.  as  comped™  £ 
the  system  of  stock  insurance,  where  30  per  cent,  of  every 
dollar  they- take  goes  in  the  way  of  commissions  to  general 
agents  and  subordinate  agents.  That  30  per  cent  alone 
would  cover,  with  the  mutual  system,  not  onlv  the  eine£« 
but  all  the  losses  in  their  business.  7  1 

thntnl^n  10  ra\thc,re  "ougunts  employed  with 
the  manufacturers'  mutuals  or  the  Electric  Mutual,  conse¬ 
quently  it  has  never  been  deemed  desirable,  by  the  manu¬ 
facturers' mutuals,  to  comply  with  the  laws  of  tlm  rarious 
States,  that  is,  by  getting  regular  legal  admission  to  the 
different  States.  The  Jaws  in  the  several  States  vary  con¬ 
siderably.  Some  of  them  were  enacted  absolutely  and 
solely  in  the  interests  of  stock  companies  for  the  nuroose  of 
keeping  out  mutual  competition,  and  there  are  minv  unfair 
-onLLlSh  unconstitutional  laivs  which  have  been 

a  fire-proof  station.  It  must  not  have  any  exposures,  or  if 
there  are  any,  the  same  must  be  cut  off  by  fire  shutters  on 
all  openings.  1  he  station  must  have  what  we  term  a  “  stan¬ 
dard  of  fire  protection,”  with  pumps,  and  hose  attached.  The 
hose  shall  be  small  or  large,  according  to  the  size  of  the 
station,  but  preferably  small,  the  idea  being  that  any  part 
In  c*C  statt-on  caajb®  reached  instantly  with  a  small  stream. 

Ee  on  hand  without  having1?©  starta  pump^In’^is^U^ 
pressure  cannot  be  secured,  fire  extinguishers  must  be  pro¬ 
vided.  In  cases  where  a  station  is  exposed,  the  exposure 
charge  must  be  specially  made  according  to  the  conditions. 

Our  desire  is  to  issue  policies  in  every  instance  in  blanket 
form,  that  is,  covering  the  building  and  its  contents,  with¬ 
out  specific  divisions.  I  have  here  one  of  the  forms.  It 
covers  in  this  way,  “  the  main  building  and  projections,  if 
any,  which  constitute  a  single  station  or  risk,  and  all  the 
contents  thereof,  which  may  be  necessary  in  the  manufacture 
of  electric  light  and  power.” 

There  is  another  insurance  that  we  are  granting,  and  that 
is  the  insurance  of  the  plant  outside  the  station.  Up  to  the 
present  time  we  have  issued  about  one  dozen  of  such  poli- 
cies.  We  have  given  “blanket"  policies  covering  every 
article  of  property  connected  with  alt  the  outside  circuits, 
against  loss  or  damage  by  fire,  including  everything  con¬ 
nected  with  the  circuit  from  the  time  it  leaves  the  station 
until  it  returns,  — wires,  poles,  lamps,  converters,  meters, 
fixtures,  etc.  On  this  class  of  insurance  we  have  fixed  the 
rate  at  three-fourths  of  one  per  cent.,  and  at  the  end  of  the 
year  we  will  be  in  a  position  to  judge  whether  this  is  an 
equitable  rate.  It  is  a  class  of  insurance  in  which  we  are 
liable  to  a  number  of  small  losses,  but  I  believe  should  be 
taken  care  of  by  our  company. 

A  word  as  to  our  directors ;  I  am  sure  you  will  recognize 
?.*«»•  _Mr*  A-  Gilbert,  president  of  the  Boston  Electric 
Light  Company,  who  started  this  idea  of  mutual  insurance 
in  !884  atthc  Baltimore  convention  of  the  National  Elec¬ 
tric  Light  Association.  He  sent  out  previous  to  that  time 
to  such  electric  companies  as  he  could  obtain  the  addresses 
of,  a  circular  asking  their  opinion  as  to  the  formation  of  a 

pzny:  E.  VV .  Bu r'd et q” co u n sci  tr 

Light  Company,  and  also  (or  the  Electric  Mutual  Company 

?Wh'Cl'Pre'Slt!  °£  tl,e  same !  G<:nPral  Benjamin  F. 

J  r”,4  „  lre»surer,  Thonison-Houston  Electric 
Company;  1.  C.  Bates,  director,  Worcester  Electric  Liulit 
mnvP™\: 1J,Taber>  '}’homson.Houston  Electric  Com- 
pany,  IJisha  Morgan,  president  of  the  Springfield  United 




S^HST^l.ITOI^l.Xj  ST^.TE3wtBlTT 


Mutual  -  Insurance  -  Company, 



jVlcchanical  and  Electrical  Expert, 

Solicitor  of  Talents, 

Equitable  Building,  1003  E  Street  1ST.  jw. 
gable  flddpegg,  “ Jollv.”  $).  February  .16,..  159  1 

Thomas  a.  Edison,  Esq. , 

X-Llbwellyn  Park,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  have  a  letter  from  a  most  intimate  friend,  who  is  a 
metallurgist  and  mining  engineer  out  West,  saying  that  he  has  dis¬ 
covered  and  entered  a  claim  for  mineral  lands  containing  ores  with  a 
rich  percentage  of  wolfram  or  wolframite.  My  friend  tells  me  that  he 
has  learned  that  you  are  looking  for  wolframite  for  use  in  the  produc¬ 
tion  of  the  incandescent  filament  for  your  lamps,  and  he  desires  me  to 
ascertain  for  him  whether  this  is  so,  and  if  so,  whether  you  would 
enter  into  negotiations  either  for  the  acquisition  of  the  land,  or  of 
the  metal. 

Please  let  me  know  by  a  few  words  whether  you  are  willing 
to  give  the  matter  consideration,  in  which  case,  I  shall  be  glad  to 
facilitate  any  transactions  it  may  lead  to. 

Very  respectfully. 

j  Baltimore,  February  20th,  1891. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  I  ) 

Ht f 

jj  ,  ft  /7f 

sJ  rOvwrw  a.*;-  t-Uc- 

Orange,  N.o, 

My  dear  Edison, 

I  have  formed 

the  Columbia  Canal  from  the(  Its^e  o'f^i South 
miles  long  and  has  twenty 

Cik  <t>' 

aJsTndicatfi^n'-NGW  Yohk  and  bought 
J  0  U\  L^ivd  U\. 

Carolina...  It  is  four 
J  Lfi 

,  power.  We  propose  get- 

Lu  AtcA. 

j.  ■  . .  .  LaJAL-ca,  rv;  ’ ?.  v-C-V 

‘■mg  the  cotton  manufacturers  tg.  put  theirTmills  there  o 

.  +.  +  „  u>  n 

m  the  centre  of  the  cotton  bjel|.  Now  t,her^  are  tlirce  mills  now 
operated  by  steam  about  half  a  mijj^’&om  M  Caffalf  CakS/o '  q/““‘ 
the  canal,  transmitHhis  power^to  that  distance,  one  / 

in  dynamos 
of  them  using  as  much 

er^to  tha 
five  hundred  horse  fcojror.  If  v, 

so  what  will  be  t he /p_er.,c/nt ag e. ■  of~los s-'in  transmission  ? 

(  (sLft  j\  l  cl-  A.  t  v  -L  «*■ 

his  to^thfeWev/York  Office.  ^ 

Please  answer  this 

I  shall  organize  a  company  here  of  a  million  dollars 



capital.  The  time  is  propitious,  n 

come  in. /  I  have  written 

i°n  ^ eW  uud  I  am  now  waiting  theii’ 

md'kdjiat  four^mTTe’s"” square  w i  1  r^WVtrr-4h.!i i~s^“ 
>ee  the  lighting  is  very  compsctf. 

my  plan  or  organ  i: 
approval.  1  undej 
entire  city,  so  you 

There  is  three  miles  from  the  centre  of  lighting^  but 
within  the  City  limit  s^,  a  splendid  water  power,  which  we  can  get. 
It  has  ten  thousand  horse  power  in  high  water  and  the  minimum 
horse  power  in  low  water  is  eight  thousand  horse  power.  Would 
be  well  to  use  this,  or  to  use  steam?  I  have  written  the  partic 
ulars  to  New  York  and  I  have  asked  them  to  refer  the  question  to 

the  engineering  department.  I  will  be  glad  to  have  your  vii 

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'  'J>  ■  187  BROADWAY  HEB3.-.E A FTR~PL ABE . 



GEO.  A.  LEACH,  Manager. 

Deer  Mr.  Fdir.on:- 


V.lmt  do  yor  think  of  the  Electro  not- ion  Electrician?  You 
smile, and  T  don’t  wonder.  How  do  you  suppose  the  current  ever  got 
through  that  darkey’s  skull?  Don’t  you  think  it  took  the  path  of 
least  resistance,  t.krourfi  the  skin  and  flesh  covering  the  skull  and 
siz’/led  tne  fellow  to  death, instead  of  reaching  the  brain  and  paral¬ 
yzing  him  with  the  first  shock?  T  think  the  blistering  on  the  face 
indicates,  this.  >■ 

It  seems  to  me  that  a  large  surface  contact  on  the  palm  of 
the  hands  and  wrists  would  give  the  current  free  access  to  the  main 
arteries  lending  to  the  heart  and  that  paralysis  of  that  orphan  would 
accompany  tlie  first  shock.  I  am  not  thoroughly  up  in  anatomy  but 
venture  to  say  that  with  the  same  area  of  surface  contact  it  would 
be  found  that  the  resistance  from  hand  to  hand  would  not  be  much  more 
than  half  of  that  from  head  to  foot.  I  tihould  like  very  much  to  hear 
from  you.  Put  a  few  words  together  right  to  the  point, as  you  did  in 
that  famous  letter  about  the  "swelled  head  and  small  pox",-  something 
I  can  use,-  or  if  you  don’t  wish  to  be  quoted,  mark  your  letter“con‘-, 
fi  dent  ini",  and  I  will  put- it  in  the  archives, under  seal.  i’x>/ 

Yours  very  truly. 


^y'VT^sf' fzwriTY^, 

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‘rZ  />  4 

py/yi/L  i  -]  Jcryi'  Zo 


^inXC  cc06f  dn^ 

The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York. 


General  Office ,  4. 32  Fifth  Avemie , 

A-'4'*  jfcMrtoH,  21st  Sept.,  1091. 

Thos.  A.  .Edison,  Esqfvv* 
Orange,  Nov;  Jersey. 
Pear  Mr.  Edison: 


:;y.,r  SEP  2  b  igg| 

I  send,  herewith  a  pamphlet  on  the  application  of  the  Edison 
current  to  physicians 1  office  use,  by  Dr.  Piffard,  and  I  trust  you  will 

be  able  ?  to  take  the  fort 

^.,r  -MM;  V""  ' 

>nts  necessary  to  acquaint  yourself  with 

X  understand  that  the  paper  is  likely  to  be  a  subject  of  cbntro- 
ersy  and  as  it  suggests  an  important  application  of  the  Edison  current 

i  it  suggests 

"‘ih  'the^housep'  of  physicians  whose  recommendations  to  patients 

th^'use  of  the "electric  light  necessarily  haye great  weight, 
he' Vis  fully  preparJd  as  possible  to  uphold  the  positions  of 

want  to 
of  this  paper. 

Very  truly  yours 

?  v* 


First  Vice  President. 

(  Enclosure  jl' 

'wk‘>  '-'a- 


improvements  in  the 

0%'  adaptation  OP  THE  EDISON  curreni 
Y-jTO  general  OFFIOE  use*  ® 

£  *N  ^,0  ^ew  York  Medical  Journal  of  June  7  1800  I 

.  published  tho  description  of  a  method  that  1 1, ad  devised 
Sta«8&“?,7  '"“““‘"W  "Wr*  from  «twrt  could  ho 

:  JShyomontly  utilized  and  .nado  to  take  the  place  of  the  ™l- 
.  vantc  .batteries  in  ordinary  use.  An  experience  of  nioro 
a  jonr  in  the  use  of  tho  ^rcot  curront;  link  clearly 
Snicnee  "*  "*  ‘°  "*  °f  WKcation  and  great  con- 
'  •  •  (  During  t^sjjeriod,  however,  I  have  extended  the  scope 
U  Wh,ct  ?  “k  “ttontiou  >■>  Uio  proB- 

1  rora  Uie  donee  as  now  constructed  we  can  obtain  tlio 
continuous  galvanic  current,  the  slowly  or  rapidly  lluctuat- 
‘"e  snivanm  currc^,  and.  the  primary  and  secondary  fara- 
,4  Society  of  the  County  of  New  York. 



Siemens, ,  which  may  bo  obtained  from  tlio  Ozone  Company 
The  adapter,  motor-dynamo,  and.^hor  devices  which 

_ ^  V  •  ‘  ^  . 

82,  Equitable  Building,  Boston, 

December  5,  189  1. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Dear  Sir:- 

I  wrote  to  you  last  spring  i'or  an  interview 
which  you  suggested  would  be  given  after  returning  from  Schenectady.- 
My  wish  was  to  speak  with  you  conceding  the  direct  production  of  elec¬ 

Recently  I  note  your  patent  issued  Sept.  39/91,  touching 
this  subject,  which  leads  me  to  again  write. 

If  you  can  suggest  to  me  some  assurance  that  my  views  and 
method  can  be  advanced,  X  will  be  pleased  to  someway  proceed.  It  is 
evident  that  two  heads  may  be  better  than  one  and  an  observation  of 
years  ago  may  put  you  upon  the  right  track. - 

Very  truly  yours, 


.  -tkzz: 



DEC  7  -  1891  . 

cThilsi  r,  Fletcher, 



82,  Equitable  Building,  Boston,  December  10, Ml.'' 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Dear  Sir:- 

0n  my  way  to  Philadelphia  next  week  X  should  be 
pleased  to  confer  with  you,  if  you  may  make  it  convenient. 

There  are  some  matters  well  worth  considering.-  I  have  been 
more  or  less  associated  with  Prof.  Moses  G.  farmer  for  several  years' 
«onVnnn  ^  hi!"  si«°e  °^ildhood )  and  have  already  expended  some 
§30,000,  having  bought  three  Edison  dynamos.-  we  have  accomplished 
much,  but  Farmer  is  going  to  pieces  fast,  this  year.-  He  is  71  and 
since  last  winter  has  not  been  able  to  do  much  of  anything.-  This  sum- 
edr+Janin»  t  ^ght,.h^  strfngth  up  as  expected.-  I  have  always  attend 
8  Jt0u  i?e"tenths  o1  the  metal  operations,  bearing  the  entire  expense, 
and  sharing  equally  with  him  in  the  patents  taken  out.- 

.  .  ,  I.,am  Prepared  to  make  further  expenditures  and  as  "two  heads 
are  better  than  one"  it  seems  best  to  confer  with  you,  if  agreeable  and 
convenient.  An  excellent  thought  for  the  direct  production  of  electri- 
city  I  may  perhaps  suggest  to  you:  and  some  other  matters,  nearer  to 
igy  heart,  can  surely  be  successful,  X  feel.- 

I  can  easily  adapt  my  Philadelphia  trip  to  your  appointment 
with  me,  to  see  how  two  heads  can  pull  together  perhaps. 

Very  truly  yours, 

1891.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  Electric  Light  Company  - 
General  (D-91-23) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  business  of  the 
Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  Although  this  company  became  part  of  the  Edison 
General  Electric  Co.  on  August  1, 1890,  certain  business  operations  continued 
under  the  former  name.  Many  of  the  letters  are  by  Sherburne  B.  Eaton, 
general  counsel,  and  pertain  to  the  assignment  of  patents.  A  few  of  the 
documents  may  be  partially  illegible  due  to  water  damage. 

Approximately  40  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal 
and  acknowledgement;  meeting  announcements;  other  routine  business 
correspondence;  duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents. 

In  a'e6ordaiice  with  our  conversation  of  last  week,  X 
••  Gnoloso  a  list  of  Canadian  patents  granted  to  Mr.  Edison  for  in¬ 
dentions.  relating  to  electric  lighting,  according  to  the  records 

of  the  |a>ent  Office  at  Ottawa.  Will  you  kindly  compare  this  with 

#  ‘  - 

any  patents  or  records  in  your  possession  tending  to  show  whether 

■  ,  . . 

,,;this  list  embraces  all  of  Mr.  Edison's  Canadian  patents  to  which 
the  ^dison  Eleotric  Light'  Co.,  'or  any  of  the  branches  of  tin 
Edison  Gon^l  Electric  Company's  organization  are  entitled.' 

this  information  by'  instructions  of  S.  B. 
Eaton,  E||g,  General  Counsel,  who  desires  a  complete  list  of  all 
Pa^|f '-Sy^  °Vmed- °r  aont  *°*\ed  by  the  General  Company,  and  of  any 
in  Canada  to ‘which  this  Company,  as  at  present  made 
en+-itled,  either  in  electric  light  or  power  work. 

,lft  ’  ’^'Kindly  r°tUrn  the  en°i°sed  list  with  such  a  definite 

■  of  the  result  of  your  comparison  as  may.serve  as  a 

,  .  , on!of  my  report,  which  I  have  been  particularly  requested  to 
i^Rake  as^thorough  as  possible. 

Yours  very  truly 



<yl'(cw‘^0r/>' _ Aug_l7_ia91., 

Orange  New  Jersey,--  (/( 

l\  ftV  y-J  \  f'  I  t  tX:'~ 

Dear  Sir*  \ 

RS  &1I*0n  Applloatl™  "°  681  •  This  i.  an  application 
f°-  pntant  for  Improvement  in  I»,„a,.cmt  sieetric  Lamp,,  dated 
Ootobar  27,  1886,  and  filed  by  you  and  John  p.  ott,  *,  . 

™»t  Of  the  application  to  the  Bdi.on  L™*  n.  ...  heretofore  ...cut 
“  *  you  and  Mr  ott,  but  never  recorded,  and  !  am  ashed  .bather 
«»t  assignment  i.  a  proper  ene  ..  matter.  no.  ,ta»a, 

I  have  advlaed  that,  under  the  tern, ’of  the  firth  olana. 
of  the  agreement  of  ...ember  25,  1887,  b,«.,ro  ye„r,.lf,  ,h. 

Edison  hemp  Company  and  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Company,  ,he 
Company  i.  entitled  to  the  assignment  of  this  invention. 

By  the  tern,  e,  the  above  named  elan.,  yc„  ma  the  lamp  e„i  .er.,d 
to  assign  to  the  Light  Co,  fr,e  of  charge,  invention,  pertaining 
to  the  lamp  and  it,  manufacture,  then  held  or  controlled  by  yon 
or  either  of  you. 

Ondornthee.  eiroum.tanoes,  therefore',  I  have  had  pre¬ 
pared  a  assignment  of  .hi.  -invention  to  the  Light  Co',  and 
enclose  the  herewth.  .ill  you  hindly  „  by 

signing  at  the  pi...  i„di.a„d  and  have  signature 
_bV  *"  PWW-  **“  «  »-  «t  to  the  - 

same  ina  similar  manner  and  then  return  the  document  to  me  so  1 
may  get  it  recorded. 

Upon  receiving  from  you  this  agreement  duly  executed, 

X  will  destroy  the  old  assignment  of  this  invention  which  was  mole 
to  the  Lanp  Co, 

General  Counsel  E,E.X.,Co, 



S_ep.tt_.3_fl,. 189-1/ 

A.  0,  Tate,  Esq , ,  Private  Secretary, 

Laboratory  0f  Thomas  A.  Edison/ 
Orange,  N.J, 

I  beg  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  31st 
ult.,  enclosing  assignment  of  Edis/n  Application  No.  681  to  the  • 
Edison  Electric  Light  Company,  drfy  executed  by  Mr.  Edison  and 
Mr .  Ott . 

Very  t'ruly  yo 


General  Counsel, 



October  7,  1891 . 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,, 

Orange ,  New  Jersey. 

•  Dear  Sir: 


In  bringing  the  suits  upon  the  Socket  Patents  belonging 
t0  thS  Llsht  ComPany»  I  have  found  it  necessary  to  correct  several 
flaws  in  the  title  of  the  patents  upon  which  such  suits  were  to  be 
founded.  one  of  these  patents  is  No.  293,552,  which  was  granted 
to  Sigmund  Beigmann  on  February  12th,  1884  for  Sockets  for  Electric 
Lamps.  Mr.  Be^gmann  assigned  all  his  interest  in  this  invention 
to  Bergmann  &  Company  on  January  21st,  1884.  Bergmann  &  Company 
assigned  to  the  Light  Company  on  August  6th,  1888  the  right,  title 
and  interest  to  this  patent,  so  far  as  the  same  related  to  Sockets, 
but  not  including  Shade  Holders. 

It  is  now  desired  to  vest  in  the  Light  Company  all  rights 
under  this  patent,  so  that  in  the  suits  we  are  about  to  corunence 
the  Bill  of  Complaint  may  allege  the  entire  ownership  of  the  Light 
Company  in  the  patent  in  question. 

The  Corporation  of  Bergmann  &  Company  has  never  been  dis¬ 
solved,  and  as  you  are  still  the  President  of  that  Company,  X  beg 
to  ask  that  you  will  kindly  sign  the  enclosed  assignment  as  such 

officer  and  return  the  sane  to  me.  The  signature  need  not  be  wit¬ 
nessed,  as  it  will  have  to  be  attested  by  the  Secretary,  Mr.  Hutch¬ 

May  I  aslc  that  you  will  kindly  give  this  your  early  at¬ 
tention,  as  it  is  very  desirable  that  the  title  to  this  patent  be 
perfected  at  as  early  a  date  as  possible. 

While  strictly  speaking  this  assignment  ought  perhaps  to 
be  to  the  General  Co.,  for  convenience  of  bringing  the  suits,  we 
are  getting  all  the  titles  in  the  name  of  the  Light  Co. 

General  Counsel  E.E.L.Co. 

Enc.  L.Co.P.L. 

EDISON  ELECTRIC  UQHT  COMPANY,  .  A.  AA'^'t'**'  *  ^ 

(DIION  ■uiloiho.  .  Vi-  'XjL^'Y  ’ 

'  .  '  «  «  •«°««T»W.  v  JV-CUI  A,  Oct.  3,  1891. 

"’  .  "  •  ^  ^ 

lWas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  f^ECEj  r-,  A  f  ^  " 

v  Edison  Laboratory,  (v,T  n  /  V* 

•"«•*«•  "-A-  I«91  ,V‘"  ^"/.A 

*fcA»si r*-  •  ••‘■"UhaiiA  „*  K*  <^£ 

;  f.  Some  .time  ago. I  reported  to  Dyer  &  Seely  your  j 

•  ■,  .('; j 

.  that  in  some  of  your  early  caveats  you  had  doscribed  an  f 

.  '  f  '  "*  }•■>«-  ,  7 

;.r-  ^  •  ’/ cut-otre.  The'  enclosed  .letter  has  been  sent  mo  in  reply 

'&  y:a.V  ^  >• 

Wiligyou,  when  you  are  in  town,  kindly  ask 

;>Mr hSeelvi; About  tth-is  taatti 

are  in  town,  kindly  ask  Mr.  Dyer 
or  shall  I  bring  to  the  Laboratory  a 

''some  time  con^&Hidnt .  to  you,  their  volume  ;  showing  the  drawings  of 
’  .old  ®aveats..  v;  ■  ^  ^  j_s> 

As  the  Thoms o n-Ho us t o n  Company  have  entered  suit  arainst 
•W'1  us  on  the  air  space  patent  of  Van  Depoele,  this  matter  may  be  of 
i  '?'f  importance.  ’•  Whatever  cutout  may  be  placed  in  the  Edison  Municipal 
v'  .j  lamp,  ‘  experience  has'  shown  that  it  is  best  to  supply  an  air  space 

out-out  also  in  the  socket,  not  only. because  any  *M*i«iii«2^niechan- 
"W'-  w  ■  .  may  ••  4 

■■■■$:■■  y***ffi£n  t|ie  lawP/jSometimes  corrode  or  otherwise  fail  to  act,  but 

k  the 'air  space  frequently  saves  the  lamps  from  destruction 

■  the-tair  space  frequently  i 

Xjjgfctnlng. .  •  As  the  space  is  n< 

.y  saves  the  lamps  from  destruc' 
:  not  over  .003  of  an  inch  and  : 

’■§£gr'' and  moisture,  y< 
’-tsS..  d^jice*  as  a  lightning  arrestei 

we  may. ’have  a  trial  of  yoi 



Utc  1  4  1891  M 

f£  U  C 

'■V  .  ,$s- 


A&ML  *■  -■ f  J 

December  19,  1391. 



A  special  meeting  of  the  Stockholders  of  the  Edison  Electric 
Light  Company  is  hereby  called  to  be  hold  at  the  office  of  the  Company, 
Edison  Building,  Ho.  44  Broad  street,  in  the  City  of  Hew  York,  on  Monday 
the  4th  day  of  January,  1892,  then  and  there  to  consider  and  to  approve 
or  disapprove  the  recent  action  taken  by  the, Board  of  Trustees  in  declar- 
£  ‘Uyifiond  of  $0?;  Oh.  the  capital  stock  df  said  Company,  payable  in 

. •Cdilat'eral  .fi'xipt,  Debentures  of  said  Compand  bearing  6%  interest  per  annum* 

|?lpr  i  nc;i  pal .  pay  able  iS9'9;  also  in  autlioriz/ng  the  creation  and  issue  of 

said  Debentures 

■  of  a  Trust  Indenture  be,- 

fcwoert,  said  Company  and  the  Central  Trusl /  Company  of  Mow  York,  as  Trustee, 
and  til'd,  deposit  vfith  said  Trustee  of  certain  securities,  in  trust,  for 
the  pi^  of  s k curing  the  payment  off  the  principal  and  interest  of  said 
Debent.uris^  E^isq  for  such  further  action  relative  to  the  proposed  or 
othdi;  '.dividends  on 'the  capital  stock/of  oaid  Company  as  the  Stockholders 
may  determine. 

The  transfer  books  of  the /Company  will  be  closed  at  3  p.m.  on 
December  22nd,  1891,  and  will  reopeii  at  10  a.m.  on  January  5tli,  1892. 

r,n  case  said  action  by  the  Board  be  approved  by  the  Stockholders 
...said  dividend  will  be  paid  to  the  Stockholders  of  record  at  the  closing 
of  the  transfer^  books  asj^ahave  (tf'ijz:,  De^m^er  22nd,  1891),  as  soon  as 
4jj\Deb5nV'ros*  are  Prepared*' and'-eiiecuted,  of' which  notice  will  bd  given, 

*  •  AI  wLtwt, 

t  edisOn  electric  light  company, 

'  -'  -'By 

1891.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  Electric  Light  Company  - 
Illuminating  Companies  (D-91-24) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  reports,  and  other  documents 
relating  to  the  organization  and  operation  of  Edison  illuminating  companies. 
Included  are  many  letters  and  some  reports  from  William  D.  Marks, 
supervising  engineer  and  general  manager  of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  of 
Philadelphia.  Some  of  these  documents  pertain  to  an  investigation  of  a  boiler 
explosion  in  the  Philadelphia  central  station.  There  is  also  correspondence 
from  F.  S.  Gorton,  secretary-treasurer  of  the  Chicago  Edison  Co.,  relating  to 
environmental  hazards  resulting  from  their  central  station.  Some  of  the 
documents  may  be  partially  illegible  due  to  water  damage. 

Approximately  70  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  invitations  to  Edison 
to  attend  central  station  functions;  letters  of  transmittal  and 
acknowledgement;  meeting  announcements;  other  routine  business 
correspondence;  duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents. 

The  Edison  Electric  Eight  Company  of  Philad’? 

CAPACITY,  10,000  H.  P. 







XYY,  X'Z.  „ 

^  sf? 

‘P&Cgbeoy  'SZZ&'.j  /fC'Z<7Z6S-  <^cv£ 

,  Scfd&>t<j  y&zcS'g,  s/&iZz*y>  .  ~~A<£Z^c^  atf~ 

^/fces~fc*u^s  AzZ  ZiaX- 

Y&C  Zsztc/Cye  %  sYiYaTY-c 

jyTyAc  ?7yyy  s/^^s  ?t 

^Z^/C£c  /*/  ^Z'-zs  yt/fefef^  Y  •  /ZZAzyZr^- 

fy^7  ,fic7/taZ  A?  <fe<22y  s&Zyr  £  3~ ^ 

PL'#- ; 

/  X 

Ya-tY<yz><9D  . _ 

tyz&A  ~ZZe>  <. 

t to  ^ Z£&  /*^xu_ 

/fees'  X^s^Y/Sbr-  <z 

,  S-3f  1"EbIS0N  LAB0RAT0RY. 

'  "*  TOLIEiEIEAM. 

The  Edison  Electric  Eight  Company 

- . -=/■—  Mf/ 

0OO  SANSOM  ST.  0^  ,  r-S-  ‘  ^  ,  0  *  <* 

^  (  L,;'  '■■  '' 
/AAiZA  SA  .  4  W'1*";  .,■•>.•••• 

JU&t  Z^Zc^c,  A'  AA  S^A- 
A&A  yAcA&Z  A?'/4/  AZ&Asf- 

&&ActS-J>  ■A'A&fr  /A  rj&teaz 

A  A2z<r>y  /7*-,aA 

AA  ^  ^A0^  AA  Vy^A 

/ZuA  A>SZS*C'  /U  Mzz  As&e/A**- 

fto-tLCf  t<y  /3j 

| y  ‘  . .  . . . J  * 

The  Edison  EleetPie  Eight  Company  of  Philad’a 

CAPITAL,  $1,000,000.  CAPACITY,  10,000  H.  P. 

/fay*****'  ^ 

A&M&u?  -  (A&y  <£Z£-& 

'  '  Jjjjg£ ~ ,Az_ 

i  <?Zs0&'  @6'^*y&>zcC> ,  £'/  &  A^A>  /AL^eg,  /£-* 

;%+\ .  .  "  / 

tjl  /%,  ,-d^CA  -  J&jAA  ">/  , 

^  ^  pA'c^OlM.  ,A&A,  T-emuM  ~tfu^  tct<.£lc^ 

V  ^  fluted'  &e4~  y  Am  /A 

ey  /c«*2  y£A/  <7cj  £Z^j£z^y  Jh4A^_ 
sAevcy'i)  p^ccy  /'IhA^i  /AA, 
0zA~  <£-0-0  '<&%?  /^zt^CLj 
t£cs?^  M00~a 

f  ^  (^o//^s~  faa/fs  ^ 


A  /kA  SM/TZcc  A&5  Ay  ^ 

N  ^  Aoz^u  (Qz^j  ^£rj  ^ 

„  „  -.'  .  — .  .'  a  in  tki 


vrr  (Saw, 

The  Edison  Eleefcpie  Liight  Company  of  Philad’j 



*.<?<*  Mzr&c- 

■  tty  &ZZ'£jZj 

I-  ,/£$/?&- 

04  2%~#. 


■  ilw 

f  W^^'€*~0  ^  stto  'j^e-  /2ci 

W^4&*  /y?^(L<£.<,a^2^  Jta^^af  ,^y  tPu^s  J%eui  sktOy  vy  ^ 

yZtg&ZtZy  /  Oz/fafifo  <nc< 

The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York. 

r  .  '■  1 996-387  mm  #T.  EXECUTIVE  OFFICE, 

General  Office,  432  Fifth  Avenue ,  .  =ST 

York,  April  7,  1891. 

"’'f?*’  4,  V°u  °°PY  of  a  letter  to  Kruesi,  involving  a  knottad  point 

m.  41  ‘'"flySiL... .  + . 

'  alS°  like  t0  appeal  t0  the  highest  authority,  if.  you 

l0°k  °Ver  the  letter  and  give  us  anY  wordr  directly 
f ?v?ely »  or  vert,ally  if  you  should  desire  that  I,  .should 
\>  Ioome  out  to  see w you.  ih  the  matter. 

Very  truly  yours, 

0.0.0  1 ry~v‘\\A^. 

First  Vice-President. 

' .  .  ‘ 

Thos. .A.  Edison,  Esq. 

■  I, 

%.  * Orange  ■,  New  Jersey. 

^  ^  •  JV'-  !!. 

'  ^ : 



0  t 
*  ^ 

^  -  ( 


A  <  1 



The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York. 

General  Office,  4.32  Fifth  Avenue, 





i  th0  elootric  lift  at  inatr  n.r.t 

S  +‘h“  now  3'. 

ti°n  ;.i’  laying  stutos  rc> ,  so,  < 


jniiiy^ojaor  lias  tooon  thoroughly  voll  done,  fcha1  ,0  have 
HM-;  4i  spaaed.,  to  too  entirely  fair  to  the  electrical  interests  dnd 

E  0Vva’t<^V>  .end  that  wo  are  heartily  dosir,ous  of '  cooperating' with 
hiu  a.lo.iire  tp  keep  the  ne\f  pavements  in  the  hot 


isihle  can* 

01  ■am’ oi-tumte  that  tooth  the  electrical  inst-ll; 

rwvi,  should  toe  in  this  transitional  state  at 
Repeat iiift;  prohatoly  the  experience  of  the  ,-vas  com- 
;n  -u;o  -  tout  the  poetical  point  is  to  make  this' 


ihis  Company 

'he  quo  stic 



)l.y  upem  .the 

^ImGnfc'irtrsro  pwvi) 





■  .jjv*  ^  -v- 

•'loug  side 

i’biwar : 

any  fault 

ito  any  tillable 

■tin?  at  the 

Ki  o£  tho  Paving  work  of  the  r:n!ti-  lwjli 
sen  providing  Vend  holes  at  tUsiweos 
^  '"«**  >  ™*  it  ***  Too  possible  to  adopt 
3”4;%  :,tHl  a0m°o  *°XM*  although  thi«  would 

^  ^  y0I‘il4nsiM  t0  w»  ui«er  the  sidewalk  iro,  0 

'  to  mother  at  every  other  house.  How  .far  this  hand  hole  a. 

'ac!l'il  t;  aeverthel  8,  w 






"l/Jiev«(  - 

Jo  vm v|  v*-i  i-nol  I'ftt  ne».**«iej  (Wict  ^liiw  I  C  p* 

jowvrvp  i\trt*v  **  A  6»ol  ^ov  Competition ,  J  aw  ot  tlAinr 

,«  <L^,i*nI^oj  -ffre  ptamo^M  221 

Kur^  r-‘  ~  ^  - t  *•=■ 

+*  c-m<:  •■"  *"■'  v~‘” 

jf&tne.  «»«>  ^  6t  «■  "*  wm,n‘,£la<’  |6«*»«ja-  — 

3|-  one  o^tte^ptr  +T  ofrf~«w  »  p^of.t-  l£»«  cjenc^-f  < 

Ue.  K>  H  Com.p«M..~o  . 


Philadelphia,  April  15th,  18S1. 


Y°.i  '  '  '  $  »•  reports  tamps'  and  aato' s  Vo 

■■'1st,  1891  asV^oY%^-'  •_  '-|p:  jjjTjjtf- .  - 

Laihps  connected  '  -  '  . 

7761/6  H.P. 

43830-  sixtcens 

Lamps  applied  for 
Motors  "  «  723/4 


1Q91  4083 



Battery  4  has  been  throughly  overhauled,  chipped  to  ease  bolts 
and  new  bolts  substituted  for  the  old  ones.  The  attempt  to  econo¬ 
mize  by  a  careful  reinspection  of  old  bolts  and  their  utilization 
after  being  subjected  to  a  test  in  tension  resulted  in  the  breaking 
of  the  bolts  on  one  bend  as  the  old  bolts  had  had  the  life  worked 
out  of  them.  All  new  bolts  are  now  in  and  the  battery  has  so  far 
given  us  no  trouble  at  all.  We  have  no  reason  to  fear  more  than 
the  average  risk  attendant  upon  all  boilers  in  using  this  battery.' 


Battery  2  is  now  being  overhauled  and  in  another 
week  will  be  ready  for  use  under  proper  working  conditions. 
Battery  3  will  next  be  taken  up. 


We  have  introduced  3  services  and  made  repairs 
only  to  street  work,  doi'jjg  no 'new  work. 

•  \  '  '■  ’  EXPENSES  ;  v‘  •  > 

-■Salaries;  —  - 7 -  -  -" — - ~  - _ _ ,  907  m  ' 

Cor, missions,— * - ..... _ fc.7_.iv _ ■ 

Coal  /and  Labor ; .  (1448  tons) , — '1 & i IZjOIi  isi  kr 

Oil  Waste  and  Labor,- - 1^-. _ _ _ J. _ 

Workshon  Expenses,'-' -  934 '^7 

Lamps,  Estimated  (6090), - - ___Ii  oAp'rn 

General  Expense, - - - ; _  *5 23* 21 

Engine  »  «  _ _ 

Boiler  ->  «  - - - :::::::::::  60 q-®| 

House  Wiring,  Inspection  and  Complaints,- - — —  20s’9G 

heter  Expenses, - - - - - -  381  *44 

Repairs  to  Steam  Machinery, - - - _„r  7o9.?5o 

"  "  1 ■  PipinS» - - - . - -  209  !oo 

"  Station, - - -  ±92  02 

"  "  Street  Work, -  605.07 

"  Elect  Apparatus, - 229.60 



Lamp  hours  sold  3,654,123 

Horse  Power  Hours,  sold  32S08  492.120 

4, 146 ’243 

Cost  of  current  per  lamp  hour  323 

1000  of  cent 

"  "  Sas  equivalent, 64  6./10  cents  per  -5 


Central  Station  Bldg. 

"  "  Mach. 

Electrical  Apparatus 
"  Conductors 


Steam  Piping  ; 

Workshop  Equipment 
Installation  Lamps 
Services  Credited 

3  54.54 





.  Less  Hew  Work  • 
Additions  'to  Plant  , 


Net  Receipts  for  Light  &  Power 
Profit  on  Mdse  2179.90  @  35;? 

"  "  Isolated  Plants  1059.30  a  £ 

Less  Running  Expenses 
Total  Profit  of  Station 



£  84.74- 





In  connection  v/ith  this  matter  I  have  the  honor  to  submit  the 
following  letter  from  Mr.  Edison. 

(  Cpoy  ) 

Ogden  Mine,  H.  J . 

April  7/91. 

Sr i end  Marks: 

To  my  mind  the  raising  of  the  price  from  3/4 
to  1  cent  per  lamp  hour  is  a  bid  for  competition.  I  am  a 
believer  in  Insuring  the  permanency  of  an  investment  by  keep¬ 
ing  prices  so  low  that  there  is  no  inducement  to  others  to 
oome  in  and  ruin  it.  There  seems  to  be  a  law  in  commercial 
things  as  in  nature.  If  one  attempts  to  obtain  more  profit 
•  than  general  average,  ,  lie  is  immediately  punished  by' co*peti-! 
tion.  ..  "  V;: 

V '  Yours,.  . 

. . 

Edison.  .  -  .  — ~ 

I  beg  leave  to*furthexv add  the  following  facts. 

We  cannot  in  Philadelphia' obtain  ageless  of  custom  similar  / 
to  that  of  Wall  Street  and  its  neighborhood  in  New  York. 

T/e  arc  obtaining  an  equal  average  return  in  lamp 
hours  to  that  of  Boston,  although  they  nominally  charge  one 
cent . 

We  have  some  very  profitable  customers  and  we 
can,  by  making  a  careful  study  of  each  case  select  our  cus¬ 
tomers  when  we  have  substitutes  ready  for  those  wo  now  have 
that  do  not  yield  a  large  return. 

Our  coal  costs- us  §1,80  per  ton  delivered;  it 
costs  the  electrical  Trust  §3.70  per  ton.  Our  contract  with 
Jas.  Boyd  &  Co.,  is  made  for  the  year  at  the  above  rate. 

Very  respectfully  and  truly  yours. 

The  Edison  Elective  Eight  Company 


Office,.  No.  927  Chestnut  Street. 

„  TELEPHONE  2120. 

CAPITAL,  *1,000.000.  CAPACITY.  10,00. 

The  Edison  Ooirent  is  absolutely  free  from  danger  to  lifo. 

The  Edison  Eleetme  Eight  Company 


Office,  No.  927  Chestnut  Street.  ' 

•  •  TELEPHONE  2120. 

CAPITAL,  $1,000,000.  CAPACITY,  10,000  H.  P. 

Tho  Edison  Currant  is  absolntoly  fro o  from  danger  to  life, 

,  Central  Station,  908  Sansom  Street. 


©09  SANSOM  ST. 

. /d* 

->  'j? 


' tf-dZZs  0H.a-t£e4&CL>  Zb 

'  /&  Z<J~Tyr/f'  Z&  £e^S 

The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York. 

Executive  Office,  16-18  Broad  St. 

i-  Thoms,  A.  Edison,  Eg']. , 

V*.  ^  ^  ^  /,  <7s>^ 

i  '  '  *  *  ai>i  picaaot]  to  inform  you  that  current  v/as  turned  on 

<  5% . 

<  40$  tenmo’-ary  plant  in  tho  now  Station  at  Pearl  and  Elm 

]  wl|i|j$^ay(ifay  1st),  at  6  P.  M. ;  arid  also  that,  on  May  lot 

|  til 0  Od&patiy  have  on  its  system  over  70,000  incandescent 

lamps,#  wbleii  tritli  the  1,000  H.  P.  of  motors  and  the  arc  lamps, 
Jafifeft  ^  &»  aquiivaient  of  83,000  16  candle  power  lamps. 

gratify  you  to  know  that  such  disconnectioi 
&GV'Al|j^$5£^'‘£he  system  are  almost  all  attributable  to  removals 
tfir  that  sort,  as  the  number  of  customers  lost  for 

:  Reasons  proves  to  be  very  small  indeed. 

x  Very  truly  yours , 

Pirst  Vice  President. 


Philadelphia , May  7th,  1391. 

Prof.  H.  V/.  Spangler,  U.S.lTavy, 

University  of  P^iina. 


My  Dear  Sir: — 

,  1  deB11’e  t0  obtain  your  opinion  on  the  following 

points.  / 

(1)  Have  the/boilers  of  this  Company  at  any  time  been 
subjected  to  excessi/  firing,  or  force  blast,  or  has  more  coal 

been  burned  per  square  foot  of  grate  per  hour  than  is  customary  or 
has  the  blast  prepfeure  ever  been  heavier  than  is  constantly 
'^in  use  elsewhere/;? 

(2)  h hat  in  your  opinion  is  the  cause  of  breaking  bolts 
• ,vin  the  Abend/oth  &  Root  boilers  in  this  station.? 

V  (3)  /  Does  the  Proposed  use  of  a  7/8"  bolt  with  ball  and 
^socket  ho&d  and  nut  offer  in  your  opinion  a  remedy  for  this  breakage 
~Of  bolts.? 

>/'4)  Are  th0  boilers  in  Battery  4  in  reasonably  safe  run- 

mg  order,  and  in  condition  to  refeeive  inspectors  certificates? 

I  shall  be  pleased  to  place  at  your  disposal  Log 
'  b°°kS  and  a11  ot  the  re cords  of  this  Company,  to  furnish  you  with 
any  information  that  you  may  desire  and  to  give  you  every  facility 
for  examining  the  boilers  and  the  work  in  progress.  I  desire 
of  you  a  fair  and  impartial  report  addressed  to  Mr.  Sami,  p, .  Huey* 
Counsel,  Drexel  building, Philadelphia.  i  beg  that  you  will 


associate  with  you  any  colleagues  whom  you  may  da sir a  and  shall  be 
pleased  to  pay  you  and  them  what  you  may  deem  a  proper  compensatio: 
It  is  very  important  that  this  investigation  be  completed. promptly 
I  am, 

Yours  very  truly, 


Yin.  D.  Harks, 

Sup  .Eng.  «  Gonl.Hangi’. 


Philadelphia, Pa.  May  19th,  1091, 

Mr.  Samel  B.  Huey, 

Droxel  Building, 


Dear  Sir  : — 

In  answer  to  the  questions  submitted  to  us  by  Prof. 
;\7m.  D.  Marks ,  Supervising  Eng.  &  Gen'l.  Mangr.  of  the  Edison  Electric 
Light  Company  of  Philadelphia,  in  his  letter  of  May  7th,  v/e  would 
make  the  following  report  on  each  of  the  questions  submitted. 

Question  1.  Have  the  boilers  of  this  Company  at  any  time 
been  subjected  to  excessive  firing,  or  force  blast,  or  Has  more 
coal  been  burned  per  square  foot  of  grate  per  hour  than  is  customary 
or  has  the  blast  pressure  over  been  heavier  than  is  constantly  in 
)  use  elsewhere ?" 

In  order  to  answer  the  above  question  correctly 
we  have  carefully  examined  the  log  books  kept  at  the  station,-  V/e 
find  thorn  practically  complete  in  all  the  data  pertaining  to  the 
daily  work  of  the  plant.  They  give  in  our  opinion  a  reliable  and 



correct  account  of  the  coal  burned ,  tho  water  evaporated,  tho  force 
of  the  blast,  and  the  output  of  tho  station  for  each  hour  of  the  day 
‘They  contain  all  the  necessary  data  to  enable  us  or  others  to  give 
a  clear  and  positive  answer  to  the  above  question.  Our  examina¬ 
tion  covered  a  period  of  nearly,  two  years.  Xlc  find  that  the  boi- 
lors  during  that  time' were  not  forced  beyond  their  capacity. 

At  that  portion  of  tho  day  when  the  greatest  demand 
was  made  on  the  boilers  for  steam,  the  boiler  power  available  at  the 
manufacturers  rating  was  in  excoss  of  tho  requirements  of  tho  sta¬ 
tion..  iho  amount  of  coal  burned  per  square  foot  of  grate  surface 
at  no  time  exceeded  that  commonly  burned  under  boilers  of  this  char- 
'  acter .  Y/e  found  that  the  amount  of  pressure  of  the  blast  was  at 

no  time  excessive, 

Question  2.  "Yfliat  in  your  opinion  is  tho  cause  of  breaking 
bolts  in  the  Abendrot.h  &  Root  boilers  in  this  station." 

In  order  to  answer  this  question  wo  have  carefully 



examined  the  old  and  the  new  form  of  connection,  the  borken  parts 
and  the  boilers  now  in  process  of  reconstruction  and  are  of  the  opin¬ 
ion  that  the  breakage  has  been  caused  primarily  by  bad  workmanship 
in  the  const  miction  and  erection  of  these  boilers. 

As  Prof.  Marks  desires  us  to  express  our  opinion 
as  to  whether  there  'was  ox-  could  be  any  water  hammer  which  might 
cause  the  giving  way  of  the  parts,  v/e  have  no  hesitancy  in  stating 
.  that  it  is  simply  impossible  for  any  such  phenomenon  to  occur  in 
these  boilers.  J 

Que st ion  3.  "Does  the  proposed  uso  of  a  7/S"  bolt  with  ball  I 

and  socket  head  and  nut  offer  in  your  opinion  a  remedy  for  this  I 

breakage  of  bolts." 

■  V/e  have  carefully  examined  the  method  of  making  and 

fitting  the  new  bolts,  together  with  the  elastic  ring  adopted  by 

Prof.  Marks  and  have  tested  several  of  the  joints  made  in  this  man-  ! 


ner  and  we  believe  that  the  methods  now  being  adopted  to  remedy  the  j 

trouble  are  those  'which  the  best  engineering  knowledge  would  provide  ] 



for  overcoming  the  difficulty,  and  while  nothing  would  guarantee 
absolute  safety,  in  these  or  other  boilers,  against  accidents  in 
the  future,  no  means  that  we  know  of  would  bo  better  adapted  to  pra- 
/•  vent  the  breaking  of  these  bolts. 

Question  4-.  "Are  the  boilers  in  battery  4  (?2)  in  reasonably 
i  (-safe  running  order,  and  in  condition  to  receive  inspectors  certifi¬ 
cates?"  . 

Vdien  the  repairs  now  under  way  on  battery  #2  are  con- 

pleted,  using  all  the  precautions  now  adopted  for  making  an  entirely 

elastic  joint  which  will  give  before  any  excessive  strain  can  be 

put  on  the  bolts,  these  boilers  will  be  in  reasonably  safe  run- 

order  and  in  condition  to  receive  inspectors  certificates, 

•  * 

'■  .  Respectfully  yours 

.•  '  H.T/. Spangler , 

Jolm  E.  Codraan. 



. <£&**.  3* 

Zarn  tfjUOjtJ  (j 

TT  ’  V 

. Uv&uJ . % . 

. y' . . . . <?4^ . 

. 44 /?i*#-£. Op^m/Mo^ ^ ~z o 

. . . >(£ 

The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York. 

Ihowas  A*  Edison,  Esq., 
.  i  “  Orange^  >}■,.  J. 

r,V  ?  - 

Exectdive  Office,  16-18  Broad,  St. 

New  York,  July  15tli,  1891. 

^  c  m  fe. 

1  ^.-I&eased  to  report  that,  in  the  first  week  of  July, 
Cer^artsi.lmd'on  its  books  2,179  ous toners,  75,530  incandescent 
ltpps> -.ifc&arei  lamps  and  1,411  H.  P.  motors  -  tho  equivalent  of 
ab^.^|/0pO;‘ll5^%.p.  lncandosoonts.  (this  excludes  lamps  installed 
' j£r«*fcnooS  and  elsewhere,  where  current  is  turned  off  for  tho 
Saapejf'fed  turned  on  again  in  !.7intor,  which  would  bring  the  total 
to jQbovo  95,000.*  equivalent* 

V*  ‘  ^’b.-totdl  net  oarnings  of  the  first  half  year  of  1891 

($152,301. J,  as  comparod  -with  the  first  half  of  1890 ($99, 822. ) , 
show  an  increase  of  S $S,  Whioh  will  probably  be  increased  to  55# 
on  the  settlement  of  certain  royalties  duo  from  the  General  Co. 

°f  Judge  Wallace,  handed  down  yesterday, 
ply  in  favor  of  Mr.  Edison  in  regard  to  incandescent  lamps, 
wil  ^‘t:vin|a  ^considerable  addition  to  the  returns  from  lamp 
1  to  thi accompany,  both  past  and  future. 
jjUl Orders have  been  plaoed  for  additional  boilers,  engines 

and  dynamos  both  for  the  new  station  downtovm  and  for  the  20th 
Street  station,  and  there  is  every  reason  to  believe  that  the  < 
.  p any' s^. business  at  the  end  of  the  year  will  greatly  exceed  the 
estimates  made  at  the  bs^innins  of  this  year,  of  a  total  instal 
■^tlen  °f  100,0.00  16  o.p.  equivalent  and  of  SO/?  increase  in  the  C 
pony's  nel  earninqs. 

to  tho  Directors  and  friond 


favorable  a  ropor 

this  first  half-year. 

Very  truly  yours, 

First  Vice  Preside 

p  -? 

Philadelphia,  July  15,  1891, 

To  the  President  and  Board  of  Directors 

of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  of  Phila. 


Your  Engineer  and  Manager  reports  Lamps  and  Motors  to 
July  1st,  as  follows: 

Lanps  connected 

lonnected  8321/24  H*p,» 

Lanps  applied  for 

Motors  applied  for  64  H.P, 

total  of  applied  for  and  connected 

44850  sixteens 
12487  " 

— - -  57337 

3462  " 


-  4426 


r  • 

Brought  forward  - 

lamps,  4084  @  33/ 

General  expenses 
Dynamo  Room  expense 
Engine  Room  expense 
Boiler  Room  expense 

House  wiring  inspection  and  complaints 

Meter  expenses 

Repairs  to  steam  machinery 

Repairs  to  steam  piping 

Repairs  to  station  building 

Repairs  to  street  work 

Repairs  to  electrical  apparatus 


lamp  hours  sold 

Horse  Power  hours  sold  45398 


^Oost  of  current  per  lamp  hour  404/1000  of  a  cent 
fttioigit  of  current  gas  equivalent  80.8/10  cts-.  per  M. 


Elec .  Conductors 
Elect ridal  apparatus 

Stav  Building 


Steam  Piping 
Workshop  Eqpt. 
Installation  lamps 


1347'.  72 

303.44  • 

726. 40 











§  150.00 





...  3-52 

H  657'.  63 

Brought  forward 

§329'.  79 

657. G3 

6  Services  credited 
Services  charged 


Less  Central  Sta.  Mach.  Or  §  40.00 

And  new  work  ^  154.97 

Receipts  from  light  and  power 
Profit  on  Mdse.  §2033.56  @  35/ 

Profit  on  0.  Plants  §1864.42  @  sX 

Less  running  expenses 
Total  profit  of  station 

| _ 62*12 

§  595.51 

§  400, 







14  9-. 






§7440. 92 

This  is  probably  one  of  the  smallest  profits  we  will  mako 
in'  any  month  of  the  year  although  we  will  not  vary  much  from  it 
j;uly  and  August-.  Our  receipts  from  light  and  power  for  the  last 
6  months  aggregate  §14236422.  as  against  §7997222  for  the  same 
period  of  1890,  As  the  average  nuiriber  of  lights  has  increased 
from  35000  in  1890  to  62000  and  over  in  the  coming  months  of  1891 
■We  can  safely  count  on  earning  §300,000  this  year  of  which  §120,000 
to  §140,000  will  be  net  profit.  We  are  getting  close  to  our  limit 
of  67,500  sixteens  attached  and  will  obtain  the  rest  without  diffi¬ 
culty  before  Autumn  closes  our  street  work.  We  will,  however-, 
lose  stfme  of  our  largest  consumers  who  will  put  in  isolated  plants-. 

■"We  pay  for  our  coal  as  deliverod  into  Bryants  yard  and  owing  to 
stopping  shipments  and  running  on  stock  in  May  the  coal  bill  of 

that  month  appeared  very  much  less  than  for  April,  which  was 
greater  than  it  should  have  been.  Since  placing  drips  in  front 
vault  May  1st-,  the  average  of  coal  for  all  purposes  per  horse 
povrer  hour  sold  has  dropped  from  89/l0  to  7  lbs.  With  the  heav¬ 
ier  loads  of  winter  a  still  greater  economy  will  be  effected-. 


The  Mayor  has  been  making  an  earnest  effort  to  obtain  c 
Committee  of  3  —  Mr*  longs t ret h,  who  is  an^ex^eptionable  gentle- 
,  man  has  asreed  to  serve;  others  that  have  been  applied  to  have 
for  various  reasons  been  unable  to  serve. 

1  have  take*  exception  to  Mr.  Vanclain  of  the  Baldwin 

Eoco.  Works,  who  has  expressed  an  unfavorable  opinion  to  Ovem 
ao  he  states  after  visiting  the  works  for' a  brief  period  with  him. 

The  Mayor  as: 

£*  two  the  Committee  will  be 

—  —  /  ^onuiazzee  will  oe 

convened.  ^ 

■  Very  respectfully  &. truly  yours, 

■  v  ^  an<yi/ 


Tl ?e  Edison  Electric  Eight  Company 

^  O^f^HILAOELPHiA.  • 

Offloa,  No.  927  Chestnut  Street. 

Tlia  Ellison  Onrront  is  absolutely  free  from  danger  to  life. 

.  Central  Station,  908  Sansom  Street. 




4 .  Bleglgi©^  nJjjmmafejRg 

'  &  9kj^uXAj& 

Jt&rly  ^4L4s/  *&£**-* z-O 

Jc>  (3&CO 

CC^t/6. Zns^j 

.  .  v_ 

/gJ  i£J&rzv-id  cu^ 


^  7$&  6%d&  <Z&f0Ozo&c(,~ 

'  ^s:U©M9ilBV 


gi/s///' . /^/ 


'  foea  *  /_  6/?i 


To  the  President  and  Board  of  Directors 

Aug.  19,  1891. 


of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  of  Phila. 


Your  Engineer  and  Manager  reports  Lamps  and  Motors  to 
August  1st.  as  follows: 

linaps  connected 

Motors  connected  873  11/24  H.P. 

Lamps  applied  for 

Motors  applied  for  40  7/8  H.P. 

Total  of  applied  for  and  connected 

45040  sixteens 
13102  " 


5067  11 

613  ■ 

-  5630 


We  have,  as  you  see-,  exceeded  the  60000  lamps  which  it  i 
deemed  advisable  to  accept  with  our  present  boiler  power.  It  is 
perhaps  more  than  we  can  carry  and  it  will  be  wise  not  to  attempt 
to  attack  new  consumers  until  our  present  number  of  lamps  is  re¬ 
duced  to  60000.  I  can  give  you  a  positive  opinion  in  October  af¬ 
ter  a  careful  study  of  the  Station  output  under  heavier  loads. 




Royalty  Penn  Co.  (22848  Lamps  O  3  83/1000/ 

Office  expense 


Coal  and  Labor  889  ton3  1205  lbs. 

Oil  waste  and  labor 
Workshop  expense 

:?  1227.01 






Brought  forward  - 

*"  * 


lamps j  3752  ©  33/ 
General  expenses 

Dynamo  Room  expense 
Engine  Room  expense 
Boiler  Room  expense 

House  wiring  inspection  &  complaints  §333.07  less' $92 
Meter  expenses 
Repairs  to  steam  machinery 
Repairs  to  steam  piping 

Repairs  to  Station  building  (painting  stacks) 

Repairs  to  street  work 
Repairs  to  electrical  apparatus 

175 . 00 

&B40H7.  H 
/•£</<*  &.// 


Lamp  hours  sold  2210426 

Horse  Power  hours  sold  49753  746295 


Cost  of  current  per  lamp  hour  408/1000  of  a  cent 
Cost  of  current  gas  equivalent  81.  6/l0  cts.  per  M. 


Elec.  Conductors 
Electrical  apparatus 

Central  Sta.  Building 
Central  Sta.  Mach. 


Steam  Piping 
Workshop  Eqpt. 

Installation  lamps 

m-  • 

■$  15.48 

115. 90 

Brought  forward  - 


6  Services  credited 
Services  charged 

Less  new  work 



-  71.00 

§.  693. 59 
544-.  72 
§  148.67. 

Receipts  from  light  and  power 
Profit  on  Mdse.  §1378.57  6>  35# 

Profit  on  Isolated  Plants  §71.75  %?, 

Less  running  oxponsos 
Total  profit  of  station 

17937. SO 


This  is  the  smallest  profit  of  tho  year  as  the  meter  re¬ 
turns  are  now  increasing  and  bills  for  isolated  plants  sold  have  not 
been  rendered  by  tho  Edison  gen'l  Electric  Co.  this  month. 

the  chestnut_st._cables 

.  0n  Peb-  18th»  1891  your  Engineer  &  Manager  reported  as 

"Chestnut  Street  from  3rd.  to  9th.  should  have  mains  and 
feeders  laid  upon  it  and  would  cost  approximately: 

For  main  §9,000. 

*  feeder  to  5th.  St.  4,000. 

“  "  "  7th.  St.  2,000. 

"  "  "  8th.  St.  1,000 

-  §16,000 

you  are  aware  that  the  city  authorities  would  not  permit  , 
to  put  in  the  Edison  System  but  forced  this  Co.  to  put  Cables  in  tho 
Penn  Conduit  so  called  at  this  point.  It  would  have  been  vastly 

■i  ■> 

better  to  have  put  the  cables  in  the  ground  rather  than  drag  them 
into  this  wretched  structure  of  the  Ponn  Co.  which  has  never  been 
anything  else  than  a  sewer  for  street  filth. 

The  repairs  to  this  cabled  district  have  cost  §7461. 
in  30  months.  While  it  is  undoubtedly  wiser  in  the  long  run  to 
replace  this  by  the  Edison  tubes,  the  question  of  financial  ability 
to  do  it  will  have  to  be  determined  by  the  Board.  It  is  a  constant 
source  of  worry  and  expense.  The  labor  in  laying  these  Edison 
tubes  vTill  amount  to  about  $3,000. 

To  attempt  this  work  will  probably  result  in  a  demand 
from  the  Penn  Co.  for  repairs  to  their  conduit  by  ua;  At  tho 
request  of  your  President  I  again  call  your  attention  to  this  dis¬ 


V/e  have  at  present  64000  lights  for  this  station. 

Your  Engineer  would  prefer  not  to  add  to  this  until  he  has  had  an 
Autumn  month's  experience,  but  may  find  himself  able  to  carry  a 
few  moro.  Under  any  circumstances  we  are  near  the  present  limit 
of  our  boiler  and  machinery  capacity.  We  could  wire  100000  lights 
and  carry  them  on  our  street  conductors  provided  the  Station  wore 
completed  and  room  for  more  boilers  thereby  obtained.  V/e  have 
all  tho  room  we  need  for  engines  and  dynamos. 

In  completing:  the  Station,  we  would  be  obliged  to  work  en¬ 
tirely  from  tho  Sansom  Street  sido  as  we  need  the  Alley  exclusively 
for  coal  and  ashes. 

With  this  report  you  receive  a  vortical  sectional  eleva¬ 
tion  of  the  Station  with  the  present  height  marked  upon  it. 

It  would  be  cheapest  to  complete  the  whole  building  at  onco.  A 
careful  estimate  of  tho  cost  of  this  checked  by  ar.  experienced 
builder's  computation  mhk os  it  $117,000.  The  office  room  required 


vrould  thus  bo  obtained,  and  tho  machinery  required  from  time  to 
time  could  bo  paid  for  out  of  the  earnings  without  preventing 
a  modorato  dividend. 

Tho  Builder  states  that  the  arrangements  preliminary 
to  completing  the  Station  would  be  quite  elaborate  and  preclude 
tho  idea  of  building  it  slowly,  piece  by  piece.  The  shortest 
possible  time  is  8  to  10  months. 

Very  respectfully  &  truly  yours. 

Supervising  BngF  &  Son.  Manager. 

,  r . . - . . . 

,  ,  phonograph'  dictation  CV/7~  *  d  fd 

$1  ©tfom,. 

'•/  _Sap_ti_24,__9i»_ 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

N«  J,  &  Penn' a.  Concentrating  Works, 
Ogdens burgh,  N.  J, 


Dear  Sir:- 

Th0  enclosed  letter  fl-oi  P.  s.  Gorton,  of  the  Chicago 
Edison  Company,  was  reoeivad  at  the  Laboratory  this  morning. 

Yours  very  truly, 



*  m  "  •  dJU^i 

•  ■"t'J  -■  ^-zxrtr  3 


totzXzz.  _  L  •&*-  L 

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.  Jj-  On  - 

»«■»«.  The  Chicago  Edison  Company. 

y  directors'  ^ ^  139-141  ADAMS  STREET. 

SSEr  b itzsr  . sep.t. 22nd , iai. . st? 

Mr.  Thoa.  A.  Edison,  V 

My  Dear  Edison:- 

We  are  now  increasing  the  present  station  on  Adems 
Street,  and  when  all  machinery  is  put  in  (which  is  under  way) 

A  the  Station  will  be  full. 

We  are  adding  eight  (8)  #6o's,  but  I  am  very  sorry 
to  spend  this  money  here,  because  with  continued  increased  bus¬ 
iness,  we  are  constantly  pushing  the  business  to  get  new  cus¬ 
tomers,  and  we  will  want  more  roan.  I  hope  you  can  hasten 
the  plans  of  the  new  station,  because  it  will  take  over  a  year 
to  get  it  so  as  we  can  operate  it*  and  I  would  like  to  do  as 
much  work  as  possible  during  this  winter. 

Can  give  Machino  Works  an  order  so  as  they  can  work 
on  the  engines  and  dynamos  during  the  winter.  The  traable  has 
been  with  the  Now  York  office,  that  they  were  a  little  slow  about 
such  things,  but  you  promised  to  give  this  matter  personal 
attention,  and  I  hope  -yofl  will  attend  to  this  oase,  even  if  you 
have  to  neglect  something  else. 

perhaps  I  am  too  selfish  in  this,  but  it  i3  no  pleasure 
a  business  unless  you  can  push  it  and  do  a  big  business,  and 
a  Station  with  at  least  20,000  H.  P.  in  operation  before 


The  Chicago  Edison  Company. 

139-141  ADAMS  STREET. 

. : . : . ; . . . : 

Thoa.  A.  Edison,  Eaq. 

$2/2/22/91 . 

The  World's  Fair.  I  think  it  will  be  a  great  thing  for 
•>  •  yotir  business  in  general  to  have  the  foreigners  eata«  here  and 

see  this  in  aotual  operation,  and  asido  from  being  a  great 
thing  mechanically  and  el  ejjetrioall  y,  I  want  to  have  a  balance 
■' ifr*:  3heet  with  sufficient  earnings  to  make  it  just  as  handscme  that 


I  wil  1  do  my  part  of  it,  if  you  wil  1  give  me  your 
assistance,  please  let  me  here  how  they  are  getting  along 
with  the  determination^  It  is  eight  months  since  the  can 
vassers  left  here. 

The  Edison  Elective  Eight  Company  of  Philad' 

CAPITAL,  $^,000,0^00^  CAPACITY,  10,000  H 
r  8T..  Phil*.  PAY  BILLS  AT  927  CHESTNUT  STREET,  20  noon.  Tclcph 




face*,,?/'  /Zxxxqf  exys  . 

V  /sC<  &cxzCj&  -  ^ 

if  7 



^ /&££  d/^zxx-*y? 

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J/p  o  X X^ 

J^szy/^usr  J5^u^ 

fxS?lC  /&6C<7Z6 

Edison  Electric  Lkight  Company  of  Philad’e 

CAPITAL,  $1,000,000.  OPACITY,  10.000  H.  P. 

yf*  ^"®5SS-f«*--V--*,—VT‘  P|‘  Hi  liUMiaOH,  Viet  pKMDtHT.  A.  V.  3 LOAN  Sro  an 

:  >.  ?fw*f  *AT  PM,W*  PAY  B,LLS  at  927  CHESTNUT  STREET,  2d  Floor.  Tclcphone  n< 

CONCI:"H,HO  ClMinMI^niANROCII^^OO^JUIs*  AU  "**"**•  T°  WM*  D*  MARKS,  8UPCR 

'  *  'C  :elV^  \  IF  YOU  WANT  CHEAP  POWE°rTuSE  A  MOTOR™ 



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tEfeptb  Jl<j. 


The  Chicago  Edison  CoWip^anyI 

.'i¥  ••• 

.139-14.1  ADAMS  STREET.  •. 


Thos.  A.  fciiaon,  Eaq.  ’  ’ 

•  .  Orange,.  New  Jersey. 

MyJDear  Edison:  ^  /0<± — jg 

; '  .*t  Your  dispatch  at  hand.  Mie  p]  aoe  you  have  named,  wilt 

<~0rfccan?, . Hov«..2nd, . .'91,. 

b.^ce:iv^  >, 

N0V  1  0  1SS1  S-r-r... 

■  I  _expeot  to  be  in  Hew  York  in  a  week  or  two,  and  then 

ijfi? 3  devote  my  time  to  thi a  matter  and  e^ldin  to  you  my  ideas 
;j»nd  the  ideas  of  my  assistants  what  we  think  the  best  way  to 
'start  torraake  immediate  returns.  T  know  it  is  not  your  idea 
to  liuild  in  a  country  tliat  may  be  built  Up  in  five  years. 



^  r  r 

i  (M  /lef  7?  /leJ&totXjUj  \ 



The  Edison  Eleetme  Eight  Company  of  Philad’e 

CAPITAL,  $1,01 




|  m^==rp,cEIven" . 

J  /  W  T-  /p nEC  8  -  U»l  M 


,  ,jfaa  a**;  4/C- 

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<  •  ^^V/£L  <&ccS <(*u&c£i>S- 

The  Edison  Eleefct»ie  Eight  Company  of  Philad’j 

CAPITAL,  $1^,000,000.  CAPACITY,  II 



3L1"''”L“  L .  -  1  • . .  .  CURRENT  SOLO  BY  METER.  CIRCULARS  ON  APPLIC 

/</  \Za  <&zzy'- 

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Ypf'r  />?  ^  S&aZZZcZ 
‘ZfaY £<?zc^e£y  y^^/i^ce-et^ / 

%kyf  &>  /uiX 

.  ZiTzZfj 

*'■£&  s'6*o^ 

(Tr'  ^2-<7 

p  '.-A-  —  /tZZ%L  ^^-e<«-^o-zc  ZZ 

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Jhe  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York. 

V:  $ 'General  Offices,  Pearl ,  cor.  Elm  St.  ““"“'v,..... 

New  York,  23rd  December,  1391. 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Mr,  Edison  : 

In  sending  to  the  Chief  our  best  wishes  for  the  season,  as  I 
do •  oji-.-behaif:^:. each  and  all  of  hi?  staff  in  the  bailiwick  of  this 
Y  particular  company,  I  can  perhaps  'give  him  no  more  acceptable 
Christmas  greeting  tlian  the  evidence  of  the  triumphant  success  of 
his  work  in  this  particular  field  as  shown  in  the  fact  that  this 
company:  has  this  week  on  its  stations  over  120,000  16  C,  P.  equi¬ 
valent,  constituting  it,  we  have  reason  to  believe,  the  largest 
local  illuminating  company  ih  the  world. 

With  cordial  expressions  of  our  loyalty  to  the  general  Chief, 
I  am  / 


»■" . 

v  Very  truly  yours. 

i/J-fCv-  c.u.a 

The  Chicago  Edison  Company, 


Thoa.  k.  Edison,  Es.j. 
Orange,  it.  j. 


— /Stj 

You  ••3  of  23rd  ii 


DEC  2  9  1891. 

just  came  to  hand.  It  pAai 

mo,  do cause  we  can  get  the  Charles  and  Harrison  Street ‘property 
.without  trouble,  nnd^such  a  large  outlay,  Hope  you  have 
•  made  no  mistake,  because  Harrison  St.  is  sane  distance-  from 
the  first  location  named  by  you(further  south.  Please  look 
this  over  again  to  be  sure  you  didn't  mistake  Harrison 
and  Charles  Sts.  from  some  other  location. 


The  Chicago  Edison  Company, 

139-141  ADAMS  STREET. 

^ECE lyp  ' 

t  -  JAN  4  -  ^ 

Thomas''  A.  Edison,  Esq, 

•  V  •r'  Orange  ,  H.  .T.  jk-f,  JjN  4  -1892 

My  Dear  Edison: 

*  •  v'v* .  ^  enclose  copy  of  letter  from  a  gentleman  in  the 

- ^  *  t0  us  ,iero  *  whi°h  goes  to  show  you  we  have 


got  •  tOjiget  .away  from  this  lo 


<u*  -  a l„,,.  . 

The  Chicago  Edison  Company, 

139-141  ADAMS  STREET. 

Mr.  Edwin  v/aller, 

Howe  Insurance  Building,  City, 
Dear  Sir: 

copy  ■RECEIVE 

V*.  JAN  4' 189 2 

'"e  fo(5]  compelled  to  make  complaint  regard 
S  ?C^PCt^d  With  our  occupancy  of  the  offices  in  the 
In^ii/fei^e  Building. 

*)  ;4  ■  ^ . Recent! y,  the  trembling  or  shaking  of  the  building 

*aS  Great  that  it  frightens  many  people  and  at 

times  w^f|  make  any  person  solicitous  as  to  his  safety,  v/e  can, 
.(especially  in  the  writer's  room)  frequently  see  the  furniture 
move.  If,  as  we  are . informed,  th<  a  is  caused  by  the  anchoring 
of  the  exhaust  pipes  of  the  lOdison  plant  to  the  iron  frame  of  ■ 
the  build,  ipg,  we  eannot.  be  persuaded  that  it  is  a  safe  con¬ 
dition  of";'af.i>,ir3. 

rr.^Airain,  the  .smoke  belching  forth  from  the  chimneys 
Of  th.  ,.0*0  pi nut  constitutes  O»oh  «  nuisance  as  to  b.  at  times 
«»oot  «*«„  tl„  attention  of  the  «*, 

^nopootof  to  „„  „»  nre  now  lnfo»oa  bp 

*"•  poster,  tiht.,0  instruct lt>„.  to  pay„0  farther 

“T  ,o  “■  m*  -  -  '■-»* «.««» to  ooofoo, 

«•«  nor*  chimney  i„  tl.,  city. 

W  >»'"  "»■■■*>  •>•>»»  Inspector 's  Dcp.rt„.l,  », 

are  unable  to  determine. 


The  Chicago  Edison  Company, 

139-141  ADAMS  STREET. 


Fortunately,  however,  as  you  have  doubtless  been  advised, 
this  is  not.  the  on] y  avenue  which  you  can  pursue  to  stop  this 
nuisance... j^he  Courts  are  open  to  you  for  that  purpose  and  it  is 
a-  duty  which  you  owe  ro  your  tenants,  as  we  respectful  :iy  submit, 

->to  pursufe;;your  remedies  therein. 

The  ‘■’Joe trie  Company  has  no  right,  for  economical 
or  other  reasons,  to  maintain  a  nuisance  of  this  character 
and  you  have  no  right  to  compel  your  tenants,  who  have  taken 
long  leases,  to  be  subjected  thereto.  We  therefore  demand  that 
you  seek  your  remedies,  and  cause  this  to  be  a  bated. 


Aldrich,  Payne  and  '’.'ash burn. 


Mr.'  Aldricty, 

Or*  , 

The  Chicago  Edison  Company, 

139-141  ADAMS  STREET. 

,Jrth .thKexc option  of  the  200  volt  lamps.  We  have  got  to  a< 
something  and  have  got  to  act  right  away,  so  PJ  ease  Jet  us 
r.-Jcnow  when  this  J  amp  wij  3  bo  ready  for  the  teat  you  spoke 

of  wlien\I.  saw  you -Jastv  • 


JLJLJLO*  V  E  D;  That  the  resolution  with  refer- j 
enee  to  purchases  which  was  adopted  at  thy  last  meet  ins  of  I 
the  Board  is  hereby  reconsidered  and  that  in  place  thereof 
the  following  stand  as  the  action  of  the  Company: 

_R  E  S  0  1  V  E  D!  That  hereafter  all  purchases  of 
materials  and  applies  amounting  in  any  one  bill  to  Five 
Hundred  Dollars  and  upwards  shall  be  by  requisition  on  tho 
Treasurer,  and  after  consultation  between  the  General  Man-: 
ager  and  the  Executive  Officers  6f  the  Company,  so  that  th$ 
due  dates  of  payment  may  be  satisfactorily  arranged  for. 

Small  purchases  for  current  work  may  /.he  made.^dU'glipt  by*  thef 
General  Manager,  bills  for  the/  same  being  s  ub%ef j&ntly  madi,  ' 
out  on  vouchers  for  filing  in /regular  order  with  the  larg-i 
er  bills.  All  bills,  large  pr  small,  contracted  for  by 
the  General  Manager  or  by  an 
to  the  Treasurer  at  the  end 
will  show  at  all  times  every 

-RE  SOLVED;  \jlhat  the  Board  of  Directors  of  I 
the  Edison  Electric  Light  Company  desire  to  express  their 
continued  confidence  in  and  appreciation  of  the  services 
of  their  General  Manager  and  Superintendent,  Professor  Wil¬ 
liam  D.  Marks,  and  while  regretting  the  unfortunate  diffi¬ 
culties  which  have  arisen  in  connection  with  the  use  of  th> 
Abendroth  &  Root  boilers,  they  desire  to  express  the  be¬ 
lief  that  these  difficulties  have  been  caused  by  negligent 
construction  on  the  part,  of  the  builders  and  not  fron  any 

>ne  else  are  to  be  reported 
[f  each  day,  so  that  his  books 
[outstanding  purchase. 

fault  in  the  theory  upon  which  the  boilers  were  built  and 
which  was  approved  of  by  the  General  Manager  when  he  gave 

1891.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  General  Electric  Company  - 
General  (D-91-2S) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  business  of  the 
Edison  General  Electric  Co.  Most  of  the  letters  are  by  Sherburne  B.  Eaton, 
general  counsel,  and  pertain  to  assignment  of  patents,  interferences,  and  bills 
for  legal  services.  A  few  documents  in  Edison’s  hand  relate  to  the  choice  of 
new  dynamos  for  the  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York. 

Approximately  30  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 
correspondence  regarding  orders  and  shipments;  letters  of  acknowledgement 
and  transmittal. 

-'Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

/20 equitable  building) 

J  ./Vctr  r^v^Jan.  16.  1891. 

Here  is  a  list  of  the  more  important  services  ren¬ 
dered  to  thgGeneral  Co.  by  mv  ofrioe.  It  occupied  our  entire  force 
of  six  lawyers  and  assistants,  most  of  the  time.  Yet.  our  total 
charGe  was  only  about  $1,800.  Everything  is  charged  upon  a  per 
diem,  basis  and  at  a  low  rate.  There  are  three  items  in  this  List 
which  if  charged  foiu otherwise  than  upon  a  per  diem  basis- would 
ordinarily  be  worth 'the  whole  #1,800. 

This  bill  excludes  all  patent  litigation  matters 
and  relates  only  to  services  rendered  to  tie  General  Co. 

I  have  felt  for  sometime  that  I  would  like  to  have 
you  know  how  much  work  we  do  and  how  reasonable  our  charges  are. 

Please  return  the  a  nnsxed  List  as  it  forms  part 
of  my  files  ,  and  oblige. 

Thomas  a.  Edison,  Esq, 

[CA.  JANUARY  30,  1891] 




.  I  « 

fcy  SjnJLcr^k  -&=>■—'■' 


dk  -->  'v 


'  \w 

EATON  &  LEWIS  *20  Z&meU&e'ty  { equitable 6UI10ING ) 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Eso.., 

Orange,  Mew  Jersey. 

Dear  sir: 


yj£w  .^y^jgsb-.-IO,  xas  i.  M'f 


No .438, 310, which  was 
inents  in  lamp  bases, 
was  forwarded  to  us 
enclosed  assignment. 

Enclosed  I  beg  to  hand  you  assignment  of  patent 
ls®"?d  t0  on  October  14,  1890  for  improve- 
This  is  the  combination  base  patent  and 
by  tKe  lamp  Works  so  that  we  might  prepare  the 

have  it 
so  that 

wi-j.  you  please  execute  this  assignment  ar 
witnessed  by  two  persons,  and  then  return  the  same  to 
we  may  have  it.  recorded. 

v-vL-u-rw-Cw v\  UU 

^t”VYV£'  L-V 

elwv^L.  tfce  ^•’*-'1  ^;;<i ^ 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Bear  Sir: 

_  .  Pe  Assignment  by  you  of  patent  N  o.  ^38,320  issued 

inU  “l0,  IbiS  8ay  that  in  my  let1-  to  you  of  the  loth 
%  enclosed  an  assignment  of  this  patent  to  the  Gen- 
eral  Co.  for  you  to  execute.  I*  occurs  to  me  that  I  ought  to  hav» 
poapI  some  explanation  in  sending  the  assignment.  This  patent  was 
th!v  Btotid  ?  thS  Ed*son  lamp  Company  in  a  letter  in  which 

it  was  a^iimLd  +  +rS,.  nT°Ut  lWder  their  instructions  and  that 

was  cfvereJ  Tf  ^  General  Co.  I  assumed  from  this  that  it 
--nt  +h«  «d  old  arrangements  between  you  and  the  Lamp  Co.,  so  T 
sent  the  assignment  to  Orange  for  you  to  execute.  ’ 

If*  you  have  any  doubt  as  to  whether  you  ou^ht  to 

as^^taL  SrtherTa^s!  PleaS6  ““  6XeC"tion  «ntil  I 

Hoping  the  above  will  be  satisfactory,  I  remain, 

Very  truly  yours,  Randolph, - 

I  have  arranged  with  Mr.  Edison  that  I 

shall  charge  the  Edison  General  Electric  Co.  twenty-five  dollars 
($25)  per  week  salary  from  October  1st,  the  date  of  the  laborator 
contract.  You  can  add  this  amount  to  their  proportion  of  General. 
Expense,  or  charge  it  direct  against  one  of  their  exper hperits, 
whichever  may  be  the  most  convenient. 


t  =  ' 

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H  ,-o  „ A 

,,,,...  ifcf 

,<*  •>*'>'~ft  ti~ 

"'V'5  '"' 

k— >r  TCutHf&'G**  U 


yfc&j-*'  /-  '•X 

P'S  k-  «— /V  C7 

,-/■  f  u . 

oOv>v  A-v,»-/|  vf 

|.u.,  rN  - 

<x>.  e-r  t  ^  f*  'c'r* <!VW 

7^  f 

£  ft  6*o- 
l  6,,L^ 

-  ''  o  .  fjJ 

I  near  Mr.  Edison:  New  York  Citj^larch  19,  1891. 

against  the  Company  for  Eebruary^^i^woul^like  b,illS 


$(«✓  (k  o-dUuo^.  PjjJifa  OaS.  iv\  o- 

$t*y  WdU*  ^ 

®ei*y  truly  yours, 


/rnrvvr  ov'&b  <x 




•ykcw  &er/£' - 

Edison  General  Bleotrio  Company, 

J.H. Herrick,  Esq.,  Vice-President. 

Dear  Sir: 

Ro  February  Bills  of  Dyer  &  Seel/  Pursuant 
:-o  an  arrangement.  recently  made  by  Controller  Ord,  the  monthly 
bills  of  Dyer  &  Seely  are  now  all  sent  to  me  in  the  first,  instance 
all  at  the  same  time,  and  I  now  enclose  their  February  bills  with 
my  approval,  as  follows: 

Light  Company,  monthly  services  of  hr.  Seely, 
in  connection  with  pending  interferences  in  the  Patent 

•  •  ...  .  .  .  .  ft  fir  i.  on 

Light'-  Company,  monthly  services  of 
Driscoll  in  connection  with  'interferences  Ac  . 

Light  Company,  monthly  services  of 
Mr.  Dyer,  principally  in  the  Filament  Case.  . 


ly  se 

Light  Company,  Sundry  services 
Do  disbursements  . 

General  Company,  Mot/  York  Works, 
’vices  relating  to  Applications  of  Kail  and  of 


I , 397v50 
.  150.00 


General  Company,  sundry  monthly  ser- 
vicos  in  the  Motor-  Department,  including  interferences, 
■Hunter  Case  &o.  .  ’ 

" '  '  ,  General  Company,  monthly  son-ices  in¬ 

cluding  now  application  of  Dnbbie  Ac.  . 


Do  disbii  'seinsnts  in  same  §  205.62 

General  Company,  Raher.aor.ady  works, 
month.1  y  se-vicoB  relating  to  application  of  Edison  v  Eer- 
li  ner  .  .  .  , 


Do  disbursements  .  .  36.35 

&  . _ 


Servioes  .  .  .  .$2,312.00 

Disbursements  .  .  .  733.60 


As  regards  some  of  the  services  rendered  I 
.have  no  personal  knowledge,  but  I  approve  the  bills  nevertheless, 
as  a  matter  of  form.  This  is  the  first  time  that  all  of  these 
i.ills  have  been  submitted  to  ne.  Perhaps  in  a  few  months  after 
this  plan  has  been  in  effect  long  enough  to  try  it,  I  may  submit 
to  you  some  suggestions  for  a  more  intelligent  supervision  in 
these  matters. 

If  agreeable,  will  you  have  choques  sent  to 
’iessra  Dyeift  Seely  in  payment  of  all  of  the  above  bills. 

Very  truly  yours. 

General  Counsel, 

Re  Assignment  of  Edison  Lamp  Base  Patent.  I  bee  to 
submit  the  following: 

(2)  On  the  I Oth  ult.  I  sent  you  at  the  request  of  Mr. 
Upton,  a  blank  assignment  to  the  General  Company  of  yo\xr  Lamp  Base 
Patent  No.  438,310,  dated  October  I4th,  1890,  and  asked  you  to  sign 
it.  You  did  so  and  sent  it  back  on  the  «4th  ult.,  with  a  request 
that  I  should  sec  if  any  reasons  existed  why  you  should  not  execute 
the  assignment.  You  told  me  to  hold  the  assignment  if  I  Md  any 
doubt  about  it.  I  have  done  so,  for  reasons  given  below, 

(2)  Section  five  of  the  contract  of  Nov.  25.  1887,  be¬ 
tween  you,  the  Lamp  Co.  and  the  Light  Co.,  provides  that  all  in¬ 
ventions  pertaining  to  the  lamp,  made  or  acquired  by  you  or  the 
Lamp  Company  before  Nov.  25,  1890,  shall  be  assigned  to  the  Light 
Company  freeof  charge.  T^is  ontract  seems  to  be  still  in  force'.  I 
believe  that  Mr.  Villard  promised  that  this  contract  should  be  can¬ 
celled,  but  so  far  as  I  know  that  has  never  been  done.  In  view  of 
the  hostile  attitude  of  certain  warlike  stockholders  of  the  Light 
Company,  it  cannot  safely  be  cancelled  by  that  Company,  even  with 
the  consent  of  the  General  Co.,  except  for  adequate  consideration. 

(3)  Under  the  above  existing  contract,  I  think  this  Lamp 
Base  Patent  should  be  assigned  to  the  Light  Co.  instead  of  the 
General  Co. 

(4)  I  take  this  occasion  to  speak  of  your  patent  for 
leading  in  wires  No.  444,530,  .fan.  13,  1891,  application  filed 
September  15,  1890.  Is  not  this  patent  covered  also  by  the  above 

(5)  The  proposed  laboratory  Contract  between  you  and 

tho  General  Co.,  executed  provisionally  as  of  October  I,  1890,  pro¬ 
vides  in  its  third  section  that  all  inventions  which  you  were  then 

engaged  in  making  or  perfecting  or  which  you  might  make  for  five 
years  should  be  assigned  to  the  General  Co.  The  aforesaid  tri¬ 
partite  agreement  of  Nov.  25,  1887,  is  in  <t>  nflict  with  the  said 
Laboratory  Agreement,  as  appears  above. 

Steps  should  be  taken  at  once  to  cancel  the  aforesaid 
tripartite  agreement  of  Nov.  25,  1887. 

I  send  a  copy  of  this  letter  to  Mr,  Insull  so  that  he 
may  take  such  action  as  he  thinks  best. 

Hoping  the  above  will  be  satisfactory,  I  remain, 


j^ry^wwLo  S  (ruCf 

ji^A^-o  <^»cr4nA_^  (j^.  ^ 

(L<7Xo' -  — c-v^/ 

0.  E.  Tate,  Esq., 

Private  Secretary  to  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Deai-  Sir:- 

U.  S.  Senator  Chas.  J.  Faulkner  with  his  partner  Mr. 
Stewart  W.  Walker,  of  Martinsburg,  W.  Va.,  called  at  my  office 
reoently^and  seeing  Mr.  Edison's  photograph  hung  on  the  wall  in¬ 
sisted  that  I  should  make  a  request  to  you f for  one  of  these  pic¬ 
tures  . 

I  do  it  with  a  great  deal  of  reluctance, because  you  have 
already  been  subjected  to  two  other  requests,  for  the  same  purpose, 

I  will  state,  however,  that  we  have  one  of  the  finest  Edison 
plants  in  the  United  States  in  Martinsburg,  W.  Va.,  and  the  above 
named  gentlemen^were  instrumental  in  closing  the  contract  /or  the 
Edison  System.  They  are  to-day  thorough  believers  in  everything 
Edison, and  hse  been  of  great  service  to  me  in  this  territoiy 
through  reference. 

If  you  would  be  so  kind  as  to  forward  me  another  photograph 

with  Mr.  Edison's  autographed  a  letter  which  can  be  forwarded  to 

n?!^Lar+u2Uit'8  3Url  it  be  £reatly  appreciated  by  them  and 
li8®  means  Partially  recompensing  them  for  their  empaht- 

lo  words  of  approval  for  the  Edison  System.  -9 

Yours  truly. 


j^r/  'M.-t  l'£\A^  L^“  (fCcO-i^'. 3 

-fc'Lck*  U^ctvtMtJ  Kf  UM-ff  IMA&*  *iu-  t**4 — 
ci  S  £w  i  iriio  tu  i « ( A-fie^  yiw  V<.«  V&.fc 

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l\.i  t^^A)  Cc'.itlr  k'“  •f'  “I1- 

,  •  c*»  1™—  ,  •M"‘- 

f,T . .  1 

Edison’s  Laboratory, 

ORANGE,  N.  J. 

21  ci' _ t  -|  o~  -Cd  ’A'Aw 

rM  ^.r-  ts 

*L.~  I  ^ 

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/'  i  l  "■  I  V  >  r  ,  ^  ■  /  ^SEP  1 8  1891 

»/>*»•  -  -*  I'M  '  -  v  ^  UJ'/Y/r/yA^K^y. dison building) 

_ _ is  •.:  Anz'dJ^J^-^8^ 

^j&w&ss/y..  S_ept.  10,  1891. 


A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Private  Secretary,  *■'"  ^  1891— 1 -O 


Referring  to  your  favor  of  the  2nd  inst.,  in  which  you 
enclosed  a  letter  of  Mr.  Alexander  Elliott  relating  to  United 
States  Patent  No.  236,399,  issued  to  Alfred  0.  Holcomb,  for  a  de¬ 
vice  known  as  the  to  and  fro  winding,  I  beg  to  state  that  I  have 
had  an  examination  made  of  this  patent  with  a  view  of  ascertaining 
whether  it  would  be  profitable  for  the  Edison  Company  to  acquire 
the  s  ame . 

The  patent  is  a  thin  detailed  specific  patent .  It  is  sc 
•far  as  I  can  judge  of  no  interest  to  the  Edison  Company  except  as 
a  means  of  offensive  operation  against  their  rivals  above  named. 

But  it  is  not  available  for  this  purpose  because  the  said  rival 
companies  already  own  one  half  interest  in  it  and  for  the  purpose 
of  making,  using  and  selling  the  device  that  is  as  good  as  an  en¬ 
tire  interest.  I  do  not  understand  that  the  Edison  Company  wants 
to  make  this  specific  form  of  machine,  that  is,  a  machine, 

"in  which  the  whole  induced  conductor,  wound  to  and  fr.o 
"longitudinally  on  a  cylindrical  armature  and  having  no 


"pole  pieces  projecting  between  its  sections,  is  in  one 
"circuit,  with  only  two  free  ends,  in  combination  with  a 
"series  of  field  magnets . " 

If  it  is  of  no  use  to  proteot  the  Edison  Company's  manu¬ 
facture,  and  no  use  for  offensive  litigation  of  what  use  is  it? 

So  far  as  I  can  see,  it  is  not  of  sufficient  practical  value  for  the 
Edison  Company  to  have  anything  to  do  with  it  . 

Herewith  I  beg  to  return  the  letter  of  Mr.  Elliott  dated 
September  1st, 

General  Counsel  E.O.E.Co. 

Gen.  Co  . 


Paterson,  N.  J.,  Sept.  1,1691. 

Thomas  A.  Mis  on,  Esq., 

Laboratory,  Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  sir:-- 


SEP  S  ISM  m 

My  attention  has  been  called  by  a  gentleman  in  New  York 
to  the  U.  S.  patent  dated  January  4,1881  No. 236.399  and  issued  to 
Alfred  G.  Holcomb  and  is  known  as  the  to  and  fro  winding  and  is  the 
Westing-4^ouse  and  Thompson  -  Houston  alternator  of  to-day. 

My  informant  also  says  that  the  Thomson  -  Houston  Company 
owns  one-half  interest  in  the  same  and  that  negotiations  have  been 
commenced  by  them  for  the  other  half  so  as  to  have'  sole  ownership  and 
control,  and  are  waiting  the  return  of  their  lawyer,  Mr.  Pish,  and 
action  will  be  taken  in  the  course  of  a  week  or  ten  days. 

This  of  course  as  you  are  aware  I  know  nothing  of,  but  it 
does  seem  to  me  that  if  the  invention  is  of  any  value  or  advantage 
for  you,  to. 

I  am  satisfied  that  this  one-half  can  be  purchased  at  very 
reasonable  figures  and  I  would  be  willing  to  turn  the  whole  matter 
over  to  you  to  be  handled  directly  by  you  or  hahdle  the  matter  for  you 


and  under  your  instruction. 

The  party  who  has  spoken  to  me  about  it  is  a  Mr.  Lewis  Cf 
Lilley  of  New  York. 

Kespectfully  yours, 

No  Enc. 



A .  (TLoou^  • 

- -  Qc(<Iua_  is 


^ 4/JjH  AM  -UAydbJL  . 

At . ..:: . J%0<3  cio^A . 7 UhA  MULeu^  Co  '  'A&4-  *- 


9  i.  .  ; 

. •AAsAxamJA^ . tdj>A..  . (Ac  £$JL  MJ(rt^-  CUaJi)  :  ’ 

.  <Zu^Ui^AyC(xX^- 

1  -£jChJ  ir-"^ 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq. 

0  r  a  n  g 

.  M\  .  -Tf\£-aju>Uz_ 

:  K  58th  October  1891. 


OCT  29  1891 

You  will  shdrtly  receive  some  samples  of  the  Carpenter  heating 
apparatus,  viz.  a  flat  iron  and  a  stew  pan,,  both  built  for  a  circuit  of 
110  volts.  The  pan  should  not  be  connected  without,  having  water  in  it. 

I  should  very  m&ch  appreciate  your  opinion  as  to1  the  value  of  this 
apparatus  when  you  can  find  time  to  examine  it,  as  the  inventor  of  the 
method  is  an  old  friend.  when  Mr  Carpenter  first  brought  his  apparatus 
to  my  notioe,  it  ooofirred  to  me  that  an  electrical  resistance  built  on 
this  plan  would  have°great  advantages,  —  it  would  be1 fire  and  water 
proof,  and  pratically  indestructible  when  properly  used.  It  would 
also  occupy  but  very  little  space,  and  be  exceedingly  cheap  to  manu¬ 
facture.  iT  ■  • 

In  an  actual  test  I  found  that  No  28  B.&  s.  German  silver  wire 

would  melt^rith  a  current  of  rfg  amperes  in  the  open  air  i 

or  trolvo  minuton,  but  it  would  carry  that  current  indefinitely  when 
covered  by  the  Carpenter  process,  hence  you  can  see  how  greatly  space 
can  be  economised,  especially  in  the  construction  of  resistances  for 
heavy  currents,  such  as  ohoking  coils  for  street  car  motors, regulators 

*  .  . — 


T.A.E.  No  2.  28/10/91. 

for  theatre  lighting  etc.  ■? 

The  Carpenter  Cq.  have  quite  a  large  sale  for  their  heating 
apparatus,  and  Mr  Vi  1 lard  has  lately  interested  himself  in  their  new 
Car  heater,  but  I  am  especially  interested  in  the  method  as  applied 

to  Electrical  resistance,  and  should  be  very  glad  to  get  an  opinion 


from  you  as  to  the  probable  0f  the  Carpenter  method  in  this  con¬ 


The  models  which  you  will  receive  are  not  new,  but  have  been  in 
practical  use  for  some  months. 

,  Yours  very  truly 


1891.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  General  Electric  Company  - 
Lamp  Works  -  General  (D-91-26) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  business  of  the  Lamp 
Manufacturing  Department  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Co.,  formerly  the 
Edison  Lamp  Co.  Many  of  the  letters  are  by  Francis  R.  Upton,  general 
manager,  and  pertain  to  the  testing  and  improvement  of  lamps.  Also  included 
are  letters  by  Edison’s  inspector,  C.  A.  Brown,  about  production  problems  at 
the  lamp  factory. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 
correspondence  regarding  accounts,  equipment,  and  orders;  letters  of 
transmittal  and  acknowledgement;  duplicate  copies  of  selected  material. 

f)‘?  /  n  I  ,  c  P  i  .  fjj 


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March  10th, 1891. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orarge,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Mr.  Deshler  requests  that  ventilation  he  provided  so 
that  the  heat  in  the  test  room  next  summer  be  more  endurable  than 
it  was  last  summer. 

|f  we  will  pay  for  the  expenses  of  putting  a  large  school 
house  ventilator  on  the  roof  over  the  test  room  in  the  Laboratory, 
will  you  allow  the  same  to  be  done? 

Yours  truly,  *  .  «  ... 

general  Manager. 

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THOMAS  A.  EDISON,  President, 

New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania  Concentrating  Works, 

L'"  i  J‘>L 

New  York, 



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I  am  in  receipt*  of  Mr.  Brown '  s  reports  of  pump  room 
working,,  ana  have  investigated  several  of  the  mat  fa- s  mentioned. 

As  regards  large  phosphorous  cups,  these  will  be  put 
upon  the  pumps  as  soon  as  we  g  :-t  the  tubing,  to  make  them  of.  V/o 
telegraphed  some  wee fes  hack  ana  have  eritton  ropo  tedl.y  tc  t}.e 
Gorniu-  Glass  Works  -for  #a  tubn  .  W  bare  h  J  cro  small  ship¬ 
ment,  which  has  been  used  up  ,  and  are  hoping:- for  another  in  a  few 
das„.  ■  :  ;/  , 

As  regards  solt^rivg  of  lamps  without'  an  extra  tube, 

1  do  not' believe  from  precautions  that .are  now- being  taken,;' that 
this  can  occur,  only  in  a  very  few  instances. 

Mr.  Hippie  chall  nged  Mr.  Browr  to  break  n,  the  tubes 
when  lamps  were  ready  for  aSkfcwff' and  that  Mr.  Brown;  tried  it  an. 
gave  it  up,  after  having  arced  three  la  ips  in  his  trial.  T  bo- 
lieve  that 'the  lamps  have  ‘burned  us  high  as  it  is  prudent  t'o  burn 
them  on  the  pumps  and  that  the  tube  i  solid  for  the  Sana  height 
of  burning. 

employed,,  so  tin 
day’,  from  oacn  ] 

Jd,  '&C-*  r^fst/s^/Cly 

^  SfeeU-t.-  <*y^  «-  cH 

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April  18th  ,,181)1 

A.  Edison,  Esq.,  ^  °// £(. 

•angn,  N.J.  r  /  / '  / 

Thom-',  s 


I  enclose  copy  of  1 otter  fro Mr.  Coster  of  Denver,  end 
copy  of  letter  fran  the  Denver  Co.,  to  Mr,  Coster. 

The  Denver  Co.,  need  about  between  twenty  and  thirty 
thousand  lamps  a  year,  and  would  buy  of  the  Edison  Co.,  if  their 
customers  would  use  short  •  filament  lamps. 

Yours  truly. 

General  manager . 

Two  enc. 


Denver,  Colorado  April  14-lRI'l, 

Prom  Coo.  V/.  Cos  tor,  Dist.  Mgr. 

To  Lamp  Works. 

On  the  2nd  inst,,  I  wrotetho  Denver  Consolidated  Elect rio 
Co.,  asking  why  they  were  buying  no  more  lamps  from  us  and  stating 
that  if  they  did  not  intend  to  p’urchnse  onr  lamps  any  more  we 
would  feel  ourselves  at  liberty  to  sell  directly  to  their  customers 
Vie  have  received  no  orders  from  this  Company  during  the  past  two 
months  and  have  simply  been  fillingo”ders  placed  with  us  before 
that  time.  I  am  in  receipt  fronj  them  of  the  reply  to  my  letter 
of  the  2nd,  which  I  beg  to  enclose  for  your  porsual.  It  will  be 
evident  to  you  that  out  threat  to  sell  lamps  to  their  customers 
amount  to  nothing  air  all,  as  the  Colorado  Company  must  furnish  its 
cixstomers  with  lamps,  and  if  the  customers  would  buy  from  us  it 
would  be  so  much  clear  gain  for  the  Consolidated  Company. 

I  sent  yon  a  letter  a  few  days  ago  from  the  Payson  Elec. 
Co.,  and  from  time  to  time  I  called  your  attention  to  the  loss  in 
the  Lamp  trade  owing  to  the  short  Carbon  Lamps."  Vie  had  several 
promises  that  the  longer  carbon  low  volt  lamp  was  being  made  for 
us.  Vie  have  promised  this  change  to  our  customers  but  nothing  has 
yet  been  done. 

Unless  something  is  done  in  this  matter  very  soon  we 
shall  lose  all  of  our  lamp  trade. 

Yours  very  truly,  Reo.  VI,  Costs 



Mr,  George  \Y.  Coster,  District.  Manager, 

Edison  General  Electric  Company, 
Denver,  Colo. 

Apr,  lHth,1891. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Yours  of  the  2nd  inst.,  at  hand.  V/e  are  buying  all  our 
municipal  lamps  of  your  Company. 

Referring  to  the  fifty  volt  lam-s  for  our  incandescent 
work,  we  will  state  that  the  short  filament  lam; s  you  make  have 
not  given  satisfaction  to  our  customers,  and  have  heen  returned 
to  ns  in  such  quantities  that  we  have  had  to  cease  using  them. 

If  you  can  furnish  us  with  a  long  filament  lamp  of  the 
will  give  us  great  pleasure  to  make  you  our  favored  customer  for 
these  lamps,  provided  of  course  terms  are  satisfactory,  and  the 
result  of  the  lamp  was  equal  to  others,  which  we  believe  is  gener¬ 
ally  the  case  in  your  lamp,  as  far  as  consumption  of  current  goes. 

Yours  truly, 

(signed)  W.’Y.Brost, 

Supt , 


May  1st ,1891. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.., 

pear  Sir:- 

I  am  in  rocoipt  oi'  Brown’s  report,  upon  the  inspection 
of  the  pump  room.  Tho  burning  blue  of  the  lamps  when  on  the  pump  -, 
does  not,  occur, only  in  a  few  instances.  If  we  run  slow  enough 
to  entirely  fetop  it,  it  goes  so  much' into  the  rest, that  it  does 
not  semi  best  to  do  it.  Some  lanps  will  show  this 
while  other  do  not  show  it. 

So  far  as  I  can  learn  of. the  use  of  too  much  ammonia 
in  cleaning  the  pumps,  v/.e  use  the  same  amount  as  we  always  have, 
but  Mr.  Brown  has  found  by  examining  the  traps  which  we  are  now 
using  to  collect  any  thing  which  may  get  into  the  mercury,  that 
there  is  considerable  .ammonia  water  on  the  surface  of  the  mercury. 
So  far  as  we  can  find  out,  the  use  of  a  little  ammonia  is  ne  edful 
oo  make  tho  pumps  work  quick  and  in  thoroughly  good  shape.  A 
very  little  ammonia  lin  each  pump  will  amount  to  a  teaspoonful  in  Lb 
trap  at  the  ond  of  tho  day. . 

As  regards-  Mr.  Brown's  examination  as  to  not  working  tin. 
pump  in  accordance  with  your  directions,  I  beg  to  diff-r  with  him. 

It  was  understood  by  me  In  the  last .  conversat  ion  I. had  with  you, 
that  wo  should  continue  working  the  lamps  on  160  volt  lino, until 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. ,  #2. 

they  had  determined  at  the  Laboratory  what  benefit  there  was  from 
using  110  volt  line.” 

As  regards  testing  lamps  for  spots,  every  lamp  should  be 
looked  after  at, on  the  pumps  by  the  man  working  it  for  spots  and 
mark  with  a -label  as  a  resistance  lamp.  The  spotted  lamps  are 
so  very  low,  that  it  is  not  worth  while  to  make  an  inspection  any 
closer  than  this ..  We  have  hau  a  groat  many  hasps  examined  for 
spots  in  the  Photaueter  Room  and  do  not  find  enough:  to  pay  fd’  the 
examination.  In  the  course  of  our- business ,  we  have  never  had 
a-  lanp  returned  to  us  as  being'  spotted  and  it  is.  not  a  matter,  which 
is  in  any  way  vital  -to  the  business, if  one  lanp  in  a  thousand  has 
q  slight  spot  in  it. 

Yours  truly 

-  General  Manager. 


19  time  past  ,  200  carbons  have  bee: 


every  box,  out  of  each  run  received  from  if.  &  H.  These  have 

of  the  100  lamps.  This  selection  is  only  made  to  .ins#i 
trtial  selection.  . 

room  and  there  only  in  cutting  out  the  lamp  box.  In  one  lot 
-narked  with  two  letters,  the  larqi  box  was  cut  out  gradually.  In. 
the  other  case  marked  with  two  letters  and  on  X  added  the  lamp  box 
was  all  cut  out  at  once.  •  ■ 

I  have  care  fully  looked  into  the  running  anu  believe  ths 
the  orders  represent1,  a  fair  experiment  and  that,-  every  point  has 
been  guarded.  This  method  of.  comparison  between  lamps  by 
running  daily,  two  orders  of  100  carbons  each  and  varying  only 
one  point. 4n  -the  manu fa'cture ,  •  seems  1 0‘  all  o  f  us  the  bo  st  po ssibl 
method .  .  -  By  i  t ,  small.. o hanges  .are  el iminated-  and'  the,  e xperimoit  n 
is  carried  on  in  the  regular  product  of  all  departments,  all  work, 
i  don  b  gul  i  m  one  c  whom  know  ; e  tiling  i  >  i 

experiments,  beyond  carrying  out  simple  directions. 

I  consider  this  experiments  conclusive,  as  the  results 
are  the  average  of  tv.'  enty  eight  orders  of  ten  lanps  each. 

The  slow  run  laitps  taking  the  average  of  14  orders,  v/hich 
are  all  to  date.  s-how  a  life  :of  1386  hours. 

The'  14  sets  of  quick  run  lanps,  run  sane  days  and  out-  of 
same  carbons  as  the  14  sets  of  slow  run  lamps,  show  an  average, 
life  of  1496  hours. 

I  believe  that  there  is  no  difference  between  slow  and 
quick  running,  except  in  the  number  of  lanps  that  can  be  taken, 
from  a  pump  in  a  day. 

This  was  the  result  obtained  a  year,  ago  when  about  1300 
lamps  were  run. 

I  am  now  running  one  aisle  cutting  out  the  lamp,  box  at 
one  time  and  will  report  to  you  the  results . 

I  have  examined  in  the  question  of  using  the  low  cur r on 
i.e.  .the  HO  volt  line  and  as  nearly -as  I  can  learn,  it  is  several 

Yours  tml; 


Mr'  Jackson  informs  me  that  yo..  stated  the  other  day  to 

that  when  we  ran  a  small  number o flails,  we  niado  good  lamos 


any  laige  numbers  of  lanps  wore  poor. 

I  b'B  h°  enclose  two  lists  showing  the  number  of  carbon 
f  which  the  orders  which  had  been  put  on  test,  were  selected 
You  will  note  tliat  t lie  "selected"  orders  were  taken 
Largo  numbers  of  carbons  and  that  A  F  S'  'was  taken,  from  3600 



A  A  S 
A  B  3 
A  D  3 
A  E  S 

'•  r.7R 


A  II  S  1843 
A  I  s  3505 
A  J  S  .  0700 

A  L  S 
A  M  S 
A  H  S 
A  0  S 
A  P  S 
A  Q  S 

A  0  8 
A  V  S 

a  v/  s 

A  X  S 

17  IS 







3500  ITRS. 














ISO  7!') 






00#  RROTOi 

SO  00  HRS, 



I'.A.  Edison, Esq. , 

Orange, N.J. 

Dm-  Sir:- 


rpcin  which  were  n 
that  possibly  the 

May, I5th, 1891 

v  '?/*/ 

ting  you  regarding  the  orders  in  the  pump 
low  and  run  quick.  .  It  occurred  to  we 

3i  o>:i  some  different  rosuits  bet¬ 
ween  the  two  orders  when  the  orders  wore  sj  mmed  rp.  I  therefore 
asked  Mr.  Jackson  to  investigate  the  breakage  in  both  of  those 
o* tiers,  aid  report  to  me. 

I  enclose  (copy  of  his  report.  This  is  iinp^pbetod^by 
ine  as  I  anticipated  that  the  “X"  order  would  show  the  larger 


l,f.  Upton: 

According  to  the  delivery  slips  ofrom  glass  room  and 
pump  room,  there  wore  177  lamps  broken  in  the  "regular"  lettered 
orders  j  o  to  j  u,  inclusive,  while  there  were  169  lamps  broken 
in  t)ie  corresponding  "x"  orders.  Breakage  nearly  6  %  greater  in 
the  regular"  orders  than  in  the  "x"  orders. 


If)  th,  1891. 

P.E. JacksoA. 


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Ed  son  Laboratory, 
Orange, N.J 

Aug. 5th, 1891 

Gent lemon 

I  received  this  morning  by  messenger  ,  a  new  glass' 
blowing  machine  which  we  will  put  to  practical  trial.  I  have 
ordered  another  machine  to  be  s  ent  to  the'  Laboratory  to  replace 
the  one  s  ent  here.  The  mess enger  s  ta ted  that  there  las  been 
a  thouj  and  inside  parts  and  a  number  of^  bulbs  ordered.  We  ha  vs 
no  such  order  on  our  files,  and  have  sent  the  inside  parts  ' 
and  bulbs  upon  a  memorandum  amd  will  want  an  order  to  cover  the 

Yotm?  t,  riil  ir 



Hmrison,  JV.  J., _ LLu^a1!~.18  1 

rmSeifTlMP'  Ct>., 

•  'f-  . d....:. . jS. 


/  0  0  0  -  JisyxJAsokj  AyaA/h 

/oo  JOdLivaJ^  & 

d~0  0  *  2.  - 

Charging  same  to.. 



Thomas  A,  Edison,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir:- 


Aug.  nth,  1891. 

We  are  sending  you  by  this  morning's  express  a  sample 
of  air  regular  bulbs  which  have  turned  blue  for-  some  reason,  which 
neither  the  #Lass  Works  nor  ourselves  can  explain. 

Please  advise,  us,  if 
discoloration  is. 


Aug.  29th, 1891 

From  General  f/amgar, 

Tfl  Edison,  Esq.,  Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir: 

Enclosed  I  leg  to  hand  you  a  oopy  of  letter  received 
ft*  the  Central  District  Mamgsr.  and  also  oopy  of  a  letter  he 
received  fro.  the  fort  »ayne  Elec.  Co.  i„  relation  to  lo^  fitoent 
low  volt  lamps. 



August  80*11,3.893. 

Prom  Central  Dint  riot  Manager, 

To  General  Manager,  Damp  Works. 

With  further  referonoe  to  correspondence  between  the 
Port  Wayno  Bleotrio  Company  and  the  Canadian  District,  I  bog  to 
attaoh  herewith  oopy  of  a  letter  received  thiosvjp^ning;  from  the 
main  office  of  the  Port  Wayne  Company,  by  which  we  understand  that 
the  lamp  which  has  been  giving  satisfaction  is  the  8.0  Watt  lamp. 
They  do  not  desire,  however,  that  the  recent  large  orders  which  wo 
forwarded  to  your  Works,  raarkod:  "to  be  filled  with  a  long  fila- 
mnnt  lemp"  should  bo  filled  with  the  3.G  Watt.  They  are  to  he 
held  until  such  time  as  wo  have  developed  and  perfected  the  stand¬ 
ard  long  carbon  lamp  for  SO  volts. 

Yours  very  truly, 

(Signed)  John  I.  Boggs, 

District  Manager, 


Edison  General  Elect rio  Co., 
173  Adams  St;, 
Ohioag6,  Ill. 

Gentlemen: - 


Port  Wayne,  Ind. , 

Aug.  24th, 18G1. 

Referring  to  your  letter  of  August  10th  stating  that  you 
had  received  our  letter  to  your  Canadian  District  Manager,  dated 
August  7th,  we  bog  to  cay  that  Mr.  Pitch  reforred  to  the  latest 
stylo  lamp  that,  you  are  mailing,  and  simply  referred  to  them  as 
long  filament  lamps  because"  they  were  an  improvement  over  the  short 
filament  lamps  that  we  have  received  heretofore.  We  have  no  record 
of  having  received  any  lamps  designated  as  "long  filament"  Tho 
lamps  you  have  lately  been  sending  us  give  better  satisfaction  and 
are  the  ones  Mr.  Pitch  referred  to  in  hia  letter  of  the  7th. 

You’-e  truly, 

(Signed)  Port  Wayne  Electric  Co., 

C.  C.  Miller. 

1891.  Electric  Light  -  Foreign  (D-91-28) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  electric  light  business 
in  foreign  countries.  Most  of  the  letters  are  by  Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  Edison’s 
personal  attorney  and  general  counsel  to  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  Much 
of  the  correspondence  pertains  to  the  assignment  of  patents  to  the  Brush 
Electrical  Engineering  Co.,  the  Compagnie  Continental  Edison,  and  the 
Edison  &  Swan  United  Electric  Light  Co.,  Ltd.  Also  included  are  letters 
regarding  the  discontinuance  of  various  electric  light  patents. 

Approximately  80  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  business 
correspondence  relating  to  dynamos  and  other  matters;  letters  of 
acknowledgement;  duplicate  copies  of  selected  items. 

societe  Anonym 

Internationale  D,E 

Paris'  1881  *%,; 

^DlPlfOSBe  •• 

:  ’^01212 SZIR  ••  . 

Qy‘Jc)//iifi idtra lions:  S,  S$u/y  (3fut'ma>l.&n/,,d/ Slafaiil. 


- — -lS-February-91 — 

J'A?-  9f? et*-d^C-  76 ! Iff/  \ 

Thomas  Alya  Edison  Esq. 

Orange  |New  Jersey  | 


Dear'  Sir,  '  '  :  ‘ 

We  beg  herewith  to  bring  the  following  facts 
to  your  notice  t  . 

In  the  month  of ’January  1890,  we  resolved  to 
stop  the  introduction  into  France  of  Edison  lamps  of 
foreign  making.  Consequently  we  ordered  lamps  to  be 
seized  at  a  certain  number  of  people  &  we  prosecuted  ’ 
either  as  infringer  or  ‘as  holder  of  infringed  objects  : 

The  Compagnie  Popp 

Mes's.  Siemens  *  Halske 

The  Allgemeine  Elektrioitaets  Gesellsohaft . of 
Berlin, in  the  person  of  Mr.'  Rathenau,  the  manager  of 
said  Company  ; 

The  Compagnie  Internationale  d’ 
the  person  of  Mr.  Lepine.the  Manager  of -said  Company. 

Mr.  Ullmann  and  several  others, such  as 'the 
"Hotel  Moderns",  the  Cafd  Amerieain" ,the  Cafe  Durand",  the  "Theatre 
des  Variates".  The  Compagnie  Popp  declared  itself  ready , to 

come  to  terms, accepting  the  validity  of  the  Edison  patents  A  made 
an  agreement  with  the  following  conditions  :The  said  Cie.  Popp  to 
buy  exclusively  their  lamps  from  us  A  we  on  the  other  hand  abstain¬ 
ing  ourselves  from  continuing  the  litigation  against  the  Cie.  Popp 
itself  and  against  its  clients  :The  "Theatre  deB  Varieties"  the 
"Cafe  Durand  A. the. "Cafe  Amdrtpain" . 

As  for  the  other  defendants  , the  same  advo¬ 
cate  was  intrusted  with  the  defence  of  Mess.  Siemens  et  Halske, 
the  Allgemeine  Electricitaets  Gesellsahaft  A  Mr.  Ullmann. 

In  the  name  of  Mess.  Siemens  A  Halske  A  the 
Allgemeine  Elektricitaets  Gesellschaft.he  argued  A  , the  Court, 
delivered  a'  Judgment  in  accord  with  him  on  this  point.,  that .  the  :  . 
proof  of  the  facts  as  brought  up  by  us  before  the  said  Court, were 
not  preoise  enough  to  show  that  the  said  two  houses  .had  taken  part 
in  the  aet  of  introducing  into  Prance  Edison  lamps  manufactured  in 
•.Germany  A  that  therefore  there  was  no  cause  . Tor  us  to.  continue  the 
litigation  against  them. 

On  the  other  hand, the,  complaints  against  Mr. 
Jacques  Ullmann  A  the  Cie.  Internationale  d'Electrioit^ .were 
maintained  before  Court,  but  the  Jufgment  delivered,by  the  9  th. 

.  Chamber  of  the  Court  of  the  Seine  department  |  9  eme  Chambre  du 
Tribunal  de  la  Seine)  dated  7  th.  February  last,  aeoepted  the 
proposition  of  Mr.  Jacques  ullmann,  offering  to  prove  by  means  of 
witnesses  that  the  Compagnie  Contihentale  Edison, at  that  period 
proprietor  of  the  Edison  patents,  had  introduced  into  France  from 
1882  to  1887, for  the  wants  *  requirements  of  its  trade, lamps 
manufactured  in  America. 

The  Court  decided  that  on  the  9  th.  of  May  next 
the  witnesses  summoned  as  proposed  by  Mr.  J.  Ullmann, to  prove  the 
reality  of  his  assertions, would  be  heard', and  among  the  said  witnessed 
Ullmann  has  named  MM.  Th. A. Edison,  Insull,  Upton,  Dyer,  eto. 

In  pleading  the  advocate  of  Mr.  Ullmann  making 
this  statement  4fe  the  offer  to  prove  it,  *  offering  to  bring  the 
.  necessary  Witnesses  to  the  bar, made  the  following  commentary  : 

Mr.  gdison,he  said, had  communicated  himself  to 
Mr.  ttathenau ,  the  manager  of  the  Allgemeine  Elektrioitaets  Gesells- 
chaft,a  certain  number  of  documents,  amongst  which  was  a  list  of 
the -lamps-  the  Cie;  Oontinentale  Edison  was  said  to  have  imported 
from  America  into  France  since  1882. 

The  next  day,  he  said,  Mr.  Edison  remembered 
that  he  and  his  friends  were  holders  of  foundershares  of' the'  Cie. 
Coptinentale  Edison, 4:  that  the  list  thus  imprudently  comnunicated 
could, if  found,oorrect,  be  a  cause  of  nullity  for  the  french 
patents  &  thus  prejudice  tpe  interests  of  the  Company  possessing  the 
said  patents ,  &  those  interested  in  the  concern  in  question. 

Mr.  Edison,  he  added,  asked  that  the  compromising  document  shoulji*' 
without  returned  to  him  *  Mr.  said  to  have 
returned  it  to  him  accordingly. 

However,  according  to  the  advocate  of  Mr. 
Ullmann, this  list  exists,  has  been  communicated  to  Mr.  Rathenau 
&  been  seen  by  several  people  in  his  hands,  and  if  Mr.  Edison  and 
hi s^  friends,  he  said,  were  called  upon  by  Court  to  give  evidence 
on  this  point,  they  would  he  unable  not  to  admit  the  fact  of  these 
importations  into  France, of  Edison  lamps  manufactured  in  the  United 
■States.  u 

We  wanted  to  keep  you  posted  on  these  statements 
of  our  adversaries,  though  we  are  certain  on  our  side  that  if  ever 
Mr*.  Edison  had  been  in  business  connection  with  Mr.  Rathenau,  he 
never  could  have  comnunicated  a  list  of  supposed  importations, 
wh44h  never  were  made.  Perhaps  Mr.'  Rathenau  made  a  confusion, 
considering  as  importations  into  France,  the  goods  you  sent  off  at 
our  request  to  Danemark,  to  Russia,  Italy  and  Spain,  perhaps  even 
expeditions  made  into  French  ports, but  in  »bond»  only,*  with 
reexpedition  to  foreign  countries, 

.  •  .  ...  .  Tt  seemed  to  us  that  there  is  a  great  interest 

to  caution  you  against  the  traps  that  could  be  laid  in  this  matter 
and  also  to  make  you  well  aware  of  the  consequences  of  that  lawsuit 
which  we  are  certain  will  turn  to  the  full  confusion  of  the 

• '  ■  •:  .■'■  •  ••  :  -  ■•  ••  •  ;  ...WMPAGNIE.CpNTINOW[rf^lSOi)l 

Yours  very 

S.  B.  EATON 

!  <a 

/20&ma<s6ipap\  equitable  bl 


.ytcaf  t 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Assignment  of  Edison  English  Electric  light 
patents  to  The  Edison  &  Swan  United  Electric  ligtt  Company, 

I  beg  to  submit  the  following: 

(X)  S. Flood  page,  Secretary  and  Manager  of  the  said  Edi¬ 
son  &  swan  Company  wrote  to  Mr.  Insull  frcrn  London  under  date 
of  February  IS,  IS9I,  enclosing  an  assignment  to  be  executed 
by  you,  of  fourteen  certain  Edison'  English  patents  to  the 
said  Company,  and  enclosing  also  a  checque  for  /2IO.I3.6,  date 
October  7,1890,  and  drawn  to  your  order,  to  pay  you  as  per 
Prior  agreement (plus  the  agreed  value  of  certain  dynamos  1890) 
for  your  expenses  for  experiments  and  for  taking  out  these 
particular  patents,  as  per  Sec.  9  of  the  agreement  of  Febru¬ 
ary  IS, IS82(known  as  the  Bouverie  agreement),  between  you  and 
certain  other  parties  interested  in  the  English  patents. 

(2)  The  said  assignment  which  Major  Page  sends  you  recite# 
the  history  of  thetitle  of  the  pc- esent  Edison  and  Swan  Com- 


pany  to  the  said  fourteen  parents,  but  recites  it  imperfectly. 
The  recital  begins  with  the  Bouverie  agreement,  and  ends  by 
stating  that  the  present  Edison  *  swan  Company  has  succeeded 
to  the  rights  of  the  original  Edison  English  Company  as  set 
forth  in  that  agreement,  it  omits  one  connecting  ilnk,  vl2. 
to  refer  to  and  to  recite  the  agreement  whereby  the  old  Edison 
English  Company  conveyed  its  rights  to  your-  patents  to  the 
said  Edison  &  swan  Company.  This  omission  is  of  course  not 
vital.  The  pith  of  the  whole  thing  is  whether  in  fact  the 
new  company  has  acquired  title  to  these  patents  from  the  old 
Company.  shall  I  assume  that  this  is  so?  jf  you  say  that 
I  shall,  an  right.  But  if  you  do  not  say  so,  please  have 
Mr.  Tate  send  me  the  contract,  if  you  have  it,  whereby  the 
Edison  &  swan  Company  acquired  your  patents  and  invention 
from  the  original  Edison  Electric  Light  Company,  Limited,  of 

(3)  This  said  new  assignment  sent.  by  Major  page,  further 
more  contains  a  provisionf  see  top  of  third  page,  that  you 
shall  assign  your  future  inventions,  as  to  lighting,  heating 
and  motive  agent,  to  the  said  Edison  &  Swan  Company.  T*is 
means  that  you  shall  assign  all  future  inventions  which  you  ,„S 
may  at  an,  time  make.  I  find  that  in  the  said  Bouveri e  agree 


ment  you  agreed  to  do  this,  so  far  as  the  original  Edison 
English  Company  was  concerned.  section  nine  of  that  agree¬ 
ment  recites  that  without  further  payment,  they  shall  have 
yo:ir  future  inventions.  if  the  Edison  &  Swan  Company  has  in 
deed  acquired  the  rights  of  the  old  Edison  Company  ,  this  pro¬ 
vision  in  this  new  assignment  is  all  right. 

(4)  This  new  page  assignment  further  provides  that  you 

shall  be  paid  all  expenses  leading  up  to  new  improvements. 


Section  nine  of  the  Bouverie  Agreement^ hat  you  should  be  paid 
sucli  expenses,  "with  100  per  cent,  added" without  reference  to 
the  amount  of  any  compensation  which  you  may  be  entitled  to 
receive  from  other  persons.  Your  expenses  and  fees  in  taking 
out  and  getting  up  patents  were  also  to  be  paid  back  to  you. 

I  think  that  this  100  per  cent,  provision  ought  to  be  inserted 
in  this  Page  assignment,  rear  the  middle  of  the  third  page 
thereof,  unless  indeed  you  have  somewhere  waived  that,  which 
I  do  not  think  is  the  case. 

(5)  Section  fifteen  of  the  said  Bouverie  agreement  pro¬ 
vided  that  when  you  assigned  any  patents,  free  and  exclusive 
licenses  should  be  immediately  given  you  to  use  all  or  any 
of  the  same  for  railways  or  tramways  or  on  common  roads  and 
for  all  other  purposes  except  lighting,  heating  and  as  a  mo¬ 
tive  agent.  It  seems  to  me  that  Major  Page  ought  to  have 

sent  the  licenses  of  this  kind  for  you  to  execute  and  approve 
of,  when  he  sent  this  proposed  assignment.  I  advise  you  to 
insist  on  having  the  two  things  proceed  abreast  of  each  other 
You  were  obligpdto  assign  the  patents.  They  are  obliged  to 
grant  the  licenses.  Let  the  foims  fo r  all  these  things  be 
prepared  and  submitted  at  the  sametime.  True  the  said  sec¬ 
tion  15  says  that  "immediately  after  the  assignment"  licenses 
shall  be  given  you.  Notwithstanding  that,  I  advise  you  to 
insist  that  the  forms  with  proper  phraseology  be  all  prepared 
at  the  sametime  for  both  documents. 

(6)  To  sum  up,  please  instruct  me  as  follows: 

(a)  Shall  I  assume  that  the  Edison  Swan  Com¬ 
pany  has  complete  title  to  your  patents  which  you  agreed  to 
turn  over  under  the  Bouverie  Agreement? 

(b)  If  not,  have  you  a  copy  of  the  agreement 
between  the  old  Edison  English  Company  and  the  Edison  Swan 
Company,  so  that  I  can  see  just  what  title  the  new  Company 

(c)  Shall  you  insist  that  the  100  per  cent, 
extra  compensation  for  experiments  must  be  recited  in  this 
assignment  inasmuch  as  they  bring  in  that  subject  somewhat 
unnecessarily  and  seem  to  take  particular  pains  to  omit  this 

(d)  Shall  you  request  that  licenses  for  rail¬ 
ways  &c.  be  prepared  by  the  Edisnon  &  Swan  Company  and  be 
approved  by  you  ,  in  advance  of  your  executing  this  assignment 
in  order  that  you  may  be  satisfied  with  the  phraseology  be- 
foro  you  pass  title  to  the  pat  aits? 

Sha11  1  assume  without  examining  the 
English  patents  that  the  recital  of  them  which  appears  in  the 
schedule  of  Major  Pagei assignment  is  correct? 

(f)  Referring  to  Major  Page's  letter  of  Peb. 

13,  1891,  to  l,,.  „  .  „„  th,t  ,he  Jimbo 

was  settled  as  therein  stated? 

(3)  In  ,io.  of  „r.  XnBulI'a  m„.„  t  „„„  ^  p>_ 

P.-  t.  yon  for  y.ur  In.r.otfon,,  8lthoneh  ,  sussMt  that 

““I  a°tion  be  Postponed  until  We  see  whether  » 

see  whether  he  can  give  the 

■natter  attontion  „lthout  too  „„„  May. 

Please  return  all  of  the 

osed  documents  sent  here- 

vath,  without  delay. 

Awaiting  the  tavor  of  your  early  reply,  j  ranaijty 
Very  tiuly  yoUrs, 

Enclosures.  Copy  letter  of  Ma1o„  „  ^ 

May  I0>  IS87  „  J  '***  t0  ™««n,  fct.d 

to,  IS87.  Copy  „ 

1  toMaJor  Page>  dated 

August  28,  I89o»  Chocque  of  Edison  &  Swan  United  Electric 
Light  Company,  Limited,  for<^2I0.I3.6  in  favor  of  T.A.Edison, 
dated  Oct.  7,  189^  ;  Letter  of  Major  Page  to  Mr.  Insull, 
dated  Feb.  13,  1891.;  Proposed  Assignment  of  patents  by 
Thomas  A.  Edison  to  Edison  and  Swan  United  Electric  Light  Com 
pany,  Limited  enclosed  in  Major  Page's  letter  of  Feb.  13,  • 




T  ^  V  ^ 

New  York  City,  March  14,  1891, 

f,_  ^^Jear  Mr.  Edison: 

:'i§§r' Re  Italian  Company  Railway  Business.  On  general  princi- 
it 'may  be  well  for  you  to  file  this  letter  away  among  your 
papers. \  -  While  it  does  not  directly  concern  you  personally,  still 
it,. affects  your  interests. 

Very  truly  yours, 


letter  fro*  Milan  to  the  a  aid  Continental  Comply,  dated 
February  13,  ifioi . 

(3)  Mr.  Tata  stated  in  his  anid  letter  of 
December  Slot,  that  no  intelligent  action  Battld  bo  taxon  horn 
on  the  Complaint  of  the  Italian  Company  unless  no  had  copies 
of  the  contracts  between  that  Company  and  the  said  Continen¬ 
tal  Company.  ?,e,  therefore,  ashed  in  his  letter  for  those 
copies,  to*8tner  with  a  statement  to  be  prepared  by  ti,e' Ital¬ 
ian  Company  of  what  the.  consider  their  lef-a  rights  to  bo 
in  this  matter.  That  request  has  not  boon  complied  with. 

',0  hSV°  r°°clv2d>  80  fnr  aB  T  know  and  as  the  correspondence 
snows,  no  copies  of  the  contracts  and  no  statement  of  sup¬ 
posed  local  nijhte.  The  Milan  letter  of  February  to 

tne  continental  Company  stated  that  they  enclosed  therein  an 
extract  from  their  contract,  which,  the*  stty>  was  ln  ?roncil 
and  not  in  Italian,  and  tuo  said  letter  then  itoos  on  to  use 
these  words  "You  ean  procure  the  other  documents  yourselves 
to  send  to  America*.  APi  srontly  the  Continental  Company  did 
not  send  you  the  extract  which  the  Milan  Company  sent  to  it. 
Nor  has  it  sent  to  you  copies  of  the  da  si  ra  cl  contracts. 

...  f4>  Til®  Milan  letter  of  Feb.  I3tu,  states 

utfpat  "indemnity*  the  Italian  Company  wants  for  the  invasion 


of  ‘itsu-ighto which  formed  the  basin  of  original  complaint. 

'  ilhoy  aoJ:  to  .,a  paid  ten  per  centum  on  the  Edison  materials 
which  have  beer,  delivered,  «lsd  tncy  demand  that  in  f.ture.  a: 
til0  ClSiivCl*iSs  and  elsewhere,  be  made  tnro«,h 

their  mediation;  and  as  to  the  Florence  dynamos  complained  oJ 
that  a  piste  be  affixed  to  thorn  bearing  tno  nemo  of  the  Ital- 
ian  Company.  it  seems  to  me  there  is  nothin,  unr  oasonable 
in  this  demand,  provided  the  exist  to,  contracts  entitle  the 
Italian  Company  to  make  it.  hut  how  can  we  tell  that  until  wo 
sec  those  contracts?  Yue  Continental  Company  has  acted 
strangely  in  that  U  has  paid  no  attention  to  Mr.  Tato’s 
ro.juest  for  copies  of  contracts  and  statement  of  i<.~si  posi¬ 
tion.  Wo  ourht  to  have  those  contracts  not  only  to  refer  to 
in  this  particular  matter,  but  also  to  refer  to  in  fixture,  an, 
I  hope  you  will  make  this  event  the  occasion  to  secure  copies 
from  either  Paris  or  Milan. 

(3)  My  advise  is  that  you  have  tho  Edison 
Bloat rio  Mont  Company  of  Europe,  Limited,  write  another  let¬ 
ter  to  the  P  ronch  Company,  somewhat  as  follows: 

M,  Louia  Rau, 

Administrateur  Lslogue, 

Cio  Continontalo  Edison, 

.  J3oa„  rJ  8  Ht,°  Cauraartin,  Paris,  P-«nce. 

Wo  bog  to  acknowledge  tho  receipt  of  your 


esteemed  favor  of  the  Tilth  alt. ,  enclosing  s  copy  of  a 
letter  to  you  dated  mo  1 3th  til*,  r.-oxi  the  Soelota 
Gen  oral  o  Italians  do  Klottrita,  hisnonoo  Edison  at  ?-<ilen. 
Those  lo tiers  are  in  reply  to  o-r  letter  to  you  on  Hcccm- 
bor  31,  1800. 

Eoforc  vro  can  sot  intelligently  on  th-i  olaim 
of  the  Mila  n  Company,  it  is  iivportant  tuat  wo  should 
have  exact  copies  of  all  existing  agreements  ami  statu 
tes  of  every  Kind  v/noreby  the  Italian  Company  has  aeqei- 
rod  any  rights  ns  to  Hr.  Edison's  inventions  and  patents. 
V.’o  would  also  a  statement  from  tiio  Italian  Coraoanv 
of  whs t  they  eorjsidar  t.ioir  lefjsi  rights  this  matter 
to  be.  Wo  took  pains  to  ask  far  these  things  !•>  our 
letter  of  nooombar  31st,  T!J90,  but  to  our  surprise  you 
paid  no  attention  '.mat over  to  our  request.  Tt  appears 
from  letter  of  Feb.  I3th,  from  tiio  Milan  corns  any  to  you 
tuat  they  tout  you  an  extract  from  tneir  contract,  but 
you  have  not  oven  sont  tuat  to  us. 

Pardon  us  for  repeating  the  request  made  in  ou" 
previous  letter  of  Do comber  31 st,  for. copies  of  the  con¬ 
tracts  &o.  If  you  will  kindly  send  us  those  copies,  and 
tell  us  whether  they  are  copies  of  all  t.:o  contracts  and 
statutes,  and  if  you  will  also  procure  for  us  from  the 
iiilan  company  tns  statement  of  txtoir-  legal  oosition  which 
we  asked  for,  we  shall  take  pleasure  in  /sing  our  best, 
endeavors  to  have  this  matter  settled  with  as  little  de¬ 
lay  as  possible  to  the  entire  satisfaction  of  t.-io  Ital¬ 
ian  Company. 

Will  y o-i  also  kindly  tell  us  whether  tin  Rooia- 
ta  Oeners.'e  Italians  nan  parted  with  its  territorial 
rinhts  at  Florence  to  any  otner  corporation  or  person 
and  if  so,  please  /rive  us  the  name  of  tne  local  Florence 

*’*  ro-tret  that  your  failure  to  comply  with  the 
request  contained  in  our  lettor  nooassarily  causes  a 
further  delay  in  finally  di epos  ng  of  this  met tar,  and 
v/c  bar:  of  you  to  send  a  copy  of  this  letter  to  iiilan,  in 
order  that  the  Italian  Company  may  Know  that  the  delay 
is  caused  by  no  fault  of  ours. 

Hopin'*  that  our  request  will  this  time  at  least 
receive  conci deration,  wo  remain, 

Vory  truly  yours, 

Edison  Electric  Light  Company  of  Europo,T,td.  , 

Gwtoral  Counnol, 




'  /20 L/Hs/war/wt 





' - March  88,-189  j 

V  .  ^  u  '  ,/(;•),  i  (,'X 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Dear  Sir: 

Re  c°l°nial  Patents  and  Proposed  Assignment  t 
Brush  Company,  at  London.  Referring  to  tho  letter  of  Messrs 
r  W*nterbothaW  &  Rarrison,  to  you,  dated  the  4th  inst., 

and  to  the  voluminous  documents  connected  therewith, 
ten  proposed  assignments  of  patei 
torpey  relating  to  the  following 
Africa,  India  and  Ceylon,  I  beg  : 

.  the  same  be ing 
-  and  ten  proposed'  Powers  of  At- 
untries,  viz:  Australasia,  South 

(1)  The  said  letter  of  Messrs  W.W.  &  H.  con- 
tains  these  words:  "The  deeds  have  been  settled  by  Counsel  in 
"this  Country  who  advises  that  you  may  safely  and  properly  execute 
"them,  and  tncy  do  not  impose  any  further  liability  in  respect  of 
"the  patents  upon  you.  All  expenses  in  regard  to  them  will  be 
"paid  by  the  Brush  Company".  Shall  I  assume  that  you  are  honestly 
and  intelligently  advised  as  above  set  forth?  Or,  do  you  prefer 
that  I  should  make  a  thorough  examination  of  this  whole  matter 
just  as  if  you  were  dealing  with  an  enemy? 

(2)  Shall  I  assume  that  all  of  the  patents  whih 
are  included  in  these  proposed  deeds  of  assignment  are  such  as  are 
properly  assignable  by  you?  If  you  wish  me  to  verify  this  matter 
from  tne  bottom  I  must  send  for  copies  of  the  patents,  which  would 
be  an  expensive  and  tedious  matter. 

(3)  Have  you  any  charges  or  expenses  to  collect 
from  the  Brush  Company,  as  above  provided  for?  I  went  to  some 
expense  in  November,  1889,  in  connection  with  your  previous  assign 
ment  to  the  Australasian  Company.  It  would  be  well  for  me  to  in¬ 
clude  that  item,  together  with  my  expense  in  this  matter  in  the 
letter  ultimately  to  be  written  by  you  to  the  said  firm  of  W.W  .&H. 
Have  you  any  expenses  which  also  to  be  included?  I  discuss  this 
matter  further  in  the  next  paragraph. 

(4)  Under  your  contract  you  are  entitled  to  be 
repaid  all  your  expenses  in  connection  with  taking  out  patents  af- 

ter  June  12,  1882.  jn  yo  r  prior  assignment  of  November  IS89  t 

iat9ffPr\ahSianTC°n,Pany>  n°  Patents  wers  inoludad  which ’are  ot 
later  date  than  June  12,  1882,  but  in  tnese  proposed  deeds  of. 
ass  gnment  now  before  us,  there  are  several  patents  of  later  date 

an  y  °  ol  a  i  m°  f o  r  San  y  xp  on  s  e  r  ^  S,!  -r  -  -  -  ^  S  *  *  •  ”  *<>  ^ 

any  expenses  in  connection  therewith,  please  li 
It  seems  to  me  that  under  your  contract  you  lu 
lake  such  claim,  unless  indeed  you  have  already  1 

patents  uJ5]  ReferrinS  to  the  aforesaid  additional 

that  fhey  are  equitably  the^r^iert J^f  !our  Assignees!  viz- he' 

pSloa“LT»“d0nr^,PS“M  ,n91’  *“  «"  »«- 

recite  that  +h„  o  ^6)  Tllese  1Jr°P°sed  new  deeds  of  assignment 
teeite  that  the  assignments  are  made  subject  to  your  right  to  re- 
UlY  ex«-Lusive  licenses  under  the  said  patents  for  Electric  Rail- 
cen  ««  4  here  are  tW0  courses  °Pen  t0  you  in  that  regard:  You 
railways^her eaft e*611? r  n0W^and  £ii£?  Set  your  licenses  for  electric 
fyf.  .fft  ’  if  you  can>  when  You  need  them;  or,  you  can 
insist  that  these  licenses  shall  be  now  prepared  and  executed  sim 

p1  paioeouslpyi:ith  yr  assig“8>  ai~«t  tL  oxpirsfi 

people.  Please  give  me  your  specific  instructions  in  this  regard. ' 

is  pro ner  fnr  *  Referring  to  Sec.  (I)  of  this  letter,  it 

complicated  trra«°+Say  T  the  examinati°n  of  this  somewhat 
complicated  transaction  and  chain  of  title  from  the  bottom  down 
'  present  time,  would  be  a  difficult  task.  It  can  be  done 
of  the  ’  l  y°U  are  n0t  entirely  datisfied  to  act  on  the  advice 
London  I::.0”'1  rSf™  8ald  ^ter  from  the 

,  ,  .  Upon  hearing  from  you  in  reply  to  the  questii 

sked  above  I  shall  give  this  my  prompt  attention!  and  remain! 
Very  truly  yours, 

..njAuintifralions.-  <?,  Sffatyiaa, 

SiiclicrJ.-  as 

'dt£J_£b^JL ,1. _ 

’ZcxitXm  dog/*-*-' 

^  ^  -4^ 
'  *?fC\ 


44  .(74/va EDISON  SUILOING; 

T.  A.  Edison,  Esq,, 
Dear  Sir!- 


—ila.y_.20th-.-, -1891. 

Se  Assignment  Of  Colonial  Patents  to  the  Brush 
Electrical  Engineering  Company,  London,  You  will  probably  rsnan- 
ber,  that  semetime  ago,  you  received  from  Messrs.  Waterhouse, 
Winterbotham  &  Harrison,  Solicitors,  of  London,  a  batch  of  pro¬ 
posed  assignments  of  Colonial  patents  to  the  Brush  EJs  otrical 
Engineering  Co.,  who  have  bought  out  the  Australasian  Co. .togeth¬ 
er  with  a  number  of  powers  of  attorney  relating  to  suoh  assign¬ 
ments.  These  you  submitted  to  me  for  examination  and  opinion. 

I  found  that  the.  .or iginal  contractmade  between  yourself 
and  the  Edison  Indian  and  Colonial  Light  Company,  provided,  that 
whenever  you  assigned  any  patents,  youi  were  to  receive  an  exclu¬ 
sive  license  for  the  use  of  .such  patents  for  railway  purposes. 

As  there  were  other  questions  also  requiring  further  iififormation 
as  to  these  assignments,  i  wrote  a  long  letter  to  the  solicitors 
above  named,  asking  for  such  information,  and  also  to  find  what 
guaranty  we  could  expect,  of  your  receiving  the  license  contemplat¬ 
ed,  in  case  you  had  executed  the  proposed  assignments  to  the 

Brush  Co. 

I  have  received  the  information  desired  frcm  the  Lon¬ 
don  solicitors  ,  together  with  a  copy  of  the  lioense  which  was 
issued  to  Messrs.  Eabbri  and  Lowrey,  by  the  Ediscn  Electric  Light 
Company,  Limited,  of  London,  on  Nov.  15th,,  1883.  It  is  propos¬ 
ed  to  issue  to  you  a  similar  farm  of  license  under  tne  Colonial 
patents,  after  you  have  made  the  assignments  to  the  BruBh  Co.  now 
proposed.  The  said  copy  is  sent  us  merely  to  show  the  form. 

The  London  solicitors . sthte  that  if  the  form  of  lioenBe 
meets  with  your  approval, they  would  have  it  approved  by  the  Brush 
Company's  solicitors,  and  hand  to  them  the  assignments  of  patents 
and  powers  of  attorney  upon  the  Brush  Company’s  undertaking  to 
execute  the  license  in  the  form  approved.  This,  in  ray  opinion, 
would  be  a  satisfactory  arranganent,  if  the  license  is  approved  by 

The  form  of  lioense  appears  to  me  to  be  a  proper  one,  .. 
such  as  is  contemplated  by  your  contract  with  the  Edison  Colonial 
Co.,  and  there  is  only  one  provision  to  which  I  desire  to  call 
your  attention.  This  is  the  provision  commencing  on  the  5th. 
line  fron  the  botgam  of  page  4,  and  ending  at  the  pencil  marks 
on  line  6  of  page  5.  It  is  however,  for  you  to  judge  as  to  wheth¬ 
er  this  is  sufficiently  objectionable  to  demand  modification. 

I  case  you  approve  of  this  form  of  license,  I  see  no 
objection  to  your  executing  the  ten  assignments  and  ten  powers  of 
attorney  which  are  enclosed  herewith,  and  of  which  a  list  is  giv¬ 
en  in  Exhibit  A,,  hereto  annexed. 

If,  therefore,  you  approve  of  the  form  of  license,  will 

you  kindly  execute  the  assignments  and  powers  of  attorney  in  the 

presence  of  a  witness,  who  should  sign  his  name.  Each  one  should 
Mr.  Randolph,  for  instanoe 

also  be  acknowledged  before  a  Notary  Public, A  who  will  write  the 
usual  farm  of  acknowledgement  and  add  his  seal  thereto.  Upon 
their  return  tome,  I  will  have  them  verified  by  the  British  Con¬ 
sul  ard  forward  them  to  the  Brush  Company  upon  the  understanding 
given  you  above , 

The  London  Solicitors  have  stated  in  their  letters  tifit 
they  desire  to  ha  ve  a  memorandun  of  any  expense  which  you  have 
been  put  to  in  <d  nnection  with  this  or  the  former  assignment  of 
these  same  patents  to  the  Australasian  Co.  in  1889.  Will  you  kind 
ly,  therefore,  have  a  bill  made  of  any  charges  which  you  may  have 
been  put  to  in  connection  with  these  two  assignments.  I  will 
make  up  a  bill  ib  r  my  work  and  disbursements,  hoth  in  connection 
with  these  present  assignments,  as  well  as  that  made  in  1889,  and 
will  send  such  bill  to  the  London  Solicitors  when  I  forward  the  as¬ 
signments,  first  getting  your  approval. 




Assignment  of  New  Zealand  Letters  of  Registration.  X 

*  •  New  South  Wales  "  X  « 

"  "  Patents  for  Natal.  X 

' —  *  "  Queensland  A  •  » 

—  "  "  Victoria  Letters  Patent.  x 

"*  *  "  South  Australia  Letters  Patent.  x 

*  "  Indian  Patents.  X, 

'  "  "  Western  Australia  Letters  Patent  X. 

"  "  Tasmania  /v  "  " 

—  "  "  Cape  of  Good  Hope  Patents.  A 

Power  of  Attorney,  South  Australia  X 

*  ■  Tasmania.  X 

'  "  "  Victoria.  X. 

'  "  "  New  Zealand.  X 

New  South  Wales. 

Western  Australia.  X 
India,  X 

Cape  of  Good  Hope. X 
Queensland.  X 
Natal.  X 


44-  sc^fEo 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 


Ro  Assignment  of  English  Patents  to  Edison 
&  Swan  Company.  You  will  undoubtedly  remember  that  seme  little 
time  ago  ,  the  Edison  and  Swan  United  Electric  .light  Company,  lim¬ 
ited,  londan,  sent  to  you  a  proposed  assignment  of  English  pat¬ 
ents  to  the  above  Company,  for  execution.  You  sent  the  same  to 
me  for  an  examination  and  an  opinion.  I  found  on  examining  the 
Bouverie  agreement  of  Peb.  18th.,  1882,  under  which  this  assignment 
by  you  was  requested,  you  were  entitled  to  a  full  aid  exclusive 
license  for  use  of  these  patents  for  railway  purposes.  After 
submitting  the  matter  to  you,  I  requested  the  Edison  aid  Swan  Co.  ' 
to  submit  a  form  of  license  for  railway  uses  which  they  proposed 
to  exeoute  to  you  upon  ycur  executing  the  proposed,  assignment 
of  patents  to  them, 

I  have  received  this  form  of  .license,  and  beg  to  hand 
the  same  to  you  herewith.  I  have  examined  it  aid  it  seems  to  me 
it  is  a  satisfactory  form  of  such  a  license  as  was  contemplated 
by  the  Bouverie  agreement.  I  desire,  however,  to  call  your  at- 

tent  ion  to  one  provision  therein,  namely,  that  at  the  bottom  of 
page  3  beginning  "provided  always"  and  ending  with  the  words  "onm- 
mom  roads"  on  the  4th.  line  of  the  4th,  page.  It  is  a  question  for 
you  to  decide  whether  this  is  sufficiently  objectionable  to  strike 
out  or  ask  far  modifications. 

You  made  an  assignment!  .of  a  number  of  patents,  under  the 
Bouverie  agreement,  on  Nov.  15th.,  1883,  and  et  that  time  a 
license  similar  to  that  which  is  new  preposed,  was  executed  for 
the  use  of  these  patents  for  railway  purposes.  This  laBt  named 
license,  was,  however,  made  to  Messrs.  Fabbri  and  Lowrey,  who  were 
at  that  time  .  nominated  by  you  as  the  parties  to  whom  such  li¬ 
cense  should  issue.  The  present  form  of  license  iB  made  in  your 
favor.  I  do  not  see  any  objection  to  this,  unless  you  do,  as 
you  could  at  any  time  sublicense  any  other  parties,  whenever  it 
might  seem  desirable  or  necessary, 

I  do  not  see,  therefore,  that  there  i3  any  objection 
now  to  your  executing  '  the  assignment  of  patents  to  the  Ediscn 
and  Swan  Co.,  as  they  have  undertate/n  in  writing  to  execute  a  li¬ 
cense  in  the  form  enclosed,  immediately  upon  the  receipt  fron  us 
of  the  assignment  above  referred  to, 

I  therefore,  enclose  the  assignment  for  your  execution. 

It  should  be  signed  by  you  and  witnessed,  and  should  then  be  ac¬ 
knowledged  before  a  Notary  Public  in  the  usual  manner,  I  will 
then  have  it  certified  by  the  British  Consul,  upon  receiving  the 
document  frcto  you,  executed  in  themamer  above  named. 

Enc losures : -l.Porm  of  supplemental  license,  Edison  and  Swan  Co. 
to  T.  A.  Edis  ai ;  2,  Assignment  of  patents,  T.  A.  Edison  to  Edisai 
and  Swan  United  Electric  Light  Company,  Limited. 


y-  iffmae&zteteecii  01S0N  BUILDING) 

17,-1-891 . 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Pear  Sir: 


Re  Assignment  by  Edison  and  Swan  n0.  to  Thomas  A. 
Edison,  of  Railway  Rights.  Referring  to  the  enclosed  document 
received  from  lofldon  and  to  your  lead  pencil  mem.  you  are  in  error 
as  to  the  period.  The  language  of  the  document  is  quoted  ver¬ 
batim  from  the  Bouverie  Agreement,  see  Section  9,  bottom  of  page 
3  and  top  of  page  4,  of  the  enclosed  copy  of  the  said  Bouverie 
Agreement , 

Referring  to  the  assignment  of  new  patents  from  you 
to  the  said  Edison  and  Swan  Co.,  executed  by  you  on  Monday,  the 
Phraseology  of  that  docent  is  also  precisely  the  same  as  the  above. 

It  is  not  necessary  for  you  to  sign  the  enclosed  li¬ 
cense.  The  other  party  alone  signs  it.  I  send  you  back  the  docu¬ 
ment  merely  that  you  may  refresh  your  memory  as  to  the  period,  durifcj, 
which  you  turn  over  your  inventions. 

Please  return  both  of  the  enclosed  documents. 

Very  tiuly  yours, 

Iii{'ht  Co.  o: 
•tiuon  B;i.Udinc,  Ci- 


^4  £/*?,  o  £"  — r 

3  3  /?<  J  /  —{ 
/JI/S3.  c/h  ,-f 

jjf  jf.  %/  ± 

2  3  O  ,c/  6  'y_ 


'l  *1  k 


Referring  once  more  to  the  matter  of  the  assignment  by  you 
of  Colonial  Light  Patentsto  the  Brush  Electrical  Engineering  Com¬ 
pany,  London,  you  will  probably  remember  that  these  assignments  ' 
were  executed  by  you  a  few  weeks  ago  and  forwarded  by  me  to  the 
London  Solicitors1, 

You  will  probably  also  remember  that  the  question  came  up, 
prior  to  your  execution  of  the  assignments, as  to  the  licenses  back 
to  you  for  the  use  of  the  patents  in  connection  with  electric  rail¬ 
ways  and  that  1  obtained  a  form  of  such  a  license  as  was  proposed, 
which  was  submitted  to  you  and  approved1. 

To  saye  time,  the  London  Solicitors  submitted, as  the  form 
of  license  proposed  by  them?a  form  similar  to  that  which  had  been 
gAven  to  you  in  1883  by  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Company,  Limited, 
{of  London).  it  seems  that  your  fundamental  agreement  with  the 
London  Edison  Company  was  more  liberal  in  its  provisions  for  the 
license  to  you  than  the  fundamental  agreement  made  by  you  with  the 
Colonial  Company,  as  you  will  see  by  the  following  comparison: 

Colonial  Agreement.  j 

"The  Company  will  immediately  t 
after  assignment  x  x  x  .  t 
grant  to  the  said  Thomas  Alva  Ed-j 
ison  x  x  x  full  and  exelu—j 
siva  license  to  use  all  or  any  ofj 
the  said  patents  or  exclusive  : 
privileges  respectively  for  the  t 
purpose  of  locomotion  only  on  t 
railways,  tramways  or  common  [ 
roads  x  x  x  ; 

English  Company  Agreement 

"The  Company  will  immediately 
after  the  assignment  x  x  x 
grant  to  the  said  Thomas  Av  Ed¬ 
ison  x  x  x  full  and  exclu¬ 
sive  licenses- to  use  all  or  any 
of  the  said  patents  or  any  im¬ 
provements  thereof  for  the  pur¬ 
pose  of  locomotion  only  on  rail¬ 
ways  or  tramways  or  on  common 
roads,  and  for  all  other  pur¬ 
poses  except  the  application- of 
eleotricity  or  magnetism  as  a 
lighting  or  heating  agent  or  as 
a  motive  agent  otherwise  than 
for  the  purpose  of  such  locomo¬ 
tion  a3  above  expressly  Bpeci- 

I  have  just  received  a  letter  from  the  London  Solicitors 
stating  that  the  Brush  Company’s  Attorneys  have  stricken  out  from 
the  form  of  license  to  you  the  words  which  I  have  underlined  above . 
Inasmuch  as  your  fundamental  agreement  with  the  Colonial  Company 

does  not  these  words,  I  do  not  see  how  we  can  insist  upon-, 
a.  HU. 

their  remaining^license1,  if  it  grants  to  you  exclusive  use  of  the 
patents  for  railways1;- 

I  beg  to  submit  this  matter,  howe.ver,  to  you  for  your  de¬ 

Very  truly  yours. 


y/tflcct, - (Manac?yj$'_  July-^1891. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

M.  J.  &  Penn' a.  Concentratinc  Works , 

Ogdens burgh,  N.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison, - 

I  enclose  herewith  a  letter  tinder  date  18th 
June,  1891,  received  from  Major  S.  Flood  Page,  in  regard  to  certain 
Patents  which  his  Company  desires  to  let  lapse.  Attached  to  Mr. 
Page's  letter  is  one  fran  Dyer  &  Seely  on  the  same  subject.  You 
will  notice  that  the  fee  on  patent  Mo.  3231  of  1881,  must  be  paid- 
on  the  23rd  of  this  month,  and  if  you  wish  the  patent  maintained, 
it  will  bo  no ce 33 ary  for  us  to  instruct  the  English  Company  to 
that  effect  without  delay.  Please  advise  me  of  your  wishes  in 
the  matter 


Oo<:®^  •S-  W - IBth -June-1891— 

,r.  j.u.tJi.-Juno_i891 _ 

New  YorKr—""^  ““““  - 

Dear  sir% 

In  accordance  with  the  agreement  cade  between  the 

reh: cow’ and  y°— -  *■« 

month  6  ®  y°U  n0t  1688  than  th™e  Calendar 

nth*  notice  of  our  intention  to  permit  and  suffer  any  of 

the  patents  which  you  assigned  to  the  Edison  Blectric Ti^ht 
Company  to  lapse  or  become  void.  * 

After  (Careful  conaideratiom-.werhave  come  to  th« 

lZl?tTll  oT  mi0Wlr,g  P8tent8  are  n0t  «"•  «  -  not"' 
ly  to  be  of  any- value  to  this  Company. 

*■«»„«  No.  3231  of  188l 

3804  of  1881  .. 

pr„iM  L  tT  ”  40  s1'"  "»  «»  no,!..  7 

p.r.l  “la  *E"",8nt  °f  not  to 

Pay  the  renewal  fees  on  such  patents. 

P«‘-t  No.  3231  of  ua 

,b”  r*la>  °r  *U1  “"P  »n  J»3y  23rd  „.,t,  I  to 

months  „*!*?*  ^  s°OIUm“  *«  *«»•>•  th.  thro. 

30  ”ot  -  - — » « «»- 

or  th,  .  /  “*4  haM1^  “y  th“'  lf  *"  onr  reaeon  ,1,,. 
or  think  it  advisable  to  retail  +v,„+  '  *  m 

oxe  to  retain  that  one  patent  we  ahoujfi  be 


T.  A.  Edison  Esq. 

.mins,  although  ahoolo  pr.f.r  to  ,l„  „  up, 

z.'z.'ziz.zz: - 

t  rL~  “r~ 

8  n0t  llkely  t0  be  value  hereafter. 

I  am,  Dear  sir, 

Yours  faithfully. 

Secretary  £  Manager.' 

Dear  Mr.  Edison,- 

-he  following  cablegram,  has  boon  received  from 
Major  S.  Plood  Pages,  of  London,  EnglahdJ- 

"-°  Edison,  New  York.  London,  July  9,  1891 

Do  you  know  anything  of  alloy  substitute  for 
platinum,  said  to  have  been  invented  by  Pessenden, 

New  Jersey?  If  valuable,  can  you  sectire  refusal 
for  England  for  us?  PLOODPAGE.” 

Ogdensburgh,  N.  J. 

J-i-  L 

Dear  Mr.  Edison, 

I  congratulate  you  very  much  on  your  success  in  yoyr  Lamp  Patent 
Case.  I  sent  off  my  cabls  congratulating  you  before  I  knew  of  the 
arrival  of  your  cablegram.  I  am  indeed  very  glad. 

I  felt  nearly  certain  that  you  would  win  and  I  have  expressed 
that  opinion  over  and  over  again.  I  trust  that  you  will  also  win 
on  appeal. 

Prom  what  Mr. Upton  said  to  rae/I  gather  that  the  thorough  manner 
in  which  the  case  was  fought  out  in  England  did  exercise  some  in¬ 
fluence  in  your  favour  in  the  States. 

Although  in  the  ordinary  course  your  report  will  go,  I  send  you 
a  copy  of  the  report  which  we  have  just  issued. 

Again  congratulating  you  most  cordially  and  heartily, 

I  remain, 

Yours  very  truly, 

T.A. Edison  Esq., 

•  -Orange, 

New  Jersey, 






LI  31 1  TED. 


JAMES  STAATS  FORBES,  Esquire,  Chairman. 
FREDERICK  RICHARDS  LEYLAND,  Esquire,  Deputy  Chairman. 



’•  The  Directors  have  the  pleasure  of  presenting  to  the  Shareholders 
their  Report,  and  the  Accounts  for  the  year  ending  30th  June,  1891. 

a.  The  business  of  the  Company  has  resulted  in  a  credit  balance  of 
.£73,905  4s.  7d.,  out  of  which  the  Directors  have  appropriated  the  sum 
of  £3,4*5  14s.  Sd.  to  meet  loss  on  realisation  of  dynamo  account,  taken 
over  at  the  amalgamation;  and  £13,371  14s.  yd.  has  been  absorbed  by 
the  payment  of  an  interim  dividend  on  the  A  Shares,  at  the  rate  of 
7  per  cent  per  annum,  for  the  first  six  months  of  the  year.  The  Directors 
recommend  the  payment  of  the  following  dividends  on  the  A  Shares,  free 
of  income  tax,  and  to  be  distributed  in  accordance  with  Clause  87  of  the 
Ankles  of  Association ; — 

(«.)  At  the  rate  of  seven  per  cent,  per  annum  for  the  half  year  ending 
30th  June,  1891  (making  seven  per  cent  for  the  year)  : 

(6.)  Three  per  cent  in  completion  of  payment  of  arrears  of  cumulative 
preference  dividend  for  the  year  ending  30th  June,  1885  : 

(r.)  Seven  per  cent,  in  payment  of  arrears  of  cumulative  preference 
dividend  for  the  year  ending  30th  June,  1886  ; 

'X  (-  -  C,^  U,-,  J 

supposed  patent  for  alloy  in  the  place  of  platinum  for  incan¬ 
descent  lamps.  I  did  not  think  it  was  at  all  probable  that  there 
would  be  any  value  in  it. 

A  Capt:  Walter  of  Vienna  is  moving  in  the  same  direction  and 
I  think  with  the  like  result. 

Again  thanking  you  very  much  for  your  kindness  in  replying  to 
mjr  cable, 

I  remain. 

Yours  very  truly. 

T. A. Edison  Esq., 

•  •  Orange,  • 

New  Jersey. 


Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

Referring  to  your  favor  of  the  9th  instant,  in  which  you 
enclosed  letter  received  by  Mr.  Edison  from  the  Edison  &  Swan 
United  Electric  Light  Company,  of  London,  England,  together  with 
other  papers  therein  mentioned,  in  regard  to  the  lapsing  of  two 
oertain  English  patents,  I  beg  to  state  that  I  have  consulted  with 
the  Engineering  Department  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Co.  in 
this  connection.  They  state  that  the  inventions  covered  by  the 
two  patents  referred  to  in  the  above  correspondence,  namely,  Eng¬ 
lish  Patents  No.  3231  of  1881  and  3804  of  1881,  corresponding  to 
Uhited  States  Patents  No.  263,149  and  425,763,  are  not  now  used, 
as  the  difficulties  which  they  were  intended  to  sumount  have  been 
overcome  by  later  and  better  devioes. 

It  does  not  seem  to  me,  therefore,  that  it  will  be  neces¬ 
sary  for  the  Light  Co.  to  take  any  action  in  connection  with  the 
dropping  by  the  English  Co.  of  the  English  Patents  corresponding  t< 
the  above  named  United  States  Patents,  and  so  far  as  the  Light  Co. 

is  concerned,  I  see  no  objection  to  your  notifying  the  Edison  & 
S«n  Co.  that  they  may  allow  the  two  patents  above  named  to  lapse. 

Herewith  I  beg  to  return  you  the  letter  of  the  Edison  & 
Swan  Co.,  together  with  the  letter  of  Dyer  &  Seely,  dated  July  1st, 
and  copy  of  Patent  No.  425,763,  as  requested  by  your  above  named 
favor  of  the  9th  instant. 

I  trust  you  will  excuse  the  delay  there  has  been  in 
giving  you  an  answer  on  this  matter.  it  has  been  caused  by  the 
difficulty  of  getting  at  the  heads  of  departments  in  the  Engineer¬ 
ing  Department. 

Very  truly  yours. 

General  Counsel  "  " 

Edison  Electric  Light  Co. 

E.  Co, 

Dear  Sir: 

You  wilvprobably  remember  that  a  few  months  ago  you  re¬ 
ceived  from  The  Edison  &  Swan  United  Electric  Light  Conpany, London, 
an  Assignment  to  them  of  certain  of  your  English  Patents,  which 
they  asked  you  to  execute.  You  forwarded  this  to  me  for  examinat¬ 
ion  and  I  gave  you  an  opinion  thereon,  advising,  among  other  thing? 
that  you  should  receive  from  them  a  return  License  to  use  these 
patents,  for  rail',vajr  locomotion  purposes. 

At  your  request  I  wrote  the  London  Companystating  that  you 
desired  such  a  License  to  be  executed  by  them  upon  the  delivery  by 
you  of  the  proposed  Assignment  of  Patents,  The  London  Company  then 
forwarded  a  form  of  License  which  they  proposed  to  execute  to  you. 
This  form  of  License  I  submitted  to  you^and  received  your  approval 

You  thereupon  executed  the  Assignment  of  Patents  which 
had  been  sent  to  you  from  London,  and  1  forwarded  it  to  The  Edison 
&  Swan  Company  upon  their  undertaking  to  execute  the  License  to 

you  for  Railway  purposes  immediately  upon  receipt  thereof, 

1  have  now  received  from  The  Edison  &  Swan  Company  the 
License  to  you  under  these  patents.  This  License  is  in  duplicate, 
one  copy  being  executed  by  The  Edison  &  Swan  Company,  which  you 
will  please  retain  for  your  own  files.  The  other  copy  is  to  be 
executed  by  you  opposite  the  seal  and  acknowledged  before  a  Notary 
Public,  Mr.  Randolph  will  do. 

I  have  examined  this  License  and  it  is  in  the  form  which 
was  submitted  to  you, .as  above  mentioned,  1  beg  to  advise  you 
therefore  that  you  can  execute  the  same  as  above  mentioned,  and 
return  it  to  me,  and  I  will  have  it  verified  by  the  British  Consul 
and  then  forward  it  to  The  Edison  &  Swan  Company  at  London. 

Trusting  this  will  be  satisfactory,  X  remain. 

Very  truly  yours, 




TELEPHONE  N9  5140. 

Thomas  A. Edison  Esq, 


New  Jersey. 


Dear  Sir, 

I  beg  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  letter  of  the  24th 
ultimo  with  reference  to  the  maintenance  of  Patents  and  thank  you 
for  agreeing  to  our  proposal. 

I  am,  Dear  Sir, 

Yours  faithfully. 

Secretary  &  Manager.  . . 




Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq'. ; 
Dear  Sir: 



,  .  OCT  1 C  J091 

Ans’d-&  J  18,;// 

s  Howell's  patent  on  Comparative  Pressure  Indica- 

Xn  considering  the  question  whether  we  should  go  to 
the  expense  of  extending  the  life  of  the  foreign  patents,  Mr, 

Jenks  obtained  the  opinions  of  a  good  many  of  our  people.  You 
will  find  them  with  other  interesting  documents,  in  the  enclosed 
$rown  paper  pamphlet.  We  have  decided  to  extend  thefcfre  ign  patents. 

My  object  in  sending  this  pamphlet  to  you  is  merely 
to  call  your  attention  to  the  curious  and  conflicting  opinions 
given  by  different  people  on  the  same  subject.  It  may  amuse  you, 
and  I  am  quite  sure  you  will  be  pleased  to  see  the  careful  way  in 
which  Mr.  jenks  investigated  the  matter. 

Kindly  return  the  enclosed  pamphlet  at  your  con¬ 
venience  ,  and  oblige, 





\yt(e6 er2for/y_ 

— Oot.._  29,-1891, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,, 
Dear  Sir: 

,  •  v.  Referring  to  your  invention  patented  here,  for 

lessening  the  amount  of  platinum  used  in  the  lamp,  have  you  for- 
gotten  that  the  Cie  Continentals  is  absolutely  entitled  for  Prance 
Vh  *  00^try  °nly»  t0  *our  future  inventions  of  this  sort, 
provided  you  patent  them  in  Prance?  The  price  to  be  paid  you  is 

•*  —  »•  *•  «• « 

?»fpru;  “  ^fsirzjsxz  s 

dated^December  22,  1886,  which  I  believe  was  signed  by^ou^is’ 
therefore  binding  on  you,  Under  them  you  are  bound  as  above  state! 

be  worth. 

1  call  this  to  your  attentibn  for  what  it  i 

Vor*y  truly  yours. 

/fj  :u‘“ 

•s  s  c.  ~  v  i  i  \r  ' 

\jK.  )S  4/  ^^JsJk^aa. 

^  /  'f  'f'  oAV". 

'■  ///44AZ 

^  ^i/'  „•'  !.<  v 

THOmas  A'.  Edison,  Esq 

Ihis  refers  to  the  invention  of  the  third  wire  for 
the  Municipal  Lamp,  on  which  you  were  beaten  in  the  Patent  Office 

fOre^P“t0ntB  a11  belon«  t0  you-  But  you  are  under 
obligation  to  turn^Sie  inventions  for  Prance,  to  the  Oie  Continen¬ 
ce.  I  assume  that  you  have  never  done  so,  for  some  reason  or 

_  ..  Thla  brinss  ^  m  a  Practical  way  your  relation  to 

the  Oie  Continentals  touching  your  inventions  since  November,  1886. 
They  are  entitled  to  lamp  inventions,  for  Prance,  at  a  price  to 
be  agreed  upon  or  arbitrated.  As  regards  their  other  seven  coun¬ 
tries,  they  are  entitled  to  all  your  inventions  perpetually,  as  to 
light,  heat  and  motive  power",  at  such  prices  as  anybody  else  is 
willing  to  give  you,  and  if  they  do  not  take  take  them,  you  can 
then  sell  to  such  other  party  at  said  prices. 

The  next  time  you,  Mr.  Insull  and  I  get  together,  wo 
ought  to  talk  .this  whole  subject  over.  Meantime  will  you  pay  the 
.expenses  indicated  in  the  annexed  letter,  which  'returrfTwfEli 





_  _  „  ffi'/vaeJaHheefa  dison  BUILDING  ) 


DEC  1  5  1891  ^ 

Thomas  A,  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Assignment  of  Colonial  Patents  to  Brush  Company,  Lon- 
don.  You  will  probably  remember  that  on  May  25th,  last  you  exec- 
uted  ten  Assignments  of  your  Colonial  Light  and  Power  patents  to 
the  Brush  Electrical  Company  of  London,  That  Company  was  the 
successor  of  the  Australasian  Company,  which  was  the  successor  of 
Edison's  Indian  &  Colonial  Company. 

These  Assignments  were  to  be  delivered  to  the  Brush  Com¬ 
pany  upon  the  execution  by  them  of  a  License  to  you  for  the  use  of 
the  said  patents  for  Railway  purposes.  The  form  of  License  was 
submitted  by  me  to  you,  and  you  approved  the  same,  I  forwarded 
it  with  the  Assignments  on  May  29th,  to  Messrs.  Waterhouse,  Winter- 
botham  &  Harrison,  requesting  them  to  deliver  the  Assignments  upon 
receiving  back  License  exeouted  by  the  Brush  Company. 

Not  having  heard  from  them  or  received  the  above  named 
License  ,  I  wrote  to  them'pn  the  16th.  ult.  for  information,-...,  I 

have  just  received  a  letter  from  them  stating  that  the  matter  of 
the  Licensees  had  been  delayed  on  account  of  the  Brush  Company  re¬ 
quiring  some  changes  in  the  form  of  License  already  approved  by 

I  have  now  received  from  Messrs.  Waterhouse,  Winterbotham 
&  Harrison  a  memorandum  of  an  alteration,  which  I  understand  is 
the  only  change  that  is  now  desired  by  the  Brush  Company  in  the 
form  of  License.  Annexed  herewith  is  a  copy  of  the  same,  consist¬ 
ing  of  a  proviso,  which  it  is  desired  to  insert,  Messrs.,  Water- 
house,  Winterbotham  &  Hdrribon  state  that  they  see  no  objection 
to  this.  You  will  see  that  the  olause  is  designed  to  protest  the 
Brush  Co,  from  any  liability  to  you  by  reason  of  the  mistakes 
or  omissions  of  any  patent  agent  appointed  by  you  and  the  Brush 
Co,  jointly. 

Please  advise  me  whether  you  approve  of  the  above  prbviso- 
as  to  non^liability  of  said  Company.  X  shall  then  notify  the  Lon¬ 
don  Lawyers,  and  make  further  endeavors  to  close-  thisjnatter 

Very  truly 


Dee,  iff,  1SQ1, 

Thomas  A,  Edison,  Esq,, 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey, 

Dear  Sir: 

You  will  probably  remember  that  last  Summer  The  Edison  & 
Swan  Company  of  London  wrote  to  you  asking  you  if  Mr,  T,  J,  Hand- 
ford,  your  former  Patent  Agent  in  London,  had  before  his  death 
assigned  to  you  patent  No,  2336  of  1882,  which  was  one  of  the 
patents  assignable  by  you  to  the  English  Company.  This  patent 
covered  an  invention  of  W.  A.  Stern  and  H.  M.  Byllesby,  which  they 
had  assigned  to  you. 

You  were  unable  after  search  to  find  any  assignment  from 
Mr,  Handford  to  you,  and  it  therefore  became  necessary  for  the 
Edison  &  Swan  Co,  to  procure  an  assignment  from  you  and  from  W.  K. 
Stern  and  H,  M.  Byllesby,  as  well  as  by  the  Exocutrix  of  Mr.  Hand- 

This  assignment  was  forwarded  to  me  some  tibe  ago,  and 
has  been  executed  by  all  the  parties  except  yourself.  I  now  beg 
to  forward  the  same  for  your  execution.  If  agreeable,  will  you 
please  execute  and  acknowledge  the  same  before  a  Notary  Public, 
who  should  also  sign  as  witness  in  the  margin  on  the  first  page, 

besides  placing  the  usual  form  of  notarial  acknowledgment  on  the 
fourth  page.  If  you  will  please  return  the  document  to  me  after 
this  has  been  done,  I  will  forward  it  to  the  London  Company. 

You  are  entitled  to  a  License  for  the  use  of  this  patent 
for  the  purpose  of  locomotion  only  on  Railways  or  Tramways  or  on 
Common  Roads,  This  License  has  already  been  executed  by  the  Lon¬ 
don  Company  and  I  sent  it  to  you  in  my  letter  of  July  Slst,  last. 

Trusting  the  above  will  be  satisfactory,  I  remain 

Epc . 




DEC  as  MSI 

JlitM  MurU>  '~}  Q  1$  ^ 
Thomas  A.  Edison,  Es^m  — - 


Dec  .  21.  1891'. 

Dear  Sir: 

Referring  to  my  opinion,  mentioned  below  at  the  end 
hereof,  on  the  question  of  your  obligation  to  turn  over  your  cer¬ 
tain  inventions  to  the  Edison  &  Swan  United  Electric  Light  Company, 
Limited,  of  London,  it  occurs  to  me  that  I  ought  to  call  your  at¬ 
tention  to  your  English  Patent,  No.  15,792,  of  October  16,  1890, 
covering  your  inventions  for  economizing  the  quantity  of  platinum 
used  in  the  lamp. 

If  my  views  set  forth  in  my  opinion  are  cor¬ 
rect,  and  I  believe  they  are,  you  ought  to  inform  the  English  Com¬ 
pany  that  you  have  taken  out  this  patent,  also  what  the  expenses 
have  been  (including  a  bonus  of  one  hundred  per  centum  of  the  ex¬ 
perimental  expenses),  and  you  should  notify  them  that  they  must  de¬ 
cide  within  the  contract  period  of  three  months  after  receiving 
your  notice,  whether  they  will  acquire  the  said  patent  and  repay 
your- expenses.  The  Bouverie  agreement  provides  that  in  case  they 
think  your  bill  for  expenses  is  too  large,  the  anouht  shall  tie  set¬ 
tled  by  arbitration.  If  the  English  Company  does  not  within  said 
three  mpnths  avail  of  its  option  to  acquire  the  patent,  their  'fight 

to  acquire  it  ceases,  and  you  will  then  be  free  to  treat  it  ir>  all 
respects  as  your  own,  without  regard  to  the  English  Company. 

I  suggest  that  you  send  to  the  English  Company  the  fol¬ 
lowing  Notice: 

"Edison  &  Swan  United  Electric  Light  Company,  Limited. 

"In  accordance  with  the  provisions  of  Section  9 
of  what  is  known  as  the  Bouverie  Agreement  of  February  18th, 
"1882,  I  beg  to  info m  you  that  X  have  made  an  improvement 
upon  and  connected  with  the  said  inventions  referred  to  in 
"said  agreement,  the  same  being  an  improvement  in  the  Leading- 
" in-Wires  of  Incandescent  Lamps,  and  have  obtained  British 
"Letters  Patent  No.  15,792,  df  October  16,  1890,  therefor;  and 
that  the  experimental  and  other  expenses  in  connection  there¬ 
with  and  heretofore  paid  by  me,  are  as  follows,  namely: 
"Experimental  expenses  leading  up  to  improve¬ 
ment  in  Leading-in -Wires,  % 

"Add  one  hundred  per  cent  .  ,  ,  $ 

"Expense  of  obtaining  patent  No.  15,792 

of  1890  .  .  .  .  /»**.*./ 

"Expense  of  maintaining  said  patent  .  $ _ 

Total  $ 

"Will  you  kindly  notify  me  on  what  date  you  shall  have 
received  this  letter,  and  also  further  notify  me  within  three 
'months  after  the  receipt  of  this  letter,  whether  or  not  you 
"elect  to  acquire  the  said  invention  and  patent  therefor*  pur¬ 
suant  to  the  terms  of  said  agreement. 

"Very  truly  yours," 


I  send  you  enclosed  herewith  for  your  files,  my  opinions 

of  December  1,  1891,  as  follow< 


(1)  Mr.  Edison’s  Obligations  to  Edison  &  Swan  United 
Electrio  Light  Company,  Limited,  under  the  Bouverie  Agreement  and 

(2)  Mr.  Edison’s  patent  obligations  to  Edison  Indian  & 
Colonial  Company. 

(3)  Mr.  Edison's  patent  obligations  to  Cie  .  Continentals 


1891.  Electric  Railway  -  General  (D-91-29) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  Edison’s  involvement  in 
electric  railways.  Some  of  the  documents  pertain  to  proposed  changes  in 
Edison’s  1880  electric  railway  patents.  There  are  also  two  draft  letters  by 
Edison  outlining  costs  of  electric  railway  systems  and  inquiries  to  Edison  about 
the  construction  of  electric  railways. 

Approximately  90  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 
correspondence  pertaining  to  patent  applications;  letters  of  acknowledgment. 

/  R.  B.  SMITH, 

/^ecbG[9icecl  Ei^ipecr  arjd  Elcofpicicrr), 
'AlX  /  ..J^oom  56,  Atlantic  Building. 

j  Qfoiddtn&taw.,  3$.  <J@ 

Thomas. A. Edison,  Esq. 

Llewellyn  Park, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Jan  30th  91 



Lear  Sir:-  ^ 

I  am  superintending  the  construction  of  an  Electric  '^e 

Railroad  (over  head  wire)  the  system  is  immaotterial,  the 
contractor  is  using  1/4"  iron  wire  (double)  for "bonding 
the  rails,  to  which  the  purchaser  takes  exception  saying  Topper 
should  be  employed 

The  contractor  says '.that  "the  iron  is  more  durable 
be cause;1  Electrolytic  Action  takes  place  between  the  steel  rail 
and  the  copper,  eating  the  latter  in  much  less  time  than  •  if  iron 
were  employed,  that  their  experience  hasbeen.that  copper  is 
short  lived  on  the  still  further  grounds,  •*£  the  Galvanic  action 
going  on  continously  betwwen  the  copper  and  the  rail. 

I  am  in  a  pecular  position,  and  do  not  give  any  opinion 
here  as  to  what  is  proper. 

I  appeal  to  you  Sir,  on  account  of  your  world  wide 
reputation,  aafcbecause  the  purchaser  will  be  satisfied  with  any 
thing  appearing  above  your  Signature,  will  consider  At  a  great  ' 
favor  if  you  will  kindly  give  your  opinion  in  the  matter  at  the 
oarliest  possible  convenience,  and  remain. 

Very  respectfully  Yours, 

regarding  the  best  system  of  Elect* 16  Street  Cars  now  In  usejand  whether 
an  *  over-head  trolley  system  "  is  superior  to  the  *  Storage  system", 
both  as  regards  efficiency  in  operation  and  also  cost  and  economy  in  a 
business  -or  commercial  point  of  view.  As  I  am  interested  with  some 
clients  in  a  charter  f0r  a  Street  Car  Service  in  the  suburbs  of  Toronto 
I  take  this  liberty  to.  write  you  for  as  much  information  as  you  can 
fdr  nish  on  these  point*  for  my  Co-Directors’,  instruction.  Also  state 
which  is  idie  best  and  most  successful  "Storage  system"  now  in  use, 
as  some  of  my  friends  her*  seem  to  prefer  this  to  over-head  wires. 

With  apologies  fpr  thus  trolling  you., believe  me, 

Yours  truly, 

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^  ^  "L  *ylCcf.e'’'1fc'S'rfy_  Ma-y— 14-,  — 1 891-.- 

VM  '  f  J  o  c* 

•X  *  -  '  T^'  > 

\  f  ^  r 

Dear  Sir: 

You  will  see  by  the  enclosed  letter  that  Mr.  ^an- 
size  has  already  prepared  six  subdivided  applications  of  your 
original  electric  railway  patent.  He  wants  $150  to  pay  the  first 
fees  &c. 

My  impression  is  that  these  patents  when  issued  will 
belong  to  the  Light  Co.,  and  that  for  this  reason  that  Company 
should  pay  these  charges.  '  But  I  wish  to  verify  this  opinion  by 
going  over  all  the  documents  again.  They  constitute  a  Chinese 
puzzle,  but  with  care  and  patience  I  can  find  out  to  a  certainty 
whether  mja  impression  is  correct. 

Will  you  please  send  me  $150,  cheque  drawn  to  the 
order  of  William  B.  Vansize,  or  if  you  prefer,  turn  me  over  to  the 
Light  Company. 

What  is  your  own  impression  as  to  who  will  own  these 
patents  when  granted,  yourself,  the  Light  Co.,  you  and  the  Light 
Co.  jointly,  or  who? 

Please  return  the  annexed  letter  from  Mr.  vansize 
with  your  reply,  and  oblige. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 


zx  r 



^  -yr/ 

a  a 

to  you  „a  ,h8r.  ,.  „iai“  “s,  “y:sstr«;ni;1rh  ™ 


with  me.  Th8  am9XeCl  1SUer  fr°m  Mr*  Insu11  ghow8  that  he  agrees 

If  agreeable 
Co.  for  the  money. 

to  you  I  shall  therefore  call  on  the  Light 

Please  send  back  the  two  letters  annexed  hereto. 
Very  truly  yours, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

kJ  ih 1 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  beg  to  hand  you  herewith  six  divisional  applications 
of  your  application  filed  in  1880  for  Improvements  in  Electric 
Railways,  will  you  kindly  sign  each  of  these  copies  in  three 
Places,  as  indicated  in  lead  pencil.  They  should  then  be  sworn  to 
by  you  before  a  Notary  Public,  who  should  affix  his  seal.  Two  wit¬ 
nesses  should  sign  at  the  end  of  each  specification,  as  indicated 
in  lead  pencil.  The  Notary  Public  may  be  one  of  the  witnesses'. 

When  these  papers  have  been  executed  by  you,  as  above, 
will  you  kindly  return  them  to  me. 

P.S.  These  are  the  identical  applications  which  you  passed  upon 
some  days  ago . 


Will  you  kindly  give  me  suoh  information  as  will  enable  me  to 
reply  to  the  attached  letter  from  Mr.  John  W.  Hinsdale. 

Yours  ve-ry  truly. 

7AA  Tcvt L 

EUvwCC,  /Urfu^v/ 


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Electric  Street  Kailway  of  Raleigh  and  the  Telephone  Company,  on 
ao count  of  ancinterference  between  them.  The  telephone  company 
wishes  an  injunction  to  prevent  the  Street  Railway  Company  from 
interfering  with  their  use  of  the  ground  as  a  return  circuit,  and 
they  claim  that  a  recent  device  or  qystgm  has  been  invented  by 
means  of  which  the  Railway  Company  ,qpp  prqy^j^  fop  a  return  cir¬ 
cuit  and  thus  avoid  the  difficulty  at  Iqss  expense  than  the  Tel-: 
ephone  Company  could  d<?  so. 

My  I  ask  that  you  will  request  your  secretary  to  give 
me  the  inforpiation  ?  desire.  I  wish  to  know  whether  there  is  such 
a  deyipe  or  system,  as  claimed  by  the  Telephone  Company  and  what  it 
is.  Also  what  other  devices  or  systems  there  are  in  use  for  this 
purpose  by  either  company,  and  their  comparative  cost. 

I  read  with  interest  your  testimony  in  the  case  of 
Peton  v.  The  Cleveland  Street  Railway  Company  and  also  your  exam¬ 
ination  before  the  Virginia  Senate  Committee. 

I  trust  you  will  pardon  my  troubling  you.  If  you  have 
no  time  to  give  me  the  information,  will  you  kindly  inform  me 
where  I  can  get  it? 




Citizens  National  Bank  Builoino,  . 

T]  A*  Edison,  kbi  k 

Thanking  you  in  advance,  I  am. 
Very  truly  yours. 

[OCTOBER  5,  1891] 

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1891.  Exhibitions  (D-91-31) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  concerning  exhibitions  in  Canada, 
Europe,  and  the  United  States.  Some  of  the  letters  pertain  to  the  Columbian 
Exhibition  scheduled  to  open  in  Chicago  in  1893.  One  item  relates  to  a 
proposal  by  Alexandre  G.  Eiffel  to  build  a  tower  there. 

All  the  documents  have  been  filmed. 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Private  Secretary, 
Orenge,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir 

Feb.  17th,  1891, 


With  this  is  a  copy  of  Mr.  Rosetti's  letter  to  Mr. 
Edison  which  we  referred  to  Mr.  Hammer,  also  a  copy  of  Mr.  Hammer's 
letter  to  me. 

We  have  paid  on  the  29th  of  Oct.  1890,  the  representative  of 
Mr.  Stiassney,  $200.  and  considered  that  ended  the  ipatter. 

There  is  no  claim  of  any  kind  which  could  be  sued  upon,  against 
T.  A.  Edison  or  the  Edison  Co.,  for  the  reason,  that  to-.  Hammer 
had  no  authority  whatever,  to  order  the  catalogues'  in  question. 

There  is  no  moral  claim  of  any  kind  for  the  reason  that  the 
catalogues  were  represented  to  Mr.  Hammer  to  be  finished  at  a 
very  much  earlier  date  than  they  were  delivered  ,  and  also  to  be 
much  more  substantial  and  better  printed  than  was  the  ease. 

I  advise  that  you  write  to  Mr..  Rosetti  stating  in  the  name  of 
Mr.  Edison,  that  you  know  nothing  whatever  about  the  matter  and 
that  in  case  of  any  claim,  the  parties  should  write  to  Mr.  W.  J. 
Hammer,  Room  533,  Temple  Court,  New  York. 




General  Manager. 




Wm.  J .  Hammer,  Consulting  &  Supervising 
Elec.  Engineer. 

New  York,  Feb.  9th,  1891. 

Francis  R.  Upton,  Esq., 

Oen'l  Manager  La up  Dept., 

Ediscn  Oen'l  Elec.  f»o., 

Harris oi,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Yours  with  enclosures  received.  I  believe  Mr. 
Rasetti  was  the  printer  and  publisher  of  the  Album  of  the  ll.ft. 
the  Paris  Exposition,  in  which  was  published  a  discript  ion  with 
cuts  and  photographs  of  the  Edison  Display  and  for  which  I  ar¬ 
ranged  with  Mr.  Stiassney,Rasetti's  Agent  (  who  was  the  only  one  I 
dealt  with)  &  for  which  it  was  agreed  they  were  to  receive  the 
sum  of  $400.00;  and  the  Edison  interests  were  to  take  50  copies 
oi  the  Album  at,  I  believe  $3  each.  Before  making  any  arrange¬ 
ment  I  cabled  to  "r.  Edison  for  instructions  and  wrote  explaining 
what  the  Album  was  to  be  who  had  taken  pages  in  it  &o.,  and  recei¬ 
ved  instructions  by  both  cable  and  letter  to  make  the  arrangement 
in  so  far  as  the  $400  was  concerned.  Subsequently  these  parties 
through  Mr.  Stiassney  agreed  to  make  some  additional  cuts  and  give 
us  seme  additional  matter;  and  as  this  was  much  to  the  advantage 
-of  the  Edis  cn  interests  I  gave  him  a  promise  that  the  Works  take 
50  copies.  I  did  not  doubt, myself  that  they  would  want  many  hun¬ 
dreds  of  them,  however,  when  the  50  copies  came  Mr  Upton 


did  not  wish  the  paper  and  :  binding  what  was  expected.  It,  cer¬ 
tainly  was  not  all  that  was  promised,  so  he  returned  the  copies  to 
StiasBney’B  American  Representative  and  after  considerable  corres¬ 
pondence  it  was  agreed  that  Stiassney’s  Representative  was  to 
accept  $200.0:0  in  settlement  of  all  claims.  Whether  this  has 
been  paid  or  not,  I  do  not  know.  If  it  has,  evidently  Stiassney 
has  not  settled  with  the  printers  in  London  (  E.P.  Rasetti  70 
Firsburry  Pavement,  London  E.O.  )  If  you  wish  my  opinion  it  is 
that  Stiassney ' s  Agent  should  be  paid  this  money,  if  he  ha  not 
already  received  it.  When  he  signs  a  release  from  further  claims 
as  I  feel  that  the  large  amount  of  work  and  expense  Stiassney  wont 
to  in  this  Album  and  the  special  figures  he  gave  the  Edison  inter o 
-osts  (  which  I  know  to  have  hem  far  better  than  other  parties 
received)  and  the  general  character  of  the  album  warrant  their 
receiving  certainly  the  $20:9.0:0.  Anyway  I  believe  the  sum  was 
promised  Mr.  Stiassney’s  Representative  in  New  York  by  Mr.  Upton, 
but  I  do  not  know  whether  it  has  been  paid  or  nojr. 

Yours  very  truly, 

(signed)  VVm.  J.  Hammer. 

P.S.  I  return  correspondence  herewith. 

vt  c.o  \-x  2crr  £-l(Ur  T}y-ic c  tn_eP 


Offizielle  Zeitung  '~'C  ~  '-’7 


International  Elektroteehnisehen  Ausstellung  Frankfurt  a.  M.  1891 

Hcrausgcgeben  unter  Mitwirkung  des 

Ausstellungsvorsiandes  und  hervorragender  Fachleute. 

Kedaktion:  Zeil  39.  —  Teleplion  No.  468. 

>,  •“  cAcnt  fifui/  a,  . 5^, \^C^...  J897. 

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A.  0.  Tate  Esq.  /  \J  &!  ' '  / 

c|o  Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq.  |  W  \  / 

Orange,  Mev/  Jersey.  U.S.AA  / 

Dear  Sir,- 

I  have  your  favor  of  the  18th  inst.  and  am  pleased  to 
know  that  the  arrangements  for  the  Phonograph  Exhibit  are  pro¬ 
gressing  as  you  state.  There  is  no  doubt  that  it  will  be  ohe  of 
the  most  interesting  features  of  the  Exhibition/  especially  to 
the  local  visitors. 



Imsg,  ,rrii  9oov  Bml  Troni 

George  H-  Hess  Comp^QEiy^, 

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Oeopge  H-  Hess  Company, 

'  -  JftaflChWWjB  "  <|!®HtipaiyteifjB  -  ^ai^4fao&w©i?<s  4 




.  63  &  65  West  Washington  Streot,  CHICAGO,  ILL. 

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63  &  65  West  Washington  Street,  CHICAGO,  ILL. 

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commendation  which  we  could  present  to  the  management  it  would 
materially  help  us  to  secure  a  good  position.  Our  contemplated 
display  will  be  more  effective  and  complete  than  has  ever  before 
been  attempted,  and  beside  a  strictly  scientific  collection,  which 
c cannot  fail  to  interest  all  mineralogists,  it  will  include  a  large 
and  showy  exhibit  which  will  be  an  attraction  to  the  general 
public,  and  a  seftion  devoted  to  American  gems  cut  and  in  the 
rough.  We  shall  spare  no  effort  to  make  it  a  great  success,  and 
in  order  to  secure  a  good  location  we  have  decided  that  Mr.  Niven 
make  a  personal  visit  to  Chicago  with  that  object  in  view.  If 
you  could  give  us  such  a  letter  we  would  be  greatly  indebted  to  you 
and  we  .are  sure  it  would  have  great  weight. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  and  hoping  you  can  favor  us  in  this 

Very  truly^yoi^g  , 

■  (Dictated  by  E.C.A. ) 


My.  dear  Hr.  Gardens:-  j  p  v  . r"‘  ^ 

I  have  an  original  idea  which  could  be 
utilized  in  connection  with  the  phonograph,  the  marvelous  invention 
of  your  genius  fellowoountryman  Kdisom 

I  suppose  that  you  have  the  honor  t'o  know  him,  and  my  idea 
shall  have  perhaps  more  chances  of  success  if  you  will  be  so  kind 
as  to  present  it  to  Mr.  Kdison. 

My  idea  is  to  institute  an  exhibition  of  wax  figures  similar 
to  those  in  the  Grevin  Museum  in  Paris,  by  which  the  most  celebrat¬ 
ed  men  could  be  represented  moving  and  speaking  bysuitable  mechan¬ 
ism  connected  with  She  phonograph. 

This  exhibition  during  the  World's  Pair  would  be  a  gret  attiB«T*-e- 
tion  and  would  certaiftly  pay.  The  Grevin  Museum  gained  $300,000. 
during  the  Centennial  Kxposition.  Many  people  would  desire  to 

see  such  a  thing  and  at  the  conclusion  of  the  exhibition  in  Chicago 
it  could  be  very  easily  transferred  to  another  greaf city.  We 
have  just  the  necessary  time  to  perform  this  work  and  I  shall  be 
very  much  obliged  to  you  if  you  will  be  so  kind  as  to  tell  me  what 
Mr.  Kdison  thinks  about  it  as^soon  as  he  will  have  told  you  his 
opinion.  I  should  be  immediately  at  his  disposition.  Should  my 
idea  be  accepted  by  Mr.  Kdison  I  do  not  suppose  that  you  could  give 
me  any  help  because  I  have  been  told  that  you  are  otoerbusy  for  the 
present.  You  can  tell  to  Mr.  Kdison  that  I  am  the  author  of  the 



Mirabeau  Statue  «»«««  ao.e  ago  by  P„.ia,„t  Same,. 

*»„  competition  to  tbe  iVen.b  a,.d,my  of  -Beau,  Art..  ,  „ 
ceived  a  golden  medal  at  the  1889  Exhibition. 

I  Give  this  latter  to  my  friend  Paulas  . 

tistic  reputation^  because^Tid^yr&ow  your  atWrefJa> 



1891.  Fort  Myers  (D-91-32) 

c  , ‘®  folder  contains  correspondence  pertaining  to  the  maintenance  of 
Edjson  s  home  and  property  at  Fort  Myers,  Florida.  Most  of  the  letters  are 
by  William  E.  Hibble,  caretaker,  and  relate  to  the  sale  and  shipment  of 
machmeiy  and  other  items  from  Fort  Myers.  One  letter  announces  the  arrival 
of  Edison  s  father,  Samuel,  and  James  Symington. 

Approximately  80  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  Routine 
Dills  and  receipts  for  supplies  and  labor  have  not  been  filmed. 

Related  documents  can  be  found  in  D-91-12  (Edison,  T.  A.  -  Family). 

9yiLjiAA>  ^6cl.  ijcu-b  -2STW}/ 

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—May-28,— 1&91-, 

Mr.  H.  A.  Parker, 

St.  Ityeite,  Fla. 

Dear  ;Sir:- 

With  reference  to  your  letter  of  13'th  instant,  Mr. 
Edison  -has  communicated  with  Mr.  Kibble  regarding  the  price  at 
Much  lie  would  be  willing  to  sell  the  engine  and  pump  referred  to, 
and  he  has  also  instructed  Mr.  Kibble  t.o  see  you  in  regard  to  the 
matter.  Mr.  Edison  is  unable  at  present  to  place  a  pripe  on  the 
other  articles  mentioned,  but  will  do  so  later. 

SU  9^ 

Private  Secretary. 



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1891.  Glenmont  (D-91-33) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  Glenmont,  Edison’s 
home  m  Llewellyn  Park.  Most  of  the  letters  are  by  Sherburne  B.  Eaton, 
Edison’s  attorney,  and  relate  to  deeds,  insurance,  and  the  transfer  of  ownership 
of  the  property  to  Edison’s  wife,  Mina  Miller  Edison. 

Approximately  80  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  payroll  accounts  for 
the  Glenmont  staff;  meeting  announcements  for  the  Llewellyn  Park 

New  York  City,  March  6th,  1891. 

Dear  Mr.  -pate:  J>j,/ 

Of  course  this  deed  was  to  fore  my  time.  I  have 
never  seen  it.  Wuat  I  want  is  an  accurate  description  of  tlio 
entire  premises  which  at  present  comprise al  1  of  Mr.  Edisonfs 
holdings  in  Llewellyn  Park.  Perhaps  the  mortgages  I  sent  you 
contain  a  full  description.  If  so,  please  send  them  anyway  or 
such  of  them  as  you  have,  for  the  above  purpose. 

Please  return  the  enclosed  letter.  >< 


J  Very  truly  yours,  .  “  " 



Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

/sdtf building) 

■-/tew  ']/#/■/&_ 


I  am  not  getting  along  very  fast  with  this  new  deed  . 
Please  send  me  the  recent  mortgages  and  no  doubt  I  can  get- the 
information  I  want  from  them.  I  mean  the  mortgages  I  paid  off  for 
you  last  year. 

If  I  do  not  find  the  information  I  want  in  them  I 
shall  send  out  to  the  County  Clerk's  Office  and  have  a  copy  made 
of  the  deed,  that  is  to  say  of  the  desa*iptive  part  of  it. 

As  matters  of  this  kind  ought  not  to  admit  of  delay 
will  you  kindly  send  me  the  mortgages  as  quickly  as  possible, 

Very  truly  yours, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 


a>F<  ■•?//„  ,^r  /l  \ EQUITABLE  BUILDING ) 

$ti  ;-  fyb\A-t  ?/  3/w/CjM pY'f'h  PA  T«0T 

/  Z/s?/ 

Tnornas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Transfer  of  Slenmont  to  Mrs.  Kdison.  I  have 
concluded  tiiat  under  the  Statutes  of  New  Jersey,  this  property  can 
not  be  transferred  directly  from  you  to  your  wife,  without  being 
subject  to  subsequent  creditors  and  to  a  possible  action  to  set  ’ 
aside  transfer  by  your  heirs  after  your  death.  The  transfer 
however  can  be  legally  made  through  a  third  party,  and  Mrs.  Edi¬ 
son  will  tnen  take  absolute  title  free  and  clear  of  all  future  con- 

If  you  approve,  I  shall  draw  a 
Mr.  Insullfor  any  other  third  party), for  a  nominal 
One  dollar,  and  shall  then  draw  deed  from  him  for  i 
tion  to  Mrs.  Edison,  llo  you  approve? 

deed  from  you  to 
consideration  of 
i  like  considers 

sonal  prope 
pacperty  th 
way  as  the 

Under  New  Jersey  law  the  transfer  of  the  per- 
rty  from  husband  to  wife  is  also  hedged  about  with  legal 
.  I  shall  ovc  -corns  them  by  tra-  sf erring  the  personal 
rough  a  thirs  party,  Mr.  Insull  for  instance,  in  the  saei 

You  may  remember  that  I  told  you  and  Mrs  Edi¬ 
son  last  Tuesday  evening  that  I  should  require  a  complete  itemized 
.list  of  all  the  personal  property  which  was  to  be  assigned  to  her. 
Such  a  list  is  necessary  under  New  Jassey  law,  and  must  be  recorded 
at  your  County  Seat.  You  suggested  that  instead  of  making  a  new 
list,  I  had  better  use  the  one  prepared  who i  you  purchased  the  pro¬ 
perty.  That  particular  list  dis  on  record  at  Newark  your  County 
over  *  five  j,®a^d°C^ment  of  35  -paSss-  Tt  dated  January  20,  1886, 

My  advice  is  that  we  do  not  rely  on  the  item¬ 
ized  list  of  property  which  was  prepared  five  years  ago  as  above- 
stated  but  that  a  new  list  be  prepared  now.  If  we  rely  on  the 
old  list,  questions  can  properly  arise  hereafter  as  to  whether 
Mrs.  Edison  has  title  to  such  new  articles  as  have  been  broup-ht  ir 

V^i liSt  0f  1886  V,as  P^paroa.  I  therefore 
vr  *  W  Vt.r  0n0e  nave  a  oomrjlete  inventory  made  of  every 

*  "S  Lrrr  PJ°l'epty  of  every  kind  whatsoever,  the  same  con- 
1  ■«*  VIE*0!  the  entlre  Property  widch  you  wish  to  transfer, 

this  inventory,  r  «h«n  «  _ _ _ 

.  n\  „  l  •  E>  entire  property  widch  you  wish  to  transfe 

U  thiS  lnvent°ry>  T  shall  prepares  a  sup  piemen  IS 

1/  ix  ^L'\r'eby  yoa  assiGn  t0  '■•rs-  Edison  through  a  third  party 

(V\J  .  /'ihe  ime  ntorv.  it  should 

A’.vjiich  you  wish  to  have 

,  —  course  articles 

s  property  should  not  be  included  in 
..elude  only  those  which  belong  to  you 

I  propose  to  have  the  transfer  of  the  real 
once  without  waiting  for  the  completion  of  the  in- 
personal  property,  and  shall  proceed  with  the  same 

estate  made  at 
vontory  of  the 
without  delay. 

•  Please  bear  in  mind  that  your  insurance  polic- 

-_are  doubtless  payable  to  you.  We  must  therefore  be  careful  to 
?th  tfl  lnSUr.e<;1  lntorest  transferred  to  Mrs.  Edison  simultaneous >  y 
,  the  execution  and  delivery  of  the  deeds.  i  assume  that  'y 
iu  have  separate  insurances  on  the  house  or  houses  and  on  the 
personal  property.  ts  that  so?  Please  send  me  list  of  the 
be  raJ!  na"‘!,  and  address  of  your  insurace  agent,  and 

ioiT+^v  k  +  11  r  Wnether  any  ono  or  mo-"e  of  the  policies  covers 

prorerty  ^irtLt'hf 6’  t0  Say  buildlnB«.  and  personal 

f  „  '  that  bG  so*  th0  transfer  of  real  property  and  per¬ 

sonal  property,  must  all  be  made  at  the  sametime. 

.  .  *n  tne  deed  from  Messrs  Arnold,  Constable  &  Co. 

..  ls  lncluded  not  only  Glenmont,  but  also  a  tract  of 

three  acres  located  on  Eagle  Ridge.  X  assume  that  this  is 
Cjihd  piece  of  land  lying  outside  of  Llewellyn  Park.  As  I 
Sand  your  instructions,  this  piece  of  land  is  not  to  be  in- 
the  deed  of  the  Homestead.  Is  that  so?  If  this  ad- 
Lece  of  land  is  also  to  go  to  Mrs.  Edison,  would  it  not 
prepare  a  separate  deed  which  covers  this  detached 

(I)  Shall  I  ase  Mr.  Insullh 
tli rough  whom  these  transfers  are  to  be  made? 

i  the  third  party 

fli  .  n  (2)  Have  you  separate  policies  for  buildings 

ana  for  personal  property  ?  ” 


(3)  Give  ms  i 
with  the  name  ad  address  of  your 

(4)  Please  prepare  a  complete  list  of  all  your 
^-Vpersonal  property  of  everything  you  wish  to  transfer,  setting  forth 
everything  in  detail,  so  as  to  avoid  all  possibility  of  dispute 
hereafter  . 

(5)  Let  us  all  bear  in  mind  that  the  insurance 
policies  are  to  be  changed  so  as  to  be  paid  to  Mrs.  Edison  sirnul 
taneously  with  the  transfer  of  the  property. 

al o  Mrs. 

(6) Is  tne  detached  real  estate  on  Ee 
Edison,  and  if  so,  shall  I  prs j>a,ri*c 

■  -  x  I  suggest  that  this  letter  be  shown  to  Mrs. 

Edison  in  order  that  shemay  understand  the  present  situation,  and 
waiting  your  reply,  I  remain 


EATON  &  LEWIS  ^^^i0«tf^lS5^(equiTABLEBlJILDING) 

#&-4.  ?//,. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  . 

Dear  Si  r: 

to  SaimiPi  m.,,11  -p  En°^ossd  Ploase  find  a  deed  from  you  and  Wife 


«-•  nzz  Lzz:rzzjsizz  irzzr  rw 

Obtained  h*rnv.  .  *  ,  tnat  Mrs*  Edlson ’■  signature  be 

obtained  before  sue*  leaves  for  fflhio,  e^ren  though  you  may  not 
have  returned  home  by  that  time.  5 

Mr  insuii  he-c  ^M11  ,10ld  thls  deod  and  not  deliver  it  to 
'/*  >”>*"'*  dims  elf 

s  srrr^w. 

pass  title  through  a  third  party.  V  necessary  to 

1  suSSest  that  you  carefully  examine  the  de¬ 
scription  Contained  in  the  deed.  It  is  taken  from  tl“  description 
contained  m  the  deed  from  Messrs  Arnold  Constable  &  Co.  to  you. 

the  rero-r.n=i  .  1  liave  already  written  you  about  transferring 

n™  inrt  P^Pfrty,  and  explaining  the  necessity  for  having  a 

new  and  complete  inventory  made.  I  have  also  written  you  about 

sent'  °J  laJtd  I?  EafilG  Ridf;e-  The  fact  that  ^u  are  ab¬ 

sent  from  home  at  T.ake  Hopatcong,  accounts  for  my  not  having  anv 
reply  as  yet  to  my  letter.  My  judgment  is  thh  we  hal  bftt^ 

Sth-r  matf^  °f  ^  real  propei’ty  without  waiting  for  these 

ot.i_i  matters.  They  can  be  attended  to  later. 

remain  H°pinfi  y°U  WiU  find  the  above  sat i sfactory , I 

»  Very  trnly  yours, 

PI  ease  excuse  printed  signature. 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,, 
Dear  Sir: 

/^5,.>^l'-(!?rt?<^'^/(EquiTABLE  BUILDING) 

ylcw  '&6-r/y  A  w ri  1  tk.  tro 

Roferring  to  your  recent  transfer  through  Mr.  In- 
sull,  of  Glenmont,  to  Mrs  Edison,  the  insurance  policies  have  all 
been  transferred  to  her.  I  have  obtained  a  complete  list  of  all 
the  policies  and  enclose  it  herewith  for  your  files  although  you 
probably  already  have  such  a  list.  It  appears  that  the  insurance 
on  the  dwelling,  bam  and  greenhouse  amounts  altogether  to  $72,500. 

Very  truly  yours, 

■  t  z  \  * 


,  /*  W'  c  V"  o  V  o  V  i,* 

"t-  17  ^  c  ;|  ,  e-.  o  ■  \ 

"v  LT  {*  V  } 

V  ) 

>\  V,  u  '  a-L 

v  ■  V  7  • -  ^  7 


Major  s.  B.  Eaton, 

#120  Br  oa  d  w'a  y 
New  York  City. 

Dear  Sir:- 

The  list  of  insurance  on  Mr.  Edison'S  residence  and 
property  in  Llewellyn  Park  enclosed  with  your.  de  tier  of  13th 
instant  is  incomplete.  The  total  insurance  is  §148,900.00,  whereas 

the  list  forwarded  to  me  by  yourself  shows  a  total  of  only  §72,5Q0. 
1  have  instructed  Mr.  Wood  to  send  you  a  copy  of  the  fit  11  list  of 


Thomas  A.  Kdison,  Esq., 
Bear  Sir: 


>  ,4/ctV  &#■/•/>  April  24.  180 T. 



,  Tie  t!’ansr9r’  of  tha  psrsohal  property  at  Glenmont , t6 
Mis  Edison,  has  been  entirely  completed,  and  the  insurance  polic-ies 
have  also  been  transferred.  TfCus ,  both  real  estate  and  personal 
property  are  now  hers,  including  insurance  policies.  Mr.  Wood 
has  promised  to  give  me  a  list  of  the  policies  on  the  personal  pro¬ 
perty,  and  I  shall  send  the  same  to  you  when  I  get  it,'  although  I 
believe  you  al  eady  have  a  list  on  file  in  your  office. 

Hoping  the  above  will  be  satisfactory ,  I  remain, 

Ve  ry  truly  yoi 

""V-*  '■  . 

t  V3 


'  'i 

- 1 

L-  / 

1891.  Mining  -  General  (D-91-34) 

,CTesP°ndence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
mining  and  ore  milling.  Included  are  numerous  inquiries  from  mine  operators 
regarding  the  application,  buying,  or  leasing  of  Edison’s  ore  processing 

SedbvEdlr,'  lC  “  a-re  by  Joh”  “  consulting  engines 

Edison^  to  evaluate  mining  properties  and  to  advise  him  on  related 

?  J  r?9-ther  l!tte^s  Pf.rtam  to  busmess  dealings  between  Walter  S.  Malloiy 
and  the  Edison  Ore  Milling  Co.,  Ltd.  y 

Approximately  80  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  inquiries 
receiving  no  significant  reply;  duplicate  copies  of  selected  items.  4 

W  0<^.  /^» .  r  ^ 


/  i  -I  V)  H . ,u 

Mr.  Thomas  A.Pdison, 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Pear  Sir:-  About  a  year  and  a  half  ago  you  expressed  to  rue  your  own  views  .con¬ 
cerning  the  desirability  of  State  and  government  geological  surveys  devoting,  more 
tine, money  and  publications  to  the  interest  of  the  mining  investigators.  You  prob¬ 
ably  are  familiar  with  the -volumes  of  mining  statistics  published  by  the  Geological 
Survey.  These  are  published  aut  of  an  appropriation  of  si  a,  OOO  per  annum.  Our 
recent  I. S. Census  appropriated  f 800,000  for  mines  and  mining.  It  is  now  .urged  and 
proposed  by  many  that  StCR, ooo  be  appropriated  for  the  department  of  mines  and  min¬ 

An  expression  from  you  addressed  to  some  congressman  that  you  know  and  forwarded 
to  Hr.  Ts vie'  T.  Pay,  IJ.S.  Geological  Survey, Washington, P.  0.,,  I  think  you  would  have  more 
or  less  influence  iri  procuring  such  an  anuiooriaticn.  There  is  no  doubt  that  a 
congressman  would  highly  appreciate  an  opinion  so  practical  as  yours  would  be.  If 
you  have  .rb*  the  time  or  inclination  to  forward  such  a  letter  to  me  I  will  see  that 
it  reaches  its  destination.  -My  only  reason  for  coming  to  you  is  as  I  said  at  the 
time  that  you  views  on  the  matter  are  so  lucid  and  practical  that  you  cannot  fail  to 
do  good. 

Trusting  that,  you  will  favor  me  with  an  early  response  I  remain, 


F. S.  If  there- is  no  senator  or  congressman  that  you  know, kindly  address  a  letter 
to  The  Honorslle  Mr.  Cannon,  Chairman  of  Appropriation  Committee,  Washington, 

P.  C. 

,  u~ 






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Philadelphia,  jant  28th.,  1891  . 

Thos.  A,  Edison  Esq.,  . 

Orange,  N.  J,  . 

Dear  Sir: -  /' 

I  am  in  receipt,  from  Mr.  W. B./Kuhhardt,  Acting  Sec'y. 
of  the  A.  I.  M.  E. ,  of -a  notification  tliat  my '  nam  e^  has  been  pre¬ 
sented  for  the  office  of  the  Preside^/  of  the  Institute,  and  stat¬ 
ing  "that  this  nomination  has  beer/ very  widely  and  very  tho.roi^gh- 
ly  seconded  by  letters  which  haveibeen  deceived  from  all  parts  of 
the  corntry."  Understanding; 

3/that  yo  u 

are  among  those  who  have 

thus  kindly  honored  me,  I  desire  to  express  my  thanks,  and  to 
assure  you  that,  if  elected,/  I  will  endeavor  to  merit  a  contin¬ 
uance.  of  the  confidence  this  action  has  exhibited. 

Yours  respectfully, 

. . 


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New  York,  if,  Y.  February  3,  1891. 

My  Dear  Wizard: 

Nickel  properties  are  getting  a;  plentiful  as 
blackberries,  we  shall  have  plenty  of  that  material.*' a  'ittle  of 
it  goes  a  great  way.  We  shall  know  all  about  it  b,f  re  long. 

It  certainly  does  seem  to  give  remarkable  properties  to  steel; 
b“t  except  for  armor-plate,  the  extra  cost  is  an  obstacle  to  its 
use;  about  four  cents  per  pound.  This  is  more  than  steel  itself 
costs;  but  perhaps  you  will  discover  a  means  of  reducing  the  cost. 
With  best  wishes, 

Yours  very  truly, 

Thomas  A.  Edson,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  J. 

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Orange,  New  Jersey. 

March  18,1891. 

Dear  Sir:-  Many  thanks  for  your  .esteemed -favor  .of  the  loth -inst. expressing 
your  views  in  regard  to  a  fifty  thousand  dollar  appropriation  :for.  the  department 

Unfortunately  Congress  has  adjourned  and  as  on  former 

•of  mines  and  mining. 

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Michigamme,  Mich., .  189 


. Sheets.  No . 

Philadelphia,  March  21st,  1891 . 

T*  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 
My  dear  sir:- 

This  toil  1  introduce  to  , you  Mr.  J.  G.  Fowle, 

Superintendent  of  the  Mi chtgmme  Mines,  in  Michigan,  who  has 

been  operating  the  Wenstron  and  Buchanan  separators  at  his 
mines,  and  has  become  interested  in  the  problem  of  magnetic 
iron  ore  concentration.  I  believe  a  mutual  acquaintance 
may  be  of  advantage,  and  hence  write  this  letter. 

You  will  remember  the  fact  that,  some  time  ago,  I 
spoke  to  you  about  Mr.  Fowle  in  connection  with  (^manage¬ 
ment  a$>some  of  your  mining  enterprises. 

^  ,  V'  ~~\ 

^  P*  1  x"  ' — j  _ 

^  i  \  —i 

■  f  AC 

Yours  respectfully, 

C  t. 


Jftduwl  of  |pjws,  ©otofe  ®olktjo. 

Corner  4Dtii  Street  &  4th  Avenue. 

laboratory  a  grinder  for  reducing  materi¬ 
als  to  be  analyzed  which  is  very  effectiv< 

I  should  like  to  know  whether  this  grind¬ 
er  can  be  purchased,  and,  if  so,  at  what 
price  I  can  procure  it. 

There  are  three  grinders  of  different 
patterns  in  use,  one  made  at  the  Cambria 
Iron  Works,  one  at  the  Bethlehem  Iron 
Works,  and  yours,  of  which  I  have  heard, 
and  I  am  anxious  to  secure  the  best  one* 

Yours  truly, 

ikon  and  steel  works 

•d/ttw-n.,  JT*  cf’j 

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^  ®“Pt*  Metallurgical  Dept.  i 

V  '  *•.  I  rl  S 

'  %  0  l 

i  V*  ,  •  ,  7) 

/  ^  V  A  ..  \  -  i  ^  >  :# 

I r"j.  r.  0  ■% 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  ,T. 

My  Dear  Friend: 

/  C_  o  ,  *  ' 

V.  C  l  . '  '  ,  ‘  \ 

In  your  letter  to  me  of  November  7,  1889,  you  said  you  had  am 
instrument  designed  by  your  assistant  Mr.  Konnelly,  for  the  purpose 
of  locating  magnetic  iron  ore,  and  which  worked  excellently,  have 
you  such  instrument  for  sale?  If  so,  please  name  the  price.  I 
want  one. 

If  they  are  not  for  sale,  and  the  method  of  making  the  in¬ 
strument  is  not  secret,  I  would  very  much  like  to  have  a  descrip¬ 
tion  of  it. 

Recently  they  have  been  using  in  Norway  and  Sweden  an  appli¬ 
ance  called  the"Tiberg  instrument."  I  have  used  my  best  endeavors 
to  secure  the  article,  and  have  failed  in  every  attempt.  If  you 
have  one,  or  know  where  one  can  be  purchased,  I  will  be  under  many 
obligations,  if  you  will  give  me  sane  light  on  the  subject. 

I  have  brought  to  light  a  variety  of  rare  minerals;  and  if  at 

usualiveauo^rev1d!,Sir0US,  °f  securinG  a»y  variety  of  mineral  not 
can  J*!!0!  ^Ve  Wha?  1  b6lieve  t0  be  the  ^gest  variety  of  Ameri- 

sis”  ?.™s  r,i°az 

V/ith  very  kind  personal  remembrances,  I  remain 

.Philadelphia,  Api*U  Hi-  1891. 

T,  An  Mixon 

Orialgg;  Us, 

the  testa  md  if  you  would  like  to  visit  the  property  and  see 
fiat  we  are  doing,  I  would  be  delighted  to  have  you  do  so  and 
T  can  surej  Messrs.  V,,  S.  &  Go.,  will  extend#  cordial  wejtom 
for  you. 

. Sheets. 


T.  A »  E.  3 

I?  1  render  you  any  assistance  in  the  devel¬ 
opment  of  your  Putnam  County  property #  please  call  W  thH 
Trusting  th  is  finds  you  well ,  I  am  ' 

Yours  respbcfyuily, 

.  *  ,+  # 

in  securing  for  him  one  or  moro  rare  minerals, — especially  if  he 
catitinuo3  in  the  line  of  investigation  which  lie  had  taken  up  when 
I  last  mot  him. 

Faithful. ly  yours, 





Mr.- W. A.- Tate  Secretary 
Edison  Laboratory 
Orange  N.;-J.- 
Dear  Sir.--- 

Your  favor  of  the  nth  Inst;  I.  reed.- and  thank  you:  for  the  sates.-. I  am 
glad  to-  know,  that" Mr.-  Edison-  has  taken-  up  the  question-,  of  separating  the  Metallic 
Iron  . from  the  Bessemer  Converter  slag,  and  ate;: confident  that  he  will  make  It  a 
success.  ..In-  my  mind  the-,  greatest,-:  difficulty:  does  not;  exist  in-  the  separation-  of  the 
metal,  but  in-  the  reduction  of  the  material,  to-  the  .proper  degree  of  ;flneness  to-  lib¬ 
erate  the  smallest  tears  of  metal.  ..Yesterday  ;L  visited  a  plant  at:  Pittsburg  where 
they  are  using  a'Wenstronr  separator.-  They- aim; at:  reducing:  the -slag  to- .fineness  In  an- 
ordlnary : tumbling; barrel,  and  pass  only  that  which  passes  through  the  slots  :over . the 
separator.-  This'  appeared  all- right:  for  the  separation  of .  the  smaller  parts,  .but:  the 
magnetic  attraction  was  not:  strong  enough,  to- hold  the  very  heavy  ipleces  of  metal  on 
the  drum; long 'enough-.  In-.; consequence  of  which  they  dropped-  off  too-  soon,  and  ware 
wasted  with-  the;gahgue.-. 

-.I.  have: given-  the  separation  of  the.  Metalilc  Iron  from;  Converter  slag  some  atten¬ 
tion;  and:  wish  the  . distance  "between-  us  was  not.-  so:  great  so  that  ;.I;. could  have  a  person¬ 
al  Interview,  with  .you  .on  the  subject. - 

About:  when  do  :you  think  you  would  have  your  plans  .for  the  .Penna.- Sticel  Cos.- 
iplant  ready?.. We  are  In-  a’. great;: hurry  .for  .ours,  and  :.I,  thought;  It  mlght.vbe  possible 
that. we  might  arrange  .wlth  you:  to- have.;our.  machinery  made:  at;  the  same  time  you-  make 
that  of  the ; Penna-.-: Steel  Cq-,  •  If-- you-  decide:  to--,  do-:  so-.: 

■Very- truly  .yours,  /  ^  - - ~-4  • 

sdpt.  Metallurgical  Dept. 

44-  ic^(ED 

Nsv^  York  City,  April  30,  1801. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir: 

..  ..  Re  Pl’°P°sed  New  Contract  between  Ore  Milling  Company 
and  Mr.  Mallory.  You  may  remember  that  you  instructed  me  to  pre¬ 
pare  a  fresh  agreement,  to  take  the  place  of  the  old  one  between 
the  same  parties,  dated  July  221,1880.  I  have  done  so,  and  send 
two  copies  herewith,  with  the  following  explanations: 

.  .  (I)  The  new  agreement  is  without  date,  aid  there  is 
no  provision  for  the  payment  of  any  royalties  prior  to  the  date  to 
be  inserted,  that  is  to  say  the  theory  is  that  the  old  contract 
will  be  cancelled  when  this  is  executed  and  that  no  demand  for 
royalties  will  be  made  as  regards  any  concentrate  prior  to  the 
date  which  may  ultimately  be  inserted  in  this  new  agreement. 

(2)  The  rate  of  royalty  under  Mr.  Mallory's  old 
contract  is  15  cents.  Under  this  new  one  it  is  25  cents. 

.  (3)  The  old  contract  was  for  three  States,  Michigan, 

Wisconsin  and  Minnesota.  This  new  contract  is  for  the  State  of 
Michigan  alone. 

U)  A  formal  release  should  be  drawn  cancelling  the 
old  contract  with  Mr  Mallory,  because  it  covers  three'  States. 
Moreover,  a  release  would  put  an  end  to  any  possible  claim  here¬ 
after  by  either  party  against  the  other.  I  advise  that  simultan¬ 
eously  with  the  execution  of  the  new  contract,  releases  be  executed 
touching  the  old  one.  I  now  enclose  duplicate  copies  of  the  requi¬ 
site  form  of  release. 

(5)  The  minnimum  guaranteed  aggregate  payments  are 
provided  for  in  the  fourth  section  of  the  new  contract  page  5. 
Blanks  are  left  for  you  to  fill  in.  In  the  old  Mallory  contract 
the  guarantee  was  by  tong,  but  in  this  new  one  I  have  followed  the 
precedent  established  in  your  own  contrapt,  and  generally  speaking 

31  T«Qn'V  :°?!ra0t  l8  !/a°  Simile  of  your  saidov^i  contract  of  May 
31,1890,  relating  to  Six  counties  in  New  York  State. 

(6)  Please  road  particularly  the  fifth  section  which  re¬ 
quires  Mr.  wallary  to  invest  $2,000  in  mills  within  two  years. 

(7)  There  is  no  provision  permitting  Mr.  Mallory  to 
assign  this  contract,  but  he  has  the  right  to  -rant  sub-licenses 
for  the  whole  or  any  part  of  the  territory.  In  that  respect  the 
contract  corresponds  with  your  own. 

Please  remember  that  this  contract  should  be  approved  by 
the  Board  of  the  Ore  Milling  Company  after  it  is  made  satisfactory 
o  you  and  Mr,  Mallory,  As  I  understand  it,  it  is  not  yet  approved 
of  by  the  said  Board.  The  enclosed  release  should  also  be  ap¬ 
proved  at  the  sametime. 

Very  truly  yours, 

.  hhi 

iiaU  -i —  — ^  >  yp — '  — rr - **■ 

v  <^-e- — <_  /  A — ‘  _ _ 

(°n,  o_g  / 

Prr  r~ft~~ ,  JT—  J'  TZT-J*M*J 

r .  ■ 

Philadelphia,  May  11th,  1891. 

T.  A.  Edison  Esq. , 

Orange  ,  N.  J. 
Dear  Sir 

I  take  pleasure  in  introducing  to  you  Mr.  J.  a. 
Fowle,  who  has  been  managing  the  Miohigamme  Mine  and  while 
there,  has  done  considerable  work  in  produciTig  concentrates. 
Hoping  that  you  will  be  able,  by  an  interview  with  him, 
to  obtain  some  points  of  interest  in  regard  to  concentration ^ 
in  the  Lake  Superior  region  as  well  as  to  the  existencTof^ 
iron  ore  deposits  in  that  section,  - 1  am 

;  Yours  respectfully, 


A^v_o  s 

. •'  \ 

Sheets.  No. _ _ _ 

Philadelphia,  June  8th. ,  1891. 

T.  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  <7. 

Dear  Sir:~ 

I  had  a  call  from  Prof. y Green  to-day,  who  is  an¬ 
xious  to  see  if  a  good  separation  could  be  obtained  from  py¬ 
rolusite  carrying  from  6  to  10  per  cent  of  iron.  What  he 
desires  is  to  get  the  practically  pure  pyrolusite  with  not 
over  ly^  ofl  per  cent  of  iron,  and  the  iron  which  is  carried 
away  would  not  be  injured  if  some  manganese  went  with  it. 

As  I  understand  it,  they  take  the  pyrolusite,  treat  it  in 
reducing  flame,  crush  it  to  from  60  to  100  mesh ,  and  from 
this  they  wish  the  separation  made.  I  told  him  that  I  be¬ 
lieved  you  could  separate  that  product  very  completely  for 
him  and  advised  him  to  communicate  with  you. 

I  shall  be  ready  almost  any  time  that  suits  your 
convenience  now  to  make  the  visit  to  the  Ogden  Mine  which 
you  suggested,  and  will  be  glad  if  you  wifi  com, tunicate  your 
wishes  to  me. 


TOOKE  STRAKER,  Mnnagcr, 


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:  H.».  s 

Memorandum  from  MR. TATE  to  MAJOR  EATON. 

Referring  to  the  a  taehed  from  Mr. Dyer  aid  Mr. Chandler, 
can  you  give  me  any  information  that  will  enable  me  to  reidy  to 
Mr. Dyer? 


New  York,. 


3  6  WALL  S  TREE  I, 


My  dear  Dyers 

ivn  „„  <  x,1  VU?d8rstand  Mr’  Edison  is  getting  control  of  certain 

th!  NaW  1  believe  he  has  a  process  for  extracting 

the  impurities  in  the  ore;  thereby  making  it  desirable  to  mine  low 
grade  ores,  or  certain  cl asse|  of  ore.  A  client  of  mine  has  a 
claim  against  a  man  by/ the  name  of  De  Camp.-  William  H.  De  Cann,  of 
City,  whose  wife,  Phebe  De  Camp,  ow|s  some  150  acres-  ^iand 
in  the  township  of  Sparta,  Suasex  County,  N.  J. ,.  which  Mr.  De  Canro 
represents  to  us  he  is  trying  to  sell  Mr.  Edison,  or  his  company/ 
through  a. Mr.  Alexander  Elliott  of  Patterson,  N.  J.  Mr.  DeCanm 
has  promised  to  pay  me  the  amount  of  my  client's  claim  as  soon  as 
this  land  of  his  wife's  is  bought  by  Mr.  Edison's  Company. 

afk6d  EaJton  &  Le,ri8  t0  advise  me  when  this  sale  takes 
place, but-  -they  have  written  me  they  have  nothing  to  do  with  the 
matter  and  know  nothing  about  it.  Perhaps  yon  do,  or  if  not.  can 
tell  me  to  what  lawyer  1  must  apply  for  this  information. 

' 1  kav®,1?Bard  a  great  mny  nice  things  said  about  your  argu- 

mav  "  0886  beft>re  Judge  WallaC0-  1  greatly  hope  you 

may  meet  with  success.  * 

Yours,  tnily, 

£  flLfJtL 






Philadelphia,.  August  sen  J80J 

T^A. Edison, 

Orange,  H.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

You  will  note  that  on  the  postal  card  ann0unctng 
the  meeting  of  the  American  Institute  of  Mining  Engineers , 
at  Glen  Summit,  October  6th,  it  is  proposed  to  discuss  the 
Commercial  uses  of  Concentrated  iron  ore  -  Will  you  be  pre¬ 
pared  to  contribute  to  this  discussion,  either  in  writing  or 
verbally?  it  to  me  is  a  very  important  subject  for  our 

Eastern  blast  furnaces  ana  many  mines  of  magnetite,  and  I 
should  libe  to  see  the  topic  thoroughly  considered. 

f Personal)  Philadelphia,  August  5  th  1891* 

Mr. A.  Edison, 

Orange,  jr.j. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Yesterday  I  net  Mr.G.M.DaU,  who  you  know  is  the- 
Joint  inventor  with  Mr. S, Norton  of  what  is  known  as  the 
Monarch  Separator »  and  who  also  vlatxts  originality  %n  the  use 
of  alternate  polarity  in  Magna  do  separators .  He  gape  me  the 
following  as  copy  of  claims  which  had  been  allowed  him  in  the 
Patent  office,  and  as  it  was  not  given  me  in  confidence ,  or 
with  any  restricted,  I  send  it  to  you,  as  in  View  of  the 
experiments  made  at  your  labratory  of  whtdh  J  have  cognizance 
and  also  which  were  publicly  describe^  I  cm  at  a  loss  to 
know  how  such  claims  can  be  allowed,  or  if  they  are  allowed. 
What  basis  the  patentee  would  have  in  attempting  to  protect 
them . 

I  have  not  forgotten  my  promise  to  you  to  give  you  a 

list  of  Magnetic  iron  ore  mines,  and  you -  must  blame  the  public 
printer  rather  than  myself,  for  until  my  data  prepared  for 
the  Census  i9  issued,  I  cm  not  at  liberty  to  Use  ut* 


. . Sheets.  No, . . 

Case  C 
Claims  as  allowed. 

An  ore  separator  comprising  a  rotary  screen  in  a 
magnetic  field,  means  for  passing  the  ore  to  the  screen,  and 
means  for  varying  the  strength  of  the  field . 

An  ore  separator  comprising  a  series  of  rotary  screens 
in  successive  magnetic  fields,  means  for  imparting  different 
speeds  to  the  successive  screens,  means  for  feeding  the  ore  to 
the  screens  in  succession,  and  means  for  varying  the  strength 
of  the  magnetic  fields,  as  and  for  the  purpose  described. 

The  method  of  separating  magnetic  ore  from  its  impuri  tiees 
which  consists  first  in  crushing  the  ore,  then  magnetically 
separating  the  mass  into  three  grades,  tailings,  middlings, 
and  concentrate,  varying  in  the  quantity  of  iron  contained, 
then  recrushing  the  middlings  which  contain  a  percentage  of  ittop 
to  mechanically  dissociate  the  iron  from  the  adherent  gangue, 
and  then  magnetically  withdrawing  the  iron  from  the  recrushed 





J/O  GbfXjf'i\ 

no  ./£, 



Received,  from  THE  VARIETY  IRON  WORKS  CO. 

by  the....  _ I . R.  Co. 

to^rte^tlnVuoij?  tf*on jta roft^I'ormliprw'l^t^tho r^nc'oo^i'u^road'whL'roR^i'mo'la^o {jQtdel|rTorcif’lo1Cft{Iy*)conlnccM'ii*!r  carrier 
nod  there  delivered  to  the  consignee  or  to  such  connecting  cftrrlcr,  subject  to  terms  nud  conditions  on  back  hereof. 

Rate  J'-lSz.  1 to  '  ‘.SlytL" . . 


. .  (e'£r,  d 

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CC  (/X  'sdS.ct'yi&f"  L'O?  /•  t. •  iri+g.-CsiS 


posed  contracts 
for  execution. 

Have  you  any  further  change  to  make  in  this  pro- 
If  not,  I  shall  go  ahead  and  prepare  clean  copies 


W.  S.  Mallory  &  Co. 

Iron  and  Steel  Boiler  Plates,  Qx>^***' 

'htr*.  A, 

. 12 


^Warehouses:  7,  9.i^2,14,  4  1  e 

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W.  S.  Mallory  &  Co. 

Iron  and  Steel  Boiler  Plates, 




W.  RANDOLPH  ST.  WAREHOUSES:  7,  9,  10,  1 2,  14,  4  16  W.  RAN  DOLPH  ST. 

V^CSr<j-  ' 

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v/ltcUr&W/ &. 

— Aug ...  2a,_I8&I . 

W.S.  Mallory,  Esq., 

Mo.  7  West  Randolph  Street, 

Chicago,  Ill, 

Dear  Sirj 

v  Re  Edison  Ore  Milling  Co:  License  for  Mi  chi pan. 

Your  favor  of  the  25th  inst.  reached  me  duly.  When  you  left  the 
draft  of  contract  with  me  on  the  24th,  you  said  yoS  would  seo  Mr 
ehanpp  ^  ^ayand  then  tela  me  whether  there  were  anv  fiirthar 

,  rs  xx  s:- ,  ss:  ■**  ■»*  - 

have  written  Mr.  Edison  asking  him  the  question.  I  now  put  the 

*°  ?»”•  I  *»  ™,d,.  to  finish  w  Hsi  hours 

notice,  and  am  only  waiting  to  be  told  whether  you  wish  an”  fur- 

shown0™"^!!  T  ’  t+at.  't0  say  TOy  ohanges  in  addition  to  those 
shown  on  the  document  which  you  gave  me  on  Monday. 

_  Kindly  facilitate  this  matter  s 

off  my  hands,  and  oblige. 

that  I  can  get  it 


SEP  19  lfliT  ' 

A ns'dJj^iL2J^LJ8  f  / 

Ct£r*  &;  (Sttt^rx,  &y~y 

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^r  i/\^~  CLo  oy^_ 

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( 0  h\  ' 

Edison  Building,  Broad  St., 

New  York  City. 

Dear  Sir:- 

V/ith  reference  to  your  letter  of  18th  instant,  it  is 
Mr.  Samuel  G.  Bum  whom  Mr.  Edison  desires  to  examine  the  Catoctin 
Mine,  and  ha  is  to  males  the  examination  as  soon  as  he  finishes  "the 
work  upon  which  lie  is  now  engaged.  I  have  been  unable  to  ascer¬ 
tain  when  Mr.  Bum  is  likely  to  return  to  the  Laboratory,  but  I 
have  reason  to  believe  that  he  will  do  so  before  a  great  while. 

I  will  oomnunicate  with  you  before  Mr.  Bum  leaves  for  Maryland 
to  examine  this  property,  so  that  you  cah  arrange  for  his  accomno- 
dation  upon  his  arrival,  there'. 

Yours  very  truly. 


WM.  CULLY  FORD.  Proprietor. 


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OCT  1  -  1801  FMladulpma,  Saptmbei'  30  th  ttiOt. 

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jfnS'j  1/ 


l'honas  Me  Guiro  ,  Esq., 

Edison's  Laboratory  , 
Orango  ,  H.J. 
hoar  Sir 


OCT  1  -  1801  Q 

I  liand  you  her owith,  original  lottor  from  Mr  In¬ 

still  datod  San  Erancisco  ,  September  22nd  .  I  wish  you  would  show 
this  to  Mr  Edison  and  got  mo  a  roply  to  it  without  delay  . 

EBIS0N  LAB0RAT0RY.  /W.  fiSYr 

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Incorporated  Jan’y  aq.  i8qr. 
Fully  Paid  Capital, $635, ooc 

I  1/T  ’I^/V^ENTINE  IJ^ON  GOMPflNl 

Jjt/V  Manufacturers  of  "Nittany"  Piu  Iron  ai 

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)><(  v  A  Great  Newspaper.  •, 

y/  This  was*  tbo  verdict  of  tho  people  and  tho 





Professor  Kimball  Arrived  in 
Denver  with  His  Wonderful 
Invention  Last  Night. 

He  Located  Some  Valu¬ 
able  Bodies  of  Ore  in  ' 
Boulder  County. 

In  No  Instance  DM  the  Little  Machine  Fall 
to  Point  Direct  Toward  the 
Precious  Metal. 

Two  Piles  of  Silver  Hidden  in  a 
Room — The  Professor  Locates 
Both  in  a  ’Moment,*' 

Severe  Tests  Were  Made,  But  the 
Electrical  Wonder  Was  Right 
in  Every  Case. 

bio  depth  ami  richness. 

On  a  lissuro  vein  ho  cannot  always  tell 
ust  how  deep  ho  must  go.  Ono  o£  tho  pc- 
uliar  properties  of  his  instrument  is  tho 
ust  that  it  will  only  indicate  tho  largest  or 
Ichcst  body  of  mineral. 

For  Instance,  the  Indicator  is  held  direct¬ 
ly  over  a  body  of  ore.  It  points  downward, 
upposing  tho  vein  to  bo  on  a^hlo  hill,  llio 
istrmnent  is  carried  down-  tilo&htll,  and 
'ill  continue  to  point  directly  at  tho  point 
•hero  tho  richest  oro  is,  that  offering  tho 
rentest  attraction.  It  may  bo  n  pocket, 
r  tiioro  may  bo  good  oro  within  a  few  feet 
t  tho  surfucb,  but  tho  indicator  only  points 
» tho  spot  wliero  the  richest  oro  Is. 

mitteo  oh 


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Dear  Sir: 

I  have  recently  returned 
from  Japan,  where  I  heard  that,  you  had  a 
process  for  the  treatment  of  copper  ores 
directly  from  the  ore.  I  should  be  clad 
to  know  something  about  this  method,  as  I 
am  consulted  about  these  methods  both  here 
and  in  Japan. 

.  76?/ 

Yours  truly, 


-SmmciTT.:  CREAMERY  perfection' 

Address,  H.  E.  BARDEN,  Middle  Granville,  N.  Y. 

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The  Florida.  Phosphate  Industry. 


OCRLR ,  FLORIOR,  U.  S,  R„  October  1st.  1BB1. 

Your  Committee  appointed  by  the  representatives  of  the  various  Companies  en¬ 
gaged  in  the  Phosphate  buisness  in  Florida,  in  mass  meeting  assembled,  respectfully 
submit  the  following  report : 

FIRST— In  view  of  the  magnitude  and  great  importance  to  the  commercial  and 
agricultural  world  of  the  recently  discovered  and  rapidly  developing  deposits  of  phos- 
phatic  material  in  Florida,  and  the  greatly  exaggerated  reports  that  have  been  scat¬ 
tered  throughout  Europe  as  to  its  extent,  character  and  commercial  value  (which 
have  had  a  tendency  to  depress  the.  market  for  such  material  and  which  can  but  result 
in  crippling  the  industry  and  injuring  alike  producer  and  consumer  of  the  material), 
and  in  order  •  that  these  evils  may  be  corrected  and  the  truth  made  known  that  the 
civilized  world  may  have  the  benefits  of  one  of  the  richest  of  nature's  resources 
and  this  industry  be  made  profitable  to  those  who  are  engaged  in  mining,  manufac¬ 
turing  and  consuming  it;  so  be  it 

RESOL  YBD,  That  we  cordially  invite  and  earnestly  request  that  all  organized 
Companies  and  individuals  actually  and  legitimately  engaged  in  mining,  or  who  will 
commence  mining  on  or  before  the  date  designated  for  the  meeting,  and  producing  for 
market  phosphate  rock  in  Florida,  to  select  at  least  one  representative  of  each  of  their 
respective  Companies,  as  a  delegate,  to  meet  with  all  other  similarly  selected  delegates 
in  a  business  meeting  to  be  held  at  Ccala,  Florida,  on  Thursday  Hovember  19th,  1891, 
at  2  o’clock  P.  M„  at  Armory  Hall,  for  the  purpose  of  considering  the  advisability  of 
combining  or  organzing  for  such  concert  of  action  as  they  may  deem  expedient  and 
practicable,  with  a  view  of  regulating  the  output  of  Florida  phosphate  material,  and 
such  other  proceedings  as  will  be  conducive  to  their  interests.  Be  it  further 

RESOL  YBD,  That  a  committee  of  not  less  than  three  experienced  business  men 
be  appointed  by  the  meeting,  who  shall  ascertain  by  the  personal  inspection  of  a  com¬ 
petent  and  reliable  expert  in  such  matters  the  quantity  and  quality  of  the  present 
available  supply  of  phosphate  rock  at  the  several  mines  in  Florida  and  the  capacity 
and  facilities  for  producing  future  supplies  for  the  markets,  by  the  different  jnining 
companies  and  indivduals  now  operating  in  this  State;  also  to  ascertain  th.e- 'present 
supply  and  demand  of  such  material  in  the  markets  of  the  world;  and  make'd  complete 
report  of  same  to  the  delegates  at  the  meeting  to  be  held  at  Ocala,  Hov.,  19th,  1891. 


JITO.  F.  DUHH,  Chairman. 


R.  G.  WRIGHT, 

CECIL  Y.  BUTT,  Secretary. 


The  foregoing  resolution  was  adopted  hy  the  Convention  as  the  basis  of  action. 

Being  vested  with  the  authority  by  the  Convention,  the  chair  has  appointed  the 
following  committees : 

Committee  on  Information,  Data  and  Statistics,  to  be  furnished  to  the  meeting  of 
delegates  at  Ocala,  November  19th :  J.  T.  Lancaster,  J,  C.  A.  Sutor.  W.  R.  King. 
This  committee  is  hereby  empowered  to  increase  its  number  if  deemed  necessary  in 
the  thorough  execution  of  its  mission.  It  will  materially  aid  the  committee  in  its 
labor  if  those  interested  in  the  Phosphate  industry ;  those  familiar  with  any  fact  in¬ 
accessible  ;  those  desiring  to  furnish  the  result  of  observation  or  experience,  will  con¬ 
fer  a  great  favor  on  the  committee  by  sending  such  information  to  J.  T.  LANCAS¬ 
TER,  Chairman,  Ocala,  Fla. 

Committee  on  Plan  and  Character  of  Organisation  or  Combination,  to  be  submit-' 
ted  to  the  meeting  of  delegates  on  the  19th  of  November :  Jno.  F,  Dunn,  Chairman ; 
Dr.  Y.  M.  Metcalfe,  J.  I.  Munoz,  M.  F.  Simmons,  M.  C.  Rerdell. 


Attest:  Chairman. 

J.  S.  FRAZER. 

Secretary.  . 

W.  S.  Mallory  &,  Co. 

TANKAND  Iron  and  Steel  Boiler  Plates, 




office:  7  w.  Randolph  St.  warehouses:  7,9,10,12, 


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ptinin0  anfc  gttmesftment  gtyniri 

DEC  MS  1891  t 
JS'CETirU  li^ 

St.  Paul,  Minn.  December  81  st,  1891 

CENTS/' I.  ni-T'-’-r 

EDISON  GEN'l  EL  CC i  fllC  CO. 


^  DEC  8  8  1891  ^  fl 

Ohlo.Bo,  - - 

Gentleman:  /IfIS  “-/v  » 

I  understand  flftat  you  have  recently  perfected  a  pro¬ 
cess  of  ore  concentration  by  electricity.  if  my  information  is 
correct,  I  should  be  pleased  to  enter  into  communication  with  you 
with  a  view  to  receiving  bids  from  you  for  the  erection  of  a  con¬ 
centrator  in  Montana.  An  early  reply  will  oblige’. 

N.P. Railroad  Company, 

St.. Paul,  Minn. 


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I  '  . 

1891.  Mining  -  Edison  Iron  Concentrating  Company  (D-91-35) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to 
the  business  of  the  Edison  Iron  Concentrating  Co.  Most  of  the  letters  are  by 
Walter  S.  Mallory,  secretary-treasurer  and  general  manager.  Some  of  the 
documents  relate  to  a  visit  by  Ira  Miller,  Lewis  Miller,  and  Mallory  to  the 
Ogden  mill.  There  is  also  correspondence  regarding  the  purchase  of  ore 
property  in  the  West  and  the  acquisition  of  new  crushing  machineiy  for  the 
Ogden  ore  milling  plant. 

Approximately  70  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 
correspondence  about  meetings;  letters  of  transmittal  and  acknowledgement; 
documents  that  duplicate  information  in  selected  documents. 

January  9th,  1891, 

A,  0,  Tate,  Esq., 

Care  Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J, 

My  Bear  Mr.  Tate: —  / 

I  telegraphed  you  thi  s/moming,  stating  that  Mr.  Lewis 
Miller,  Ira  Miller  and  the  wri/er  were  talking  about  going  East, 
and  that  while  there  would  ^'ike  to  see  the  Ogden  mill  in  operation, 
and  asked  you  if  it  had  smarted  yet,  and  if  not  when  it  would,  and 
have  ycur  reply,  stating  that  Ogden  mill  will  not  start  until 
about  February  lOth/for  which  kindly  accept  my  thanks.  This 
ome  difference  about  our  going, 
itfing  you  for  prompt  reply,  I  am, 

Yours  truly. 

Will  you  kindly  advise  me  whether  the  belt  machine  at 
the  laboratory  is  still  in  running  condition.  I  have  some  new  ore 
which  would  like  tested  on  the  machine  itBelf,  and  if  the  machine 
is  the  same  as  it  was  when  I  last  saw  it,  will  have  the  ore  shipped 
to  the  Laboratory  for  trial. 


Please  telegraph  reply,  and  oblige, 
Yours  very  truly 


H01L1311  T3T.3533S, 

OFFICE  :  (  7W^TX0TU’,,  WAREhVuSESi  { 

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•'  The  Edison  Iron  Concentrating  Co, 

Chicago  office,  7  west  Randolph  St, 

<7  ~  ' 

<rY^  L,  -*  ^  v 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  V' 

%  0 

Orange,  N.  J, 

My  Dear  Sir:  — 

.  M.ay....2Qth,...lS93,.. . Sff . 

$44*  >  9'9/^y  a  'W^ 

You  will  rementoer  while  on  the  trip  I  8p0ke  to  you 
about  a  new  set  of  crushing  rolls  that  are  being  gotten  up.  I 
herewith  enclose  You  blue-prints  of  same,  which  will  explain  the 
matter.  I  also  enclose  herewith  letter  in  regard  to  same.  And  in 
another  letter  from  the  parties  they  say  that  they  are  having  a 
lot  of  sample  laboratory  machines  made,  which  they  will  have  out 
in  the  course  of  two  or  three  weeks,  and  offer,  if  we  so  desire,  to 
send  us  one  of  these  for  experimental  work.  Shall  I  accept  their 
offer  and  send  the  model  to  you  at  the  laboratory  so  you  can  see 
what  they  are?  The  points  they  claim  ibr  it  is  the  small  ancunt 
of  power;  the  great  capacity,  and  the  great  of  the  machine. 

On  a  large  machine  there  would  be  anywhere  from  14  to  30  different 
faces  where  it  ^SS^together  on  the  rolls,  and  when  the  rolls 
are  once  worn  a  new  face  can  be  brought  and  when  allvthe  f^es 
are  gone  the  rolls  can  be  taken  out  and  cut  again.  They  have 
facilities  for  doing  this.  The  rolls  make  from  900  to  1000 
per  minute  J-awd  I  sent  them  some  little  time  ago  a  lot  of  our 
Humbo!dt  hard  ore,  which  they  put  through  the  machine  once,  and 
it^came  out  finer  than  40  mesh.  Of  course,  I  realize  how  you  feel 

The  Edison  Iron  Concentrating  Co, 

Chicago  Office,  7  West  Randolph  St. 



about  these  new  machines,  and  that  we  hardly  want  to  bother  with 
them;  still  as  a  matter  of  information  as  to  what  is  going  on,  I 
concluded  to  present  the  matter  to  you. 

Kindly  let  me  know  whether  you  would  want  the  machine 
sent  down  or  not. 

Very  tiuly  yours. 


St.  Paul,  Minn.  May  19th,  1891 . 

Mr.  W.  S.  Mallory, 

Chicago,  Ill. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Enclosed  heroin  please  find  blue  prints  of  the  new  roll 
which  please  look  through  carefully  and  it  might  be  vfell  to  mail 
these  to  Mr.  Edison.  I  am  open  for  any  remarks  concerning  this 
roll.  This  blue  print  is  of  a  small  machine  for  laboratory  work, 
and  you  will  notice  has  but  seven  different  faces  to  wear  out. 

The  larger  the  roll  the  more  faces  there  will  be.  We  recommend  for 
ordinary  use  ass'  fourteen  inch  roll)  on  such  a  size  three  inches  of 
the  periphery  is  consumed  by  each  muring,  part  and  grooves,  so  that 
on  a  fourteen  inch  roll  there  would  be  fourteen  surfaces  to  wear 
out.  You  will  note  by  the  toggle  that  the  roll  revolves  only  one 
twenty-first  of  a  revolution;  in  other  vfords  the  shaft  will  osei- 
late  on  its  own  axis  only  one  fourth  of  an  inch.  The  half  circle 
appearing  at  the  top  of  the  blue  print  is  a  steel  spring  that  re¬ 
turns  the  roll  to  its  original  position  after  each  stroke.  Thus 
the  moving  portion  of  the  machine  is  bound  and  held  together, 
running  perfectly  noiseless  in  the  absence  of  ore. 

I  remain,  dear  sir,  respectfully  yours 



The  Edison  Iron  Concentrating  Co, 

Chicago  Office,  7  West  Randolph  St. 

'™~<J  >/V*" 

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The  Edison  Iron  Concentrating  Co. 

Chicago  office,  7  West  Randolph  St. 

-Ml****., . 

■s<?f . 

vXj >-e\-  /si-  q^fcs*  Ow^fr^ 

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(SSfv<*  Ovo-io*--  cbVo-*-S-  &  'SfO-M. 

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A  PRACTICAL  MACHINE,  which  dispenses  with  Sieves,  Brushes, 
Bolting  Cloths  and  Settling  Chambers. 





Office:  119  South  fourth  Street, 

from  |  PHILADELPHIA,  PA. 


136  SOUTH  4th  STREET,  (Over.) 




We  have  examined  into  the  merits  of  this  simple  and  effective  machine  anal 
recommend  it  highly  to  all  those  interested  in  procuring  a  thorough  and  unifbrnil 
separation  of  ground  products.  ’M 

The  11  SEPARATOR,"  briefly  described,  is  an  apparatus,  self-contained,!' 
without  ventilation,  wherein  the  same  current  of  air,  circulating  continuously  through 
a of  .partially  crushed  material,  separates  the  finer- particles  from.thi- 
coarser,  the  latter,  being  returned  to  the  pulverizer,  millstones,  or  rothim-grindii^ 
machinery,  to  be  further,  reduced. 

It  is  used  with  perfect  success  by  many  parties  upon  Alkali,  Basic  Steel  Slag, 
Cement.  Charcoal,  Chrome  Ore,  Colors,  Flint.  Ginger,  Gold  Quartz,  Linseed,  Manganese,’ 
Phosphates,  etc.,  etc.,  etc.  The  following  named  advantages  of  this  machine  are  real  and 
of  practical  importance : 

- < - 

’  j.  ADVANTAGES:  .  _ 

Larger  capacity  than  ordinary  methods. 

acquires  no  settling  chamber. 

Dispenses  with  sieves,  brushes  and  cloths. 

Having  no  weiring  parts,  it  needs  no  repairs. 

Small  space  and  little  power  required.  '  . 

No 'dust  escapes  from  the  machine. 

We  have  made  many  practical  tests  to  prove  the,  efficiency  of  this  valuable 
invention,  and  will  guarantee  satisfactory  results  from  every 'separator  we  sell.  The 
capacity  of  the  5-foot  Machine  is  1  to  4  tons  per  hour.  ■ 


No.  119  South  Fourth  Street, 

.  Philadelphia;  fa. 

. ~~  S&Nvo— . . . . . . . . 

X'SafC^'  Wa&w’  \  /^r^rvy^ 

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_..._ _ _ vO£P_;. _ _ _  _ _ 

■  S<^oLiA&'L  ,Otr& ^  .  ^V€  J _ 

The  Edison  Iron  Concentrating  Co. 

Chicago  office,  7  West  Randolph  St, 

. ScPf\ . 


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1891.  Mining  -  Edison  Ore  Milling  Company,  Ltd.  (D-91-36) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  business  of  the 
Edison  Ore  Milling  Co.,  Ltd.  Included  are  inquiries  regarding  the  amount  and 
value  of  Edison’s  stock  in  the  company. 

Approximately  30  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 
correspondence  regarding  ore  samples,  bills  of  the  laboratory  against  the 
company,  and  other  company  business;  letters  of  acknowledgment  and 
transmittal;  meeting  announcements. 


(Kframut  Jfalinnal  ffiank 

shw  M  9'&a  at/  do  S&u.  Wu 

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SS*^  ^  &A  L^ceo  0,o 

me^  y  CAW'  'Vi^e  cUA  juA.^„£Z^  J.r  .  d  ,  /} 

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CUh.%,  ajU-  Afa,  QVtyc^j^J 

n  #A  .few  CS^f  ff/y^n  . '  :  -  .' 

Office  of  Secretary . 

T  HE  EDI  S  00.  ORE  MILLING  C  0. ,  L  I  M  I  T  E  D 

Edison  Building,  Broad  Street. 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq., 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:- 

NEW  YORK,  July  9,  1891. 

Your  favor  of  July  7th  is  received  and  contents 


At  a  meeting  of  the  Board  of  Directors  of  THE  ORE  MILLING 
00.,  held  the  last  of  December,  it  vra s  moved  that  the  Vice-Pres- 
iden,  Mr.  Insull  and  the  Secretary,  Mr.  W.  S.  Perry,  check  Mr. 
Edison’s  accounts  with  THE  ORE  MILLING  CO.,  and  upon  their  certi¬ 
fication  of  the  account  as  correct,  to  issue  a  demand  note  in 
payment  of  the  amount  of  said  account. 

When  Mr.  Insull  returns  I  will  bring  the  matter  before  him, 
get  the  accounts  checked,  and  will  then  send  you  a  note. 

Yours  truly, 

1891.  Mining  -  Foreign  (D-91-37) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
mining  and  ore  milling  in  Canada,  South  Africa,  Sweden,  and  Venezuela. 
Included  are  documents  pertaining  to  ore  samples  sent  to  Edison  and  offers 
to  sell  or  rent  mining  properties  to  him.  There  is  also  a  letter  by  T.  Forster 
Brown  containing  an  extensive  report  on  magnetic  iron  ore  resources  in 
various  regions  of  the  world. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  correspondence,  with  no 
significant  reply,  relating  to  offers  to  sell  or  buy  mining  properties. 


Thos.  A.  Edison,  i 
Orange,  N.Y. 
Dear  Sir 


Toronto  February  23rd.  1891-  ^ 

/Vl,v  vt  s'*  Myy 

From  my  interview  with  you  and  also  Mr.  Bum!  who 
me  to  select  a  good  Nickel  property  in  the  Sudbury  DistriciJ 
I  herewith  send  you  report  of  Prof.  Frossard  and  analysis'^\Prj>f. 
Donald.  I  think  you  will  find  this  one  of  the  most  yaln*®l^#^j: 
-erties  in  the  Sudbury  District,  see  Mr.  Cowan's  letted 
enclosed.  I  shall  not  trouble  you  with  a  18ng  lette^ 
laid  everything  before  you  in  a  business  way  as  nea5* ^/1  possibly  v 
can,  in  other  words,  "one  word  is  as  good  as  a  thousand',/^ The 

W  ri 

price  is  $60,000.00  for  the  whole  lot  to  which  you' must  add  10  per 
cent  for  my  commision.  You  will  see  Mr.  Cowan's  proposition 
herein.  The  property  being  so  valuable  and  the  prioe  so  very  low 
that  the  conditions  are  cash.  I  will  be  very  much  pleased  to 
hear  from  you  as  soon  as  you  can  make  it  convenient  to  reply  to  my 
letter.  This  valuable  property  will  not  ranain  long  in  the  market 
until  it  is  picked  up. 

Yours  faithfully, 

J.  Alexander  McIntosh. 

Address  76  McCaul  Street,  Toronto 

irfflE  CtAMAMAM  C5©PIPM  (Bo* 



Th0B»  A.  BdiBOJi,  l?sq. , 

Oranf?0j  N.  J. 

Bear  SirJ 

Rr*  S*  **  tomorly  of  Tho  Oanndlsn 

(iowtr  fJompany,  Mac  osanod  to  hnvo  aiy^nntation  with  tha  «2<,m?nny 
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knowl**,.  or  the  'Jo.  that  Mr,  haa  nmd  a  coition  of 

hostility  to  it,  that  ha  ihroata rjt  ft  with  iralialotaa  lawanlta  and 
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JU.S&MM  ag^-< 

Private  Secretary  T.  A.  Edison  Esq. 

Orange  N.  j. 

. ......  June.  28th, . ffi ...  9 1 

<?<?/  y 

Dear  Sir;-  • 

In  reply  to  your  letter  of  the  23rd,  instant  we  nay  say 
that  we  understand  from  Mr  Bell  that  he  wrote  to  parties  in  Detroit 
and  Quebec  in  reference  to  this*  bonds  and  the  writer  also  had  corres¬ 
pondence  with  them.  Mr  Bell’s. last  communication  with  them  asked  them 
that  as  evidence  of  the  bona  fides  of.  the  request  of  the  bond-holders 
to  foreclose^! ch  is  necessary  and  proper  before  a  trustee  proceeds) 
the  bondshsidarx  should  be  lodged  in  the  Bank  of  Montreal  at  Montreal 
This  has  never  so  far  as  we  are  aware  been  done.  Of  course  these 
bonds  are  scattered  all  over  this  country  and  the  Continent  we  believe. 

There  is  no  doubt  but  that  a  great  many  of  them  are  held  in  Paris  am 
Colonel  Rhodes  of  Quebec  is  the  person  through  whom  we  understand  the 
holders  in  Paris  can  be  reached.  We  are  not  in  a  position  tojglhow  I 

imny  bonds  he  represents  but  he  certainly  would  be  the  proper  pSon 
to  communicate  with  so  far  as  French  bond-holders  are  concerned.  In  f 
regard,  to  the  lot  which  is  held  in  Detroit  Mr  W.H.stevens^f^rt^  ( 
holding  them.  He  holds  a  good  many  of  them  himself  and  his  former  part¬ 
ner  Who  has  since  died  also  held  a  good  many  but  we  believe  Mr  Stevens 

A.  0.  T.  -2-  . 

practically  now  directs  the  management  of  both  shares ;at  all  events 
.correspondence  with  him  would  result  in  his  being  able  to  give  infor¬ 
mation  bath  about,  his  own  and  his  partner’s  interests.  We  understand 
there  would  be  no  trouble  about  getting  a  sufficient  quantity  of  bond¬ 
holders  to  make  the  request  for  a  foreclosure  and. a*  anticipated  that 
4<?tion  would  have  been  taken  before  this.  We  think  if  there  is  a  poss¬ 
ible  disposition  of  the  property  in  view  they  would  act  more  promptly.. 

You  rs  t  ruly , 


I'  net  vice  or  Ur .  Porry,  Manager  of  the  M.  J.  ft  pft. 

Concent rat inn  Company,  I  take  the  liberty  of  asking  you  for  an 
intervi ev  in  record  to  your  ore  milling  process.  Parties  in 
Sweden  wrote  rae  that  they  Imve  an  iron  mine  partly  developed,  they 
having  broken  quite  a  quantity  of  ore:  and  finding  the  same  to 
contain  about  20#  of  superior  metal.  These  parties  wish  to  lenow 
all  particulars  obtainable  about  your  invention,  as  they  third? 
it  may  be  to  their  ad  van  t  age  to  use  the  same.  you  will  kindly  advise  me  when  and  where  it  vri.ll 
be  convenient  for  you  to  see  me,  X  am. 

Tologpaphlo  Address:  “  BYpEU." 


East  Griqu'aland, 

i zb  (  g- «- 


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East  Griqualand, 

#55  Broadway, N.Y. 


I1-*  pjf 

Mew  York,  November  5th.,  1891. 

are  of  New  Jersey  *  Pa.  Coi 

Please  inform  mr,  if  you  would  join  a  syndicate,  in  purchasing  and  working 
large  Mines  and  an  Asphalt.  Tiake  or  Reds,  of  five  hundred  (500)  acres,  on  a  pro¬ 
perty  of  from  seven  millions  (7,000,000)  to  thirteen  millions  (13,000,000)  of 
acres  of  lands,  cut,  up  by  deep  streams.  The  property  possesses  very 
great  wealth  and  is  located  in  Venezuela,  South  America,  on  the  Atlantic^Opeah , 
Orinoco  River  and  its  branches  and  is  known  as  the  Manoa  Concession;  the  pn'i'ce 
will  be  such,  as  to  allow  it  to  pay  very  large  profits  or  dividends.  ‘IKS 

I  also  have  a  Gold  Mine,  which  has  been  operated  for  quite  sometime,  locat'atf||M| 
in  Nova  Beotia,  which  can  be  made  ‘to  pay  very  handsomely,  by  placing  therefei^|j 
a  forty  (401  Stamp  Mill.  Tt.  is;  believed  by  so  doing,  it  could  be  made^^^^lj-' 

of  Sixteen  hundred  (#1,000.)  dollars  per  day. 

■  should  be  acceptable  to  you,  T  would  be  pleai 

New  York  office,  any  1 

.  full  description  of  ea< 

lalysis  of  the  Sold  Mine.'If  impossible  for  yon 

(per  K.  ) 


■m Y0RK 

Thomas  Maguire  Esq., 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N, 

Dear  Sir:-  0 

I  hand  you  herewith,  letter  fr an  Mr.  Arthur  Michaud 


ivember  16th,  1891. 



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y&c.o^&-c£.  Cy6^  <Pt^-  &£.  dbex-a^.  -&y  fbz y-Zey  •=? 

,  ,  A. 


DEC  7  -  1891 




^(^PyA  < 



^U^-^"^2-  _ 

X/  CP'SZX-. 

£^z*stZ  zZ*. 

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^  s'. 

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^Z5c  *2. 

//&*.  *  /^jt^  _ _ _ 

j : -  !  Telegrams  &  Cables.SIXFOLD.  LONDON. 

Edison. General  electric  company, 


#.■  'PHILIPS.  DYER,  European  Sales  Agent. 

Telephone  N?3I2S! 

_  .  December  7th  _ ^0^L. 

.  Thomas  Alva'  Edison  Esq 

■  Orange, New  Jersey. 


DEC  a  1  1891  ^ 

My  clear  Mr  Edison 

X  enclose  you  a  report  on  Magnetic  Iron  Ore, written  ■ 
by  Mr. T. Poster  Brown, and  sent  to  Mr  Evan  Thomas.  Mr  Evan  Thomas  is 
.  the  gentleman  who  was  with  me  this  Pall  at  your  mines, and  sent  -me  .• 
this  copy  to  forward  to  you.  Any  information  connected  with  the 
working, and  success  of  your'  New  wfcck  Magnetic  Ore  Plant  '  f,ill  always 
be  of  great  interest  to  me.  » 

Hoping  that  yourself  and  family  are  well,  X- 

X  am, dear  Sir 

Yours  very  sincerely, 

a ... 


A  ens 


£>  yr  A 

r'T  <AL .5=-  3 

,  J  .  >. 

Lb-  AaaA 4  ) 





18th  November  1801 

My  dear  Evan-Thomas, - 

Magnetic  Iron  Ore. 

I  have  been  looking  up  the  question  of  Lauren- 
tian  Gneiss.  Very  similar  rocks  prevail  in  the  West  of 
South  Wales,  the  North  of  Scotland,  and  very  extensively 
in  Brittany  and  central  of  Prance,  and  they  also  form 
part  of  the  Tramont  and  Vosges  Mountains,  but  I  cannot 
find  that  Iron  Ore  has  been  found  to  exist  except  in 
Scandinavia.  A  most  important  mass  of  these  rocks  ex¬ 
tend  from  Norway  to  Purland,  and  the  most  celebrated 
Iron  mines  in  Sweden,  are  upon  these  rocks,  but  whether 
they  have  Magnetic  Ore  I  cannot  say.  This  will  have  to 
be  investigated.  These  rocks  exist  also  in  Saxony  and 
Bohemia  with  a  great  deal  of  white  mica  but  I  cannot 
find  whether  they  contain  any  Iron  Ore.  Ditto  the  Alps. 
In  the  Pyrenees  and  North  Spain  there  is  a  slight  develop¬ 
ment  of  Gneiss  which  is  intermixed  with  mica  schists. 

There  may  or  may  not  be  Iron  Ore  but  there  is  no  refer¬ 
ence  to  it  as  far  as  I  can  learn. 

There  is  also  an  Area  of  these  rocks  in  Algeria 
and  on  the  Eastern  borders  of  Egypt  also  in  South  Western 
Australia,  on  the  Eastern  Coast  of  Madagascar,  and  they 
also  exist  extensively  in  South  America:  but  so  far  as 
I  oan  ascertain  at  present,  Scandinavia  is  the  Country 
to  investigate;  and  the  question  then  will  be,  if  mag- 



netio  ore  exists,  whether  it  is  sufficiently  near  the 
Seaboard  and  so  on:  and  the  only  way  I  can  see, of  ob- 
taining  this  information  is  to  send  someone  out  to  care¬ 
fully  inspect  the  Swedish  deposits,  selecting  those 
which  are  conveniently  near  the  Seaboard. 

It  may  be,  of  oourse,  that  in  the  Pyrenees, 
and  in  some  of  the  other  districts  where  Gneiss  exists 
that  Iron  Ore  may  be  found  because  it  appears  to  exist 
in  the  Gneiss  in  some  districts.  The  fact  is,  it  will 
require  long  and  careful  investigation. 

At  Gellivara  in  Sweden,  magnetic  and  Specular 
Iron  Ores,  enclosed  and  interlaminated  with  hornblendic 
and  quartzose  rocks,  form  a  bold  hill;  and  there  are 
mines  at  Dannemora,  which  are  in  Crystalline  limestone 
and  petrosilex.  There  is  also  a  mine  at  Arendal,  with 
a  considerable  deposit  of  magnetite;  and  there  are  mines 
at  Schmiedeberg  in  Silesia,  and  the  magnetite  occurs  in 
lenticular  masses  or  lenses  parallel  with  the  rock,  sur¬ 
faces  between  the  Gneiss  and  the  Granite,  or  in  the 
Gneiss,  associated  with  hornblendic  and  chlorite  schists, 
granular  limestone  etc.  This  appears  to  lie  very  well 
for  development  if  it  is  near  the  Seaboard.  In  this 
case  it  appears  to  be  worked.  In  Saxony  and  Piedmont 
large  beds  of  magnetic  Iron  Ore,  in  association  with 
copper  and  Iron-pyrites  occur  in  talcose  schists  and 
dolomites.  There  is  some  magnetite  over  diorite  near 
Brent  in  Devon,  and  also  near  Penryn,  Cornwall. 

I  am  sending  you  some  Ore  herewith  from  a 
Crown  mine  in  North  Wales. 

It  is  magnetic;  I  have  not 


yet  examined  it,  but  of  course  I  oan  find  out  all  about 
it.  At  Elba  there  is  a  large  amount  of  Magnetic  Ore 
in  rocks  which  are  strongly  metamorphosed,  and  the  age 
of  which  are  uncertain,  lying  in  Strata  of  Crystalline 
dolomite  and  mioa-schist,  dipping  at  a  high  angle  and 
broken  through  by  eruptive  diorite  and  serpentine. 

There  is,  of  course,  a  great  deal  of  Bron  Ore  in  Canada 
in  the  Laurentian  Gneiss  of  v/hioh  you  know. 

In  Sardinia,  hematite  occurs  in  the  Silurian 
rocks  of  Acquaresi,  Perdasterria  and  Funtanapeda  near 
Iglesias;  and-magietite  in  Perda,  Niedda  and  San  Leone, 
to  the  West  of  the  Gulf  of  Cagliari.  The  width  here 
looks  rather  likely  if  the  material  is  all  right. 

The  rooks  accompanying  these  magnetic  lodes  appear  to  be 
contemporaneous  with  the  green-stones  of  the  Alps,  and 
specially  with  the  Serpentines,  Subordinate  veins  of 
magnetite  traverse  the  main  lode  from  N.N.W.  to  S.S.E. 
and  fron  N.N.E.  to  S.8.W.  while  at  the  crossings  rich 
ore  deposits  occur.  The  width  sometimes  reaches  26 
feet.  On  the  footwall  the  gangue  is  quartzose,  while 
on  the  hanging  wall  is  magnetite  varying  from  26  feet  to 
33  feet  in  thickness  mostly  mixed  with  garnets.  The 
hanging  wall  consists  of  quartzpse  slate  which  is  sepa¬ 
rated  from  the  lode  by  distinct  clay  selvage.  As  long 
as  the  Ore  was  worked  by  open-cast  it  yielded  a  profit-; 
but  when  an  adit  had  to  be  driven, the  production  which 
was  formerly  considerable,  sunk  in  1877  to  13,300  tons, 
while  in  1879  and  1880  no  returns  were  made. 

Elba  mines  appear  to  be  worked  and  produce 



hematite,  limohite,  red  Iron  Ore  and  Magnetic  Iron  Ore 
with  siderate;  the  gangue  is  quartzose  and  Iron  pyrites 
is  often  present.  The  Iron  ore  is  found  in  beds  of 
from  60  to  100  feet  in  thickness.  There  is  a  great 
deal  of  Iron  Ore  in  Piedmont.  Veins  of  Magnetic  Iron 
ore  occur  in  the  Aosta  Valley,  at  Cogne  and  at  Traver- 
sella,  which  formerly  gave  rise  not  only  to  numerous  Iron 
mines,  but  also  to  the  erection  of  Blast  Furnaces.  This 
extensive  deposit  varies  fran  66  to  98  feet  in  thickness, 
and  consists  principally  of  compact  magnetic  free  from 
pyrites.  The  Ore  is  of  excellent  quality  and  yields 
about  50°/o  of  iron,  being  interbedded  between  yellowish 
limestone  and  talc  schist.  There  is  a  Crystalline  Mag¬ 
netite  worked  in  Italy  in  the  Chinsella  Valley.  Crys¬ 
talline  magnetite  with  a  granular:  structure  yielding 
from  40  to  50  per  cent,  of  Iron,  f0lmB  the  mass  of  the 
celebrated  deposit  of  Traversella,  which  courses  from 
N.W.  to  S.E.  and  haB  almost  a  perpendicular  dip.  The 
Ore  forms  beds,  or  perhaps  contact  veins,  in  greenstone 
and  it  is  accompanied  by  dolomite,  caloite,  quartz  and 
chlorite.  In  Lombardy  Iron  ocours  as  Magnetite  at  Zebu 
and  Savoire.  There  is  some  hematite  at  Quadramil,  in 
the  province  of  Tras -os -Montes  which  may  be  followed  for 
a  course  of  about  five  miles.  It  occurs  in  the  lauren- 
tian  Rooks,  and  the  Iron  Ore  veins  in  the  Braganza  dis¬ 
trict  occur  in  these  rocks.  These  beds  have  a  gentle 
dip,  are  frequently  traversed  by  Quartz  veins,  and  are 
sometimes  as  much  as  328  feet  in  thickness.  They  con¬ 
tain  both  red  and  Magnetic  Iron  ore,  yielding  from  39 



to  59  per  cent,  of  Iron,  and  if  there  is  a  good  locality 
for  carriage,  this  appears  to  be  a  likely  spot. 

The  Island  of  Uto,  a  few  miles  south  of  Stock¬ 
holm,  which  consists  largely  of  a  highly  felspatio  gneiss 
is  traversed  by  numerous  veins  of  granite.  The  Iron 
ore  deposit  is  embedded  in  the  Gneiss  and  is  associated 
with  mica  slates,  hornblende  slates,  halleflintas  and 
granular  limestones,  and  is  sometimes  as  much  as  125 
feet  in  thickness  and  consists  of  a  mixture  of  Specular 
Iron  Ore,  magnetic  Iron  Ore  and  Quartz. 

The  Iron  Ore  deposits  of  Gellivara  in  Lulea- 
Lappmark  are  exceedingly  rich;  but  they  are  very  far 
away.  These  deposits  also  occur  in  the  Red  Gneiss. 

Magnetite  occurs  in  a  large  number  of  deposits 
on  the  Eastern  side  of  the  Ural  chain,  but  of  these  only 
few  are  worked. 

The  Magnetite  deposits  of  the  Blagodat  moun¬ 
tains  and  of  the  Wisokaia  Mountain  are  well  known. 

At  present  Magnetic  Iron  Ore  appears  to  be 
worked  extensively  at  Dannemora,  Norberg,  Phillipstadt, 
and  Talberg  in  Sweden,  and  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Aren- 
dal  in  Norway,  in  Russia  and  in  Lapland.  The  largest 
deposit  known  in  Europe  is  probably  at  Gellivara  in 
Swedish  Lapland,  about  90  miles  fron  the  head  of  the 
Gulf  of  Bothnia.  It  has  been  worked  from  time  immemori¬ 
al,  at  Traversella  in  Piedmont,  and  it  is  extensively 
wrought  at  Berggieshubel  in  Saxony.  It  is  also  met 
with  at  Nijina,  Tagilske  and  Kuschvinsk  in  the  Ural,  and 
in  the  Salem  district  in  the  Madras  Presidency  the  de- 



velopment.  of  Magnetite  is  on  a  scale  of  extraordinary 
magnitude,  where  whole  ranges  are  composed  of  the  mineral 
in  its  purest  condition. 

In  many  cases  these  deposits  would  appear  to  be 
not  in  the  form  of  veins,  but  to  occur  as  beds  in  the 
same  way  as  do  the  Gneissoi  and  schistose  rocks  with 
which  they  are  associated. 

There  are  also  large  deposits  in  Japan  but 
these  are  of  course  very  remote. 

Important  Ore  masses  of  Laurentian  age  are 
found  in  the  State  of  New  York,  New  Jersey,  and  Pennsyl¬ 

There  appears  to  be  a  large  deposit  in  the 
township  of  Hull  (Canada) .  The  deposit  was  opened  in 
the  year  1854  and  was  worked  for  about  4  years  for  the 
purpose  of  supplying  certain  furnaces  at  Pittsburg  but  in 
1856  workings  were  suspended  on  account  of  the  discovery 
of  the  Newborough  Mine  which  is  more  conveniently  situat¬ 
ed  for  transport  purposes. 

An  important  deposit  of  Magnetic  Iron  Ore  oo- 
curs  in  an  Island  in  Mud  lake.  Here  it  forms  a  bed  200 
feet  in  thickness  running  N.E.  and  S.E.  in  Gneiss,  ad¬ 
joining  a  crystalline  limestone.  Then  again  at  South 
Sherbrook,  Canada, is  a  bed  12  feet  thick  of  Magnetic  Ore 
and  in  the  vicinity  of  Madoo  there  is  another  bed. 

Magnetic  Ore  was  formerly  smelted  at  Marmora  and  was  ob¬ 
tained  from  Belmont,  and  the  deposit  which  is  generally 
known  as  the  Big  Ore  Bed  is  said  to  be  100  feet  in  thick¬ 
ness.  It  is  not,  however,  a  single  bed,  but  a  succes- 


sion  of  beds  of  Ore  Interstratified  with  layers  of  tal- 
oose  sohist  and  crystalline  limestone  with  which  are 
associated  Serpentine,  chlorite  diallage,  and  green  epi- 
dotic  rock.  Magnetite  occurs  in  considerable  quantities 
in  Cherry  Bluff,  Kamloops  *ake,  and  on  Iron  Mountain; 
and  it  is  also  reported  to  exist  in  a  vein  several  feet 
in  width  in  a  ravine  half  a  mile  below  Nicoamen.  There 
is  also  a  mine  in  Algeria  in  the  department  of  Constan¬ 
tine  where  a  large  quantity  has  been  worked  for  many 
years . 

This  mine  has  communication  by  a  railway  about 
20  miles  in  length  with  the  port  of  Bone.  The  Ore  here, 
is  generally  a  bluish  or  blackish  mixture  of  very  dense 
hematite  and  magnetite  and  contains  from  58  to  66  per 
cent,  of  Metallic  Iron,  a  portion  however  is  soft  and 
can  easily  be  worked  with  Gunpowder. 

This  is  about  all  the  information  upon  this 
subject  I  can  gather  from  literature,  but  you  might  look 
«P  "Ore  Deposits"  by  J.A.Phillips  published  by  Macmillan 
&  Co.,  and  volume  2  of  Prestwick's  Geology. 

Faithfully  yours, 

[Signed)  T.  FORSTER  BROWN. 


Dock  House, 

Billiter  Street, 

london,  E .  C . 

Quebec,  9th.  -Dedetaber,  1801. 

Thomas  Edison  Esq. 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir, : 


Mr  Michaud  of  this  City  has  communicated  to  me  a  letter 
which  he  received  recently  from  you,  and  in  which  you  express  a 
desire  to  have  a  sample  of  iron  sand  forwarded  to  you,  taken  from 
a  deposit  in  the  lower  St  Lawrence,  in  which  he  is  interested.  As 
I  had  expected  to  be  in  New  York  shortly,  Mr  Michaud  1  believe  wrote 
you,  that  the  sample  would  be  taken  on. by  me.  As  however  my  visit 
has  been  neeessarily  delayed  I  take  the  liberty  of  today  sending 
you  a  sample  of  this  sand  by  Express.  I  should  esteem  it  a  great 
favour  to  have  your. views  as  to  its  probable  value  and  utility. 
Should  you  desire  any  further  information  on  the  subject,  I  will 
be  pleased  at  any  time  to  give  it  to  you.  Hoping  to  have  the  plea- 
sure  of  a  line  from  you  on  the  subject. 

I  am,  Dear  Sir, 

Yours  very  faithfully,: 

Address,  A. H. Cook 
Advocate  , 

The  property  in  qixestion  is  .apt  the  Moisie 
deposit  but  we  claim  a  superior  one  and  in 
a  more  convenient  locality. 

^v^.amTCc-  •  -^«AY> ,  "  =  '-$■  ^  ,  So <Vv ^ 

C-fr^ecv-  V  . 

^  /.  4  a 

- 5, —  -'^'-ry^e— >-w  '^'-^-T  )^H-<ljl_^ 


Chemical  Room,  Laboratory  of  Thomas  A.  Edison. 

Analysis  No . . Received . jZLftC-. . /.Z/f/ Completed . . LZ.^ZZL.. 

From — . — . - . - . Charge  to  ... . _J 

Material . . dZ.sU— . . . 


Remarks . — . . . 

Analyzed  for.i 



1891.  Mining  -  Mines  and  Ores  (D-91-38) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
mines  and  ores  to  be  bought,  sold,  worked,  or  tested.  Some  of  the  letters  deal 
with  the  mining  interests  of  individuals  and  companies  who  either  wanted  to 
sell  property  to  Edison  or  to  have  their  ores  tested.  There  are  also  inquiries 
regarding  Edison’s  ore  separation  process.  At  the  end  of  the  folder  is  a  9- 
page  list  of  mining  properties  in  New  Jersey,  with  annotations  by  Edison. 

Approximately  30  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  Most  of 
the  letters  selected  for  filming  received  a  significant  reply  by  Edison. 

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June  27,  1891, 

(^XxA  . A.k 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Llewellyn  Park,  Orange,  N.  J* 

Dear  Sir:  . C{ 

I  have  o ontro Ir^oP^J^o  f  ^'largeat 'and  "0* 
best  mica  properties  in  Hampshire*  which\re  for  sadtr.  As 
I  believe  mica  is  an  important  factor  for  use  in  your  Rories,  I 
would  be  pleased  to  know  whether  you  would  care  to  look  over  the 
particulars  of  these  properties,  maps,  reports,  etc,,  vdth  a 
view  to  the  possible  purchase  of  one  or  more  of  them  for  your  own 
use  ?  In  order  to  enable  you  to  look  carefully  into  the 
matter,  it  is  needless  to  say  but  that  you  would  have  plenty  of 
time  and  every  facility  would  be  afforded  you  to  find  out  as 


regards  than  before  purchasing  and  I  would  be  pleased  to  co¬ 
operate  with  you  in  any  way  I  could, 'if  desired. 

Awaiting  your  reply.  I  am,  my  dear  sir. 

Respectfully  yours,  < 

’  - 

#521  William  st,.  East  Oraige,  N.  J. 


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far. Thomas  H.Kdison, 


Pear  Sir:  - 

Wo  have  a  hemetit®  ore  mine, situated  one-half  mile  from 
Cornwall,  station  on  the  Flrie  R..R,,  The  ore  has  been  used  with  good 
satisfaction  at  the  Gold  Spring, Peekskill .Greenwood, and  Poughkeep¬ 
sie  furnaces.  If  there  is  any  nan  at  Peekskill  in  authority , we 
should  like  to  show  him  samples  of  the  ore, with  a  view  of  inter¬ 
esting  i|t|  m  the  mine.  There  is  some  machinery  in  the  mine, which 
can  be  had  at  nominal  price. 

Very  respectfully, 

Zy2  3  (cl&u-Z 

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PftfWiW  Husuiw, 

FRANK  M.  RICHARDSON,  Proprietor. 

A  FlrBt-Olnaa  LWory  Connected. 


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Second  National.  Bank, 

of  Helena,  Montan, 


. Oct, 26th, 1 891  "0S' K'NCK' 

Thos.L. Edison, E 

Menlo  Park,  ^ 

Dear  Sir:-  ^ 

You  will  pardon  the  intrusion  of  a  stranger  in  address 

ing  you, but  I  will  preface  my  letter  by  stating  that  I  have  been 

in  this  country  for  about  ten  years  and  am  quite  largely  interest¬ 

ed  in  mines, mining  property  and  mining  ventures  generally, and 
believe  I  on  familiar  not  only  with  the  conditions  but  the  needs 
of  the  country  from  8  mining  standpoint,, and  particularly  relative 
to  the i  difficulties  to  be  overcome, and  the  constituents  contained 
in ’pres,  of  this  section.  We  have  a  good  deal  of  iron  in  the 
form  of  sulphides  ond  a  good  deal  of  copper  also  largely  in  the 
form  of  sulphide  a,  each  carrying  gold  and  silver.  Copper  of  course 
has  a  wariest  value,  the  iron  none, excepting  for  the  gold  and  silver 
it  carries.  I  observe  through  the  various  mining.scientific  and 
gereral  publications  of  the  oountry.that  you  are  giving  a  good 
deal  of  thought, time  and  attention  to  the  sub.ieot  of  treating 
ore.  through  the  medium  of  electrical  processes.  I  therefor,  take 
the  liberty  of  addressing  y„„  nth  a  vim,  that  if  it  meets  nth 
your  approbation  when  I  go  least  this  winter, I  should  like  to 
present  you  nth  certain  specimens  of  ores  and  get  your  ideas 
of  whether  it  would  pay  to  turn  my  attention  to  the  subject  of 
introducing  electrical  machinery  on  any  particular  properties 
I  **t  have  in  hand.  My  general  information  that  you  mi^t 

Second  National  Bank, 

d,J:  Helena'  Montana-  #  2  T.  L.  B. 

see  fit  to  impart, would  be  gratefully  received.and  I  an  satisfied 
that  there  is  no  section  of  the  United  States  that  presents  a 
finer  field  for  operation  than  Montana  for  any  process  or  system 
that  will  cheapen  the  cost  of  reduction  of  our  low  grade  ores, of 
which  we  have  unlimited  quantities.which  owing  to  the  scarcity  of 
lead  and  a  large  amount  of  silioa,makes  the  cost  of  smelting  very 

Awaiting  your  reply. 

No.  1  Broadway, 

-  •  ®  OFFICE  OF  8  •  - 


F.  F.  WORLEY,  Proprietor. 


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(Ua.  aL  vtc^ct^zj  r>YLu>Yj  ^>&UL> 

O'ltf'jy  (lAfrAyQ^c^i^e. — e^Cy  t-'L-O  cYzTj 

— a/tY'  Y*Z^-e?CyY-y  tS  0~£>tstSLje_^.  tz£) 

<3c  fry<Y<u)  h  0-^1/  <rY 
YY2Y  Cs/jlsyyisLsQsh~  tfi/O  ®  C/l<JLy 
CstdcT  o Y  (j^ATSsCo-**^  (Yx/  £2-<Sc^ySyCy 

M  Yy™d  (YYcUrrY^^cy 


U *J->^JIA  O-Y  IsYcLa  /LaTC^j 
fiv  d^ryUl-^ty  BA^ui^eJLr  L^yr^-<— 

&  r>~y-Tru-sC-d>0  yCoYd)  A~~ 

(y(^o  O-o  ,  t-Y,  lL  Cz)  (Y^cxYlYusm 

$  l\j?unr<j  ■£'7^-Ar^>  c\Y,  01  sxY-’ 

0\S\A-  cIa  $  Cyyb-tAY-GfL/  YcYx) 

^T-c  'i a\Aj  Is-u^xY cTxfii-fi  C<A 

^AAAsu\(Xs<Uln  ^  jicrin^j  Im^sYL-  caYs 

(AaZ^-v  CLL^t*.  *\Ji)  2^iY—  tYo 

(YrXn^U^a-fit~‘  {AsAJ  c Ml  yf-  ^-t££e-Y 

Y/—  &rf<Y'  (Y— 

■^ut^^yO  fir  fa  (y^acy^rzr^^  , 

O  O^Ys-t^yZ-^c^J  1-&  JlY*--tSU*a-e--0^A  fib~ 
4l£-^>Cy(j  Ji\s6-*^*-y  ^ _  V—i-yt^y  oY-Q_j 

P^Y^cJl-^  (jY-yS-^^<_s  &e^^y6  />cO 

W&J  fj^yY  £r  j 

fiYc&j  (YY r*  CXs(fifisC4--&ytX.  ^str-?yz~-ey  ^Y-X^y 
A^r-zYo  ,yyy^Ts\  / 




Charles  Batchelor,  Esq., 

N.  J.  &  Perm' a.  Concentrating  Works, 

0gden3 burgh,  N.  J. 

The  follow  is Mvr  of  a  telegram  vhich  was  received 

|fW2-^  e 

py  of  a  tea  e  gram  v,i 

/  Mr.  Edison  yesterday  afternoon  from  Louis  Glass,  San  Francisco: 

-£3* — c  u  L.C  (iv.  CU<T  fA4A,£^_L 

-  .  - - -  - 

"Has  Mr.  Batchelor  sent  report  on  tlio  sand  which  I  left 
with  him?  LOUIS  GLASsV^2^  ^  U"‘~  -L^s 

I  ■  c*-&  ^2. 

b<Ss.  ce-^^T  fw  trri* 

I  send  this  to  you  at  tire  request  of  Mr.  Edison,  who  would 

.J-  e*~  (n- 

|)  u-A.4. 

like  you  to  send  a  reply  to  Mr.  Glass.  N~  ‘ 

Yours  truly , 



Private  Secretary. 

f/£oja | 
f  ^ ,  = cj- .  j 

'^vv-  o-vt^  | 

_  ^KiSC5T^ 




Taylor  Mine 
Colo  " 


Kahart  Mine, 

■■■ - - Pompton  " 

Lanagan  * 

De  Bov/  M 
Ryerson  11 

-  Stony  Brook  Mine,  P >0  - 

OecH  ti  1 


Jane 3  Mine 
Connet  u 
Combs  .  * 

Beers  Mine, 


Openings  N  E  Potteraville 
©Haoklebarney  Mine,  p  ,2.  Whw.j-W  fit.'  On 

©  Horton 

ccnro  Barnes - 

Pitney  Pam 
Pottemville  H  E  Mine 
Rariok  1 


Bndd  A  Woodhull 

l&qpY i'  Pvj'F- 
H&rJtn  Faun 


J  Topping 

Hotel  property 
Oollia  Mine 
©Cooper, JD  lf‘>' 


Dickenson  Pam. 
De  Camp. 


<3xs>  v/.  Horton  * 



MORRIS  COUNTY  (  Continued  ). 


Van  Doran 

crECDDe  Hart - — 


Mill  on  steep  s.« 
©  Bryant 
0Evora  v 
©Baker  S  E 
.©Dickerson  9  •  & 
©Sterling  £ 

Munsons  Combs  1  <t* 

©^Canfield  Phosphate  ©Logan 

©Black  Hills 
0  C.  Powland, 

Lewis  &  Herrick 
©Brotherton  P,tC*u 
Randall  Hill  0  T>' 
G^Baker  Middle 
Baker  S  W 
^Hubbard©  P.1V«. 





©C,  King  P  fi 

Jackson  Kill 
Spr  iog 

©Corwin  0^4'  r  * 
Worth  Riv&r 

CUES Sc rub  Oak  - 


Decker  Mine 
Pikes  Peak  or  Siorw 

Meriden  Mine  J  ?Split  ttP0Bn  rona 

„  *  ,  t...  ,  a  .  Haycnport  White  MaadowiS  fr  P.)‘& 

Beach  &  Montank  D-  %*■  P‘5  Rockaway  Valley  Mne*Hibomia  Minee^DCo 
ux*oii2ixvcL  ■  vr«oWiv.«;^AH  _ 

Gould  Mine  Howell  Tract  Mine  „  , 

)nwBr oo k .  Swe  ode s  Mine  V  ?'].  po  Beach  Qion  uiM3>  &S>- P(ar° 
■J  ?Split  Rook  Mine D 70  Green  Pond  ^ 

H  E  Baker 
Mt*  Hope  Mines  X) 
Charlottenburgh  P.  I™* 
Pis her 

Washington  Porge 
Richards  P 

Hiokoiy  Hill 
'  Mto'  Hope 

Cobb  of  SiiUI-rwak 


Mont  Ploasnnt  j3  7jt 
Allows  <.5:  p.-y 
Toabo  P.  ijf 
Jolenson  Hill 
Black  Vein 
Kitohell  Tract 

CrY.Cr.0UU  ■ 

Scocedtic.  ortKrfe/t ft'-artJf&L' 

J§jpft.fciRi»i cMiVIw'A4  Oti cH  0 fcoktlvi, lu 

*  SfM-rocu 

/3ock  licin  mt  H.,*. ,»  4  fUff. 

*-  Co 


MORRIS  C  0  U  N  I  Y.  (Continued) 


azO  Steven  a  B-W?  P-i 
cctrs  C,  Solomon 
s,  Drake  a 

Osborn JM4' 

v'Hilt  JD  7sr  P-o- 

Baptist  Church  Mine 
King  Mine — 

Gove  Mine 
Lowronco  P-o  $-<?/.- 
Stanhopc  or  Hurt  a 
High  Ledge  shield 

i  cnn  Cofei  Mine- 


cfTTQ  Drake 




exiX3>Mt»  Olive  Mino  — . 

axils  Osborne— . 

Nolans  PointJD/o 
Hurdtown  Apatite 

Lower  Weldon 

DuffyS '70  -/ 

Pord  &  go  ■ 


Davenport-D  60 
Waldo  nJD  S’o&jo 
Prase y 

SoofieldJQ  90 
Opening  near  Rt  R, 


Langdon’s  Openings 
Beattystovm  Mine 
Dickinson’s  TV*/- 



Naught right 

cgtfcs  Hopioj. _ 

Bai*tloy villa  Mine 

Mar ahP.^-@  io  d'uUhJ,  Sae^Ur. L  P.g 







Beers  Mine,  Morris  Plains, 

Morris  County, 

c~\TXi£  (v^stio^y^  Co  Hu**,  C^w/vf  |  ~ 

-mot  Crop  can  he  faf&iueJ  a.  <^>xecAr d - rtencc  • 

Jvvt.Hw  M  «  on  ALePyi 
Xuwrence  aiten/ 



Taylor  Mine  -  •  -  Silver  Thorne  or  Kane.  Emery  Mine 

C re gar  Old  Furnace  • 


Cokeaburg  Mine 





Burrell  Mine 

Fisher  or  Fox  Hill  Kno 





Bethlehem  Mine 
Turkey  Hill  or  West 

Ashbury  &  Miller 

-  '  •  -  Van  '-Sickles  or  Church 
End.  Swayze 
Wild  Cat 


May  bony 
5  Yoder, ck 


Banghoart's  Mine 

Hunt  or  Pidcock 
Alvey  Gray 

LEBANON  TOWmst-itp. 

Wray  -  Near  Whitehall 
Whitehall  E, 


Terraberry .  ' 

'Bast  Oastner 
Mat  ti  son. 


High  Bridge JD  p.  U.  ,(„h.s.  Langes 



Naif  -  Hematite. 





Openings  Z  M  W  of  Pottenburg,  Alexander  Township,  Hunterdon 
°°*  htft-c  M,l« 

Llii  i  o  n  'To  u, » f  (i  i  p  - 

Yau  S  ickfes  Mine.. 

ad i(r«A  - 

Slck^f  mix  anead  deaf  otter t  vn^tetdt  N £  af  Mint-,  i»  tf,,.-  l/l_  S  w  oL^e.L 

SUSS  K  X  conn  T  Y 

Silver  Mine ..  • 
Smith  or  Cascade 
©Nude  or  Stanhope 


Hacce-rty  P  M  5  if/ 6-  French 
Allis  Wright  or  lludd 

Gai'ney  Brookfield 

McKean  03.  Byerly 


AndoverD  e*)o. 

Sulphur  Hill 

©Tai‘  Jlill 

• Cauistear 
Rutherford  Estate 


,  Tracoy  &  crane 

V/avmyandaJ)  itrt&i'o  sv»\m.d,i.  Wellinrc=s23?. 
©Wright  Bird 

Kendo  rso  n 
Q-Dixo n  Keir3  ' 
Green  Mine -D  72. 
0  Knapp 

Greer  Para 
Kill  Mine 


Prank lin  Iron  Co.  Hopewell  P-ir^craxm.  T 
Pumaco  Mine  or  Pikes  Peak  Mina. 

©She  rman 
Sterling  Hill. 


,  ■ '  ©Bunker 

N  &  ‘j  Gi  cars 


Silver  Mnw  marftj  all  S*me  •»  Wk  * 

G»Vfrcn  Mold  4<mcj  /ieci£.U»u^  fj  awJo.  ^cwv»c*.ce _ _ 



''Beam  Mine 
Butler  Mine 
Ringwood  Min< 
little  Red 

Brown  Mine 

Wynokie  P 




St.  George 

Winslow  a  ward 

Kanouse  Mine  i ,o<pfdh.1tcZ 


Board  _  > 

little  Blue 

Bush  g  o  -D  -|a 




Clinton  Traot 


Budd  &  Hunt 

Jennings  &  Rutho  rfo  r. 




©  Centennial 

Scranton  and  Rutherford  Openings, 


Eornardsville  Mine. 

W  A  R  R  E'H  C  0  U  If.J  y 





Shosmako r 








Honclorahat  0 

r  Hoagland 



be, at  a 



-Inschow  . 


Williver  and  Godfrey 



Chapin  &  Lomanason.  Lanrtii^i-rr-gr*  Oxford  Furnace . 

Ssarle  * 

Cumins-D  7 S'&vo 
Barker  or  Bulkin 




SI iaws  P'0  S-9 
Howell  . 

l3roakficW.43  yo.  P  CZU* 


Cline  -  Hematite  • smith  . 

Bald  Pate 


Mitchell  Johnson 

cCXXESgbert  Church  Rockport 

Stephensons  Shafer  or  Welsh 






CEsruxp  Young  — *£- —  ' 

or  Waterloo,  Livsey  Tunnel  Mine, 
Hibbler  ' 





Howell  Farm  Mines  N  ond  Jenny  Jump  Mountains,  Warren  County, 

Stiawi  -  alC„  /*!„-»<«  tzWskfi*  jo^v,  . 

S ecuipe. -CvnsiAi rntfe  tenjlK  of- (glxt ctiZZ ,  , 


Sharps  1  1/2  N  K  of  High  Bridge 
Binary  Parra  1  ra.  E  H  E  High  Bridge 


■  Openings  Z  M  V/  of  Pattenbnrg,  Alexander  Tov/nahip, 
Hunterdon  County. 

'  •  'Greenville  Mines  \  „ 

Chester  Iron  Co’s  Mines  )  1  al*  Charlot tonbui‘C  I  t hi n&. 

Botts  Pan.n 

Case  Mine  near  Fottenaburg 
Union .Church  near  Morton 

Vrr^ihr:-:--  T.o _ f.  S3 

Marble  Hill,  Phillips  but*;, '  Warren  Co, 

'  Kinearci  Minos, 

Hamburg  Lasers  Leases,  20. in  number,.^ 

Cramer  Mine  Z  M  E,  Kackettstown 

Wame  &  Shouso  Tunnel,  1  1/4  n,  E.  Kackettatown. 

Smith  Mine, 

atfcraotlo,  *4  £  "£5  «  ««- 


Cw.  pqrTIiii,  Al>**nJ“i»t'«n  Gtwn«.  javul  of  *>4  r3<an<j/ict^f'  /^ £  <>/■  ^^<=U*<i/itfi(%--of«,i>inc/i 

(3  (W~  fUc^-~  .  J-1'«=-  ^”.  s,re~k‘l  t«-" 

l/V\  ^-rwvv  f(?«LrrrvoC?iA  . 

R^tliftt*  rftti  -j- t*rM  ^trv\6|  an  J  •olec-.'S  ^  Pin-c  of-  cCUc<a 

jOcujMm;-  Jite— 


}\  o  t*  '0% 

1891.  Mining  -  Ogden  Mine  (D-91-39) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  pertaining  to  activities  at  Edison’s 
Ogden  mine.  Included  are  letters  and  telegrams  by  Edison  relating  to  visitors, 
employees,  and  supplies.  There  is  also  correspondence  regarding  the 
establishment  of  a  post  office  at  the  mine. 

All  the  documents  have  been  filmed  except  for  duplicate  copies  of 
selected  items. 


/h&'V'.c)  VA  Lfj  ^L\_C..k 

(  Uultv  ..Jdlte.Y.  io-=a.toev^'- 

J  tCS*  Uh.K^P.  _*gkte  V 
^LCfcnJW . a/.,.  tfU'&a* 

O  Cj'Y-Ck.  jZ'U-  _  i  C 

\  t-|  V^nvy 



-  *N-  rS^Ua(rie*7ifs?c 

-UYiia-c'wx — .  ^.icyv^:.J)^..l4;wd^..^.'„- 

; - s&LcrrjJl ,.<e^il... 

£Cvs^  .  ■ .  .G.tfpxru icA.<J-e.  )lu£Ze  j~ 

-  Vvwyke.  ...  — _ 

— . V'  :|-'t-|-f^ —  . 

: _ 2tfc-I,.  O.AAa  .  #■•  7l‘  //»_  ...««■ 

-.-  G^mAA^ic^/  «<aL__./p4fc*j[£__ 


O-M-Oyc i*A 


«*/>-(</  rf  t.c 

. #9/ 

1 ■  C/bsts&T*-- ' 

^oAJUlJ-UJ/  Tt  mmuua^ . cuood . 4tMuJL~ 

. (J/ijijL4/LjUf . . JA<!..Qd&A... . J&... . MiAdd... . . . . 

AIiMaJ  MUs  >&JL<MAsLd <M**u  . . ^6 . 

^/d-- ojuaxct,  J» <26  ~tjjLAJL s  Z&hujw t^-e</ . QctL^JL.^ 

Cu-cW-  k-‘ 

>  ’.^K 


G-e^wa^^  \-$.  L® 

p.C^v_^w\ — ^.'("’  W-<-^ -  <=|  o  l'N^2. 

L^o  -v  Uw  ■  c^(j  r^ 

C<J  -Ctts.  33  fX^  -A 

ibo  GyJtXcruj" 

HO  CCovo  - 



°  ppaMz. 

-r-(5  O  e4~-|  (jT 



[AUGUST  1891] 

£  ch.\y\Z^wU"'U 

c\y  ./,/  ,jfyU  uJJ-  y  c J QyyyijU^  „ 

■■■■ryr  AVsdd,  VSLrhfL-  <?A>  -  ’%£**■ 

[v  (k  j  <• '-  Ab\_ 




THOMAS  A.  EDISON,  President. 


.  New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania  Concentrating  Works, 



Ogden,  n.  j.  'T 

o  A-O  fr+W  Sl<-u 

U^-r-^-O  ■'£^'6*.  4r*+r<?  ±-*£*™*t  ^ 

/'?  >7x^0-'/—  — cD>  Z£z  *Zf 

"?C  /cA'L.-r  t> 

dp  ^ 

p>r\r  Zd^C  r-*-0  *■ 

/Zyxt*.  ,  ,  i  s~>  _ 

J.  ?r>*-  StC? 

7  ^  /iti, 

— et-^'rTx^ 

/i ~  '£~  6Pu~<:>>  yt-^A 

CHx.  dr 



ZZ?,  '~'/slC-  1 1  I C.<,^> 


DAVID  S.  ALLEN,  President. 
A.  KANOUSE,  Treasurer 

we-).,  ,  -&op-t. — 12-th. — .QJ _ yH^? 

A  D. Tate. Esq 
Orange  M  J 

Dear  Sir:-  Yours  on'  the  Uth  Inst, .lust  recieved  to  Young  and  myself 
was  not  aware  that  the  worhs  wer  not  going  „  Supposed  ^ 

war  in  operation..!  have  learned  from  ihe  Conductor  who  runs  one  of  tie 
Tiains  on  the  Ogden  Hail  Hoad  that  ihe  Concentrating  Co  has  sent  to 
Kington  a  Petition  to  have  a  Post  Office  Established  at  the  worhs 
now  i  have  boon  employed  in  the  P  0  Dept  for  the  last  Eighteen  Years 
d  wil...  give  you  a  Pointer  write  to  the  Congressman  of  this  District 
Mr  Cadamous  of  Paterson  to  tahe  the  case  in  hand  as  tile  Depart** 

”  V°ry  81 W  ^  Kfftabli8hia«'  tost  <«*«•■  i?  the  Congressman  of  this 
District  does  not  push  it  for  you. 

Very  Hespectfply  'lours, 

CWc pWw.  fVCVUi.  „ 


SEP  15  1801 

Ans'd _ _  IQ 

'V"-  '  ,  '/ix-'f  :■ ! 

E I V. ']$£) 

OCT' 21  1891  -V  :  /• 


<=//,'  ■g"'/  4  ■  ,  „  .1/ 

//U  ■  :  "■•  ‘'V-  •  a  vr,-,  ,'.•  f  C'f  dccJJ<  ^, 

•  (cai</  J.fa/'f,,." 


'7  ** 

j'-O  /(■'-tS. 

• i ■'  -W ^  /Ifiuf  y[ au.l, 

/  .  ,  .,  | 
/>,  OiViJ^-ec ?/;■:. . 

1891.  Motion  Pictures  (D-91-41) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  pertaining  to  the  kinetograph  and 
other  motion  picture  equipment.  Some  of  the  letters  are  inquiries  from  the 
public  seeking  information  about  the  kinetograph,  suggesting  improvements 
in  it,  or  applying  to  buy  or  rent  machines  for  exhibition  or  sales  purposes. 
Also  included  are  letters  from  Dyer  &  Seely,  Edison’s  patent  lawyers 
regarding  patent  applications  and  assignments  by  W.  K.  L.  Dickson  and  John 

All  the  documents  have  been  filmed. 

f/o  /'<»>  p<c/ k  r 

. Py 

'M>  frrjtvm 

yyy  ,&££  ^  4 s??^~  / 

p  ,  &&&£'££'  AO*  &z4p  P?-j£^- '£  &<**  tff 

%*  y^^rptu-  j  ^'Y  jk/^^/,, 

<PzyeA$  Ay ..^y&s  '  y-zius/jpL'  pf)  p^y^-zj*-  ^y 
'  p  Azc-y  -^0*76?;  /  /c/Ay^c;  jpA,//  y^c^c- 

^  ™**ps  /^  j^y/yiL  Ac/^Jy  -** 

^  aw  &a*y  jCrJy  *a&fa&y,  ry***~c* 

*Ui^  ™*~e/  ^  Apf  y  OvfrA&UA.  SrAc*£4> 

dt&z  p/^  &  yL/  y^frzyAr- Ot<sC&  yipUy  7S 

^u/  p/<£*-e*s  &  dAy?-i<Usat 

SAygts-jj  &  <2/  rs't/p , 

■  j^W 


tG>/1 2 

J  O  _ 

/  IVH 
7h .  ?. 

y$  ^cbU-^K_ 
jt)jU^  y^-T_ 

..y4iAcAc  CTL-.-V  <?  e  &eni^.lyf~  W' 

-J>=—  /iJ-^-y^yC^^ 

fiJLC-  ,sL  &C(L  <\  /T'C  £  /Z^~  X^<_ 

X&-C4C.  I 

<£?  <2n>^£t  eL  —  j 

/£&-■  /Cc  ~e^£ZZCe^~  fH^rf~~ .  | 

^in-u^tzC-  cr  ji 

i  t^l7^~  £».  a^Ct  *e,  /l/—Cg-£-t) 

|  ^£-<  <&f~  ^>7  <4S-zhy  — 

j  ,^2*,  ^ 



Journal  or  agriculture, 

f)  [I  '  P  Catrge  U/eekly  farm,  family  and  Sfcoek  paper. 


Journal  of  Agriculture  Co. 

rJ  /  St.  Ltoais  June  13th  1891 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq*,  -  ^  K  ( 

Llewellyn  Par]j,l  Orange  Co.,  N,Y. 

The  description  o  f  your  Kinetograph  in  Harpers  Weekly 
impels  me  to  write  you  with  a  view  to  obtaining  the  privilege  of 
using  the  mechanism  which  you  enploy  to  move  the  ribbon  of  photo¬ 
graphic  film,  in  a  system  of  au^ati c  telegraphy  which  I  am  endeav¬ 
oring  to  perfect.  My  intention  is  to  receive  the  message  on  a 
strip  of  paper  in  which  the  characters  will  be  punched,  instead  of 
written,  as  has  been  the  practice  in  other  systens  of  automatic  te¬ 
legraphy;  the  punched  strip  then  to  be  passed  through  apparatus 
which  will  repeat  the  message  on  a  s>ounder  at  suitable  speed  for 
transcription,  in  the  ordinary  way,  or -to  be  sent  over  another 
line  by  running  through  the  ordinary  autonatic- transmitter.  I 

should  like  to  know  if  y0u  would  be  willing  to  allow  the  use  of 
your  device  under  royalty  for  this  purpose,  and  if  so  what  royalty 
and  also  the  probable  cost  of  the  apparatus*  My  plans  require 
.  that  the  paper  move  at  about  the  speed  of  the  film  in  the  kineto¬ 
graph  and  so  far  I  have  not  been  abl  e  to  devise  any  method  of 

j  yr  T 

1 r  „ 

!Hav  Snk  / 

^Vtc*~->«-  CW 
^{>./  Iv-c  u^jvvLA. 

fVk-C.  IL-SWC  Ow’./CW^I 

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/t"  fWvM 

r- f 

rv-wj  - 


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/l-t-  iva^wL  Ao  UhAA—  Atj  Iv«^C£niV^v^J  (v\" 

(/^rt^-»U,  fcw*-  ioUvlXo/tlri-^ 

/y  ft* 

S’.  £.y(~.£y  d£ ^/#y/ 

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Ootober  10,  1891i 

John  F'«  Ott,vBsqv, 

Edison's  laboratory*  Orange,  N.  J‘» 
Dear  SirJ- 

Will  you  please  give  me  a  little  additiomtinformation 
in  regard  to  the  construction  and  operation  of  the  following  parts 
of  your  Ootti  Oon trolldtf  Kinetos cope  apparatus: 

‘She  cirouit‘-obntrbilCr')and  the  means  for  moving  the  same 
to  close  the  dimwit*  and, after  the  pictures  have  been  seenjtnoving 
it  again  to  open  the  circuit^  What  is  the  purpose  of  the  worm  and 
'woMMrheel  at  the  Upper  left  corner  of  figure  2?  X  seems  to  be 
«  detent  lever  keeping  this  wheel'  from  revolving  }j/cat  but  just  how 
the  tiling  works  I  do  not  seev  What  kind  of  a  connection  is  there 
between  She  lever*  marked  X  and;  Y^  and  to  what  is  V  connected? 

What  operates  the  register? 

f  suggest  that  you  make  one  or  two  free  hand  sketches  of 
the  cirouit-opntroller  and  means  for  operating  it,  and  send  it  to 
me  with  the  endowed  drawingV  I  should  be  glad  to  have  this  aa 
soon  aa  convenient'. 

Yours  truly* 



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-Ipljreon-liolod  my  document,  and  c 
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|  *tho*  filiino  (m! 



^AVrlght a  letter nmUheono  wlilcli  : 
Sneo  thoMmli^t*,,®VJ,W’nt’  W*P 11 


oiid-Muiply  toloitroniicU1 


Paradoxical  as  it  may  appear  to  speak  of  noiseless  music, 
which  would  seem  even  more  mythical  than  "the  music  of  the  spheres; 
nevertheless  such  an  expression  is  correct  in  the  sense  we  are 
about  to  apply  or  describe  it.  Some  years  ago  a  Doctor  Buchanan, 
of  Kentucky,  conceiving  that  an  affinity  existed  between  the  rays 
of  light  as  found  in  the  rainbow  and  the  notes  of  music,  proposed 
to  furnish  a  concert  for  the  eye;  arguing,  and  it  would  seem 
correctly  so,  that  the  eye  was  as  capable  of  experiencing  pleasure 
by  an  harmonic  rise  and  fall  of  the  several  rays  of  light  as  the 
ear  does  by  the  accordance  of  sweet  sounds.  Now  mark  the  analogy 
between  music  and  light.  The  gamut  is  made  up  of  seven  notes: 
the  primary  colors  also,  according  to  Newton,  are  seven.  In 
music,  certain  notes  chord,  others  struck  in  unison  produce  dis¬ 
cord;  so  with  colors,  certain  ones  harmonize,  others  do  not  blend. 
Again,  there  are  different  shades  of  color,  and  these  correspond 
to  the  notes  in  music  which  lie  above  and  below  the  line.  By 
systematizing  the  primary  colors  with  their  various  shades  -  that 
•is,  light  or  dark,  dull  or  bright,  corresponding  to  high  or  low, 
and  sharp  or  flat  in  music  -  cannot  an  instrument  be  devised 
which,  by  suddenly  flashing  and  blending  colors  that  harmonize, 
will  delight  the  eye  as  music  low  does  the  ear?  This  would  be 
music  the  deaf  might  revel  in.  Perhaps  the  old  fable  of  Memnon's 
harp,  which  was  said  to  have  discoursed  sweet  melody  when  acted 
upon  by  the  rays  of  the  sun,  may  after  all  have  been  a  truth. 

From  "The  American  Artisan".  Sept.  5,  I860. 

1891.  Patents  (D-91-42) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  to  and  from  Edison’s  patent 
attorneys  and  agents,  along  with  other  documents  relating  to  domestic  and 
foreign  patent  applications,  patent  litigation,  and  other  patent  matters. 
Included  are  letters  pertaining  to  patents  for  the  electric  lamp,  the 
phonograph,  and  ore  milling  machinery.  There  are  also  letters  congratulating 
Edison  on  the  successful  outcome  of  Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  v.  U.S.  Electric 
Lighting  Co.  and  reports  by  attorney  Sherburne  B.  Eaton  to  the  Patent 
Litigation  Committee,  which  was  created  to  review  the  status  of  pending 
interferences.  Many  of  the  letters  are  from  the  law  firm  of  Dyer  &  Seely. 

Approximately  70  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 
correspondence  about  patent  issues  and  renewals,  application  fees,  taxes,  and 
other  routine  patent  transactions;  letters  of  transmittal  and  acknowledgement. 




January  12th,  1891. 



MR,  EATON'S  MEM.  FOR  MEETING;'  JANUARY  13, ’  1891, 

NEW  JERSEY  THREE  WIRE  CASE.  This  was  argued  before  Judge 
MoKennen  in  May,  1889.  He  lost  the  papers,'  forgot  the  case,  and  on 
the  31st  ult.  ordered  a  re-argument.  He  is  going  to  resign  and  this 
is  the  only  old  case  undecided. 

May  I  retain  Mr.-  Betts  to  assist  at  the  re-argument? 


NEW  JERSEY  ..FEEDER  .CASE.  Mr.  .Samuel  Betts  .and  Mr..  Jenks  are 
taking  Sir.  William  Thomson’s  deposition  at  Glasgow.  The  Westinghouse 
Company  have  sent  Mr.  Terry  over  to  .oross-examine.  .Professor 
Chandler,'  our  witness,'  is  still  under  oross-examination  here.  Mr. 
Brevoort,'  also  our  witness,'  is  about  to  be  examined  by  us  in  rebuttal. 
This  case  is  being  pushed  with  great  vigor  and  we  hope  to  close  it 
within  a  month.  It  is  by  far  the  most  difficult  case  we  have, 


OUR  PROPOSED  NEW  SUITS.  On. the  15th  ult.  the  Board  of  the 
General  Co.  directed  me  to  prepare  a  list  of  good  patents  to  sue  on,' 
both  incandescent  and  railway.  Those  lists  have  been  prepared,'  and 
I  shall  submit  them  to  the  Committee.  The  listswill  be  submitted  at 
the  next  meeting  of  the  Board. 

IV. . 

PERKINS  SWITCH  PATENT.  For  business  reasons,'  we  have 
decided  not  to  acknowledge  this  patent.  We  are  now  making  an 
exhaustive  search  for  anticipations,'  but  .thus-  far  without  much  suc¬ 
cess.  Mr.  Buckinghame  tells  me  that  he  is  going  to  sue  us  on  this 
patent  for  the  Perkins  Co.  I  have  secured  the  opinion  of  Mr. 

Edison,'  Mr.  Dyer  and  others,'  but  we  are  by  no  means  certain  as  yet 
but  what  the  patent  oan"be  sustained’.. 

V. . 

are  making  progress  in  these  suits,'  but  rather  slowly.  Mr.  Wetmore 
is  the  Counsel  for  the  defense,'  and  his  engagements  prevent  his  going 
ahead  fast.  However,'  we  have  no  particular  ground  for  complaint  as 
yet.,'  as  patent  suits  go. 



y.i .  ■ 

Plaintiffs  are  doing  nothing  in  this  suit,  so  I  have  not  yet  gone 
to  the  expense  of.  retaining  Counsel.  It  will  be  time  enough  to 
do  that  when  plaintiff  begins,. 

.OLD  M6KEESP0RT  CASE.  I.-would^like-authority,  t6-pay,a:small  bill 
to  Mr.  Sharp  relating  to  this  old  case,'  and  shall  make  an  explana- 
tion  about  it  to  the  Committee. 


PENDING  APPLICATIONS. IN  PATENT  OFFICE.  I  advise  that  we  out 
off  some  of  this  expense  by  discontinuing  certain  applications..  ..  I 
shall  be  prepared  to  report  to  the  Committee  at  length.. 


FILAMENT  CASE.  Judge  Laoombe  finally  decided  that  Mr. 
Edison's  divisional  application  may  be  put  in  evidence  by  the  defense. 
This  is  being  done  to-day.  -It  rather  looks  now  as  if  this  oase  would 
be  argued  when  Judge  Wallace  sits  again;’  the  last  of  February., 

.  Xv 

WINNIPEG.  This  Annual  Retainer  of  $350.  we  have  renewed,  for  reasons 
which  I  shall  state. 

Will'  the  Committee  approve? 

XI -■ 

MR.  STETSON'S  EMPLOYMENT.  By  request  of  Mr.  Lowery  I  em¬ 
ployed  Mr.  Stetson'  at  a  reasonable  rate  to  assist  Mr.  Clarke  in  pre¬ 
paring  a. digest  of  the  testimony  in  this  case. 

Is  my  action  approved? 


MR.  LOWERY'S  RETAINER  AND  BILL-.-  I  shall  be  prepared  to  make 
an  explanation  to  the  Committee  and  get  their  instructions. 


be  prepared  to  make  an  explanation  about  this. 


■  PROFESSOR  BARKER'S  RETAINER.  Shall  we  renew: this  for  1891, 



the  Retainer  being  $500?  I  recommend  it. 


;  •  RETAINING  MR,.  BUCKINGHAMS.  I  was  authorized  at  the  last 
meeting  to  retain  Mr.  B..  if  satisfactory  arrangements  oould  be  made. 
I  think  he  asks  too  muoh,  considering  that  the  Thomson-Houston  Co. 
will  have  the  first,  olaim  upon  him..  However,  I  shall  be  prepared 
to  report  to  the  Committee,  and  ask  for  instructions. 

Respectfully  submitted, 

General  Counsel. 



Tate,  Esq. , 
Dear  Sir:- 

NEW  York . February  18,  1891. . 

We  are  informed  that  before  Mr.  Edison  applied 
for  hi spat ent  on  the  Motor-Meter  patewttNo.  242,901  he  conducted 
a  series  ef  experiments  with  th-a  working  Met^^nd  that  those  ex¬ 
periments  were  recorded  by  John  fltt  in  certain  of  the  Edison  note¬ 
books.  We  would  like  to  ascertain  from  Mr.  Ott  what  those  expe¬ 
riments  were,  and  have  him  hunt  thorn  up  his  note-hooks  containing 
«n  account  of  those  experiments. 

Yours  truly. 


A.  0.  Tats,  Esq. , 

Dear  Sir:- 

LAW  OFFICES,  laam  ,, 

February  12,  1891. 

W«  are  informed  by  Mr.  W.  S.  Andrews  that  t  he 
repord-books  kept  by  thom^whilo  at  the  Goerck  Street  Works  are 
pWebably  at  the  Laboratory.  We  have  had  the  vaults  in  New  Torit 
searched,  but  do  net  find  th$m  ^hore.  Will  you  kindly  have  ait  ■ 
investigation  set  on  foot  at  the  laboratory  to  find  these  note¬ 
books?  We  are  anxious  to  have  thorn  at  owoe. 

jours  truly, 



. February  18, . 1891. 

A.  0.  Tate  ESq., 

Dear  sir,- 

We  return  herewith  our  bill  rendered  iTanuary 
31at,  which  was  enclosed  with  your  letter  of  the  16th  inst.,  in 
which  you  requested  ua  to  state  what  cases  906  and  907  were  on. 

Case  906  covers  the  use  uf  a  parchment  belt  and.  sprocket 
wheels,  and  -case  907  covers  the  use  of  a  magnet  operating  the 
tilting  bar  on  the  diaphragm  arm. 

I*  regard  to  Mr.  Clark# ( Clark* vs .  Edison)  We  beg  to  state, 
that  we  do  not  know  just  who  this  Mr.  Clark*!*,  'e^^that  the 
declaration  of  interference  states  that  he  is  a  resident  of  Pitts¬ 
burgh.  This  interference  was  only  recently  declared  and  imp  on 
the  use  of  a  single  diaphragm  with^th£  recording  and  reproducing 
points  thereon. 

As  requested,  in  making  out  future  bills  we  will  state 
briefly  what  each  case  is  on. 

Yours  very  truly,  j,, 



new  YoRK..Z0.b.,p.uary. . 20,....1891, . 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

T°ur  two  favors  of  the  18th  in.t.  received.  We  will 
have  search  made  at  the  New  York  vaults  of  the  Edison  Company  for 
^Otfs  note-books.  We  wish  you  wo  uld  have  search  made  for  the 
^model,  and  if  'found,  notify  us. 

Yours  truly. 



T.  A.  Edison  Esq. , 



, . 1891. 

In  view  of  a  pencil  note  made  by  you  on  a 
specification  recently  sent  you  to  sign,  in  which  specification  a 
motor  was  described  having  an  armature  formed, by  winding  a  long 
iron  strip  into  a  convolute  ooil,  the  convolutions  being  separated 
by  paper,  and  the  core  thus  formed  being/grooved  on  its  sides,  we 
h**va  obtained  a  copy  of  patent  to  Brush  No.  336,087  and  send  it  to 
you  herewith.  / 

When  we  originally  drew /the  specification,  it  included 
claims  to  the  armature  made  as  a6ove  indicated,  but  before  sending 
the  specification  to  you,  Mr.  Ratlin  happened  to  see  this  Brush 
patent  while  making  a  search/on  another  matter  in  Washington,  and 
the  claims  to  the  armature /Vere  accordingly  stricken  out.  You  wil] 
notice  that  the  Brush  parent  dates  back  to  1884. 

Yours  truly. 


Dear  Sir 

^-9V(f-</wCf/y  {  EQUITABLE  BUILDING) 

I  beg  to  hand  you  enclosed  a  copy  of  my  mem,  for  • 
the  next  meeting  of  the  Patent  litigation  Committee,  which  will 
probably  take  place  within  a  day  or  two,  although  the  exact  date 
is  not  yet  fixed. 

Very  truly  yours, 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq, 









FILAMENT  CASE.  The  testimony  is  all  taken,  the  Counsel  on  both 
sides  are  at  work  preparing  for  the  hearing,  and  when  Judge  Wallace 
sits  on  March  23rd,  an  early  day  will  doubtless  be  mutually  agreed  on 
for  the  argument.  Messrs.  Seward,  Lowrey  and  Dyer  will  speak  for  us, 
and  probably  Messrs.  Duncan  and  Wetmore-  for  the  defense. 

FEEDER  CASE.  Mr.  Jenks  has  returned  from  Glasgow  with  Sir 
William  Thomson’s  deposition.  The  examination  of  our  Witness,'  Pro¬ 
fessor  Chandler,  on  the  alleged  analogy  of  water  distribution,  which 
is  strongly  relied  upon  by  the  defense,  .is  ended.  The  cross  examina¬ 
tion  .of  Mr.  Brevoort,  another  one  of  our  experts,  is  in  progress.  Mr. 
Charles  L.  Clark  is  also  being  examined  for  us,  as  to  questions  of  fact. 
It  now  looks  as  .if  all  the  testimony  would  be  taken  in  time  for  the 
case  to  be  heard  in  April. 


THREE  WIRE  CASE.  Pursuant  to  your  authority  given  me  at  your 
last  meeting,  January  12th,  I  have  retained  Mr.  Betts  to  assist  Mr. 

Dyer  in  the  reargument  of  this  New  Jersey  three  wire  case.  A  date  for 
argument  will  soon  be  fixed, 

METER  CASE.  We  called  Mr.  Brevoort  as  an  expert  to  help  us 
make  out  our  .facie  case,  and  he  is  still  under  cross  examination. 
Mr.  Dyer  has  charge  of  this  case  for  us,. but  owing  to  his  almost  con¬ 
stant  occupation  in  the  Filament  Case,  progress  is  slow. 

LAMP  DETAILS  SUITS.  We  have  some  hope  that  the  testimony  in 
these  cases  against  the  Perkins  Co.  will  be  ended  in  time  for  them  to 
be  heard  in  May.  Mr.  Wetmore’s  many  engagements  make  it  hard  for 
our  lawyer,  Mr.  Burdett,  to  proceed  speedily.  Testimony  has  been 
recently  taken  in  Philadelphia,  Hartford  and  Pittsburgh. 




formerly  Commissioner  of  Patents,  'recently  called  on  me  and  stated 
that  he  had  been  put  in  charge  of 'Plaintiff ’s  case.  He  asked  for 
further  time  in  which  to  file  a  Complaint,  and  we  allowed  him  until 
April.  The  suit  was  begun  against  the  Jamaica  and  Brooklyn  R.  R.  Co. 
last  July,  and  the  Sprague  Co.  assumes  the  defense. 

I.  assume  is  our  policy  not,  to  hurry  up  the ’Plaintiff.. 

In  fact,  we  care  not  if  they  never  go  ahead. 

QUESTION;  Shall  we  give  plaintiff  all  the  time  he  wants? 


■  STIERINGER  FIXTURE  PATENTS.  The  General  Co.  [successors  of 
Bergmann  &  Co.]  'held  a 'license  for  these  patents  under  a  contract  with 
Mr.  Maitland.  He  has  recently  terminated  our  said  license,  for  al¬ 
leged  non-payment  of  royalties,  and  has  retained  counsel,  against  us, 
namely,  Messrs.  Philipp,  Phelps  &  Hovey,  of  this  city.  The  Fixture 
Association  have  arranged  to  take  licenses  under  these  patents,  and  we 
have  been  threatened  with  a  combined  attack,  as  infringers.  Mr.  Insull 
regards  this  matter  as  important,  and  has  recently  instructed  me  to 
protect  the  General 'Co.  and  to  prepare  for  a  fight.  ’Unfortunately, 
Messrs.  Dyer  &  Seely  would  not  serve  us,  as  Mr.  Dyer  is  a  part  owner 
of  the  patents,  in  question,  and  his  firm  has  always  acted  in  support 
of  them.  Mr. Mai  tland  recently  had  two  suits  pending  on  these  patents, 
one  against  Iden  &  Co.  .of  this  city,  and  another  against  a  fixture  firm 
in  Chicago.  Much  testimony  was  taken,  the  lawyers  for  the  defense 
having  gone  into  the  subject  thoroughly  to  break  down  the  patents. 

Mr.  'Dickerson  appeared  against  the  patents,  aided  by  Mr.  Bate  as  counsel 
and  by  Mr.  Bogart  as  expert.  In  a  recent  deal  between  Mr.  Maitland  and 
others  including  these  defendants,  these  suits  were  dismissed,  where¬ 
upon  Mr.  Dickerson  was  at  orice  retained  by  the  Fixture  Association, 
which  is  new  interested  in  supporting  the  patents.  Hearing  of  this 
and  knowing  the  advantage  of  having  on  our  side  parties  who  had  fought 
vigorously  against  the  patents  in  the  above  two  suits,  I  promptly  re¬ 
tained  Mr.  Bate  and  Mr.  Bogart  for  us,  before  it  was  toe  late,  that 
is  to  say  before  they  were  also  retained  by  the  Fixture  Association. 

By  retaining  them,  we  can  avail  ourselves  of  all  the  defensive  work 
dene  in  the  other  suits,  if  we  are  sued.  Mr.  Bogart’s  retainer  is 
4150.  for  a  year,  plus  a  paid  guarantee  of  $100.  for  services  at  the 
rate  of  -445.  per  day.  Mr,  Bate’s  retainer  [which,  however,  is  only 
partial,  as  I  shall  explain  verbally]  is  4250. 

•QUESTION;  Is  my  action  in  retaining  Mr.  Bate  and  Mr.  Bogart 


WHELESS  EDECTRIC  RAILWAY  PATENTS.  The  General  Co.  is  in¬ 
vestigating  the  Wheless  System  of  underground  conductors  now  exhibited 
at  Washington,  and  I  expect  instructions  from  the  Executive  Department 
to  make  a  report  on  the  Wheless  patents.  Our  own  experts  already 

have  more  than  they  can  do,  and  it  will-  be  necessary  to  employ  outside 


olP'teo.'eP"‘  '»  P»PO„S 

aught,  not  to  cost 

-  -SSL  '  -  - 


-  . .  sT^:B°re!?.‘”- TT  \.mm  °°-  siMumm - 

£^r~."sit5  £SSSSSSr?S 

«»  then  -brown  .g.mst  u,  ^  *  *Ml 

irird  £ 


'  -  ‘F  P.  ‘Fish  S  Lsto.,  ”■  ”*  °"1,U  *  *»>•.  »' 

tisd  up  fn's™"1  lnS‘'”'Ud  M  lb. -a.n.r.1 -Oo.  h„  „My 

brought  against  the.  on  this  pat”?  f  u  "U> 

'  ,  p0sslble  injunction  against  then,  has  now  constructed  a  i 

J  f:  »  'hioh  “«  “>•*■  «-  »b  Mu.  I.sull  ” 

'T,  °n  lL  The  qUestion  cf  infringement  is  compli¬ 
cated  ana  covers  the  vast  field  of  dynamo  inventions,  reaching  back 
c  tne  earliest  years  of  electrical  apparatus.  Knc  ing  i  v  u!d  ■' 
ake  many  wee  s  fcr  a  new  man  to  familiarize  himself  wifi,  the  ,lZl 

Mr  EdwInT  °  d  SC,"ebCdy  already  Wel1  inf°rraed-  'Fortunately  *  - 

Mr  Edwin  H.  Brown  was  free,  and  I  have  just  secured  his  aid  in  this 

TbI:;;,  c^r^xr^;  rr Diokerscn' 110011 

aid  and  that  of  Mr.  Bobbie  of  ? 

;l  we  br to  find  thot — aut°— 

,,  ,  .  ,  61  ™er  kfle  sa*d  new  Sperry ‘Regulator  or 

c  .ner,  wmcn  will  not  infringe  the  Thomscn-Houstcn  Company  patents 

l  r:,?  .r::  °r;  tMs.”u*r  'm  *•  ~  >»  Pr.i 

patents.  &  g  Waloh  n°t  infringe  existing  hostile 


Is  my  action  in  retaining  Mr.  Brown  approved? 


must  defend.  Thssa  qnih  °  .  p  £ue  Co.  customer,  and  we 

in  the  'U.  S.  Court  for  the  To t .^DiJt^of  Tenr  PateDtS’  ^  "* 
sink  Mountain*.  *.  ’Co.  at  leadina  'to  ?  **  agalnsfc  Lhe  'Never- 

three  suite:  Tbese  are  the  patents  in  the 

Cl]  Hunter  Patent  of  April,  1890,  No.  426  'SR?  nn 
comoination  of  the  overhead  conductor,  a  motor  ’  1  " 
circuit,  and  a  circuit  n  a  oar’  a  “otor 

2= S~5?5t 

on  current  collecting  device  for  electric  railwlys  A  s  lg  ’ 
held  a  current  collecting  arm  so  that  it  trails  backward  alsS 

H  ~  - r:.£"r 

adjusted  current  device  for  electric  rli^s  ’  *  la^alJy- 

C3]  H.unter  Patent 'No.  4?4  ?nv 


aid  '» itL^311  repare  0Ur  anSW6rS  in  tHese  new  suit*  with  Mr.  Vansise's 
aid,  without  employing  counsel.  s 

QUESTION:  Shall  I  , 

suits,  if  needed? 

e  Mr.  Betts  and  Mr.  Seely  in  these  new. 


RE  HUNTER, ■  Our  investigation  of  Mr.  Hunter’s  history  in 

oraer  to  break  aown  his  false  claims  as  an  inventor,  is  progressing 
satisiactorily.  Mr.  Bate  has  especial  charge  and  ic  jn;„rt  ,  g 

I'Jr  “nvf'r  i°  »■«  f«  »uw.  i,  „a„  L%°.”  ” 

ana  perpetuate  testimony,  and  to  get  important  parties  to  give  us  their 
time.  .  This  is  unavoidable  in  cases  of  this  sort  w«  wJ!  ?  .  , 





is  my  action  approved  in  spending  money 

.  .  .  0  ~°  CABB0M  ^BATMENT  SUIT  AHATNHT  ns  In  ay  Mew,  for 
aatea ^September  36,  1889,  I  stated  that  the  Westinghouse  Company 
were  aesirous  of  making  an  arrangement  to  go  on  with  this  suit  against 

consent  VrWn  Trent°n  Treatraenfc  Suit-  They  wanted  us  to 

consent  to  take  our  testimony  and  to  have  the  case  argued  with  the 

vigoro^lT  'Q8i  ^  Y°Ur  d80isi0n  was  thak  we  si>ould  fight  the  case 
Vigo  ousiy,  ana  also  press  our  patent  suit  against  them,  The  result 
was  tnat  tney  abandoned  this  suit  for  the  time  being. 

this  suifSSnrfS\!!err  *  °UrtiS  n°W  n°tify  108  that  they  »i«h  to  revive 

h  y  asked  for'  l  "7  ^  reqU6St  f°r  a"  a"*««"«t  such  as 

tney  askea  for  ln  September,  1889,  as  stated  above.  We  claim  that 

we  oo  not. use  this,  invention,  although  .we  did  use  it,  to  a slight 
extent  when  the  sui  t  was  brought.  The  lawyers  for 'Plaintiff  tell 

to  shu  unerW1Sn  n  f  %favorab^'  Judgment  on  this  patent  in-order 
d°  ! f"  P  !  Sma11.  amp  fa°tories  which  are  carrying  on  business  and 

^rowing.  I  recommend  that  the  policy  adopted  by  you  a  year  and  a 
naif  ago  as  stateo  above,  be -reiterated  now. 

QUESTION:.  Shall  we  make  any  arrangement  about  this  suit? 

AN.  ASSISTANT 'FOB  MR.  'JENKS.  Our  Contract  with  Mr.  'Jenks  was 
for  two  years  with  an  option  for  three  years  more.  He  is  now  in  his 
seconl,  year  wmch^expires  October  1,  1891.  We  are  paying  him  *3,600. 
•fop  this  year,  ana  office  expenses.  For  the  past  year,  three-fourths 
of  nis  time  has  been  spent  as  an  expert  witness  in  eight  of  our  suits 
Possibly  the  most  involved  and  scientific  issues  in  any  of  our  suits  ’ 
are  in  the  Feeder  Case.  Mr.  'Jenks  has  rendered  important  service  in 

S  Win  '*  t  3S  an  e-PSrt  WitneSS  “d  38  3n  a88i8kant  k°  Mr.  Betts, 

.  "O"180",  anQ  specially  Professor  Chandler..  Under  the  old 

p  an  of  niring  experts  by  the  day,  the.  services  which  Mr.  Jenks -has 
rendered  in  the  Feeder  suit  alone,  would  have  cost  us  more  than  h' 
yearly  salary.  -All  agree  that  he  makes  an  admirable  expert  witness 
ana  we  expect  to  use  him  in  other -suits..  He  is  continually  -'ailed  ’ 
upon  to  make  investigations  about  patents  and  to  advise  with  our  .lawyer, 
experts  and  engineers.  He  already  has  more  than  he  can  do,  and  needs 
an  assistant,  one  who  understands  the  technical  part  of  cur  business 
ana  is  competent,  to.  make  investigations  and  reports.  Rarely  can 
sucn  a  man  be  found,  but  just,  new  one  is  available.  I  refer  to  Mr. 
Eawin  W.  Hammer,  who  is  just,  now  free.  He  could  probably  be  had  at 
a  reasonable  salary,  and  I  recommend  that  we  engage  him,  if  possible. 

Tne  position  is  fairly  worth  a  salary  of  about  *1,200,  to  begin  with. 

QUESTION:  Shall  we  engage  Mr.  Hammer? 




■MEW  SUIT  -AGAINST  US  OH  CARBON  BRUSHES,  Messrs.  Kerr  &  Curtis, 
Counsel  for  the  Westinghouse  Company,  notify  me  that  an  alliance  for 
ofiensrve  purposes  in  . patent  suits  has  been  made  between  their  Company 
ana  the  Thomson-Houston  Company,  and.  that  a  suit  will  at  once  be 
brought  against  us  on  several  patents  in  behalf  of  this  combination. 

Kerr  &  Curtis  will  act  as  attorneys  for  both  companies..  The  first 
suit  will  be  on  carbon  brushes  which  are  extensively  used  in  our 
railway  plants.  The  Westinghouse  Company  own  a  patent  granted  to 
G.  Forbes,  May  6th,  ,1890.  No.  '487,859,  for  a  contact  brush  consisting 
oi  a  Plate”  of  carbon;  and  the  Thomson-Houston  Company  own  an  old 
Vanaerpoele  Patent  of  1884,  also  for  a  form  of  carbon  contact.'  The 
proposed  suit  will  be  on  these  patents.  It  is  our  belief  that  the 
patents  are  not  good  and  can  be  broken  down.  In  considering  this 
suit,  attention  should  be  given  to  Mr..  Edison's  patent  for  a  Commutator 
Brush  of  High  Resistance  discussed  below  in  No.  XXI. 


held  October  IS,  1890,  you  decided  that  in  your  judgment  no  further 
suits  should  be  brought  on  any  of  our  patents;  but  you  referred  the 
matter  to  the  Board  of  the  General  Co.  Since  then  twelve  suits  have 
been  begun  against  us,  and  others  are  threatened. 

At  a  Board  meeting  held  on  December  15,  1890,  the  matter  of  our 
bringing  new  suits  was  discussed,  and  I  was  instructed  to  prepare  a 
list  of  good  patents  to  sue  on,  both  incandescent  and  railway,  and 
submit  them  to  the  Board.  Owing  to  the  absence  of  Mr.  Jenks  at  Glasgow, 
and  to  the  difficulty  of  getting  our  various  experts,  engineers  and 
patent  lawyers  to  agree*  progress  has  been  slow,  but  a  selection  has 
at  last  been  made  as  appears  below.  Mr.  Johnson  has  taken  interest 
m  selecting  these  patents  and  has  given  much  time  to  the  examination 
of  the  written  reports  of  our  experts  and  to  giving  us  the  benefit  of 
his  own  views.  Mr.  Edison’s  opinion  is  that  suits  should  be  brought. 


EDISON  DISTRIBUTION  PATENTS.  The  principal-  patents  of  Mr. 
Edison  relating  to  distribution  are  the  following: 

Edison  Feeder,  No.  864,648,  issued  in  1888. 

"  Pressure  Wire,  No.  866,793,  issued  in  1888. 

°  Three  Wire,  No.  874,890,  issued  in  1883. 

”  Steam  Dynamo,  No.  881,351,  issued  in  1883. 

Multiple  Series,  No.  385,574,  issued  in  1885. 

"  Multiple  Arc,  No.  369,880,  issued  in  1887. 

We  are  now  suing  on  the  Feeder  Patent,  and  on  the  Three  Wire 
Patent.  As  regards  the  Pressure  Wire  Patent,  I  recommend  in  No. 

XX  below,  that  suit  be  now  brought.  As  regards  the  remaining  three 
patents,  we  are  yet  in  doubt  whether  suits  should  be  commenced.  The 



matter  is  now 
including  Mr. 
next  meeting. 

being  considered  by  our  various  lawyers  and  expel 
Betts,  and  I  shall  have  more  to  say  about  it  at 


SEPSUE  DISTRIBUTION  PATENTS.  Mr.  Sprague’s  principal  in- 
.r®latlngtJ°  attribution  for  electric  railways,  are  covered 
by  the  following  three  patents: 

Sprague  Main  and  Working  Conductors,  Wo,  317,835,  issued  in  1885 
„  ^wo  sets  of  Working  Conductors,  -No.  388, 831;  issued  in  1885. 
Sectional.  Mam  Conductor,  No.  338, 313,  issued  in  1886. 

suits  Jr"!;,8061!:  SpraSUe  and  Van5ize  Unite  in  ^commending  that 

three  oltenl  PatentS>  P°Ssibly  an  infringement  of  all 

tnree  patents  can  be  found  in  one  patent,  in  which  case  one  suit  will 

and  ah  n r  Sha11  SUits  b®  brought  on  the  above  three  patents, 

ana  shall  I  engage  Counsel  when  needed? 


jPjjAGOB  MOTOR  PATENTS.  'A  main  feature  of  Mr.  Sprague’s 
elec  rm  railway  system  is  the  use  of  a  motor  having  sectional  field 
coils  ana  a  switch  by  the  use  of  which  various  combinations  of  the 
saic  ooi  s  can  be  made  with  respect  to  the  feeding  circuit.  Sprague 
Paten  No.  315,180,  April  7,  1885,  covers  this  invention  broadly.  . 
Unfortunateiy  for  us,  however,  this  patent  has  not  been  infringed  to 
any  extent  worth  speaking  of,  by  any  of  our  rivals. 

.  Hunter  patmt 'No.  425,076,  April  8,  1890,  covers  a  motor 
navmg  its  field  magnets  formed  of  a  series  of  coils,  in  combination 
«th_a  supply  circuit  and  switches  to  simultaneously  put  in  or  out 
of  circuit  any  number  of  coils  of  each  field  magnet  to  vary  the  power 
or  speea  of  the  motor.”  Hunter.’s  claim  is  narrower  than  Sprague’s 
patent.  In  one  of  the  recent  suits  brought  against  the  Neversink  Co. 
bytne  Thomscn-Houston  Co.  on  the  Hunter  patents  [see  No.  X  above], 
tnis  Hunter  patent  is  included.  Thus  we  are  called  upon  to  sustain 
a  leaning  characteristic  of  Mr.  Sprague’s  inventions,  as  defendant 
insteaa  ox  as  plaintiff. 


.  — Ai:,L'  WE  SUB  ON  THIS  EDISON  PATENT?  Mr.  Vansize  has  called 
attention  to  a  valuable  Edison  Railway  Patent  which  has  been  over- 
lockea  neretofore.  It  is  No.  373,494,  March  6th,  1883,  and  consists 
oi  an  improvement  to  increase  the  conductivity  of  the  rails  of  a 
railway  plant  by  connecting  to  the  rails  a  conductor  of  greater  con- 
auctivity.  The  first  claim  shows  the  invention  as  follows: 

,,  Z1”  “  Metric  railroad,  a  line  of  connected  rails  having  its 

•  conductivity  increased  by  means  of  one  or  more  carbon  conductors 


"attached  thereto  substantially  as  set  forth." 

Mr.  Vansize  thinks  that  the  term  "attached  thereto"  would 
coyer  the  electrical  attachment,  and  need  not  be  limited  to  a  mechanical 
attachment  or  superposition.  At  any  rate  the  defendants  must  show 
such  a  limitation  if  it  exists.  The  patent  as  construed  by  Mr. 

Vansize  is  generally  infringed.  Mr.  Edison  urges  that  suit  be 
brought  on  this  patent.  'After  the  defendant  files  his  answer  we  can 
then  decide  with  less  expense  and  trouble  than  now,  whether  we  had 
better  go  on  with  the  suit.  Meantime,  the  only  expense  would  be  the 
preparation  of  our  Complaint  which  would  cost  but  little,  as  it  would 
not  be  necessary  to  retain  Counsel. 

QUESTION!  Shall  I  bring  suit  on  this  patent  and  select 
Counsel  when  needed? 


Patent  No.  266,793,  issued  Oct.  31,  18S2.  After  conference  with 
Messrs.  Edison,  Johnson,  Dyer  and  Jenks,  and  after  learning  the  views 
of  Mr.  Upton  and  Mr.  John  Howell,  I- recommend  that  suit  be  brought  on 
this  patent.  All  admit  that  it  is  broad  and  controlling.  The  only 
question  is  whether  pressure  wires  vail  permanently  be  used.  They 
are  not  used  in  alternating  current  plants,  but  are  used  in  the  low 
pressure  three-wire  plants  installed  by  all  companies.  The  T'homson- 
Houston  Company  have  possibly  100  plants  of  this  kind,  in  all’  of 
which  we  believe  this  patent  is  infringed.  As  to  whether  pressure 
wires  are  vital  to  central  station  plauts  and  will  be  permanently  used, 
all  of  our  experts,  with  one  exception,  think  they  are. 

QUESTION!  Shall  I  sue  on  this  patent,  and  retain  Counsel 
when  needed? 


SHALL  HE  SUE  ON  EDISON  PATENT  :'N0.  276.  253?  This  patent  was 

issued  April,  1883,  and  is  for  a  Commutator  Brush  of  High  Resistance. 

I  have  discussed  this  patent  with  many  of  cur  people,  including  Messrs. 
Edison,  Jenks,  Vansize,  Johnson,  Sprague  and  Dyer  &  Seely.  We  have 
not  yet  found  anything  against  it.  This  invention  comes  into  promin¬ 
ence  just  now  in  consequence  of  the  above  named  suit  against  us  by  the 
Thomson-Hcuston  Cc.,  on  patents  for  Carbon  Brushes.  Inasmuch  as  the 
whole  subject  will  be  'gone  into  in  that  suit,  there  will  be  little  ad¬ 
ditional  expense  if  we  bring  suit  now  on  this  patent.  Moreover,  our 
suit  could  possibly  be  manipulated,  so  as  to  give  us  advantages  in  de¬ 
fending  the  said  suit  against  us. 

QUESTION!  Shall  I  bring  suit  on  this  patent,  and  retain 

Counsel  if  needed? 




SHALL  WE  SUE!  ON  EDISON  PATENT  NO.  864,-668?  'This  is  for 
Compound  Wound  Dynamos,  and  was  issued  September  19,  1888.  It  covers 
broadly  the  self  regulating  dynamos  now  almost  universally  used  in  rail¬ 
way  power  stations.  Our  engineering  department  states  that  this  in¬ 
vention  is  also  fast  taking  the  place  of  all  hand  regulator  dynamos  in 
'electric  railways  and  in  certain  classes  of  isolated  plants.  The 

.Government  will  use  nothing  else  for  marine  work.  In  view  of  the  fact 
that  two  of  the  suits  brought  against  us  last  Autumn  by  the  T.  H.  Co. 
were  on  patents  covering  Compound  Wound  Dynamos,  it  might  be  well  to 
respond  by  a  suit  on  this  Edison  Patent,  since  the  whole  subject  could 
then  be  thrashed  out  at  the  same  time  and  without  much  additional  ex¬ 
pense.  Moreover,  since  there  are  but  few  patentable  features  in  a 
dynamo,  one  or  two,  like  those  in  this  patent,  would  give  any  company  an 
important  moral  advantage. 

QUESTION;  Shall  I  bring  suit  on  this  patent,  and  employ  Counsel, 
if  needed? 


SHALL  WE  SUE  ON  EDISON  PATENT  'NO.  851.548?  This  patent  covers 
the  use  of  lamps  of  different  candle  powers  in  the  same  plant.  It  was 
issued  to  Mr.  Edison  on  December  87,  1881,  and  is  universally  infringed. 
If  we  sustain  this  patent  no  lamps  of  more  than  one  particular  candle 
power  can  be  used  in  any  one  plant.  So  if  a  competing  Company  and  our¬ 
selves  .we re  both  trying  to  get  the  same  customer  to  Lake  current,  we 
could  truly  claim  that  he  could  use  as  many  lamps  of  different  candle 
power  as  he  wished  if  he  took  from  us,  while  our  opponent  could  only 
supply  him  with  lamps  of  a  single  amount  of  candle  power.  It  is  almost 
universal  for  a  customer  to  use  lamps  of  different  candle  power,  and 
for  us  to  possess  a  monopoly  of  supplying  them,  would  be  valuable. 

QUESTION;  Shall  suit  be  brought  on  this  patent,  and  shall  I 
employ  Counsel  when  needed? 

XXI  y. 

MY  REPORT  TO  THE  GENERAL  CO.  BOARD.  As  stated  above,  the 
Board  of  the  General  Co.  requested  me  to  submit  a  list  of  patents  to 
be  . sued  on,  for  their  consideration.  The  eight  patents  mentioned  above 
constitute  that  list.  After  you  take  action  to-day  on  the  question  of 
suing  on  those  patents,  I  would  like  permission  to  make  your  action  a 
part  of  my  report.  I  can  then  submit  to  the  Board  as  my  report,  the 
above  list  of  patents,  to  be  sued  on,  and  can  state  that  they  have  . 
been  considered  by  you  .with  such  and  such  results. 

QUESTION;  In  making  my  report  to  the  Board,  shall  I  state 
what  your  decision  is  about  suing  on  the  above  eight  patents  severally? 



PENDING  PATENT  OFFICE  -APPLICATIONS.  At  your  last  meeting  you 
directed  me  to  see  if  in  doubtful  cases  an  arrangement  could  not  be 
made  with  contesting  parties  for  an  exchange  of  licenses  after  allow¬ 
ance  of  patents.  I  have  locked  into  this  matter  with  Mr.  Seely  and 
Mr.  Jenks.  The  former  is  now  trying  to  see  what  can  be  done  to  make 
arrangements  touching  certain  interferences,  and  I  shall  have  some¬ 
thing  to  report  at  your  next  meeting. 


MR.  LOWREY’S  RETAINER.  At  your  last  meeting .  i  t  .was  decided 
to  renew  Mr.  Lowrey’s  annual  retainer  000]  as  of  December  26,  1890. 
Since  then  he  has  notified  me  that  in  his  opinion  services  rendered  by 
him  this  year  in  the  filament  suit,  should  not  constitute  an  offset 
against  this  retainer.  My  view  differs  from  his,  and  I  told  him  the 
matter  would  be  submitted  to  you  to-day  for  decision.  I  shall  be 
prepared  to  fully  explain  the  point  verbally. 

QUESTION;  Shall  we  agree  not  to  offset  against  Mr.  Lowrey’s 
retainer  any  services  of  his  in  the  filament  suit? 

Respectfully  submitted, 

S.  B.  EATON, 

General  Counsel. 

7  1  '■*, 

bYER  &  SEELY. 

new  York . March . 5, . 1891. 

A.  0.  Tata  RAq, 

Dear  sir,- 

W«  beg  t#  advise  you  that  the  Swiss  patent  on 
the  toy  phonograph  should  be  completed  before  March  11,  1892. 
However  it  ie  advisable  that  this  should  be  done  at  once  rather 
than  waiting  until  the  time  is  about  to  expire.  To  complete  this 
patent  it  is  necessary  to  file  a  model,  but  photographs  showing  the 
existence  of  a  mode*  will  be  sufficient  for  the  purpose.  We 
therefore  request  that  you  have  sent  us  so  soon  as  possible  a  set 
Of  photographs  showing  the  various  parts  of  the  device.  Perhaps 
the  best  way  to  do  would  be  to  have  one  view  showing  the  device 
complete,  and  thwrr  one  or  two  views  of  the  separated  parts.  We 
enslose  herewith  a  copy  of  the  drawings  as  filed,  so  that  you  may 
see  Just  what  device  we  refer  to. 

Referring  to  the  payment  of  the  annuity  on  the  Austrian 
patent  on  the  toy  phonograph  which  you  instructed  us  to  pay  a  shsrt 
time  age,  it  bocomss^scessary  to ^^^^toe^sriginal  patent  so  that 
the  payment  of  the  fee  can  be  endorsed  thereon.  The  original 
patents  were  sent  to  the  Toy  Phonograph  Company,  and  wo  thought  it 
best  to  advise  you  sf  this  matter  befsre  addressing  the  Tsy  Phene- 

s^ph  a*mf>%ntr  Can  m  obtain  thia  pat  ant  far  upf 

KtnWr  ratvjrp  the  *nolo»«d  oapy  Pi  tha  Aravin*. 



.S'l'c/.V  ?j/w/y. _ March  5th, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
hear  Sir 

’^■tCZL-  ^  >/?/ 

Re  T^omson-Houston  Regulator  Patent  on  which  Sporty 
Co  is  sued.  Your  note  of  the  28th  was  received  yesterday  asking 
for  copies  of  the  patents  (:a.  Our  copies  are  in  bound  volumes 
with  other  matters.  I  shall  send  to  Washington  today  and  net  de¬ 
tached  copies  for  you. 

Edwin  H.  Brown  was  the  attorney  for  the  defeated 
defendant  in  the  old  •  r  suit  against  the  American  Company  on  this 
patent.  He  is  a  patent  lawyer  here,  and  is  now  retained  by  us 
in  one  branch  of  this  litigation.  You  will  find  it  all  explained 
ny  my  long  mem.  for  the  current,  meeting  of  the  Patent  Litigation 
Committee  which  I  sent  you  Tuesday  and  which  Mr.  Tate  acknowledged 

vasterdav.  ° 

Would  it  not  be  well  for 
to  the  Laboratory  to  explain  this  whole 
standpoint  of  a  patent  lawyer  who  has  ina 
jectf  If  you  say  yes.  I  can  send  Mr. 
Please  reply,  and  oblige, 

me  to  send  Mr.  Brown  out 
matter  to  you  from  the 
?.de  a  specialty  of  the  sub- 
Brown  out  at  once/ 

M  r.  E  d  i  s  o  n  ,- 

With  reference  to  the  attached:  Dyer  and 
Seely  telephoned  this  morning  that  if  you  desire  a  Canadian  patent 
taken  out  on  the  toy  phonograph  which  v/as  patented  here  March,  11th, 
1890,  it  will  have  to  be  attended  to  to-day.  The  year  allowed  by 
law  in  whi ch  to  apply  for  a  Camdian  patent  after  the  issue  of  a 
corresponding  patent,  expires  to-day.  D.  &  S.  request  that  they 
be  advised  by  telephone.  What  shall  I  say  to  them? 




Kindly  advise  us  whether  Mr.  Edison  deairea  to 
have  a  Canadian  patent  taken  out  on  the  toy  phonograph  which  waa 
patented  here  March  11,  1890,  this  being  the  fo™  patented  in 
foreign  countries  under  instructions  from  the  Toy  Phonograph  Com¬ 
pany  and  la  shown  in  the  drawing  which  we  aent  you  a  few  days  since- 
A  patent  waa  to  be  taken  out  on  this  form  in  accordance 
with  instructions  from  the  Toy  Phonograph  Company,  but  as  the  law 
allows  one  year  from  the  date  of  issue  of  a  corresponding  patent  in 
which  to  apply  for  a  Canadian  patent,  we  did  not  proceed  immediate¬ 
ly  with  the  filing  of  paper?,  and  now  in  view  of  the  relations  be¬ 
tween  Mr.  Edison  and  the  Toy  Phonograph  Company  we  writefyou  for 
instructions.  Mr.  Edison  does  not  desire  to  have 

thi?  Patent  t?ken  out  w*-thfttew^  oughf’to  inform  the  Toy  Phono¬ 
graph  Qmnpany  that  the  time  is  about  to  expire  and  ask  them  whether 
they  desipe  to  have  u?  proceed  in  the  matter. 

In  regard  *,<>  the  foreign  patents  which  we  sent  to  the  Toy 
Phonograph  Company  we  will  write  to  them  and  see  whether  we  can  get 
them  to  send  the  patents  to  us. 


Mow  York  City 

r-iont  Suit.  Me.  8 awarcl  hoi 
£join«  to  loo.  himself  up  ii 
uni  on  t .  Wo  sup  poo  oil  that  h 
t  that  ho  wa«  at  wor&  on  i' 
ovored  y  oh  to  day  that  ho  wi 
ppe,  waa  in  the  hands  ni’  ti 
o  had  not  boon  mentioned  ti 
ny  day a .  Ho  i«  now  ii-ijn-to 

Seward  tiooo  not  jjot.  batter 
is  plane .  I  have  di aouur.ei 
)"oy  this  i;io>niri>i.  Ho  woul' 
S>.  Hii.’ii; olh,  than  have  a  nev 

mant  Case  when  he  ashed  Chandler  that  one  quest. ion. 

Betts  ha§  always  boon  .••otuined  in  tin  filai.iont.  case  hii.-i- 
»°li‘  '•*1'  the  a ■  though  he  hus  ••evor  clono  any  work 

on  ease  except  <>n  two  ubstmct.  law  points,  That  fact 
alone  ought  to  have  made  him  doubly  cautious.  He  should 
stand  so  ot  might.  as  to  lean  backwards.  However,  Bett.a 
is  a  c  ‘  t>  winning  lawyer  and  in  taking  a  man  like  him  we 
take  hit-:  fault;;  ami  all. 

Aa  t  i;..y«  raid,  J.ovtrey  thinks  that  the  Court.  Would 
exclude  Chandler' o  deposition  if  we  e.arrod  t.o  contest 
the  point .  But  ho  thinks  it.-  is  nor.  worth  while  to  do  so. 
He  thinks  that  on  tire  whole  it  will  not.  hurt  us. 

V/e  are  all  agreed  to  accept.  Mr  Lowrey's  judgment 
in  the  matter  ,  and  X  shall  act  accordingly. 

Mr.  Dyer  reports  that  he  is  making  rapid  progress 
With  his  brief.  Bo  doubt  it  will  be  first,  class . 

Mr.  Lowroy  said  this  to  mo  today : "Wo  are  all  right 
"in  this  case.  The  points  against  ns  are  not  sound,  and 
“it  will  be  our  fault  if  wo  fail  to  show  that  to  the 
"Court.  We  wought  to  win  this  case  anyway,  and  we  c-er- 
“tctinly  can  if  wo  get  before  a  competent  Judge". 

Pleas o  excuse  tills  long  mom.  but  I  want  you  to  know 
what  is  going  on, 

Very  truly  yours, 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq, 
tfedr  felr:- 

*  . . Mar  oh  ll,  1891 . 

We  Wrote  tb.the  iidiaoh  United  Phonograph  Co. 
asking  then,  to  instruct  u*  fabout  preparing  a  nee  set  of  foreign 
patente  on  the  phonograph,  as  you  verbally  advised  us  to  do.  We 
enoloee  *  copy  of  our  letter  to  them  and  their  reply  to  ft  which 
We  have  just  received. 

Shall  we  send  to  Messrs.  Seligman  &  Seligman  the  copies 
and  data  they  ask  for?  We  can  send  them  ocpiee  of  your  pending 
opplicationa^ the  phonograph,  though  of  course*  thin  will  involve 
■some  time  and  wena*^  buttle  do'^^e  ho^  we  can  give- than  the 
-l9?  ,  which  they  afk  for.  We  understand  they 

want  these  datee  so  they  can  determine  whether  they  era  entitled, 
to  acquire  the  inventions  under  their  contract  with  you  without  any 
..additions!  consideration.  We  can  give  them  the  dates  of  filing- 
'Of  the  applet  ions,  if  y9W  wish  it,  and  this  perhaps  will  cone- 
somewhere  ne*r  the  dates  of  the  inventions.  Please  instruct  ua 
immediately  ps  to  your  wishes  ip  thi a  matter. 

Ypura  truly, 

1  1  \  b  l  0  ,/  " 

,  i  -  -7  \  ^  ■'i 


new  York _ JJar_cli.  il,  ism  T . 

Edison  United  Phonograph  Co., 

Mills  Kuilding, 



Sime  time  ago  we  prepared  a  specification,  including 
a  number  of  Mr.  Edison's  phonograph  inventions,  designed  to  be  used 
as  the  basis  for  foreign  patents  in  a  number  of  different  countries 
Mr.  Edison  instructed  us  to  prepare  this  specification  and  then  to 
hold  it  until  he  should  tell  us  what  to  do  with  it.. 

He  has  recently  instructed  us  to  add  to  the  specifi¬ 
cation  a  number  of  later  inventions,  including  the  recent  nav  forms 
of  the  phonograph,  but  told  us  first  to  communicate  with  you  and 
see  whether  you  wished  to  take  out  foreign  patents  on  these  mat¬ 
ters  . 

Will  you  please  advise  us  as  to  whether  we  shall  go 
ahead!  with  this  work*  and  also  whether  we  shall  proceed  in  the  same 
way  that  we  have  with  other  foreign  patents  for  the  phonograph, 
that  is,  prepare  singly  a  draft  of  the  specification  and  copy  of 
the  claims  and  send  them  to  you  to  b  e  put  into  shape  and  filed  by 
your  own  patent  agents,  this  being  the  way  in  which  wehave  hereto¬ 
fore  acted  in  connection  with  Col.  Douraud,-  or  shall  we  go  ahead 
and  take  out  the  patents  ourselves  through 

our  own  agents?  Probably 


you  will  prefer  the  former  course.  If  you  would  like  to  know  just 
what  will  be  covered  by  the  new  specification  to  be  prepared,  you 
had  better  call  here  and  we  should  be  glad  to  go  over  the  matter 
with  you.  '  • 

Yours  t  ruly, 

Dyer  &  Seely. 

7 IffC 


ThomaB  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Dear  Sir:- 


new  York _ ,1891. 

We  enolo  se  herewith  an  assignment  from  John  F. 
Ott  to  yourself  of  his  Nickle  in  the  slot  Phonograph  case  filed 
May  24,  18£p0,  serial  No.  352,972.  Kindly  acknowledge  receipt  and 

Yours  truly, 

JlttoL  {?//.  (y/(lh* , 
QndhtS  /)mw. 

District  of  Connecticut. 

Ji’tiCfity  (tt 


Hertford ,  March  S«ith,  1801. 

S.  B.  Eaton,  Esq., 

Dear  sir:- 

I  forgot  to  say  the  other  day  that  the  Hartford 
Gas  Co. ,  of  which  I  am  a  director,  is  also  a  large  stockholder  in 
the  Hartford  Electric  Light  Oy.  which  is  the  local  company  in 
which  Uro.  Shipman  is  a  stockholder,  and  that  the  interests  of  the 
two  Cos.  are  closely  connected. 

Wishing  to  be  sure  about  my  lack  of  bias  or  capacity  of 
being  influenced  in  the  matter.,  I  asked  the  President  of  the  Hartford 
Electric  Light -Co.  this  morning,  whether  his  Company  had  an  inter¬ 
est  or  preference  one  way  or  the  o the r . 

He  said  that  he  bought  his  lamps  of  the  Thomson-Houston 
Cy.  I  believe  that  he  has  also  sometimes  bought  of  tho  Perkins 
Lamp  Cy.  I  pressed  him  further  to  know  whether  his  mind  was  a 
sheet  of  will  to  paper  upon  the  subject  of  tho  Edison  patent,  to 
which  ho  replied  that  ho  thought  it  would  be  for  the  eomnercial  ad¬ 
vantage  of  his  Company  that  the  Edison  patent  should  not  bo  sus¬ 
tained,  because  in  the  event  of  tho  Edison  Co’s  monopoly  competi¬ 
tion  would  be  removed  and  prices  would  be  advanced. 

I  should  be  exceedingly  annoyed  to  have  any  doubt  arise 

in  my  own  mind  haroafter  as  to  tho  existence  of  any  self  interest 
in  tho  question,  or  to  have  any  similar  disturbance  exist  here¬ 
after  in  the  minds  of  a  successful  or  a  defeated  party,  and  I  think 
that  I  am  so  linked  in  with  the  Hartford  Elec  trio  Light  Co.  as  to 
make  it  better  that  some  Judge  who  has  no  possible  weight  of  self 
interest,  or  any  thought  upon  that  subject  to  impede  the  free  ex¬ 
ercise  of  his  Judgment,  should  try  tho  case. 

I  am  sorry  to  subject  tho  parties  to  delay,  but  it  seems 
to  me  that  good  Judgment  oalls  for. a  trial  of  tho  case  by  Homo  one 
who  has  no  electricity  any  where,  especially  in  his  safe  deposit 

V/ill  you  kindly  show  this  letter  to  Mr.  Y/atmore  or  to 
Gonl.  Duncan,  and  1  remain 

Yours  very  truly. 

N.  Shipman. 




term  of  Court.  T_“oy  expect  a  victory.  For  reasons 
which  I  snail  state,  we  hesitate. 

QUESTION;  V/iiat,  shall  be  our  further  policy 
as  defendants  in  this  case? 


NEW  JERSEY  THREE- WIRE  CASE.  There  is  a  dif¬ 
ference  of  opinion  on  our  side  about  the  advisability 
of  our  ,<p  ing  on  with  this  case,  and  i  should  like  your 

QUESTION:  What  shall  be  our  future  policy 

as  Plaintiffs  in  this  case? 



Messrs  Dyer  &  Seely  ask  for  an  able  speaker  familiar 
with  patent  Office  practice  to  assist  them  in  arguing 
the  appeal  in  this  interference  before  the  Commissioner  I 
of  patents  to  April  I 4th.  It  is  difficult  to  secure  the 
proper  man. 

QUESTION.  Whom  shall  we  select,  if  any  one,  to 
make  the  main  argument? 



The  attorney  for  Complainant  serves  notice  that  he  will 
begin  to  take  proofs  in  support  of  his  case  on  April  3rd 
They  have  retained  as  Counsel  Mr.  E.M. Marble,  formerly 
Commissio  er  of  patents. 





Hastings  as;;s  for  instructions  wnether  ws  should  con- 
tin  e  the  Annial  Retainer  of  fatso  to  Messrs  garon,  Pent- 
land  &  Stewart ,  of  Quebec. 

QUESTION :  Shall  we  continue  this  Retainer? 

April  11,  1891. 


Mom.  of  Mr.  Eaton's  interview  with  Judge  Wallace 
at  Syracuse. 

(1)  Judge  Wallace  states  that  ho  had  hoped  to  hem’ 
this  case,  but  that  his  duties  in  connection  with  organ¬ 
izing  the  now  Appellate  Court,  of  which  he  will  be  the 
Senior  Judge,  and  hiB  ergogements  already  made  for  the  next 
two  months,  will  leave  him  no  spare  time  whatever.  Ho 
states  that  he  is  therefore  ccmpellod  to  cteclino  to  hoar 
the  caoo  himsolf. 

(2)  Judge  Wallace  thinks  that  Judge  Shipman  is  not 
disqualified  by  the  statement . of  facts  set' forth  in  the 
latter’s  letter  to  me  of  tho  28th  uit.,  and  suggests  that 
v;e  go  b of  oro  Judge  Shipman  and  insist  on  his  hearing  the 
case.  Probably  the  Counsel  for  the  dgfe'hdant  will  object 
to  Judge  Shipman,  if  they  daro  tOj^lPhay  say  they  will . 
This  case  is  on  the  Calendar  bi*f6re  Judge  Shipman  next 
Monday,  and  I  shall  then  adjourn  it  for  two  days  so  that 
tho  application  to  Judge, ^Shipman  can  be  made  about  next 
Wednesday,  if  wo  c  on  elude  to  make  it. 

(3)  Judif?^ Wallace  explained  to  me  in  full  tho  work 
already  assigned  to  the  different  Judges  in  this  Circuit  * 
unt  il  July^dand  was  of  opinion  that  Judge  Wheeler  was  the 
most  available  Judge  for  us.  Judge  Wallace  says  that 
Judge ^hacomba  will  hoar  no  more  heavy  cases,  because  he 

is  to  bo  a  member  of  tho  Appellate  Court,  and  his  time,  as 
wpl'l  as  Judge  Wallace1  s  time,  will  be  largely  occupied 
-fn  preparing  rules  for  the  now  Court,  &o .  '  Judge  Wallace 
asked  if  wo  would  be  satisfied  with  Judge  Wheeler.  I 
told  him  that  both  sides  had  considered  that  question,  and 
that  for  certain  reasons  they  preferred  some  other  Judge. 

(4)  .Judge  Wallace  that  offered  to  assign  Judge 
Coxo  to  hear  our  case  at  S3  early  a  (fete  as  possible.  I 
told  him  Coxe  had  just  refused  to  hear  tho  Accumulator 
Case,  because  ho  already  had  more  work  on  hand  than  ho 
could  dispose  of  by  Sumner.  Wallace  then  stated  that  Coxe 
showed  a  disposition  to  avoid  work,  and  that  he  .was  sur¬ 
prised  to  hoar  from  me  that  Coxe  had  refused’ to  hear  that 
oase.  I  had  recently  hoard  all  about  it  from  Mr.  Betts 
and  Mr.  Vansize.  Wallace  then  stated  that  the  Accumulator 
Case  ought  fairly  to  be  heard  by  Coxe,  but  if  that  case 
wore  not  to  bo  hoard,  he  would  definitely  assign  Coxe  in 
May  or  June  to  hoar  our  case.  Judge  Coxo  told  Mr.  Betts 
that  even  if  he  heard  their  case,  he  .would  not  write  his 
opinion  until  after  the  Sumner  vacation.  In  other  words, 






h%  fi  ■,  v  ,  —  -  ^ 

Wvi*w»  Vk  4  t  ^  l<P 

9*Pfle0j  N»  j'i  /  ^  Si  b  LSL  %. 

new  York  ...  Ap*il  1V-.189I^ . 

V,  . 

I.  /  M  tXs 

V  i.  (L 



Wo  havo  you r  latter  of  the  16th  irtst.  enclosing  let¬ 
ter  from  William  H.  Gilman,  which  wo  return  herewith.  It  is  pos¬ 
sible  that  there  is  something  In  It.  She  interference  whioh 
Mr,  Gilman  refers  to  is  one  Involving  several  parties,  among  than 
an  application  made  by  Gilliland  and  Toppon  and  it  involves  the 
following  claim: 

v,  ^  ct«bina*io»  »4th  a  phanograph^of  mechanism 
normally  held  looked  adapted  to  be  released  by  a  coin, 
and  means  operated  hy  said  mechanism  to  raise  and  lower 
the  phonograph  arm." 

The  interference  has  not 

yet  reached  the  point  at  which 

are  per¬ 

mitted  to  see  the  applications  of  the  other  parties,  hut  it  may  be 
considered  practically  certain  that  Ott  has  no  ohanoe  of  Success, 

and  if  this  matter  is  of  any  Value  to  you  it  might  be  well  to  see 
is  aWthidg  ift  the  eisim  of  if*,-  Gilman  to'  priority. 

h  *»  n«t  k*  ka  aiAkn  it,  m  §4  ste  ait  Mi?  Msmsd  &  what 

Bdieoh*d  kM  U  4ks  §z§i8t 

mihmi  m  m  till  see  «mt  4*  m*  diiA  mt  ms  £ am 

***  mA  6aA  ***&  ifriS.  youraeif  whether  it  fiii  be  fatifaUg  46  68- 

iof  Into  oorresjidndanoe 

with  Gilman. 

Yours  tnuly; 




LAW  OFFICES,  specialty  j  pat. 


new  YORK — April. .17., _ 1891., 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq., 

Dear  sir,- 

Mr.  Edison  gave  us  verbal  instructions  yesterday 
that  he  did  not  care  to  have  the  Portuguese  ore  milling  patent 
worked,  and  we  request  that  you  kindly  confirm  his  instructions  by 
letter  so  that  we  can  keep  it  on  record  with  the  other  papers  in 

Yours  truly, 

the  files. 

Address  after  May  1st, 
Edison  Building,  42  Broad  St 

v  Will  you  kindly  infarm  Mb  Kennelly  that  pursuant  to 

h_s  letter  of  the  I5th  inst .  I  arryengaged  in  obtaining  a  complete 
set  of  electric  meter  patents,  beginning  with  1879.  I  have  di¬ 
rected  our  special  agent  in  Washington  to  at  once  devote  himself 
to  this  matter  and  I  hope  to  send  you  the  patents  in  question  with¬ 
in  a  reasonable  time,  just  haw  long  I  cannot  tell. 

/  Very  truly  yours.  / 

Address  a.'ior  f,‘.ay  lot, 

Edison  Building,  42  Broad  St 




Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

Re  English  Feeder  Patent.  You  will  be  interested 
to  know  that  after  long  and  repeated  correspondence  with  these 
gentlemen,  and  after  giving  them  Sir  Y/illiam  Thomson's  opini  on 
and  the  evidence  taken  in  our  Feeder  Case  here','  they  have  at  last 
decided  to  proceed  with  their  Disclaimers  touching  the  English 
Patent.  They  have  at  last  made  up  their  minds  that  this  is  thiir 
only  course.1  in  order  to  save  anything  in  that  patent. 

Mr.  Betts  thinks  that  this  will  not  hurt  hurt  vis 
here  in  our  Feeder  Suits.  Still,  he  regards  it  as  somewhat  trouble 

Very  truly  yours, 

Thomas  A.  Edii 


Replying  to  your  letter  of  29th  ult.  enclosing  letter 

from  Messrs.  Ashurst,  Morris,  Crisp  &  Co.  the  solicitors  of  the 
Edison  and  Swab.  Company  in  London?  I  think  we  had  better  send  all 
our  data  to  these  parties  so  they  can  see  that  we  take  a  different 
view  of  the  case,  from  that  which  they  entertain. 

Yours  very  truly, 

L-  v 
V  h~>  c 
New  York  City, 
Dear  Mr,  Edison: 

April  29,  1891 . 

Re  Filament  Case.  The  enclosed  mem.  is  very  satisfac¬ 
tory  to  all  of  us,  X  hope  it  will  be  to  you. 

In  the  case  of  Frank  v  Light  Co.  for  an  injunction  on 
the  part  of  a  minority  stockhol  der, the  hearing  took  place  today 
before  Judge  O’Brien.  Judge  n&vis  and  Mr.  Lewis  spoke  for  us.  Uts 
Harlow  spoke  for  the  plaintiff.  I  was  present  and  have  no  doubt 
but  what  the  application  will  be  refused.  That  is  to  say,  it  ought 
to  be.  Then  plaintiff  will  have  all  Summer  to  go  ahead  with  his-" 
main  case. 



KB  FILAMENT  CASE.  To  our  surprise  arc!  ''ratifica¬ 
tion  Judge  Wall  ao  a  deoided  yesterday  an  or  hearing  Coun- 
3(51  ->,r  both  ,iirt3n>  that  ho  would  himself  hear  the  arGu- 
mente  in  this  case  when  he  ormoa  hero  to  hold  the  Equity 
Iem  ginning  May  Seth.  This  decision  took  the  de¬ 

fendants  by  surprise  and  Mr.  Wetmore  protested  vigorouc- 
ly  aaainst  their  hoing  forced  to  final  hearing  before 
Autumn ,  Hie  protest  had  no  effect,  anti  the  case  will 
be  heard  soon  after  the  85th  Prox.  by  Judge  Wallace  in 
person  here  }.n  this  City. 

This  is  very  gratifying  to  us  and  is  u  satisfactory 
conclusion  to  our  Patent  attempts  for  the  past  month 

■i0  »"*  *  hearin®  thi»  *”**"C-  *a  are  especially  grati¬ 
fied  to  have  the  case  heart;  by  Judge  Wallace, 

S.B, Eaton, 



w  OFFICES,  ■rcoialty ,  pA„N 

NEW  YORK - ApEi.l_.a9., _ 1891,. 

Thomaa  A.  Edison  Eaq,, 

Orange,  N.Jv 


y  < 


Dear  air,-  ^ 

Some  time  ago  we  took  an  appeal  fron  the  Examiner  to 
the  Board  of  Examiners  in  Chief  in  your  application  845  on  the 
process  of  magnetic  separation.  The  Board  affirmed  the  decision 
of  the  Examiner.  We  should  like  to  know  whether  you  consider  it 
of  sufficient  importance  to  justify  taking  it  to  the  Ooranissionerf 
In  order  that  you  may  see  just  what  the  invention  is,  and  what  the 
patent  relied  on  by  the  Patent  Office  as  an  anticipation  is,  we 
send  you  your  specification, and  also  the  patent. 

If  you  think  best  to  appeal  to  the  Commissioner,  it 
would  be  well  to  furnish  us  with  as  many  facts  as  convenient  in¬ 
dicating  the  saving  effected  by  your  process  over  the  Conklin  pro¬ 
cess  .  ' 

Yours  truly. 

^L+e.  art.  U&ljU.  dJ^-UJU  tT^J. 

ct~ = 




Authorities  on  proposition  that  in  the  ease  of  a 

;  license  agreement  under  a  patent  which  provides  that  the 
licensee  shall  pay  tho  royalties  upon  certain  dates,  and 
|  further  providoc  that  on  his  failtu'e  to  pay,  the  licensor  may 
:  terminate  the  1 icons o  agreement  by  notice,  such  license  agree¬ 
ment  can  bo  loyally  terminated  by  tho  giving  of  such  notice. 

V/liite  vs.  Leo,  3  Ped.  Rep.  222. 

This  was  a  caoo  docidod  by  Lowell,  C.J.,  July  24,  1S80 . 

'l'ho  license  contained  a  provision  for  the  termina¬ 
tion  on  notioo.  I’hc  licensoe  failed  to  pay  tho  royalties, 
but  no  notioe  wa s  given  as  provided  for  in  the  license.  A 
demurrer  to  the  bill  was  sustained.  Tho  question  is  first 
considered  by  Judge  Lowell  as  to  whether,  ’without  the  for¬ 
feiture  clause  in  tho  liconso,  a  court  of  equity  would  declare 
the  license  forfeited  for  a  failure  to  pay  tho  royalties;  if 
so,  the  caso  might  proceed  even  without  tho  allegation  in  tho 
bill  that  tho  notice  had  been  given.  As  to  this,  Judge 

"X  know  of  no  caoo  in  which  a  more  failure  to 
pay  money  or  koop  some  engagement  of  that  naturo  ins 
boon  held  a  good  cause  for  asking  a  court  of  equity 
either  to  declare  a  forfeiture  or  to  proceed  as  if  one 
had  been  incurred. 

In  some  few  patent  leases  beginning  with  Brooks 
j  v.  Gtolloy,  3  McLean  D23,  it  has  been  held  tint  a  pat¬ 

entee  enjoyed  tho  unusual  privilege  of  treating  a 

L  broach  of  covenant  as  if  it  of  itself  worked  a  for- 


sliiil  1  f  ol 3. c,7 ;  ;-m d  fchi3  will  account  for  some  of 

the  do  cl cions." 

As  to  the  off  out  of  a  forfoitux-o  clause  in  tho 
agreement  itself,  Judge  low oil  saya,~ 

"Tho  agrooment  in  this  ease  gives  tho  plaintiffs 
tho  ex-oat  advantage  of  terminating  the*  agreement  in 
case  of  default  if  they  please;  but  only  when  they 
3hall  have  served  a  certain  written  notice.  Until 
after  that  has  been  clone,  they  are  not  entitled  to 

profits  and  daiaagoo ,  but  to  royalties .  I  OGo 

no  propriety  or  legality  in  adding  a  forfeiture  by  im¬ 
plication  to  that  which  the  pai*ties  have  provided  by 
their  contract  ■ " 

Here  again  the  clear  distinction  is  made  by  Judge 
Lowell  between  the  facts  sufficient  to  warrant  a  court  of 

oqulty  in  declaring  a  forfeiture  whore  tho  license  is  without 

Again, - 

“Ho  court  of  equity  will  say  that  a  plaintiff, 
even  if  lie  have  an  election  to  put  an  end  to  a  conti-act 
in  a  certain  way,  shall  assumo  it  to  bo  ended  without 
following  that  method,  and  procood  accordingly," 

Hammachor  vs.  Wilson,  26  Fed.  Rep.  239. 

,Thi3  case  was  hoard  by  the  Circuit  Judge  Colt  and  tho  District 
Judge  Carpenter.  The  decision  is  by  Carpenter,  J. 

The  license  had  a  provision  for  its  termination  upon 
notice  in  caso  the  licensee  failed  to  pay  the  royalties  on  tho 
dates  named.  There  was  a  failure  and  a  notice.  It  appears 

'  that  al,ter  th®  no'ti(SC5  0l‘  lamination,  tlio  lioonsoe  offorod  to 
!  pay  “ho  oum8  duo*  /U  %t  argument  ho  contended  that  the  li¬ 
cense  ought  not  to  bo  forfeited  for  mere  neglect  to  pay  rnonoy, 
oinco  ho  than  Offered  to  pay  whatever  v/ns  daze,  Tho  court 
said, - 

"Undoubtedly  his  argument  would  bo  very  strong 
if  this  wore  an  action  to  ascertain  and  declare  a  for¬ 
feiture.  Tho  question  howovor  which  we  have  to  decide 
is  not  whether  wo  shall  now  declare  the  license  for¬ 
feited,  but  whether  it  has  already  boon  forfeited  by 
the  acts  of  the  parties  pursuant  to  tho  provisions  con¬ 
tained  therein .  'fho  respondent  agrood  that  if  lie 
failod  to  perform  his  engagements ,  tho  license  might  bo 
forfeited  by  a  written  notice  sorvod  on  him.  Wo  soo 
no  reason  why  such  an  agreement  may  not  bo  made  and  en¬ 
forced.  lie  has  failod  to  perform  his  engagements,  the 
notico  has  boon  served  on  him,  and  wo  think  on  the  ser¬ 
vice  of  that  notico  the  liconse  ceased  to  protect  tho 
respondent ." 

|  Purifier  Co.  vs.  Wolf,  2S  Fed.  Rep .  Sid. 

i’ho  case  was  argued  before  Judges  Bradley  and  MCenrnn.  The 
opinion  was  delivered  orally  by  Judge  Bradley,  October  S,  1SS6 
It  was  a  suit  for  the  infringement  of  a  patent,  fho 
defendant  sot  up  a  license,  and  the  complainant  replied  that 
the  dofendant  had  failed  to  pay  tho  royalty  called  for  by  the 
license  and  tho  license  had  therefore  been  forfeited.  The 

I  license  being  without  provision  for  its  forfeiture,  the  court 
decided  that  the  licensor’s  remedy  was  a  suit  for.  the  amount 
of  the  royalties. 



"Hot;  v;o 

ni'o  clearly  of  opinion  that  under  such 

a  license  the  failuro  to  pay  tho  royalty  stipulated  and 
agreed  to  bo  paid  doos  not  forfeit  tho  liconoo,  unloss 
.acme  condition  of  forfeiture  for  non-payment  bo  inserted 
injH,  and  that  tho  power  to  manufacture  and  sell  is  not 
at  an  end  tip  on  non-payment,  but  that  tho  licensor,  tho 
patentee  or  person  granting  the  liconso  is  left  to  his 
action  for  tho  royalty  or  rent  and  cannot  file  a  bill 
upon  tho  patent  ns  for  an  infringement . « 


LAMP  MANUFACTURING  DEPARTMENT  May  1  fffc  ,  1891 . 

Thomas  A .  Edison,  ngq,, 
Orarge,  N.J. 
Boar  Sir:- 



I  enclose  Mi-'  Marshall's  remarks  upon  the  letter  rf 
Dyer  ft  Seeley  which  you  referred  tome.  I  agree  with  Mr,  Marshall 
that  it  would  be  worthless  to  prosecute  the  claims  further. 

Yours  truly,  . 

7  . 


Conductors  for  'Electric  Lanps,  stands  finally  rejected,  and  we 
writ*  to  you  to  inquire  what  action  you  think  it  best  to  take. 

Hie  claims  are  as  follows: 

1.  A  carbon  filanent  for  an  electric  lanp  having  in 
combination  two  or  more  filanentary  carbon  parte  and  electro  de¬ 
posits  of  carbon  uniting  such  parts  together,  whereby  a  continuous 
carbon  filanent  of  great  length  is  ibrmed,  sUb  st  anti  ally  as  set 

2.  A  carbon  conductor  for  an  electric  lanp  having  in 

e  (tab  in  at  ion,  a  filament,  enlarged  ends  for  said  filament  each  com¬ 
posed  of  two  pieces,  electro-deposits  of  carbon  uniting  such  pieces 
together,  and  electro-deposits  of  carbon  uniting  said  enlarged^ enda 
to  aa id.  filaments,  substantially  as  set  forth* 

-3.  A  spiral  carbon  conductor  for  an  electric  1«5>  hav¬ 
ing  in  combination  two  carbon  spirals  and  an  electro  deposit  of 
cart> on  uniting  them  together,  substantially  as  set  forth. 

4.  A  carbon  loop  for  an  electric  lanp,  one  side  of 
whieh  is  a  Spiral  and  the  other  a  -straight  filanent  in  oanbination 
with  an  eleotro-dep9sit  of  carbon  uniting  such  parts  together,  sub- 


T.  A.  Edison.  -8 

otantially  as  aetfOrth. 

The  «tttht>nUd«b  \atre  b*h  tSittfd  by  tftft  todStArte?  «*  an- 

'to****  h**iy  ^  ****  *****  lrc  thei 

***  **  ****  m  atraigh*  darbo*  ■ 

T^l°'~?h  0t^‘  “  ^  «  «*  *«*«**» 

■Bketbh  /  /y^rgt M  meeting  ends  being  dohneet«f*b-y  a  *»po.- 

11  *  %***  *  ****■•  **•  ««•«  to  *«*>  anticipate 

*l*hb  4,  Ijhit*  states  pat «it  to  *eston  292,720  am«a  a  earbxw 

enlarged  ends,  said- ende  being  fanned  separated 
the  body  of  the  filanent  and  ejected  by  a  deposit  ef  canhou 
-th*  only  difference  between  thia  and  the  extraction  8*t  ractfr  ^ 
claim  2  -of  Marshall 1 .  appll  eat  lop  la,  that  in  «aW  ^  tha  anr. 

***  PUp”  *"  »**  tp  *n«*rt  each  of  two  fLm,  Of  carho^ 
Plsoad  *P#«y)«P  «Jd  having  an  ploptrp-dappait  of  carbon  for  hoi^fcag^ 
*u  He->8>  m  <*  al«tro-4epopit  of  oart^on  uniting  the. 

aoi^efl  *0  ihe  **»*»***>  In  addition  to  the  patent  pf  te.- 
*»>  ******  THM*  WO.  ,  oited  te/a*>w  that  tt^ 

*****'»**  **»»  »*•*«*  e^df  of  filament.  thicker  than- the 

of  the  fiiJWent,  -Amending  to  -the  Niabolf  pat  sit»  £a 
do*e  by  e  sheet*  of  poper  from  whl  eh\he  filament*  are  to- 

he  out  of  aaveral  thioknes.e.  *  ±h0  =PPPtdnn  f r«  which  the-  enda 
Of  the  filament  are  fl*.  lb.  ’•eve*#  thl*  of  paper,  ar*  no-fc 
united  by  an  el ectro^fl  -os*bpn,  ap  OPecifi^  in  MwohoH'a 


T.A.  Edison.  23 

el  aim  2. 

‘SWetfkl  •pa’tehlls  aitfci  %  th^  6h6#  f&ar 

to&rt^>ut  ft‘6  bfte  **  fe*ih  %ho*t  '&W6  topirfci*  -O&neotad  by  aft  etas’*™*- 
mtfriaw  &  %pftei¥i<*i  i'h  taaftoiftilH  biei*  Sj  but  in  *i<*  af-  €he. 
'fktft  'ttel  lftifolgrit  t&ftlMtk  ftltre  beftn  thftk  mi  tod,  tha-s  seems-  bo- 
tob  invention  In  this  feature. 

tb  Hibhaan  and  McCoy,  502,133,  stows  ft  filmwot 
partly  tplhal  anfl  partly  straight,  an  sot  forth  ,in  Marshall’*  a-laim- 
’ft.  the  pat-ant  tow  not,  howCver,  Bay  that  the  filament  is  of  oar- 
*on,  mrftbBB  It  -«y  that  th.  spiral  ««d  the  straight  portions  are 
uni-tad  by  an  al  sot  no-depo  sit  of  carbon- 

PJflss*  1st  up  fcnpw  fh  ether  you  see  any  point  in  snr  one 
*t  the  9l«lps  phi  oh  ypu  tfti,*  it  north  w«Ue  to  attest  to-  g9t  a 

toft  toy  Affeolins  to  tjbp  £psr4  Of  jBssndn  ern^in- Chi  of.  If-nat,- 

Of.  f«U*  ftUftW  -the  Application  to  bap  on  •  abandoned,  as  it. 
will  bp  n«p*-«ontjb  1*1  sp#  «ppf  ftption  is  taken. 

Yours  truly. 


.  yet/- 

ec^~  _-jzS^c£ 

ylrz^c^  sOtdLcf 
c9  J^to^  -^Ufc~*~e 

(zdcJ~LsLJ!_  e3us^uz_ei-c^< 

^  ajf 



/isCy-^ <  ^ 

■  r  'c9£  yi!rfst-A. 

/insists-  yC^U^ 

ZZ-^^TArCjy^  y&j  c<7  -j 

>2^^  yZj  tZ^d , 


,  /Z^yljSZ^ZL^ 


A.  0«  Tate  Esq. 

Dear  sir,- 

In  reply  to  your  favor  of  the  25th  inst.  in  r#~ 
eopy  of  patent  to  Weston  issued  November  6,  1888,  on  galvanometers 
We  beg  to  state  that  we  found  six  patents  on  galvanometers  issued 
to  him  on  that  day,  and  are  forwarding  you  to-day  in  a  separate  en¬ 
closure  one  copy  of  each. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  j. 

.  (to*  i 
'<  Zf/fey 

In  order  that  we  may  know  whet  action  to  take  In  yOur 
application  M».  we  ahould  lika  to  laam  ho.  ion*  ago  you  invented 
•  magnetic  clutch  in  which  the  face,  of  the  two  olutch 

““  *"  d“'",t  ms8"st‘»  “»*»*  *•»  the  dutch  ...  i„  „ 

•a  to  furnl  ah  a  magnetic  dealt  of  low  ra.i.t.noa;  „„  „p„latJ 
we  deaire  to  know  the  earll,.,  «...  ,h„  „„  „a„  „t.tli,h  .* 
a  magnetic  .latch  having  a  groove  or  groove  in  the  bearing,  ft*, 
of  one  or  both  member.,  and  a  „u  in  the  groove  or  groove 
•ill  andcratand  what  ^ 

.ho.  th,  fern,  of  clutch  in  the  dppli  cation. 

Yours  truly, 

JUtJy , 



-Ay*  cyjt-y^ 

S%^6\  C^M^Ai 

3  6  Z  «y>  y$6>\  C^uly3^y  (^  OsAsV^C,  C-V<J>£^, 

<1vi*<l«w  ■V-V-'W  y  ^  i?i — 

^-^v'X-  c^tvw  eo^-<i  -o 



^A-vXu 4^7  cLJi  O'f.  C.J  il/CC; 

.  12.^  OTu^-4  ’  is^ci  L5! 

cl.  2r6 

o^u  3  j' 




NEW  YORK  - . JfejS-12, - 189 1, . 

Dear  sir,  - 

Wo  bee  to  call  your  attention  to  our  letter  ad¬ 
dressed  to  Mr.  Edison  under  date  of  April  loth,  advising  him  of  the 
objections  raised  by  the  Swedish  Patent  Office  to  electric  railway 
case,  Set  93.  As  stated  in  our  letter,  the  time  for  filing  the 
amendment  expires  on  June  6th  next.  We  wish  you  would  kindly 
call  Mr.  Edison's  attention  to  this  matter  and  advise  us  so  soon 

as  possible  what  Mr.  Edison  wishes  us  to  do. 

Yours  truly, 

LA  '  u. 

/  f 

Pocantico  Hills,  N.  Y.  May  IQ,  1891. 

My  dear  Edison: 



'  */*$?/ 

.  1  yrroto  you  whon  the  McKeesport  case  was  coming  on, 

°"Bly  «rsins_ypu  to  come  to  Pittsburg  and  show  yourself  in  the 
,  I  Z  1  oan  understand  what  a  bore  that  was  to  you,  but  I 

nn+  +\  W°U  °an  "nderstand  what  an  assistance  it  was  to  the  case~ 
soL!  Lh!  oouriso1  hut  to  the  case.  Concrete  objects  stand  for 

V'e  L6alinfi  With  historical  and  scientific  abstract- 
nL’tWp  L1*,1  W0Uld  n0t’  f°r’  a  moment>  intimate  that  your  pres- 
bZIiLT*  lereT 3  ’,LhaVe  n0t  thS  sii^htest  doubt  that  when 
Judge  Bradley,-and  Judge  McKennan  in  particular , -saw  you  sitting 
there  (you  will  remember  X  was  particular  to  allude  to  you  awL 

yo"  out>  an(1  1  had  a  motive  in  all  that)  you  ceased  to  be  an 
S4™10";.  Thoy  had  seen  the  man;  they  had  seen  the  l^p;  and 
the  vholo  thing  was  made  easier* 

on  the°V2^bW^tMrU/t°1°?n1e  t0  thS  he aring  of  the  case  in  New  York 
first  dfv  T  fL’te  +  ’’°?e  y°U  Wil1  brinS  Mrs.  Edison) on  the 

first  day.  X  intend  to  brinS  Mrs.  I^owrey  and  several  o4er  lad- 

taking  ^»LELei''  KlS  explanation  an<i  especially  his  experiments 
vm,  nS  P  f  y°Ur  presenoe>  the  Judge  on  the  Bench  knowing  who 
bo  if^e  wfT  !  1ffer?£t  kind  °f  a  thinfi  of  U  from  what  it  would 
ner  I  Stanf^  there  taking  in  an  altogether  abstract  man- 

’  1  hfVG  ur£5ed  Dyor  i’rom  the  beginning  to  make  the  illustra¬ 

tive  experiments  which  he  has  resolved  to  make.  At  first  he  seem- 

down  iithin  +V.B  •  Those  experiments  will  draw  the  subject 

for  th  SL  t-V1SUa  ranKS  °f  3  man  Wh°  hears  about  tha  subject 
ior  the  first  time,  as  no  mere  talk  or  drawings  or  pictures  would 

hlrl  nan  ”  n*0d  iS  t0  RSt  the  Judfie  t0  stand  <=«  the 

hard-pan  as  you  stood  when  you  were  developing  the  subject.  Then 
om  enemies  may  throw  up  as  much  mud  and  mbbish  of  a  light  sort 
as  they  please;  they  will  not  disturb  his  footing. 

Therefore  I  repeat  that  I  would  like  you  to  cone  and  be  pres¬ 
ent  during  Dyer  s  opening,  and  I  would  like,  if  it  is  convenient 
^two^p^0’^^  MrS'  Edison  sh°uld  come  and  bring  perhaps,  one 

cLTl^l^Tr.  In  short  • you 1  «  «» 

Of  course  I  have  entire  confidence  in  our  success  but  sub- 
mitting  questions  which  have  no  absolute  standard  of  determination 
Wh°fe  lnner  mental  operations  cannot  be  followed,  is 
Koirnf' a  matter.  of  chance.  If  you  have  read  the  Report  of  Prof, 
how  «  Ch.!n. which  the  German  decision  is  founded,  you  will  see 
inr  at  the  be3-  y-a  diverSonce  from  the  t4e  line  of  reason¬ 

ing  at  the  beginning,  to  go  very  wide  of  the  truth  in  the  con- 

elusion.  Therefore  we  noed  all  the  extraneous  helps  that  wo  can 
«et  and  I  shall  therefore  ask  several  ladies  who  are  great  friends 
of  the  Court,  to  evince  their  interest  in  our  case  by  attending. 

You  will  not  for  one  moment  suppose  that  I  consider  that  any  consid¬ 
eration  of  friendship  or  personal  relation  would  have  anything  to 
do  with  this. Judge.  Truly  I  do  not.  I  think  him  about  as  square 
as  they  are  ever  made  and  as  free  from  every  influence  which  is 
not  strictly  judicial.  Alleesamee,  my  friends  are  going  to  be 
there  to  see  Mr.  Dyer  show  in  a  pleasing  manner,  how  the  art  of 
incandescent  lighting  grow  and  what  some  of  its  controlling  condit¬ 
ions  are. 

Please  give  my  kindest  regards  and  those  of  Mrs.  Lowrey  to 
Mrs.  Edison.  I  am  going  to  write  a  similar  letter  or  send  a 
copy  of  this  to  Mrs.  Dyer.  She  ought  to  be  present  to  hear  her 
husband  who  very  likely  will  make  the  most  important  spoech  of  his 
life  on  that  occasion— and  I  am  sure  it  will  be  a  great  gratifica¬ 
tion  to  her. 

After  Dyer  has  finished,  the  rest  of  it  will  bo  a  droning  per¬ 
formance,  not  worth  anybody's  listening  to;  so  you  need  not  tire 
yourself  very  much.  One  day  or  two  days  will  suffico,  but  you 
owe  that  time  or  a  part  of  it  to  "the  causd." 

Ever  sincerely  your  Friend, 



Bear  Sir}- 

MfOfrHng  to  ybu*  ifctfbaft  Of  the  Wth  inat.  In 
**TrtipiS»  *f  Ore  Milling  parents,  wa  bog  ttf  aft***  trfd«  ir#  only  or- 
«isrba  bbplbn  et  tTtoie  patents  l*au«l  Ax irtfig  tfie;  past  yds*.  foxv 
ins  trust  lofts  £r6m  MiS  instill  tare  4&  dbis'lii  &apie&  dftfHdtxiif  fie 
'suatt  Vithift  the  last  six  months  but  *0  extended 
t0nt*  issued  within  the  past  year,  and  frer*  Only  i n 

v,,  . 

alar  those  patents  ajpwwu aO^in  the  list  prepared  by  utf»  t£$f# 
Mdibftt  desire*  a  camplete  "set  of  Ore  Milling  patents  issued^  Jtrihdly 
Mvlse  us,  hnd  we  will  «raer-a^U^^^  ebtain  as  com- 

.plete  a  set  as  possible* 

Yours  truly, 

tc  yi  &****' 


Now  York  City,  May  21,  1891. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:  JU,,,- 

Do  you  consent  to  our  retaining  Maxim?  The  annexed 
papers  show  what  Mr.  Wright  and  Mr.  Instill  think  of  it.  Kindly 
telephone  at  once,  or  telegraph,  and  then  send  me  baok  the  enclosed 
papers  with  your  written  reply  later. 

Things  turn  out  curiously  in  this  world.  To  think  that 
we  should  retain  MaximJ  He  hates  our  enemies,  and  we  want  to  turn 
that  to  our  own  advantage ^ 

Very  truly  yours, 




A.  0.  Tat 8,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir:- 

Jew  York . . 

r  1  ^  &m,^ptrpu-  ?A 

Wa  enclose  harawith  Swiss  pktdHt  fob,  jjgsl, 
August  25,  1890,  granted  upon  Mr.  Edison’s  Improvement  in 
Metric  Railways,  set  No.  93.  We  bag  to  remind  ydu  tftit-  zMv 
patent  is  a  provisional  one  and  as  stated  in  the -letter  *s  wrote: 
you  acme  time  ago,  it  is  necessary  to  file  a  •dJsaefcrEgajgi  modal  or 
a  photograph  of  the  model  or  apparatus  to  show  the  axis etnas  of 
-such  a  model;  upon  the  filing  of  such  photograph  the  patent  ia  made 
^-conplete  one.  This  should  be  done  within  a  short  time, although- 
^as  we  stated  to  you  before  the  time  allowed  for  doing  thia  is  one- 
year,  but  it  is  desirable  to  have  this  done  at  once. 

We  also  enclose  herewith  French  patent  No.  210, Vi^dgrted; 

-Wamuuar  13,  -1891,  granted  upon  Mr.  Edison’s  improvement  in  Iireaa _ 

•descant  Electric  Lamps,  set  No.  97. 

Kindly  acknowledge  receipt  of  these  patents  and  oblige, 
Yours  truly. 

A.  O.  JTatte  Saq. 

Ovt*  Oatlin  spoke  to  Mrv  Bdlaon  an  Monctay  In 
r«gard  -to  taking  oat  further  patents  In  Canada  on  tttd  phbnograph, 
v^nd"Jfr v  -jBainon  requested  that  ve  lot  him  know  juat  oHStt  datfejs-  ew^.’ 
vln  ioondition  for  application  in  Canada . 

.^8!he  'oases  iq>On  which  United  States  patenta-havc  been  ia- 
^•aued  and  upon  -which  application  for  patents  in  Canada  should  ba 
'wadCTBithbut  delay ,  If  it  ia  intended  to  apply  fox;  fljg»tfr«y  qanndian 
^petents.^ar.e  as  follows : 

ffw  draa  -  Inpraveowt  phonogra^  b^ap&S*  a. 

r,p  mm  whepe*  Iftw-  ^«^pr»ph.  IgiyjJs*  q^  i^La  9$  a, 

,jl '  wotall  ift.  qeqp* — T  a*d  stearate,  of  lead, 

t)h074d_ba.. applied,  for  before  ®jne  17th 

7  886  “  iB^rOyeiao^tK  1ft?  tyvn$qg,*.  This  case 

(XK  '  '  ■ 

'  shOdLd  al«0  he  applied  for  before  June  17th. 

*  *  885  -  Improranent  in  Recorders  and  Reproducers  — - 

y-'l  J  Oiroular  recording  tool  and  circular  or  ball  re- 

~"'X"  producing  point.  This  oase  should  also  bo  ap-' 

plied  for  before  June  17th. 

■  *  740  -  Phonograph  blanks  — -  Base  of  molded  material 

O  having  tapering  bore-  (Plaster  of  Paris).  Biis 

should  also  be  applied  for  before  June  17th. 

Case  No,  790  -  Two  blanks  mounted  upon  the  same  cylinder  and 
douhle  recorder  for  making  dtplioate  reoords. 

This  should  be  applied  for  before  September  30th 

"  “  810  “  Shell  having  projections  upon  whi oh^a^strip^'^^^'1,1 

n.\  /  ’  CP, ^ 

J/l/U  blank  ±a  placed^  This  should  be  applied  for 

before  September  30th. 

"  "  823  ~  Recording  tool  having  cutting  point  in  advance 

U'j^  tho  s.t00k  of  the  tool - Blunt  edge,.  This 

should  also  be  applied  for  before  September  30th 
"  *  842  -  Marking  pencil  for  phonograph  blanks .  This 

should  also  be  applied  for  before  September  30th 

"  "  852  -  Phonogram  blank - Backing  of  paper  treated 

with  waterproof  material - layer  of /paraffine 

plaoed  on  backing  —  Wax  cylinder  plaoed  over 
the  paraffine  layer-  (Method  Case). 

S^/ls'O  Case  No.  857  -  Same. 

These  should  also  be  applied  for  before 
September  30th. 

848  -  Pneumatie  devioe  for  raising  phonograph  arm. 

This  should  be  applied  for  before  ^Septasfoe?  Isoth 
"  We  enclose  herewith  ccpies  of  the  drawinga  in  eaoh  of  the 
eases  above  mentioned  in  order  to  show^hat  oases  we  refer  to. 



In  addition  to  these  phonograph  oases  there  are  a  number 




new  York. . June  12, 

A.  0.  Tate,  Bsq., 

Edison's  laboratory,  Orangei,  .N,  J, 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  favor  of  the  11th  inat.  re  Canadian  patents  received 

°f  t8klng  6trt  thB  °as<W  *>y  ««  Mi- 

eon  will  be  *39®.  "ineluaihg  the  pajmente  Of  *20.  Oh  each,- Case, 
being  the  Governs  ent  fee  for  thefirat  f  ive-yaare. 

We  notice  that-Mr.  n»iaan~has  not  checked  off  any  of  the. 
Ore  Milling  ot  Slectric  Railway  cases.  Kindly  advise  us  whether 
he  intends  taking  out  .patents  on  theca  caaes  er  not. 

Wo  return  herewith  our  1  etter  of  the  10th  inet.  a  a  re¬ 


New  York  City,  June  16,  1891. 

This  will  interest  you  as  showing  that  After  all  a  good 
Judge  will  prevent,  a  cross-examination  in  a  patent  case  from  being 
eternal.  Contrary  to  everybody’s  advice  I  decided  to  apply  to  Judg 
Shipman  at  Hartford.  I  made  an  affidavit  setting  forth  the  endless 
way  in  which  the  defense  was  protracting  the  cross-examination .  Mr 
Drisooll  took  the  affidavit  to  Hartford  and  the  result  is  shown  in 
this  letter. 

Please  return  the  annexed  letter  after  reading. 

B  (r£<- 



A.  0.  Tate  Esq. 

Dear  sir,- 

Your  favor  of  the  13th  inst.  in  re  Canadian 
patents  received  and  we  return  herewith  our  letter  of  the  10th  inst  - 
We  note  that  Mr.  Edison  desires  us  to  take  out^the  ore 
milling  and  electric  railway  oases  mentioned  in  our  letter,  and 
that  the  electric  railway  cases  are  to  be  charged  against  the  Edi¬ 
son  General  Electric  Company. 

Yours  truly, 


New  York  City,  June  23rd,  1891. 

Please  find  annexed  hereto  copy  of  a  letter  which  I 
have  just  sent  to  Mr.  Instill  which  explains  itself,  .j 

Very  truly  yours, 

44-  ed 

Edison  General  Electric  Company, 

Samuel  Insull ,  Esq.,  Second  Vice-President , 

,v  n  R®  Municipal  Cut-Out.  i  beg  to  say  that  doubtlooo  Ahomaon-Hcaistoh  Company  will  immediately  get.  their  patent.  It 
aqua rely- covers  our  present  Municipal  Out-Out,  and  quite  likely 
they  can.  at  once  not  a  pro.'  iminary  injunction  against  us,  because 
we  fought  thorn  all  through  tls  Patent  Office  and  were  uniformly 

Something  should  be  dono  at  onc.e  towards  abandoning 
the  use  of  the  Municipal  Cut-Out  by  us.  Mr.  Jenks  is  familiar 
with  the  whole  subject,  and  I  bog  to  suggest  that  you  instruct 
someone  from  your  Engineering  Department  to  take  this  matter  up 
and  confer  with  Mr.  .renfts  and  also  with  Hr.  Edison,  to  the  erd  that 
some  new  device  may  bo  promptly  adopted  before  the  Thoms  or.- Ho uu- 
ton  Co.  have  time  to  get  thoir  patent  and  oomrnence  a  suit  against 
U3  for  infringement  and  probably  get  an  injunction. 

Assuring  you  that  fchi 
attrition,  I  remain, 

v  matter  requiring  urgent 

Vojg'  tmly  yours, 

General  Counsel. 

/»>..:  ?-c: 



ir  f  i'/'lC  /£ /'  ''/*/  44  EDISON  BUILDING  ) 

—f- - '  ' 

,yl^‘^^Z\vaQ^ZZT& ,__IJ8£Lt  . 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq, 
Dear  Sirs 

Re  Adams  Patent,  Ho.  300,828,  June  24,  1884. 
The  above  patent  is  one  on  which  we  are  sued  in  St.  Louis,  as  I 
told  you  last  Saturday,  Enclosed  please  find  a  copy  of  the  patent, 
together  with  a  copy  of  a  letter  which  I  have  addressed  to  the 
Engineering  Department  on  this  matter. 

If  agreeable,  will  you  kindly  favor  me  with 
an*  references  op  defenses  which  you  deem  pertinent.  Would  you 
like  to  see  Mr.  ^anAize  in  the  matter?  If  so,  he  will  take 
pleasure  in  calling  on  you. 

Awaiting  the  favor  of  your  early  reply,  I  re- 





44-  ■0'Jr>ya./:4.^'i£c4 Edison  building) 

Juno  23rd,  ISOl 

Edison  General  Eloctric  Company, 

J*  0.  Hondo l’con,  Ecq*,  Ensinoor-in-Chief, 

Dear  Sir:- 

Roferrins  to  the  Suit  rooontly  commenced  against  She 
I, indoll  Railway  Company,  St,  Louie,  by  the.  Adams  Electric  Railway 
Company,  an  Illinois  Corporation  having  its  principal  office  I  bo- 
lievo  in  St.  Louis,  in- tho.  Unitod  States  Circuit  Court  at  St.  Louiq 
for  an  olio  cod  infringement  of  tho  Adams  Patent  Mo.  300,038,  Juno 
24th,  1884,  v/hich  suit  I  m  instructed  by  Mr,  Inoull  to  defend  in 
behalf  of  tho  Edison  General  Electric  Company,  bocauno  it  (or  the 
Sprague  Co.)  supplied  the  apparatus  alleged  to  infringe,  will  you 
kindly  givo  me  the  following  information: 

(1)  Hie  Adams  patent  is  for  a  combination,  mo  of  the 
elements  of  -which  is  an  olootric  motor  whoso  annaturo  is  mounted  to 
rovolvo  on  tho  oo<lc  which  carrios  tho  driven  wheels.  In  order 
tliat  you  may  soo  moro  clearly  just  what . Adame  olainuj,.  I  onoloso 
horov/ith  a  copy  of  his  said  patent  on  which  ho  cues,  which  please 
return  with  your  reply.  p0  you  think  wo  infringe  at  St.  Louis? 

(2)  Please  also  give  mo  an  answer  to  tho  following  ques¬ 
tion,  vis:  In  tho  said  St.  Louis  equipment  furnished  by  you  or 


tho  Sprague  Company,  as  tho  case  ma y  bo,  or  in  any  othor  railway 
oquipmont  ho  ret;  o  for  o  supplied  by  you  or  tho  Sprague  Company,  io 
ohia  arrangement  to  bo  found,  namely,  an  olootric  motor  lie, vine  a 
rotating  a  mature  centered  upon  tho  dr i von  nxlo  and  free  to  rotato 

(3)  Ploaso  also  answor  thio  :  Have  you  contoi-od  tho 
armature  on  tho  driven  n:do  in  tho  St .  Louie  plant  or  ha  any  other 

{■I)  V/ill  you  kindly  give  me  onavroro  to  tho  abovo  oxaot 
quo  at  ions,  and  if  you  havo  to  send  to  st.  Louie  in  order  to  do  oo, 
plotuio  lot  mo  Jmovr,  in  order  that  we  may  undo  rot  and  tho  roason  of 
Vova-  delay  in  replying. 

(5)  Vo  have  found  in  come  cases  that  our  vendees,  tho 
local  railway  companico,  use  devices  which  nr o  not  furnished  by  uo. 
I'  io  to  cay  they  make  change a  and  introduce  apparatus  on  thoir 
ovni  hook.  Of  course  in  ouch  oacoc  it  does  not  devolve  on  uo  to 
defend  suits  for  nil c god  infringement,  co  for  no  thoy  relato  to 
apparatus  not  actually  supplied  by  uo.  Will  you  kindly  toll  mo 
whether  tho  St.  Louis  equipment  supplied  by  you  to  tho  Lindoll  Com- 
Ijaiiy  has  boon  changed  by  tint  Company  on  its  own  hook  since  you 
supplied  it,  touching  any  of  the  matters  possibly  covorod  by  the 
said  Adams  patent,  Ac  this  ia  a  question  of  importance,  I  beg  to 
suggest  that  you  havo  tho  Linde  11  plant  carefully  examined  by  a 


competent  engineer  in  order  that  we  way  know  what  to  rely  upon  in 
this  rest’. vet.  in  preparing  our  answer  in  this  suit  wo  must  know 

positively  just  what  the  facts  aro. 

Awaiting  the  favor  of  your  early  answer,  I  remain, 

Very  truly  yours, 

General  Counsel  Edison  Gonoral  Electric  Company 



A.  W.  ADAMS. 


No.  300,828,  ^^Patented  Juno  24,  1884. 

Q  OfcaAc  (3&czU/„yis.  L,  ^ 

United  States  Patent  Office. 


To  all  whom  U  may  concern: 

Ho  it  known  llmtl.A.  WKU.iNaTOX  Adams, 
of  St.  Louis,  in  tho  Stnto  ot  Missouri,  hnvo 
invonted  n  certain  now  nml  useful  Improvo- 
j  mont  in  Electric  .Motors  for  Railway-Cars  ami 
Analogous  Purposes,  ot  which  the  following 
is  n  specification. 

It  is  my  object  to  provide  an  arrangement 
by  which  the  Hold  and  rotatingarmaturo  of  an 
o  electric  motor  and  tliogoaring  or  transmitting 
devices,  through  which  motion  is  communi¬ 
cated  from  tho  armature  to  the  wheels  of  the 
ear  or  vehicle,  can  bo  supported  in  such  man- 
nor  ns  to  bo  independent  of  tho  body  ot  tho 
5  car,  with  a  viow  to  permitting  tho  latter  lo 
move  freely  without  disturbing  tho  relations 
ot  tho  motor  and  transmitting  devices  to  tho 
driven  wheel  or  wheels.  To  thisond  I  mount 
tho  armature  upon  the  axle  of  the  driven  wheel 
o  or  wheels,  and  I  support  tho  Hold  in  a  frame, 
which  is  rigidly  secured  to  or  formed  in  one 
with  tho  axle-boxes  or  journal-boxes  of  said 
wheels,  said  frame  also  carrying  tho  interme¬ 
diate  gearing,  through  which  tho  armnturo  is 
s  connected  to  tho  wheel  or  whools  to  bo  drivon. 
In  this  way  tho  field  and  all  oilier  parts  car¬ 
ried  by  the  framonlways  occupy  thosamorola- 
tivo  position  lo  tho  whools  nml  armnturo,  nml 
nro  not  altcclcd  or  disturbed  by  tho  spring- 
;o  connection  bolwcon  tho  body  of  tho  car  or 
truck  and  tho  wheels, 

Tho  nnturo  of  my  improvement  and  tho 
mnnnor  in  which  the  snmo  is  or  may  bo  car¬ 
ried  into  effect  can  best  bo  explained  and  un- 
15  dorstood  by  roforcnco  to  tho  accompanying 
drawings,  in  which — 

Figuro  1  is  a  sido  elevation,  and  Fig.  2  is  a 
plan,  of  so  much  of  a  railway-ear  truck  as 
needed  for  purposes  ot  explanation.  Fig.  3  is 
o  a  cross-section  on  enlarged  scale,  taken  axially 
through  tho  car-nxlo  on  which  tho  armnturo 
is  mounted.  Fig.  1  is  a  section  on  a  ir,  Fig. 
2,  representing  the  drivon  ear-wheel  and  gear¬ 
ing  by  which  tho  same  is  actuated. 

15  In  Fig.  2  tho  clutch  mechanism  is  omitted, 

Tho  car-axles  nro  represented  at  D,  and 
whoolssoourod  thereon  nroshowu  atE  F. 
whools  E  in  this  enso  nro  tho  drivon  win 
and  their  nxlo  D  carries  tho  nnnnturo  G  of 
oloctric  motor.  This  nnnnturo  is  fast  upi 
sleeve,  11,  mounted  to  rovolvo  on  tho  a 
and  formed  between  its  ends  witli  an  oil-ali 
bor,  «,  supplied  with  n  suitable  lubric 
Tho  fiold-mngncts  of  tho  motor  nro  ropres 
od  at  I.  Tlioy  nro  fast  to  tho  cross-bars  b 
frnmo,  whoso  sido  bars,  c,  nro  rigidly  sect 
to,  or  formed  in  one  with,  tho  axle-boxes  l 
tho  nxlo  of  tho  drivon  whools  E.  Uotw 
tlie  cross-bars  b  oxtond,  on  oitlior  sido  of 
motor  and  in  tho  spaeo  botwcon  tho  win 
auxiliary  bars  d  niul  c.  liar  <?,  nt  tho  p 
whore  it  crosses  tho  nxlo,  has  a  sloovo,  (V,  wl 
encircles  tlio  axle  and  forms  ft  supporting-1 
on  which  tho  commutator-brushes  /  of 
motor  are  mounted,  and  can  bo  adjusted 
operate  in  eon  junction  with  tlio  eommuti 
f  of  tlio  nnnnturo  in  tlio  customary  way.  ' 
motor  Ih  rough  tlio  briisho 
usual,  witli  tlio  generator  or  sourco  of  c 
tricnl  onorgy.  Tlio  mnnnor  of  coiinoetinj 
ing  well  known,  requires  no  explanation  h 
Tho  other  auxiliary  bar,  e,  is  intended  toci 
tlio  intermediate  driving-gearing.  One  of 
oar-wlicols  E  is  provided  witli  an  internal  g 
y,  formed  on  or  secured  to  tho  whcol  ft 
near  tlio  tiro.  On  tlio  rovolvingarniftturo- 
rying  sloovo  it  is  spur- whcol  h  and  Inter 
diato  between  U  and  ij  is  a  floating  pinioi 
spur  wheel,  /,  of  paper,  wood,  or  otliorsuiU 
material,  attached  to  and  supported  in  bf 
and  meshing  witli  both  h  and  g.  Under 
arrangement,  when  tlio  nrmnturo-gonr  h  i 
revolution,  motion  will  bo  imparted  from  i 
tlio  wheel  E  through  tlio  inlormodiatopin 
/,  witli  tho  result  of  revolving  tlio  wlieol 
and  their  axlo  in  a  direction  opposito  to  f 
in  which  tho  armature  moves. 

With  a  viow  to  stopping  or  starling  tlio 
at  will,  tlio  gear  U  is  looso  on  sloovo  II, an 
connected  witli  and  disconnected  thorefi 

j\)N  sQ  '89' 

ty* - 

w»  S.  Perry,  Esq.,  Treasiirer, 

N.  J.  &  Pann'a.  Concentrating  v/orks, 
New  York  City. 

Daar  Sir:- 

Please  note  Hr.  Edison's  remarks  on  the  enclosed  noto 
irom  Dyer  &  Saely,  in  which  they  request  a  chock  for  $16.20,  with 
which  to  pay  for  a  complete  sat  of  patents  on  electrical  ore  sepa¬ 
rators.  as  you  will  observe,  Hr.  Edison  desires  you  to  furnish 
them  with  this  chock,  as  it  is  necessary,  that  he  should  have  a 
complete  set  of  the  patents. 

Yours  very 

Private  Secretary. 



'DYER  4.  SEELY. 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq. 



m  29 

-  .089X, 

-  uycy  h  e/VlA-  fl.  t  ~q 

Dear  sir, 

We  beg  to  advitfi  you_«rat  we  .have  obtained 
an  estimate  from  the  Patent  Office  of  {he^cost  of  a<oomplet(^Taet  of 
patents  on  electrical  ore  separators.  A  complete  set  of  these 
patents  will  cost  $16w20.  If  you  desire  to  obtain  a  complete  set, 
kindly  send  us  a  check  for  that  amount. 


T.  A.  Edison,  EBq. , 
Dear  Sir:- 


June  30,  1891. 

{yC-PUJ  • jlst&iy  & /C// 

■  =  -r  7 

Our  Mr.  Driscoll  who  has  in  charge  the  Chin- 
nock  vs.  Edison  vs.  Wheeler  interference,  desires  to  have  a  con¬ 
sultation  with  you  before  taking  your  testimony  on  your  own  behalf. 
As  the  time  expires  on  the  18th  proximo,  and  as  other  witnesses 
bed  ides  yourself  will  be  examined,  we  trust  you  will  appoint  as 
early  a  day  as  possible  for  this  consultation.  We  cannot  proeeed 
to  examine  the  other  witnesses  until  your  deposition  is  in. 

Yours  truly, 

*  DYER  &  SEELY. 


A.  0.  Tate  Esq. 

Deal’  sir,  - 






'  i&‘»  £V 

We  beg  to  advise  you  \;hat  the  final  government 
fee  on  Mr.  Edison's  case  No.  874,  Magnetic  Belting,  must  be  paid  at 
the  Patent  Office  before  August  12th.  If  Mr.  Edison  desires  to 
have  this  fee  paid,  kindly  send  us  a  check  for  $20.  We  enclose 
herewith  a  tracing  of  the  drawing,  so  that  Mr.  Edison  may  see  just 
what  case  we  have  reference  to.  Kindly  return  the  traoing  with 
your  reply. 

.  /  Yours  truly, 

0”"  z^4  \  "  K/  “v '(?,/£, Sb, hU&Ze. 

c-o  G'kei-vtyrUt p,  /‘fa*  TT  /-tst-  Lt  s^J/U 


- July.7., — 1891 



(;K  H i 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq. 

Dear  sir,- 

We  beg  Vo  advisl  you\that  thV  final  govern¬ 
ment  fee  on  Mr.  Edison's  case  No.  892,  Phonographs,  must  be  paid  at 
the  Patent  Office  before  August  11th  next.  If  you  desire  to  have 
this  fee  paid,  kindly  send  us  a  check  for  $20.  We  enclose  here¬ 
with  a  traoing  of  the  drawing  in  this  case  so  that  Mr.  Edison  may 
know  just  what  case  we  have  reference  to.  Kindly  return  the 
traoing  with  your  reply, 



( Confidential ) 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

Dyer  &  Seely's  bills  for  June  amount  to  $3,996.80  for 
Services  and  $820.61  for  hash  Disbursements.  Total  $4,817.51.  Th eS(- 
are  the  bills  against  tiie  General  Co.  and  the  Light  Co..  Of  this 
amount  Dyer's  services  in  the  filament  Case  are  $967.50,  He  chargd 
$50  a  day  for  attending  in  Court  while  the  other  lawyers  were  speak 
ing  and  $10  an  hour  for  attending  at  Mr.  Lowrey's  house  in  the  eve¬ 
ning,  making  $90  a  day. 

I  am  willing  to  approve  Dyer's  bill,  so  far  as  his  own 

services  in  the  ^lament  Case  are  concerned.  But  his  firm  charge 

$5  an  hour  for  Mr.  Drijcoll,  and  very  heavy  rates  for  professional 
work  done  by  Clerks.  C&a+J  t/ 

I  dislike  to  raise  the  question  of  fees  with  Dyer  &  Seely 

but  I  think  I  had  better  lay  these  bills  for  June  before  Insull  and 

take  his  instructions.  The  bill  s' of  Dyer  &  Seely  have  been  run¬ 
ning  very  heavy  for  many  months. 

I  mention  the  above  in  order  that  you  may  know  what  is 
going  on.  Have  you  any  suggestions  to  make? 

Very  truLy  yours, 

kj  .  £ 

,  !u'' 

New  York  City,  July  8th,  1891. 


LAW  OFFICES;  m»o>«LTvi  , 

V  *- 

38  WALL  STREET,  ' 





July  10,  1891. 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Bsqy 

Dear  Sir:-  ^ 

We  beg  to  advise  you  that  the  2nd  annuities  on 
your  Prenoh, Belgian, Italian, Swiss  and  German  patents  on  Electric 
Railways  (set  93)  must  be  paid  before  August  1st*,  14th.  15th  and 
25th,  respectively.  The  amount  of  these  anmities  will  be  *75.  in 
all.  If  you  desire  to  have  these  pald,kindly  send  us  a  check  for 
that  amount.  We  might  remind  you  that  not  long  ago  you  instructed 
us  to  pay  no  further  attention  to  converting  the  Swiss  patent  into 
a  o (triplets  one  by  the  filing  of  a  photograph  of  the  apparatus  or 

Y°urs  tr*Tkfr*', 

Ebis0n  Laboratory. 

.  TOILIEffilKAM. 

&h_j± . . /Sf, 


The  Anglo- American  Telegraph  Company,  Limited. 

^  yjj  ESTABLISHED,  1866.  1  “ 

P,  _ 




\\y  j  tol  AtSLISHED,  1800. 




- — oj^\  NO//°fWords  I  R7Tby  |  ^/X‘vedM 

I  — _ _ ■ _ _ _ 

1  _ CSaj^  Q& A  l  ^ 

-7^  . 



The  Anglo-American  Telegraph  Company,  Limited. 

ESTABLISHED,  1866.  ■ 



new  YORK - JuXy-32, — 1891V- _ 

Hxoims  A.  Edison  Esq. 


eholbdod  frith  your  letter  of  the  16th  indti,  we  Have  had  Ah  inves¬ 
tigation  made  and  fihd  tHA  facta  to  be  ad  fbllo'frSi 

Ad  br.  ia  iande  Stated,  a  patent  fr&  isSued  July  6,  1886, 
to  be  Virfoy  and  others  for  a  eeoohdary  bdttery  ih  which  the  e*^ 
citing  liquid  wiia  a  mixture  of  zihcate  of  potash  and  sulphate  of 
^potash,  the  eleotrodea  being  of  copper  and  carbon  respectively,  and 
Acarbon  plates  having  a  wrapping  of  metallio  oxide.  There  was  a 
TrentJh  patent  October  8,  1884,  for  the  same  battery.  Another  pat¬ 
ent  was  issued  April  23,  1889,  to  J.  *.  Morris  as  adninfqtrator  of  ' 
Camil  Dee  Mazures,  deceased,  the  first  qlaim  of  whioh  was  for  the 
combination  in  q  secondary  bqtteary  *fth  qp  alkaline  liqq^of  pure, 
poroue,  metallic  plates.  fhia  pqtept  Ws  qsqigned  by  fforriq  t® 

,M.arie  Antoinette  Dee  Insures  of  Paris,  Prance,  The  J)ee  Metres 
Invention  wpp  pqtented  in  ^ngiqnd  fune  *5?  1886;  fo  (Jeimiqpp  Mqrqft 
IP,  1887;  qnfl  fn  prqpqe  May  3,  1887, 

$1  ^889i  H*  flattery  of  Fort  flqy^  Jndi,qp^ 

CP^lle4  for  q  ppteqt  and  was  pe;jqq$qa  pp  tyq  ftea  pqtqnt. 

He  filed  #f!dqvtt*  ^o\rJng  tQ  the  qqtiefaotion  of  the  Patent  Of¬ 
fice  thqt  he  completed  the  invention  in  1886,  and  this  being  earlier 

W'j4^€y  2  4/9/ 

Referring  to  the  ietter  of  Df  i  ta  hands 

■than  Des  Mazur es '  earliest  foreign  patent,  the  Patent  Office  put 
Slattery  into  interference  with  Des  Mazures'  United  States  patent 
on  the  following  issue: 

"In  combination  with  one  electrode  and  an  al¬ 
kaline  solution  in  the  secondary  oell,  a  second 
electrode  formed  of  compressed  finely  divided  elec¬ 
trically  reduced  pure  copper" 

No  testimony  was  taken  on  behalf  of  Des  Mazures  and  apparently 
nothing  was  done  on  his  side  of  the  case.  Slattery  took  the  tes¬ 
timony  of  a  number  of  witnesses  to  show  that  he  had  made  batteries 
containing  the  invention  in  1885,  and  thereupon  the  Patent  Offioe 
decided  the  interference  in  his  favor.  On  February  10,  1891,  he 
received  patent  Now  446,104,  which  seems  to  cover  the  battery  of 
the  Des  Mazures  patent. 

Even  if  the  owners  of  the  Des  Mazures  patent  had  contested 
the  interference,  they  could  not  in  this  country  have  made  use  of 
any  date  earlier  than  their  earliest  publication  of  the  invention, 
which  was  probably  the  1886  English  patent;  so  unless  Slattery's 
case  might  have  been  broken  down  on  cross-examination  or  contra¬ 
dicted  by  other  witnesses  we  do  not  see  how  Des  Mazures  oould  have 
had  any  chance  of  success . 

We  do  not  see  what  can  be  done  about  the  matter  now,  unless 
you  wish  to  enter  into  a  controversy  in  the  courts  to  have  the 
question  of  interference  between  Slattery  and  Des  Mazures  re- 

decided.  The  matter  is  closed  as  far  as  the  Patent  Office  is  con- 
earned.  We  may  say  that  the  testimony  of  Slattery  was  to  the  of¬ 
fset  that  he  used  in  1885  a  plate  of  compressed  finely  divided  cop- 
Per  as  one  electrode  and  a  plate  of  zinc  as  the  other  with  a  solu¬ 
tion  of  zincide  of  potasium.  He  save  various  reasons  why  he  did' 
not  immediately  apply  for  a  patent  or  carry  on  his  experiments 
further,  teethe  Patent  Office  seens  to  have  found  that  he  was  suf¬ 
ficiently  diligent. 

The  patent  of  De  Virfoy  and  others  has  never  been  involved 
in  any  interference.  It  may  be  that  the  French  patent  of  October 
8,  1884,  is  a  partial  anticipation  of  Slattery's  patent,  but  it 
probably  does  not  contain  the  electrode  of  compressed  copper  powder 
for  there  is  no  such  thing  in  the  corresponding  United  States 

We  send  you  oopies  of  the  patents  of  De  Viroly,  Des  Mazures 
and  Slattery  referred  to  herein. 


V  OFFICES,  lt 

New  York - J.uly.....27., _ 1891, 

A.  Ov  Tate  Esq. 

Dear  sir,- 

We  are  desirous  of  finding  some  lamps  of  the 
Sawyer-Man  Company  or  of  the  Consolidated  Electric  Company  made 
prior  to  May  1885  .  6ur  Mrv  Dyer  thinks  that  some  of  the  lamps 
may  be  at  the  laboratory,  and  wo  request  that  the  matter  bo  looked 
up.  If  any  lamps  subsequent  to  1885  are  found  manufactured  by 
those  companies,  we  wish  you  would  inform  us  of  thiB  also. 

Any  lamps  that  are  found  may  be  laid  out  and  Mr.  8'tierin- 
ger  will  go  over  and  look  at  then. 

Yours  truly, 


^  v  ^  6 

Y  ^  V  ' 

„  L  >  ^  L  fV 

t'L  ^  ^  fourth 




Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 

f Dear  sir, ^ 

]'  »  jy  ^  teg  to  advise  you  that  the  second  an¬ 

nuities  on  youi|W!noh,  German  and  Italian  patents  on  the  method  of 
protecting  ships'  bottoms  beoome  due  Septsnber  11,  1891.  The 
amount  of  these  annuities  is  $55.  Kindly  advise  us  without  delay 
whether  you  desire  to  have  these  paid. 

Yours  truly, 




x.  KV//kf 

„  ,  •  '(Qua/  for.  %7~t*Ze0e&-  yoo  cfea  - 

^6V  Of-  hoAs-cuq  ast^AsuUAvwu<r  cvu£  do 

A&ta£un*s  (8  Ua&  i^aJIsi^sijlaa^  c^^or^^d/ 

CXAscd  tt^dcdc/iA  Onnt  ttUt  Unut  thf 
14A  cUfuia^o  &CLOU ,  y/KiL  (dou^^for 
jo/l/frrjL  (aa  C/0~iXA/  AseJiaJ^.  -LiCfiUsUZrt  o~ut.  C£jz. 

Ato-yClAAAA)  (MaJ  lASQ  CUaUsij^  4  do  At~^uuU&urAq 

t&aJ-  UivuL  ,  yQasvdiq  t£aS-  cim  PcoGUct  odjQ 

.mJUa*UL.  JUjJlttJUl  JL^G^/^yidn^  r 

'Hfl-,  C^JlnJL^oAX.  f  tAo-oo-  JLtfAjLeJ  fc  '&e  cd  dZadjdoo— 

J/<AA,q  n-ITY  CtAAAA.  ,C/T  (^AUtA/j  Oll/  <*JLAsy  ■>Ud 

a  acuy  to  >ul£  9yd  Sr-t^ude  Aje  CcU &  cl+u^ 

bc/fi-wf  -a£jl_  d\co<?  CUao{  C%Aa}/i/aala)  t/i/Q  'VuiaXteAJ 
tdQL  u,o~<-A  cd~  C^/O-cLd  tUnA/rd*MiAA^j/  r 

Otyn,  JccCZ  c<AjP-rrrtsv>  (Ajo  C4ad~  fiest^a/ov  U^o^ 
AMA-  OnLf  Ia  Cof  oOoiA.a  $4  (/£&/  tjry  Oi  yusir-  d  (xyo  AL&crcty 
G/iA.d  sd-J-'^ty  J/A-d  (AoVf-  t^AhcA.  '^Ot/tO^A~  (dQ 

CdldiAuUM  (JauxJL  ,  <L0  Ctnrrd  Good  for, 

&/!/}&?€(?  Ufd£  6o-cud~  A-* x  tyo-c<  , 

yfotA/  (£4dfotAO-TAA^  Q-eupL  £e  tad<dn  Ad  l&ydUto 

W  fnmcUd  ^ 

CfcxAZ  CUOOC{  cc  T'M^/zt/jy  cwxj  '  ' 

(tfj2- ■&  CVToC&A,  -&£  ^-0-uyxAX?C  . 

/^-/  ■ 

-®-  for— 


-  July  51.  1891.  - 



MR.  EATON’S  MEM.  FOR  MEETING,  -JULY  Zl.  1891. 

FILAMENT  SPIT.  There. is  nothin?  to  add  to  the  oral 
report  which  I  made  at  your  last  meeting  on  the  27th  inst.,  except 
to  ask  you  to  take  action  on  Mr.,Lowrey’s  bill  for  professional  ser- 
•vices.  Mr.  Dyer  is  paid,'  Mr.  .Seward’s  bill  is  ndt  yet  reaeive.d,  and 
Mr.  Lowrey.’s  bill  is  before  you. 


.FEEDER  CASE,  BILL  OF  SIR  WILLIAM  THOMSON.  ;As  you  will  re¬ 
member,  we  sent  to  Glasgow  to  take  the  testimony  of  Sir  William  Thom- 
-son  in  the  Feeder  Case.  In  my  Mem.  .for  your  meeting  of  May  26th,  1890, 

I  called  attention  to  the  fact  that  Sir  William  Thomson’s  charges  were 
15  guineas  per  diem.  His  bill  amounted  to  £372„  L5„0,  and  a  Draft  for 
the  amount  has  been  sent  to  Glasgow. 

•-QUESTION:  •  .Is  our  action  in’  this  matter  approved? 


■MUNICIPAL  LAMP  CUT-ODT.  For  years  an  Interference  has  been 
pending  between  Mr.  Edison  and  Prof.  Thomson,  upon  a  Middle  f/ire  Cut- 
Out,  at  present  used  in  Municipal  Lamps,  .This  interference  has  been 
fought  very  stubbornly  on  both  sides  and  was  carried  up  to  the  tribun¬ 
al  of  last  resort,  where  Mr.  John  S.  Wise  and  Mr.  Seely  recently  argued 
•  for  us.  .We  lost,  and  a  patent  has  been  issued  to  Thomson.  The 
Thomson-Houston  Co.  have  notified  us  that  they  will  probably  sue  the 
Lawrence  Co.,  our  licensee,  for  infringement.  .Possibly  they  may  ask 
for  a  preliminary  injunction.  We  have  notified  the  Lawrence  Co.  that 
we  shall  protect  them.  Meantime  our  experts  are  getting  up  a  new 
device  to  use  instead  of  the  old  one. 

QUESTION:  Shall  I  .retain  Counsel,  if  we  are  sued? 


learned  that  the  parties  who  formerly  operated. the  Opperman  Lamp 
factory  at  Plattsmouth,  Neb.,  were  going  to  start  a  new  factory  at 
Appleton,  Wis..  we  have  served  on  that  Company  a  formal  notice  of  its 
infringement  of  the  Edison  Patents.  The  notice  was  served  on  June 
15th  last,  on  the  President  and  Secretary  of  the  above  Company  at 



QUESTION:  .Is  my  action  in  serving  this  notice  of  infringement 


Conductivity  Patent.  At  your  last  meeting  you  authorized  the  commence¬ 
ment  of  suit  upon  the  following  three  patents: 

Sprague  Main  and  Working  Conductors  No.  317,235,  issued  in  1885. 

Sprague  two  sets  of  Working  Conductors  No.  328,821  issued  in 


Sprague  Sectional  Main  Conductor  No.  .338,313  issued  in  1886. 

Suit  has  been  commenced  against  the  West  End  Street  Railway  Com¬ 
pany  of  Boston,  a  Thomson-Houston  plant.  The  Counsel  of  the  Thomson- 
Houston  Company  accepted  service  of  Subpoena  in  behalf  of  that  Company. 
The  Answer  in  this  suit  is  not  due  until  the  first  Monday  of  August. 

At  the  same  time  that  the  above  suit  was  brought,  we  commenced 
another  suit  against  the  same  Company  upon  Edison  patent  No.  273,494, 
dated  March  6th,  1883,  for  an  improvement  to  increase  conductivity  of 
rails.  This  suit  was  also  authorized  by  you  at  your  last  meeting,  and 
service  of  subpoena  has  been  accepted  by  the  counsel  of  the  Thomson- 
Houston  Co. 


SUIT  AGAINST  LINDELL  RAILWAY,CO..  ST.  LOUIS.  A  suit  has  been 
commenced  by  the  Adams  Electric  Railway  Co.  of  St.  Louis  against  the 
hindell  Railway  Co.  of  that  City.  The  suit  is  brought  on  Patent  No. 
300,823,  issued  June  24,  1884,  to  the  said  Adams  Go.,  assignee  of  Well¬ 
ington  Adams.  .The  Lindell  Company  is  a  large  customer  of  the  General 
Co.  and  is  operating  an  extensive  electric  railway .plant  furnished  by  us. 
The  Lindell  Co.  has  suggested  the  employment  of  their  own  attorneys, 
Messrs.  Boyle,  Adams  &  McKeighan  of  St.  Louis,  to  aid  in  this  suit.  They 
are  not  familiar  with  patent  suits,  but  I  shall  be  ready  to  state  orally 
why  we  had  better  retain  them. 

QUESTION:.  Shall  we  retain  Messrs.  Boyle,  Adams  &  McKeighan? 


EXPIRATION  OF  FOREIGN  PATENTS.  Acting  under  authority  given 
me  at  your  meeting  of  May  26,  1890,  I  have  made  arrangements  to  join  in 
a  case  now  ready  for  the  U.  S.  Supreme  Court,  involving  the  question 
whether  the  date  of  the.  filing  of  the  application  controls,  instead  of 
the  date  of  the  patent,-  touching  the  effect  of  the  expiration  of  foreign 
patents.  The  cpse  referred  to  is  Bate  vs.  Toffey.  The  details  I  will 
explain  orally  to  the  Committee. 

Judge  Davis  has  been  consulted  and  will  prepare  a  brief  for  us. 
The  pase  is  dockettea  for  hearing  at  the  October  term,  1891. 

QUESTION:  Is  my  action  in  this  case  and  in  retaining  Judge 

Davis  approved,  and  whom  else  shall  we  ask  to  file  a  brief  for  us? 



last  meeting  you  authorized  .us  .to  commence  suit  on  Edison  patent  No. 
:276,.233  for  a  Commutator  Brush  of  High  resistance.  .As  .you  will 
probably  remember.  I  stated  to  you  in  my  last  memorandum,  that  a  suit, 
had  been  brought  against  us  by  the  Thomson-Houston  Company  for  brushes 
of  a  similar  nature,  covered  by  patents  of  Forbes  and  Fanderpoele.  Mr. 
Edison’s  patent  antedates  both  of  those  upon  which  we  are  sued.  We 
have  commenced  our  suit  against  the  Hudson  Electric  Light  Company,’,  of 
Hudson,  New  York,  a  licensee  of  the  Thomson-Houston  Company.  The  Bill 
of  Complaint  has  been  filed,  and  the  Counsel  of  the  Thomson-Houston 
Company  have  accepted  service  and  will  defend  the  suit  for  that  Company. 


■SUIT  3Y  CS  ON  COMPOUND  WOUND  DYNAMOS.  At  your  last  meeting 
you  authorized  me  to  commence  suit  on  Edison  patent  No.  234,668  .for 
.Compound  Wound  Dynamos,  issued  September  19th,  1882.  The  Bill  of  Com¬ 
plaint  in  this  suit  has  not  yet  been  filed,  as  there  is  a  question 
whether  our  suit  should  be  brought  against  a  lighting  plant,  or  against 
a  power  plant,  or  both.  Owing  to  the  fact  that  we  have  been  busily 
engaged  in  the  Filament  Case,  the  Bill  of  Complaint  has  not  yet  been 
filed,  but  we  shall  try  to  have  the  suit  commenced  in  the  August  term 
of  Court,  against  a  defendant  yet  to  be  selected. 

We  have  decided  to  use  Mr.  ?ansiz9  as  our  expert  in  the  various 
dynamo  suits  for  and  against  us.  He  is  under  salary.  Moreover, 
he  makes  an  admirable  expert  witness. 


RENEWAL  OF  MR.  .OSLER’S  RETAINER.  .About  a  year  ago  you  decided 
that  the  Canadian  patent  cases,  then  pending,  should  be  transferred 
from  Mr.  .Cameron,'  the  lawyer  who  then  had  them  in  charge,  to  Mr.  ,B.  B. 
Osier,  another  Toronto  lawyer;  also  that  we  give  Mr.  Osier  an  annual 
retainer  of  $150.  .commencing  -June  30,  1890.  .  Mr.  Osier  has  asked  for 
said  annual  retainer  for  the  ensuing  year,  and  I  advise  that  we  pay  it. 

QUESTION;  Shall  we  renew  this  retainer  for  another  year? 


RENEWAL  OF  MR.  CAMERON’S  RETAINER.  When  the  suits  mentioned 
above  were  turned  over  to  Mr.  Osier  by  Mr .  Cameron,  the  former  was  un¬ 
willing  to  take  them  unless  we  retained  Mr.  Cameron  for  at  least  a  year. 
You  authorized  me  to  do  this,  and  we  paid  Mr.  Cameron  one  annual  retain¬ 
er  of  $250,  The  year  has  expired,  and  Mr.  Cameron  now  asks  for  a 
similar  payment  as  retainer  for  another  year. 

QUESTION:  Shall  we  renew  Mr,  Cameron’s  retainer  for  another 



RE.  RETAINING  MR.  MITCHELL.  As  soon  as  Mr.  Mitchell’s  resigna¬ 
tion  as  Commissioner  of  Patents  is  accepted,  he  will  return  to  patent 
practice,  and  I  have  had  some  talk  with  Mr.  Wright  about  .retaining  him, 
if  we  can. 

QUESTION;  Shall  we  retain  Mr*  .Mitchell? 


PERKINS  LAMP  SUITS.  RETAINERS.  Among  those  who  worked  in 
Mr  ..Maxim’s  Laboratory  years  ago,  when  he  was  experimenting  on  incandes¬ 
cent  lamps,  were  two  glass  blowers,  Joseph  V.  Nichols  and  William  Baetz, 
It  became  important  in  the  Perkins  Lamp  Suits  to  have  the  testimony  of 
these  men  as  to  the  details  of  lamp  making  done  by  them  at  that  time, 
and  after  some  trouble  we  succeeded  in  retaining  them  in  behalf  of  the 
Light  Company,  so  as  to  get  their  testimony.  To  Mr..  Nichols  has  been 
paid  a  retainer  of  $200.00  and  to  Baetz  a  retainer  of  $100.00. 

QUESTION;  Is  my  action  in  retaining  Nichols  and  Baetz  ap¬ 


RETAINER  TO  HIRAM  S.  MAXIM.  For  reasons  I  shall  state  orally, 
we  have  retained  Mr.  Maxim.  His  retainer  was  $1,000.",  and  his  per 
diem  is  $75.  Mr.  Edison  approved  of  it,  and  I  also  obtained  the  ap¬ 
proval  of  Mr.  Wright. 

QUESTION:  Do  you  approve  of  our  having  retained  Mr.  Maxim? 


RETAINER  TO  ALBERT  H.  'WALKER.  During  the  argument  of  the  Fila¬ 
ment  Case,  and  at  Mr.  Lowrey’s  request,  we  retained  Mr.  Albert  H.  Walker, 
a  well  known  patent  lawyer  of  Hartford,  and  the  author  of  a  standard 
text  book  on  patents.  His  retainer  was  $100.  with  a  provision  for 
payment  of  $50.  per  day  and  expenses  while  actually  serving  in  the  Fila¬ 
ment  Case.  For  this  retainer  Mr.  Walker  agreed  to  serve  the  Light 
Company  in  all  stages  of  the  Filament  Case,  present  and  future,  at  the 
rate  of  $50.00  per  day,  plus  usual  expenses;  also  not  to  accept  any  re¬ 
tainer  against  any  of  the  Edison  Companies  without  first  giving  them  an 
opportunity  to  retain  him  in  their  behalf. 

QUESTION:  Is  our  action  in  retaining  Mr.  Walker  on  the  above 

terms  approved? 


RETAINER  TO  JOHN  C.  HENRY.  Mr.  Henry  was  an  early  experimenter 
in  Electric  Railways,  and  has  taken  out  a  number  of  patents.  He  of¬ 
fered  to  sell  these  pate.nts  to  the  Edison  General  Company,  but  they 
are  not  worth  the  price  set  on  them,  viz: .  $125,  000.  We  felt,  however, 

that  Mr.  Henry’s  knowledge  of  what  was  clone  at  early  nates  should  be  at 
our  command  in  the  various  railway  suits  now  pending  for  and  against 
us,  and  we  have  retained  him. for  an  annual  retainer  of  $100.  to  serve 
as  expert  in  all  patent  suits  and  patent  office  proceedings,  in  which 
the  Edison  General  Electric  Company  or  its  associate  Companies,  or  Mr. 
Edison,  are  interested.  His  rate  is  125.00  per  day  for  services,  with 
ordinary  expenses. 

QUESTION:  Is  our  action  in  retaining  Mr.  Henry  on  the  above 

terms  approved? 


OUR  NEW  HAVEN  THREE-WIRE  CASE.  Our  prima  facie  case  has  been 
closed.  Our  expert  witnesses  were  Mr.  Stieringer  and  Mr.  Jenks.  The 
cross-examination  of  the  latter  was  being  carried  on  by  the  defendant 
evidently  with  an  intention  to  make  all  the  delay  possible.  We  there¬ 
upon  applied  to  the  Court  to  shorten  their  time  for  completing  the  cross- 
examination.  This  application  was  successful,  and  the  defendant  was 
allowed  only  ten  days  to  complete  the  cross-examination  of  Mr.  Jenks. 

The  defendant  has  three  months  from  September  1st  to  put  in  testimony 
in  defense. 


OUR  TRENTON  FEEDER  CASE.  We  are  now  putting  in  our  rebutting 
testimony  in  this  case.  .The  .re-direct  examination  of  Prof.  Chandler, 
one  of  our  expert  witnesses,  is  going  on  and  we  expect  to  finish  it 
during  the  present  week.  .The  only  remaining  witness  on  our  side  in 
rebuttal  is  Henry  L.  Brevoort,  who  is  still  to  be  cross-examined.  This 
case  is  nearly  ready  for  argument,  but  we  may  argue  the  Bridgeport  Feeder 
Case  first,  for  reasons  suggested  by  Mr.  Betts,  our  counsel,  and  hereto¬ 
fore  stated  by  me  to  the  Committee. 


.BRIDGEPORT  PEEPER  CASE.  Our  pr.ima  facie  case  in  this  suit  is 
now  being  put  in  and  will  be  closed  this  week.  Our  Mr.  -Jenks  is  now 
under  cross-examination.  The  defense  have  been  cross-examining  him  for 
forty-five  full  days.  The  other  witnesses  examined  in  making  our 
prima  facie  case  were  L.  H.  Latimer  and  -J.  H.  R.  Ward. 

.  XX. 

LAMP  DETAILS  SUITS  AGAINST  PERKINS.  .  We  are  pressing  these,  suits 
against  the  Perkins  Co.  The  defense  has  delayed  us  all  they  could,  and 
as  their  counsel  were  also  engaged  in  the  Filament  Case,  it  has  been 
difficult  for  us  to  press  the  case  rapidly.  .The  defense  is  approaching 
completion,  and  we  have  been  actively  engaged  for  some  time  past  in 
gathering  evidence  for  our  rebuttal.  We  shall  use  Mr.  Hiram  S.  Maxim 
and  several  of  his  former  employees,  having  obtained  important  affidavits 
from  the  latter. 

plainants  in  this  suit  closed  their  prima  facie  case  in  Anrii  last, 
are  making  preparation  to  go  on  with  the  examination  of  witnesses  for 
defence.  We  shall  use  Mr.  Mansize  as  our  expert.  Messrs.  Dyer  4 
Seely  have  immediate  charge  of  our  side  of  the  case. 



THE,  BAST  READING  SUIT  AGAINST  US..  .Our  direct  examination  of 
witnesses  for  our  defence  in  this  suit  has  been  practically  closed.  Our 
chief  witness,  Mr.  W.  E.  Vansize,  was  last  on  the  stand.  We  have  just 
completed  a  model  section  of  electric  railway,  which  is  to  be  put  in  as 
an  exhibit  in  the  case  and  one  question  will  be  asked  of  Mr.  Vansize 
so  as  to  get  this  model  in  the  case.  Our  defence  on  direct  examination 
will  then  oe  closed  and  the  complainants  will  cross-examine  our  witnesses. 
Mess.  Dyer  &  Seely,  aided  by  Mr.  Betts,  are  in  charge  of  our  defence. 


THE .SUIT  AGAINST  US  ON  3 RUSH  TEASER  PATENT.  The  complainants 
have  not  yet  started  to  make  their  prima  facie  case.  It  is  doubtful 
whether  they  will  commence  now  before  September.  We  are  not  hurrying 

■XXI  y. 

complainants  closed  their  prima  facie  case  on  -July  17th.  We  do  not 
expect  to  commence  taking  our  testimony  in  defence  until  September  or 

■XXV.  . 

through  his  solicitor,  C.  L.  Buckingham,  has  brought  suit  in  the  United 
States  Circuit  Court  here  against  the  Edison  General  Electric  Company, 
for  infringing  Perkins  patent  No.  347,103,  dated  September  15,  1831. 

The  suit  was  commenced  on  July  34,  1891.  Mr.  .Edison  thinks  that  we  can 
break  down  the  Perkins  Patent.  We  also  rely  on  Mr.  Maxim  to  aid  us. 

Generally  speaking,  pur  legal  position  as  to  switch  inventions 
and  patents  is  weak.  The  questions  involved  are  numerous  and  complicated. 
Mr.  Betts  states  that  he  has  never  met  more  difficult  questions.  Our 
lawyers  and  experts  all  agree,  however,  on  these  questions,  except  Mr. 
Betts,  who  takes  a  different  view  from  all  the  others  on  one  or, two  points 
involving  the  Johnson  Switch  Patent.  All  agree,  howe.ver,  that  this 
patent  is  not  of  controlling  importance,  although  Mr.  Betts,  and  he 
alone,-  thinks  the  Edison  switch  infringes  it.  All  agree  that  the  Edi¬ 
son  switch  infringes  the  Perkins  patent. 

QUESTION;  Shall  I  retain  Counsel  when  necessary  for 
fence  in  the  said  Perkins  suit? 

Respectfully  submitted. 

8.  B.  EATON, 

General  Counsel. 



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New  York,, -Aug.  21,1891. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:-  — - - - - -  • 

about  your  affidavit6  ^rther/t^k  with  Driscoll, 

important  nature  The  ZliS*?  ”***  V^W  chanses  of  not  an 
Monday.  hG  printed  00^  probably  reach  you  by 

bill  for  $20,*600?  °n  a°°0Unt  of  his 

word  that  if  we  will  nav  him  tv'Cnnn  B  th  Ar£ument •  He  sends 
anything  more  unless  we  win  £’!!«  n°W’  We  need  not  ^  him 
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suits  besides  this  special  ^0^  ^  °ther 

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JOB  No. 


\  work,  mention  the  Job  Number.  136C  [  / j 

f.Os.  ■ 


District  op 

Edison  Electric  Light  Company, 
'  '  Complainant, 



In  Equity. 

.Thomas  A.  Edison,  boing  duly  sworn,  doposes  and 
•  says  ns  follows : 

lam  forty-four  yoarg  of  ago,  and  rcsido  -at  Llewellyn 
!  Pari;,  Now  Jorsoy,  and  mn  by  occupation  an  iurontoi'. 

I  I  am  the  patonteo  of  tho  patent  lioro  in  suit,  and  be¬ 

lieve  myself  to  bo  tho  original  invontor  of  tho  subjoot 
matter,  theroin  described. 

.  .  The  subject  of  electrical  lighting 'Oocupicd  iny  atten¬ 

tion  at  intervals  from  a  vory  early  period  in  my  life. 
As  oarly-  ns  1864  I  commenced  to  experiment  in  the 
field 'of  electric  lighting,  and  havo  Continued  such  line 
'of  experimenting, s  from  timo  to  timo,  down  to  the  year 
*,  1887,  without,  ko’wevor,  preserving  a  record  of  my  work 

prior  to  tho  latter  date. 

During  the  eariy -part  of  tho  yoar  1877,  and  for  some 
'time  prior  'thei'eto,  I  had  boon  oxporimeutiug  on  my 
;  'colrbon  telephone.  Toward  tho  fall  of  1877,  having 

about  finished  this  line  of  labor,  and  having  sovornl 
ideas  which  I  desired  to  work  up,  I  took  up  tho  subject 
'of  subdividing  the  electric  light. 

Of  my  experiments  commencing  at  this  timo  somo, 
though  by  no  monus'cdmplctp,  records  havo  been  pre¬ 
served,  and  havo  been  introduced  in  various  logal  pro- 
'ceedings  in  which  my  inventions  becamo  involvod. 

'When  I  began  such  work  in  1877,  1  was  tho  owuor  of 
’a,  laboratory  at  Menlo  Park,  which  cost  mo  in  tho  neigh¬ 
borhood  of  $80,000  to  eroot  and  oquip  with  scientific 
appliances  and  materials,  and  had  in  my  omploy  oight 
#  "assistants. 

v  '  Beginning  about  July  and  running  through  sovornl 

months  thereafter  of  tho  year  1877, 1  tried  oxporiments, 
using  corbonizod  papor  ns  an  incandcscont  conductor.  1 
"employed  two  lands  of  carbon  rocoptaclos  or  cllambors 
in  theso  exporimonts :  one  consisting  of  an  air  pump, 
'its  bitso  and  a  bell  jar  covor,  the  conductor  boing  passed 
.  'through  tho  base  of  tho  air  pump  and  tho  boll  jar  placad 

. 'over  tho  terminals  of  .  such  conductors  and  tho  air  ox- 
:hnustod,  the  strip  of  carbonized  paper  being  secured 
'botween  tho  terminals  aud  brought  up  to  iucaudoseouco 
in  the  vacuum  thus  produced  upon  tho  passage  of  tho 
"current.  Tho  other  chamber  utilized  was  a  piece  of 
i  •  _  _  -  philosophical  apparatus  knpwu  ns  a  Gnssiot  cascade, 


through  tho  bnso  of  tho  air  pump  and  the  boll  jar  placed 
OYor  tho  terminals  of  such  conductors  and  the  air  ex¬ 
hausted,  tho  strip  of  carbonised  papor  boing  soenrod 
botween  tho  terminals  and  brought  up  to  iucandosconco 
in  tho  vacunm  thus  produced  upon  tho  passage  of  tlio 
Current.  Tho  othor  clmmbor  ntilizod  was  a  pieco  of 
philosophical  apparatus  known  ns  a  Gnssiot  cascado, 
commonly  employod  in  lcoturo  rooms  to  show  tlio  plio- 
nomoun  of  tho  olectrio  brush  j  it  consisted  of  a  spliori- 
enl  chambor  of  glass,  with  metallic  onds  which  formed 
"a  part  of  the  terminals,  and  having  a  stop  cock  so  ar¬ 
ranged  ns  to  bo  placed  ovor  tho  inlet-tube  of  an  exhaust 
.pump  to  exhaust  tho  air  front  tho  globe,  and  was  db- 
,  tnchablo  from  the  air  pump  in  the  oxhoustod  condi¬ 

Tho  cnrbonizod  papor  thus  usod  ob  tho  iucandoscing 
conductor  in  tho  construction  of  containing  chambers 
above  described  was,  on  the  passago  of  tho  currout,  al¬ 
most  immediately  consumod  by  combustion,  lasting 
porliaps  a  minuto  or  two ;  it,  liowover,  was  hooted  by 
tho  passago  of  tho  curront  to  incaudosconco  and  gavo 
light.  Tho  papor  enrbons  thus  tried  varied  in  shape 
mid  sizo.  Strips  wore  used  about  on  inch  long  and  ono- 
sixtoonth  of  an  iuoh  broad  and  six  or  sovou  ouo-thou- 
sandths  of  an  inch  thick.  Strips  of  carbon  in  tho  form 
.  of  a  horsoshoo  woro  also  tried  uudor  tho  boll-jar  of  tho 
air-pump  and  brought  up  to  iucnndosconco. 

Besides  tlioso  experiments  with  cnrbonizod  papor  in 
vacuo,  I  also  plncod  strips  of  onrbouizod  papor  in  elec¬ 
tric  circuit  and  brought  thorn  up  to  incandescence  in 
the  opon  air.  They  possessed  no  durability  whatever,' 
.being  immediately  oxidized  and  having  very  mueh  loss 
durability  than  when  tried  in  tho  vacuum  ohnmbors 
above  referred  to. 

.  ,  The  fact'  that  carbonized  paper  was  immediately  eon- 
.  sumed  or  oxidized  on  tho  passago  of  tho  curront  through 
.it  in  the  opon  air,  and  tho  faot  that  its  introduction 
mto  such  a  vacuum  as  we  wore  then  able  to  obtain  did 
,.not  materially  prolong  its  durability,  led  me  to  conclude, 

'■  that  a  strip  of.  carbon  was  not  tho  propor  material  to 
bo  employed 'as  the  bnrnor  of  an  olectrio  lamp  in  tho 
conditions  then  available  to  mo; 

.  Metals  which  were  practically  unoxidizablo  thou  sug¬ 
gested  themsolvos,  and  of  thosolsoloctod  for  experiment 
.tho  most  infnsiblo,  such  ns  boron,  silicon,  ruthinium 
and  chromium.  I  also  ondenvorod  to  malto  the  papor 
carbons  durable  by  coating  thorn  with  glass  hud  silicon, 
which  on  tho  passago  of  current  would  molt  and  form  a, 
protecting  film  ngainst  oxidation,  but  tho  rosults  woro 
not  promising.  Tho  oxporimouts  with  boron,  silicon, 
and  othor  infusible  metals  woro  continued  for  somo 
timo,  and  I  was  onablod  to  maintain  a  pioco  of  silicon 
incandescent  for  an  horn-  at  a  timo. 

■  Tho  results  of  all  theso  experiments  in  tho  year  1877,' 
howovor,  woro  not  sufficiently  satisfactory  to  bo  con¬ 
sidered  ayailablo  in  any  sonso  for  commercial  light¬ 
ing.  • 

In  addition  to  oxjiorimonting  on  tho  production  of  a' 
lamp,  I  also  considered  tho  mnnnor  of  arranging  tho 
circuits  for  lamps  having  humors  of  dillbrout  substancos, 

.  ns  for  iustauc.0,  with  boron,  whieh.has  a  vory  high  ro- 
sistnneo,  I  doterminod  that  it  would  have  to  bo  arranged' 
in  multiple  arc,  and  that  silicon)  which  has  a  vory  low 
rosistmico,  would  liavo  to  bo  arranged  in  sorios.  I  con¬ 
tinued  those  experiments  down  until  about  January,' 

.  1878,  having  oxpondod  botween  iivo  and  Bix  thousand 
dollars  thereon.  Thou  my  timo  and  attention  were  nb- 
.  sorbed  by  tho  oxcitoment  unused  by  tlio  invention  and- 
exhibition  of  .  tho  phonograph.  My  whole  timo 
und  tho .  timo  of  my  assistants  down  to  .July 
of  1878  was  employed  upon  tho  perfection 
of  tlio  phonograph,  nnd  then  my-  health  being 
.broken  down  by  several  yenrs,  continuous  labor,  J 
wont  to  California  nnd  othor  places  West,  spending 




JOB  No. 


When  communicating  with  me  in  reference  to  this  \  '  : 

work,  mention  the  Job  Number.  ||  ''O  O 


about  two  mouths.  On  my  return  in  August,  1878;  I 
immediately  took  up  tho  oxporimeuts  of  1877,  inter¬ 
rupted  by  tho  phonograph  and  tho  state  of  my  health, 
and  continued  tho  samo  night  and .  day  down  to  the 
time  of  tho.invcntion  which  is  tho  subject  of  the  patent 
in  suit,  and  for  many  months  and  yoars  thereafter.. 

In  tlio  fall  of  this  year  (1878)  I  ontorodinto  relations 
With  tho  Edison  Eloctrio  Light  Company,  under-  an 
agroomont  by  wliioh  I  was  to  porfoct  tho  system  of 
oleotvio  lighting  I  had  in  contemplation.  My  laboratory 
at  Menlo  Parle  was  to  bo  tho  sceno  of  my  operations, 
and  my  working  force,  both,  in  tho  laboratory  and  in 
tho  machino  shop  annexed,  was  immediately  increased, 
tho  best  mechanical  skill  being  obtained,  ns  woll  ns  tho 
sorvicos  of  scientists  and  niathomatioiuus,  and  my  ex¬ 
periments  eoinmonccd  on  an  oxtoudod  scale,  I  at  one 
timo  during  the'  courso  of  experiments  having  npwards 
’  of  ono  hundred  mon  engaged  upon  various  branches  of 
•experimental  work  rotating  to  olcctric  lighting. 

'  My  main  efforts  at  this  time  took  two  directions,  to 
wit,  the  pVoduction  of  an  incaudcscout  lamp  employing 
■nu  infusible  metal  as  tho  btirnor,  and  a  semi-inoandes- 
cent  lamp  employing  carbon  in  contact  with  another 
material,  tho  light  to  bo  i>roduced  at  tho  point  of  con¬ 
tact  of  tho  two.  In  neither  of  thoso  forms  of  lamp  was’ 
•a  vacuum  required,  tho  burners  boing  renewable  like 
the  wick  of  an  ordinary  lamp,  and  tho  lamp  chambers 
being  in  two  or  more  parts. 

On  Octobor  14, 1878, 1  filed  on  application  for  a  pat¬ 
ent,  subsequently  granted  April  22, 1879,  as  No.  214,63b, 
Vheroiu  is  dosoribed  an  automatic  '  thermal  regulator  * 
’designed  to  regulate  tho  current  to  avoid  fusion  of  the 
burner.  Ift  this  application  tho  burner  is  described  as 
“  of  platinum,  rhodium,  titanium  or  any  other  suitable 
‘conductor  having  a  high  fusion  point  *  *  *  usd’d 
in  the  form  of  a  wiro  or  thin  plate  or  loaf." 

November  18, 1878, 1  filod  another  application  upon 
which  Patent  No.  214,637  was  granted,  for  a  difforont 
form  of  thermal  regulator  dcsignod  to  offoct  tho  same 
’object  as  tho  application  Inst  mentioned,  and,  again,  on 
December  9, 1878, 1  filod  nnothor  application  on  which 
Fatout  No.  218, 8G6  was  grautod  for  still  nnothor  form 
‘pf  regulator.  Copies  of  said  patents  nro  hereto  an¬ 
nexed.  - 

In  the  application-  executed  by  mo  Docombor  .3, 
1878,  upon  which  Patent  No.  219,628  was  issued,  I  de¬ 
scribed  a  burner  for  an  incaudescont  lamp  formod  of  n 
conductor  of  finely  divided  platinum,  iridium,  nitliin- 
-  iuin  or  othor  material  difficult  of  fusion,  incorporated 
with  non-conducting  material.  In  this  application  I 
'stated  that  tho  burner  boonmo  luminous  “.by  n  com- 
.ipnrativoly  small  olectrio  current,”  and  pointed- out  that 
‘  ’the  burner  could  bo  made  of  difforont  dogrocs  of  re¬ 
sistance  by  mixing  finoly  divided  conductors  of  in¬ 
fusible  materials,  such  ns  oxide  of  mognosium  or  zir¬ 
conium,  but  did  not  limit  mysolf  to  tlio  composite 
burner,  “as  tho  finely  divided  motals,  owing  to  thoir 
porosity,  have  high  resistance,  nnd  becomo  easily  ineau- 
desoont.”  .  . 



‘pf  regulator.  Copios  or  enid  patents  are  lioroto  un- 

In  tho  application  oxocutod  by  mo  Docombor  3, 
1878,  upon  which  Patont  No.  210,028  was  issued,  X  do- 
scribed  a  humor  for  an  incnndeseont  lamp  formed  of  n 
conductor  of  linoly  dividod  platinum,  iridium,  rutlrin- 
ium  or  otlior  material  diillcult  of  fusion,  incorporated 
with  non-conducting  material.  In  this  application  I 
‘stated  that  tho  burner  booarno  luminous  “.by  a  com- 
■  'pnrativoly  small  oloctrio  current,”  and  pointed  out  that 
‘  'the  burner  could  bo  rnado  of  different  degrees  of  re¬ 
sistance  by  mixing  linoly  dividod  conductors  of  in¬ 
fusible  materials,  such  ns  oxide  of  magnosinm  or  zir¬ 
conium,  but  did  not  limit  mysolf  to  tho  composite 
burner,  “  ns  tho  finely  dividod  metals,  owing  to  thoir 
porosity,  have  high  rosistanco,and  bccomo  onsily  incan¬ 

I  finally  conoludod  that  tho  only  possible  solution 
of  the  problem  of  subdividing  tho  oloctrio  light  was 
'  that  tho  lamps  must  linvo  a  high  resistance  and  small 
radiating  surfaco  so  ns  to  bo  capable  of  working  in  mul¬ 
tiple  arc  commoroinlly.  By  tho  subdivision  of  tho 
olectric  light  I  moan  an  arrangomont  whoroby  many 
thousand  lamps  can  bo  placed  on  a  single  circuit  and  onch 
bo  ontiroly  indopoudont  of  tho  others,  so  that  any  lamp 
can  bo  turned  on  or  off  withot  affecting  its  neighbors, 
and  this  wo  bolioved  could  only  bo  accomplished  by 
'  employing  tho  lamps  in  a  multiplo  arc  cirouit  with  high 
rosistanco  burners,  boonuso  only  by  such  an  arrange¬ 
ment  of  tho  lamps  in  cirouit  could  thoir  indopoudont 
control  bo  practically  offootod,  and  burners  of  high  ro- 
1  sistanco  woro  nocossary  in  order  that  tho  sizo>nd  cost 
of  tho  conductors  should  not  bo  oxcessivo. 

Besides  our  oxporimonts  in  1878  on  incandoscoht 
‘  lamps  with  infusiblo  humors  and  somi-incnndcscont 
lamp  employing  carbon,  wo  also  experimented  at  con¬ 
siderable  length  upon  iucandcscout  lamps  having  car¬ 
bon  burners  in  such  a  vacuum  as  we  could  got  with  an 
ordinary  air  pump ;  these  latter  experiments  being 
tried  from  time  to  tirno  during  tho  oxporimonts  on  tho 
'  infusiblo  motals  and  somi-incaudosceut  lamp.  In  tho 
oarly  fall  of  1878  we  had  this  vacuum  pump  placed  in 
ordor,  for  tho  purpose  of  conducting  somo  oxporimonts 
on  incandescont  carbon  conductors  in  vaouo,  and  wo 
tried  a  groat  nuinbor  of  oxporimonts  with  paper  car¬ 
bon,  wood  carbons,  nud  carbons  made  with  carbonizod 
broom  corn.  But  our  oxporimonts  in  those  linos,  with 
tho  pump  wo  had,  worn  not  ns  satisfactory  os  tho 
oxporimonts  wo  woro  conducting  with  platinum  con¬ 
ductors,  boenuso  if  wo  gave  tho  carbon  suoh  o 

•  form  as  to-liavo  a  small  moss  and  high  rosist- 

would  lost  but  sovoral  minutes,  and 
‘  consequently  we  laid  those  oxporimonts  asido’and  went 
on  with  tho  experiments  on  platinum  nud  otlior  infusi¬ 
ble  motals  to  ondeavor  to  obtain  a  lamp  of  high  resist¬ 
ance  and  small  radiating  surfaco.  The  groat  ond  wo  • 
“desired  to  roach  was  a  lamp  of  high  rosistanco  and 
smnll  radiating  surface  ami  it  did  not  matter  very  much 
wbothcr  it  was  carbon  or  platinum  that  led  us  to  it. 

IVo  also  tried  papor  coated  with  tar  and  lamp-black  • 
and  carbonized,  in  clamps  connected  in  circuit  and 
plaeod  under  tho  bell-jar  of  a  vacuum  pump  in  Sep¬ 
tember  or  October,  1878  ;  wo  also ,  triod  carbonized 
broom-corn  in  thO'saino  way  ;  about  fifty  carbons  boiug 
made  for  thoso  oxporimonts,  measuring  about  one 
thirty-second  of  an  inch  in  broadtliPand  one  or  two 

•  inchos  in  length.  We  also  resorted  to  tho  uso  of 
potassium  and  sodium  within  tho  lamp  dumber  when 
these  carbons  woro  omployod,  for  tho  purpose  of  ab¬ 
sorbing  oxygon  and  tlioroby  effecting  a  higher  vacuum 
than  obtainable  by  our  pump. 

Tho  problem  that  I  uudortoolc  about  the  timo  of  my 
'''arrangement  with  tho  Edison  Electric  Light  Company 
was  not  merely  tho  production  of  a  suitable  lamp,  but 
it  involved  a  vast  Hold  of.  investigation  probably  never 
before  attempted  by  ono  individual  in  its  ontiroty. 

Stated  generally,  this  problem  maybe  said  to  involve 
tho  production  of  tho  multifarious  apparatus,  methods 
and  devices,  each  adapted  for  uso  with  evory  other, 
and  all  forming  a  comprohoiisivo  system  whereby  olec- 
’tricity  properly  controlled  and  directed  could  bo 
distributed  over  largo  aroas'  through  tho  streets  of  a 
city,  and  supplied  to  houses  jn  which  it  would  food  in¬ 
candescent  electrio  lamps  of  moderate  cnndlo-powor, 
which  would  bo  entirely  undor  the  control  of  tho  house- 




JOB  No. 


work,  mention  the  Job. Number. 

- - - — - 1355 - 

holder,  tho  whole  to  bo 


on  the  same  scale  ns  the  n 


out  system  of  gas  distribution,  and  affording  llio  samo 
character  of  convenience  to  the  usors. 

‘  I’liisf.  'The  first  thing  necessary  to  bo  done  was  to 
adopt  a  fundamentally  correct  systom  of  distributing 
tlio  electric  current,  which  would  bo  economical  and 
practicable  from  n  commercial  standpoint.  Tho  ossou- 
tials  of  a  eomprolicunivo  systom  of  electrical  illumina¬ 
tion  similar  to  tho  gonoral  plan  of  illumination  by  gas 
wero  a  network  of  conductors  all  connected  togotborso 
that  in  tho  area  of  a  city  tho  lights  could  bo  fod  with 
electricity  from  scvornl  directions,  thus  olimiuating  the 
disturbances  in  particular  sections. 

Second.  It  was  noccssary  to  doviso  an  oloctric  lamp 
which  would  give  about  the  samo  amount  of  light  ns 
tlio  gas  jet,  which  custom  had  provod  was  a  suitable 
and  useful  unit  of  light,  which  lamp  should  possoss 
tho  quality  of  boing  operated  by  current  convoyed  by- 
small  conductors  to  savo  investment  in  coppor.  It 
was  also  noccssary  that  each  lamp  should  bo  in¬ 
dependently  controllablo  with  rotation  to  ovory 
other  lamp  on  tho  samo  circuit;  that  tho  light 
should  bo  produced  sufficiently  economically  to 
.commercially  compote  with  gas;  'That  tho  lamp 
should  be  dnrnblo  aud  capable  of  boing  hnndlod  by 
the  public  ;  cheap  to  manufacture,  and  one  that  would 
romnin  incnndcscont  aud  stablo  a  great  length  of  time. 

'Thibd.  It  was  also  nocossnry  to  doviso  moans  whoro- 
by  tho  amount  of  light  fnrnishod  a  consumer  could  bo 
accurately  determined  as  in  tho  enso  of  a  gas  motor, 
and  that  this  should  bo  done  ohcaply  and  roliably. 

Foubth.  It  -9ns  also  necessary  to  doviso  a  system  of 
conductor  capablo  of  boipg  placod  underground  or 
overhead,  and  which  would  allow  of  boing  tnppod  at 
intervals,  speaking  gonorally,  about  tho  width  of  each 
house  facing  tho  stroot,  so  that-  scrvico  wires  could  bo 
run  from  tho  main  conductors  into  each  houso  as  gas 
pipes  run  from  gas  mains.  Whore,  tho  conductors 
’were  to  be  placod  underground,  which  seomod  to  bo 
a  necessity  in  large  cities,  it  was  nocossnry  to  doviso  a 
system  of  protected  pipes  for  tho  coppor  conductors 
which  would  allow  , of  tlioir  boing  tapped  whorovor 
required ;  also  man-liolcs,  junction  boxes,  connections 
’and  tho  various  paraphomnlin  of  a  complete  systom 
for  underground  distribution. 

Fnrrn.  It  was  also  necessary  to  doviso  means  to 
■produce  at  all  points  nnd  on  an  oxtoudod  nron  of 
distribution  a  practically  ovon  pressure  analogous  to 
£ns,  bo  that  all  of  tho  lights  should  givo  an  oqunl  light 
at  all  times  and  independent  of  tho  numbor  that  might 
be  in  use.  I  had  also  to  doviso  moans  for  regulating 
at  the  point  wliero  tho  enrrout  was  generated,  tho 
quality  and  oquality  of  tho  prossuro  of  tho  curront 
throughout  tho  whole  lighting  area ;  also  a  moans  of 
indicating  what  tho  pressure  was  at  tlio  various  points 
Of  the  area. 

Sixth.  I  had  also  to  doviso  economical  dynnmo  ma¬ 
chines  for  tho  conversion  of  stoam  power  into  olootric-* 
.tty  ;  moons  for  connoctipg,  disoonnooting,  working  and. 




and  tlio  various  pmaphornolin  of  a  coinploto  system 
for  underground  distributiou. 

Firm.  It  was  also  uocossary  to  doviso  means  to 
produco  nt  all  paints  nnd  on  an  oxtondod  nroa  of 
distribution  a  practically  ovou  pressure  analogous  to 
gas,  so  that  all  of  tlio  lights  should  givo  an  equal  light 
at  nil  times  nnd  independent  of  tlio  number  that  might 
bo  in  uso.  I  had  also  to  doviso  moans  for  regulating 
at  tlio  jioiut  whom  tho  curront  was  generated,  tlio 
quality  and  oqunlity  of  tho  prossuro  of  tho  curront 
‘throughout  tho  wliolo  lighting  area ;  nlso  a  moans  of 
indicating  wlint  tho  prossuro  was  at  tho  various  points 

Sixth.  I  had  nlso  to  doviso  economical  dynamo  ma¬ 
chines  for  tho  conversion  of  stoam  power  into  oloctrie- 
ity ;  moans  for  connocting,  disconnecting,  working  and. 
regulating  tho  snmo ;  moans  for  equalising  tlioir  loads ; 
moans  for  regulating  tho  nuinbor  of  machines  to  bo 
used  to  tho  demands  on  tho  station  for  olectricity  from 
tho  users  of  tho  light.  Tho  arrangomont  of  comploto 
stations  with  steam  power  and  electric  apparatus  and 
dovices  of  all  kinds  to  suit  tho  varying  conditions  of 
buildings  available  for  such  stations  in  citios. 

Seventh.  It  was  also  uocossary  to  doviso  dovices 
which  would  provont  tho  curront  nsod  from  bocoming 
excessive  upon  any  conductors,  and  causing  iiro  or 
otlior  injury ;  switches,  whoroby  tho  curront  could  bo 
turned  on  or  off  nt  such  points  as  it  was  dosirable  as 
this  should  bo  done ;  lamp  holdors,  oloctric  cliaudoliors, 
and  tho  like;  It  was  also  uocossary  to  doviso  moans 
and  mothods  for  placing  wires  that  wore  to  convoy  tho 
current  to  tho  climidoliors  in  tho  building. 

In  fact,  I  had  to  fnco  tho  problem  of  founding  an 
entirely  now  art  nnd  industiy.  My  system  contem¬ 
plated  tho  gonoration  of  olcctric  curront  on  a  very 
oxtondod  seolo,  and  its  distribution  throughout  an  ex¬ 
tended  area,  nnd  tho  division  nnd  subdivision  of  tho 
curront  into  small  units  converted  into  light  nt  iu- 
nhmorablo  points  in  ovory  possiblo  direction  from 
the  point  of  its  gonoration.  Nothing  of  this  char¬ 
acter  had  ovor  boon  undortalcon  boforo,  and  tho 
accomplishment  of  this  result  prosoutdd  at  almost 
every  point  problems  of  tho  utmost  dilliculty,  tho  solu¬ 
tion  of  which  was  not  suggested  by  anything  that  had 
gone  boforo  in  tho  art,  but  required  a  great  amount  of 
experimenting  nnd  labor. 

•  Experiments  commoiicod  in  tho  fall  of  1878  in  all  tho 

directions  indicated  above,  to  tho  end  that  tho  ontiro 
problem  presonted.  might  bo  solvod  at  tho  same  timo, 
and  the  probability  avoidod  of  producing  a  unit  of  tho 
eiitiro  mass,  which  woxdd  bo  out  of  harmony  with  tho 

In  tho  yonr  1879  my  oxporimonts  woro  continued 
night  nnd  day  for  many  months,  and  woro  confined  to 
lamps  having  humors  of  tho  platinum  group,  with  tho 
exception  of  somo  oxporimonts  in  January,  1879, 
wherein  carbon  was  used  in  contact  with  a  motnl 
pinto,  light  boing  produced  nt  tlio  point  of  contact,  said 
lamp  being  designed  ns  a  “  shop  lamp,”  affording  a 
limited  subdivision  and  not  a  subdivision  ovor  largo' 

About  April,  1879,  I  dovised  a  means  wlioroby 
•  platinum  wire,  which  molts  in  tho  opon  air  at  a  point 
whore  it  omits  a  light  oqnal  to  four  caudles,  would  emit 
a  light  equal  .to  twonty-fivo  candles  without  fusion. 

•  This  was  accomplished  by  introducing  tho  platinum 

wire  into  an  all-glass  cliambor,  highly  exhausted,  and 
passing  the  curront  through  tho  platinum  wire  whilo 
.  tho  vacuum  was  boing  nmdo.  This  dovico  was  doscribcd 
jn  Patent  No.  227,229,  a  copy  of  which  is  horoto  an¬ 
nexed.  In  tho  sumo  patent  I  nlso  point  out  tho  ad¬ 
vantage  of  using  a  burner  of  high  rcsistanco,  stating 
“  that  the  high  rosistanco.  of  the  lamp  allows  thorn  to  bo 
placed  in  multiple  arc,  which  is  tho  only  motliod  where 
the  maximum  economy  is  obtained.” 

Tho  lamp  of  this  patent  is  shown  as  including  a  ther¬ 
mal  regulator  to  avoid  fusion  of  tlio  burner  on  tho  pns- 
joigo  of  intonso  currants. 

■  My  exporimonts  during  1879,  upon  platinum  and 
•  other  like  metals  woro  continued  with  unremitting  vigor* 

ami  my  laboratory  was  kopt  going  night  nnd  day.  Tho 
knowledge  obtained  by  mo,  that  tlio  passage  of  a.our- 
1  “lit  through  platinum  during  tho  process  of  exhausting 

tho  chamber  in  which  it  was  contained,  would  di  ivo  out  ' 



,  ,  ,  1355 

•  t]SrsTia,Kl.thereby  increaso  tbo  of 

the  burnfi1’  1  “°  !°  ^  aocurinS  the  iufusibility  of 


the  one-millionth  part  of  aa  atmosphere.  TlZZ  ? 
monts.jpenp'ato.unandkind.oa  iotals  continued- 
nswg  these  forms  of  pump. 

?TTS,bmn™  01 81,0,1  “ntorials,  W 
:  ;  i\OPOn  *°  th®  obJeot3o“  Hint  a  dovico  for  regu- 
Seed  ne~a  °  °f  ^  b"ni0r  ™8  *■>"*>*  amT 

mdeett  necessary,  m  n  eommowiftl  system,  in  order  to 
Theiatrials’oni'  T  of  abllormal  °«™uis. 

ZT  materials  of  the  burners  wore  expensive  and  wore 

remiisitoT1!  ?!*  r°8istallc°!  bo“o  to  obtain  the 
resistance  it  was  necessary  to  use  the 
,e  a  W11Q  *n  8r0at  lengths  (as  muoli  as  thirty  foot) ' 
iX  t0  withiu  smnU  npaoo  upon  a  bobbin  of 
mfusibie  materiai.  The  desired  economy,  simfiy 
and  durability  were  not  obtained.  •  P  •  •  y 

The  conditions  for  maintaining  this  liich  vacua 
made  possible  by  the  employmont  of  an  all-glass  claim 


-  Wwas  »ot0^°f?th0«bnmer  0f  “  inoaudeBcont 

‘  paduaUv  durino  V1°"S  ^  “Ud  Wa8  al™od  at 

WM  H.  ng  ,“y  e^6nmont3  witb  Hi®  platinum. 

nil-glass  chambor  exhausted  to  the  ono- 
lnillionth  of  an  atmosphoro,  it  occurred  to  mo  to  trv 
carbon  mstoadof  platinum  as  a  burner,  and  on  the  21.1 
of  October,  1879,  I  introduced  a  carbonized  cotton 
neuring  thread  bent  into  a  loop  or  horseshoe  form  K 

aicorZ  -n0  l0trd:Rml  0XhaVat°d-  a,,d  ‘lie 

.dmcovepr  with  s„eh  lamp  that  the  filament  of  carbon 

under  tho  conditions  of  high  vacua  was  absnb,fni„ 

,  stable  and  would  stand  high  tomporaturos  without  the 
phenomena  of  disintegration  and  oxidation,  which  took 

place  in l  all  the  previous  attempts  that  I  know  of  using 
•carbon  to  make  an  incandescent  lamp.  Tho  problem 
of  incandescent  olootrio  lighting  was  solved.  Up  to 
2““  had  spent  in  money  furnished  by  tho  Edison 
•  w,  L‘ebt  ComP“ny  about  $40,000. 
earn  ' “m1  tri°?  tbis  oxP°rimont  I  oxpoctcd  that  tho 
carbon  filament  would  gradually  wear  away,  but  hoped  ... 
that  tho  wearing  away  would  not  bo  so  groat,  under  tho 

cond,tonsofhighvacuaIhad,as  to  pLoitt  T. 

at  tho  temperature  at  whioh  I  proposed  to  run  it. 

_  This  discovory,  surprising,  as  it  wus  to.  mn  at  tlm  • 


sowing  thread  bont  into  a  loop°or  bo-ao'  I f  L  t~" 

tholclmmbor  so  formed;.,,, d  exhausted.  and  matlo  ” 
.discovery  with  sach  lamp  that  tho  filament  of  carbon 
.mder  tho  conditions  of  high  vacua  was  absolutely 
,  stable  and  would  stand  high  temperatures  without  the 
phenomena  of  disintegration  and  oxidation,  which  took 
place  in  all  the  previous  attempts  that  I  know  of  using 
■  carbon  to  mnko  an  incandescent  lamp.  Tho  problom 
of  inonndcscent  olootrio  lighting  was  solvod.  Up  to 
fliis  time  I  had  spout  in  monoy  furnished  by  tho  Edison 
Electric  Light  Company  nbout  §40,000. 

When  I  triod  this  experiment  I  oxpoctcd  that  the 
carbon  filninont  would  gradually  wear  away,  but  hoped 
that  the  wearing  away  would  not  bo  so  groat,  under  tl.o 
conditions  of  high  vacua  I  had,  as  to  provoiit  its  uso 
at  the  tomporaturo  at  which  I  proposed  to  run  it. 

This  discovery,  surprising  ns  it  was  to  mo  at  tho 
.  time,  immediately  onablod  mo  to  dotormino  that  fine 
filaments  of  carbon  with  high  total  resistance  and  in 
nature  of  high  specific  resistouco  could  bo  used  ns  tho 
lnonndosoing  conductor  for  olootrio  lighting  by  a  system 
.  ot  wwtiplo  arc  distribution,  thoroby  permitting  econ-  • 
omy  in  tho  cost  of  coppor  conductors  for  convoying 
.  the  current  to  tho  lamps,  and  hoiico  placing  oloctric 
lighting  upon  a  oommoroial  basis  to  compote  with  tho 
,  thou  known  methods  of  illumination. 

Li  addition  to  tho  fact  that  I  had  discovered  tho 
■  of  carb°“  when  used  under  propor  conditions 

the  lamp  which  was  rnndo  to  fulfill  such  conditions  pos- 
flossing,  as  it  did,  an  all-glass  chambor  highly  ex¬ 
hausted,  with  platinum  loading-in  wires,  and  tho  town- 
ous  filament  of  carbon,  had  iu  addition  othor  advan¬ 
tages  and  characteristics.  Those  characteristics  wore 
;> .  ftt  tljose  1**8^  resistance  lamps  wore  of  small  radiat- 
;  nig  surfaco,  and  houoo  economical  for  tho  reason  that 
•  ®maUor  connoting  wires  could  be  usod  for-  conveying 
the  current,  as  owing  to  tho  high  resistance  of  tho 
.  :  lamps,  weak  currents  only  were  noccssaiy  and  suiliciont 
energy  to  produce  tho  desired  luminosity  could  bo 
forced  through  tho  conductors,  loading-in  wires,  and 
filament,  by  increasing  tho  olootrical  pressure  or  oloo- 
tro-motivo  force.  If  lamps  of  low  resistance  wore 
.placed  ,iu  multiple  are  iu  a  siuglo  oir- 

.omt,  tho  aggregate  resistance  of  all  tho 

.lamps  would  be  vory  low  and  conductors  corrospond- 
uigly  of  largo  dimensions  would  bare  to  bo  used; 
.otherwise  a  groat  loss  of  current  in  tho  form  of  heat 
would  tako  place  iu  tho  conductor.  As  for  iustouco,  if 
the  rosistnnco  of  oacli  lamp  was  mado  ono  hundred 
•times  greater,  thou  tho  conductor!  could  have  a  hun¬ 
dred  times  loss  area,  tho  losses  boingtho  samo  in  both 
■  raises.  Tho  economy  of  uso  follows  from  tho  fact  that 
the  filament  of  carbon  boing  small  in  oross-soction,  tho 
carbou  wab  also  inexpensive  when  compared  with  the. 
groat  length  of  platinum  uocossary  to  obtain  high  rd- 
sistance;  tho  necessity  for  a  thermal  regulator  was  also 
obviated  ns  tho  carbou  filament  was  capnblo  of  stand- 
;mg  much  greater  variations  in  current  temperatures 
without  fusing  than  was  platinum,  does  not  conduct 
heat  any  hotter  than  it  does  olectricity,  nnd  therefore 
very  little  heat  is  conducted  from  tho  glowing  inenn-  ' 
descent  conductor  to  tho  clamps  and  npplianccs  for 
supporting  tho  same.  Honco  no  special  appliances  are' 
necessary  to  got  rid  of  tho  boat  conduction. 

Agam,  high  vacua  renders  tho  filament  practically 
■stable  and  at  tho  samo  time  results  in  groat  economy  iu  - 
tho  uso  of  electricity  as  practically  all  tho  energy  is 
lost  by  radiatiou  and  nouo  by  conduction.  Honco  this 
lamp  is,  I  behovey  tho  first  ono  ovor  produced  that  was 
•commercially  availably  for  competition  with  lighting  by 

.any  hence  is  quickly  and  economically  • 

°  ,  ,Bamo  in  0,0  process  of  manufuotiir, 

tho  whole  lamp  is  so  light  ns  to  be  used  on  clinn 
Jiow  used  for  gas,  in'  great  numbers.  After  m 
tompis  thrown  away,  its  low  cost  and  long  life  „ 
fangthis  without  making  this  apparent  waste  appro-- 

At  the  time  I  introduced  the  carbonized  thread  into 
tho  all-glass  vacuum  ohnmbor  I  had  become  well 
acquainted  with  the  properties  Of  oarbon,  both  or 




JOB  No. 


work,  mention  tho  Job  Number.  ||  j  *£>  2-*- —  j 



awl  inorganic.  In  the  years  187C  nml  1877  I  hacl  en¬ 
gaged  in  tlio  production  of  various  articles  of  carbon, 
intending  to  -establish  a  commercial  business  in  such' 
nrticlos,  especially  for  plootrical  purposes.  In  the  ox- 
porimeuts  on  my  carbon  tolophono,  pnpor  of  various 
kinds  and  tliicknosscs  was  carbonized  and  used.  And, 
ns  beforo  stated,  I  lmd  determined  experimentally  ’that 
organic  carbon  on  the  passago  of  a  ourront  in  the  opon 
air  was  immediately  consumed  by  combustion,  and  that  * 
its  lifo  could  bo  prolonged  to  some  extent  when  heated 
oloctricnlly  in  the* vacuum  obtained  with  tlio  ordinary 
air  pump,  but  to  no  practicable  oxtont. '  I  had  also,  us 
boforo  stated,  dotonninod  that  tlio  lamp  I  desired 
should  bo  of  high  rosistanco,  and  know  that  ns  botwoen 
organic  and  inorganic  carbons  tho  former  possessed  high 
resistance,  while  tho  lattor  did  not.  Therefore,  whon  I 
introduced  tho  carbonized  cotton  sowing  thread  into 
tho  liighly-oxhaustod  all-glass  chambor,  I  know  that  I 
wns  introducing  a  carbon  of  high  rosistanco,  tho  lifo 
I  ,  °£  wjiich  I  oxpootod  to  bo  prolonged  bocauso  of.  tho 

absence  of  oxygon  noccssnry  to  support  combustion, 
but  ns  with  platinum  and  other  metals  I  hnd  ’dis, 
covered  that  disintegration  Ttook  placo  upon  '  the 
passago  of  tho  current  in  a  vacuum  ns  high  as  that 
into  which  ^introduced  tho  carbonized,  thread  (such 
disintegration  being  indicated  by  tho  discoloration  of 
tho  glass  globes  of  tho  lamp.)'  I  expected  with  ‘carbon 
a  like  disintegration.  When  I  stated  abovo  that  I  dis- 
covered  that  a  curbonizod  thread  wns  “absolutely 
stable  ”  I  did  not  liman  that  no  disintegration  took 
placo  at  any  time  'thoroiu.  I  meant  flint  no  poredpti- 

•  bio  disintegration  could  bo  obsorved  with  such  carbou- 

•  ized  thread  such  as  could  bo  observed  with  burners  of 
platinum,  and  indoed  it  is  only  aftor  about  six  mouths’ 
uso  that  any. disintegration  of  the  carbons  of  modern 
incnndescont  lamps  can  bo  noticed,  and  at  tho  time  I 
made  tho  discovery  of  tho  stability  of  an  oxtromely. 
tenuous  carbon  filament  in  a  highly  oxhausod  all-glass’ 
chamber,  I  would  have  been  obligod  to  hnvo  run  the 
lamp  for  a  period  of  sovornl  hundred  hours  boforo  I 
could  determine  that  there  wns  any  disintegration 

Prior  to  tho  production  by  mo  of  the  lamp  which  is 
patented  by  the  patent  in  suit,  attempt  at  incandescent 
lighting  by  others  than  myself,  so  far  as  I  know,  had 
been  carried  on  in  containing  cknmbor3  for  tho  burners 
made  in  two  or  more  parts  to  bo  renewed.  Such 
clianibors  could  not  successfully  maintain  a  vacuum, 
and  it  wns  tho  oustom'  largely  to  introduce  an 
inert  gas  with  which  tho  burnor  would  liot 
combine  when  hoatod.  Even  this  device  failod  .  'to 
produco  a  successful  lamp;  as  tho  inort  gas  would 
gradually  Ionic  out  and  bo  roplncod  by  tho  atmospbofo, 
which  would  support  combustion  and  quickly  dostroy 
the,  carbon. 

- — — “Pit  gns  also,  destroyed  the  burnor  by  disinto- 




lnm]i  for  a  period  of  sovoral  hundred  hours  boforo  [ 
could  dotermino  Umt  lliero  war;  any  disintegration 

Prior  to  tlio  production  by  mo  of  the  lamp  which  is 
patented  by  tho  patont  in  suit,  attempt  at  incur, doscoul 
lighting  by  othors  than  myself,  so  far  ns  I  know,  had 
boon  carried  on  in  containing  elinmhors  for  tho  burners 
mndo  in  two  or  more  parts  to  bo  ronowed.  Such 
ohnmbors  could  not  successfully  maintain  a  vacuum, 
and  it  was  tho  custom  largely  to  introduce  iin 
inert  gas  with  wliioh  tho  burnor  would  hot 
combino  when  hoatod.  Even  this  dovico  failed  to 
produco  a  successful  lamp;  as  tho  inort  gas  would 
gradually  lonk  out  and  bo  roplacod  by  tho  atmosphere, 
which  would  support  combustion  and  quiokly  dostroy 
the  carbon. 

Tho  inert  gas  also  destroyed  tho  burnor  by  disinto- 
.  grating  or  volatilizing  it.  *'  ^ 

It  was  also  known  that  thoro  .woro  two  ways  of  dis¬ 
tributing  currant  for  lighting  by  incandescence,  to  wit : 
by  tho  multiple  arc  system  and  the-  series  system.  I 
nt  first  started  out  with  tho  sorios  system,  but  grad¬ 
ually  camo  to  tho  conclusion  that  tho  multiple  arc  sys^ 
tom  was  tho  proper  systom,  aud  to  this  system  I  Btuck 
until  I  had  produced  tho  propor  form  of  lamp  to  bo 
used  thoroin ;  that  is,  a  lamp  of  high  rosistauco  and 
small  radiating  surfaco. 

No  material  advanco  had  boon  mado  in  tho  produc¬ 
tion  of  tho  incondoscont  lamps  proposed  moro  than  a 
quarter  of  a  coutiuy  previous  to  my  taking  tho  subject 
up.  No  such  lamps  had  boon  mndo  that  woro  capable 
of  practical  use,  nor  lmd  tho  conditions  of  uso  of  a 
practical  incandoscont  lamp  boon  predetermined,  nor 
had  auy  comprehensive  system  boon  dovisod  whoroby 
prnotical  lamps  of  small  unit  oandlo-powor  could  be 
.  used  to  supplnut  gas  as  a  general  illuminaut. 

Prior  to  my  discovery,  tho  proportios  of  carbon  wore 
.  woll  known,  and  tho  thoory  upon  which  its  uso  pro- 
.  ceoded.wns  to  omploy  it  in  largo  masses,  in  ordor  to 
obtain  continuous  light,  or  in  massos  brought  success¬ 
fully  into  position  for  consumption,  mid  carbon  produced 
hi  small  masses  was  oxtrouioly  brittle  aud  required  groat 
delicacy  of  handling.  Tho  direction  of  improvement  in 
incandoscont  lighting  was  not  to  ward  tho  reduction  in 
size  of  tho  carbon  burner.  Tho  knowledge  of  tho  art, 
would  and  did  lead  invoutors  in  other  directions.  The 
extremo  fragility  of  oarbon  in  small  masses,  and  tho 
rapidity  with  which  suoh  small  massos  would  bo  con¬ 
sumed  and  disintegrated  on  tho  pnssago  of  ourrout, 
deterred  invoutors  from  oxporimonting  thorowith.  My 
.discovery  for  tho  first  timo.informed  tlio  world  of  prop¬ 
erties  not  boforo  known  or  supposed  to  bo  inhorout  in 
it  That  is, .the  property  of  stability  in  a  high  vacuum, 
and  tho  additional  property,  of  being  mado  !ilexiblo  and 
tough  whon  very  tonuous  in'  form. 

Shortly  after  my  discovoiy  in'  Octobor,  1879,  tlie 
public  boenmo  aware  ofwlilitlhad  claimod  to  liavo 
•■accomplished,  and  on  Dcconibor  29th,  1879,  mi  aecouut 
.appeared  in  tho  “  Now  York  Herald  ”  of  tiint  dato  of 
my  invention.  Tho  gohoral  scientific  opinion  prior  to 
my  discovoiy  had  boon  that  tho  ■  subdivision  of  tlio 
electric  light  could  not  bo  accomplished,  aud  ovou.aftor 
my  invention  had  boon  nnnouucod  in'  tho  public  press,  it 
was  discredited  mid  pronounced  by  many  ominont  scien¬ 
tific  men,  both  in  this  country  and  abroad,  to  bo  an  •im¬ 
possibility.  As  late  ns  1879  a  committoo  was  appointed 
by  tho  Euglish  Parliament  to  oxnmino  into  tlio  gouornl 
subject  of  electric  lighting,  aud  tlioy  called  boforo  thorn 
os’ witnesses  noarly  all  of  tho  prominent  scientific  men 
itf  England,  nil  of  whom,  with  tho  siuglo  exception 
of  Prof.  Tyndall  and  Sir  "Win.  Thomson,  testified 
that  in  thoir  opinion  tho  subdivision  of  tho 
electric  light  was  nu  impossibility.  Sir  William  ' 
Thompson  said  that  subdivision  would  not  bo  accom¬ 
plished  by  incandoscent  lighting;  Prof.  Tyndall  said  ' 
ho  would  hardly  go  ns  far  ns  declaring  that  tho  subdi¬ 
vision  of  tlio  olcctric  light  was  impossible  yet,  but  ho 
would  not  like  to  iindertako  tho  solution  of  theproblom, 

In  this; country  experts  and  others  declared  that  the 
subdivision  of  tho  electric  light  was  impossible,  even 
aftor  they  had  rend  of  my  claims  to  lmvo  discovorod 
the  solution  of  the  problem. 

Following  tho  discovery  made  with  tho  carbonized' 
cotton  thread,  I  immediately  commenced  to  uso  carbon 
m  other  forms  nnd  prior  to  January  1st,  1880,  niado- 
severnl  hundred  lamps  employing  paper  in  the  form  of 
^horseshoe  as  the  incandescing  burner.  These  lamps ' 




i  -  - 


!  work!hrcn°°MTh"ICJobnNWltb  m°  ref°rCnCO  ‘°  this 

BANK  hole 

|  JOB  No. 


i  r)T\ 

t  -A _ / 


wcro  publicly  exhibited  during  the  holiday  season  of 
1879  and  1880  in  lighting  up  tho  streots  in  Moulo  Park  '•  * 
my  laboratory  and  oiiico,  and  two  or  three  houses.  On 
Now  Year’s  Eve,  1879,  about  three  thousand  peoplo 
burn1nrM0Ul°  nnd  “sPectod  tbo  lamps  there 

Early  in  tho  year  1880  I  ascertained  tho  value  of 
bamboo  as  tho  filamontal  burner,  and  bogau  its  iiso 
and  suoh  uso  has  been  continued  by  tbo  assignees.  of 
my  patents  down  to  the  present  time. 

As  I  havo  said,  tho  art  was  an  entirely  now  one,  and 
thore  wcro  no  factories  established  at  tho  time  which 
could  undortako  tho  manufacture  of  apparatus  and  there 
was  no  body  of  skilled  artisans  who  could  undortako  tho  I 
work  of  installing  tho  olectrio  light  system,  and  tho 
nocossity  of  establishing  factories  togetbor  with  tho  in¬ 
venting  and  devising  of  numerous  tools  and  methods  of 
manufacture  and  tho  education  of  men  in  tho  manu¬ 
facturing  of  tho.  now.  character  of  apparatus,  was  a 
causo  of  groat  dolay  in  tbo  introduction  of  my  system. 

Hie  oxporimontnl  work  had  beon  carriod'on  in  my  lab¬ 
oratory  and  machino  shop  at  Moulo  Park  until  1889, 
but  I  was  obliged  to  establish  works  for  makftig  the 
lamps,  as  thore  was  no  faotory  whoro  they  could  bo 
made,  nor  was  thoro  any  skilled  c.lass  of  labor  which  , 
could  havo  made  such  lnmps  without  my  personal  in¬ 
struction,  or  tho  instruction  of  my  assistants. 

Shortly  after  tho  establishment  of  my  lamp  factory  I 
caused  tho  establishment  of  Borgmaun  &  Company,  for 
the  manufacture  of  switches,  meters,  lamp  sockets,  and 
tho  various  small  parts  required  in  electrical  light 
plants  as  usll  as  chnudoliers,  brackets  and  other  forms 
of  fixtures  for  supporting  tho  lamps.  These  could  not 
have  beon  mado  or  obtained  in  the  gouoral  markot  for 

the  reasons  previously  stated. 

Some  time  after  this  tho  Edison  Machino  Works  was 
established  for  tho  manufacture  of  dynamo  machines 
I  also  formed  tho  Electric  Tube  Works  for  nutnufact- 
urmg  underground  conductors. 

All  of  those  factories  I  put  up  largely  at 
my  own  oxponso,  investing  all  tho  mouoy  I 
had  made  from  iny  previous  inventions. 

I  established  them  because  tho  business 
could  not  havo  beon  developed  without  thorn,  aud 
.  placed  over  each  as  general  superintendent  men  who 
had  been  connected  with  mo  in  my  laboratory,,  and  who 
woie  fftmilmr  with  tho  patonted  devices  of  my  system. 
f  ™,0f  4  lG -  mauuf«cturo:of  lamps  and  appliances  had 
fairly  started  it  was  undertaken  by  tho  complainant 
heroin  to  establish  a  central  station  in  tho  City  of  Now. 



baro  been  mado  or  nbtainod  in  tlio' general  markot  for 

Somo  timo  aftor  this  llio  Edison  Mucliino  Works  was 
established  for  tlio  manufacture  of  dynamo  machines. 
I  also  formod  tlio  Elcctrio  'X’ubo  Works  for  manufact¬ 
uring  underground  conductors. 

All  of  tlioso  factories  I  put  up  largely  at 
my  own  espouse,  investing  nil  the  money  I 
bad  imulo  from  iny  previous  inventions. 
I  established  them  boenuso  tlio  business 
could  not  linvo  boon  developed  without  thorn,  and 
placed  over  each  ns  gcnornl  superintendent  men  who 
lind  been  connected  with  me  in  my  laboratory,  and  who 
were  familiar  with  tlio  pntonted  doviccs  of  my  system. 

When  the  manufacture,  of  lamps  and  appliances  had 
fairly  started,  it  was  undertaken  by  the  complainant 
heroin  to  establish  a  central  station  in  tlio  City  of  Now. 
York  for  tlio  introduction  of  my  in^nudoscihit  oloctric 
lamps,  and  for  tho  distribution  of  ourront  to  usors 
thorcof.  Tho  first  central  station  was  oporatod  for  tlio 
first  time  September  i,  1882.  Down  to  tho  timo  it 
started  I  had  spoilt  in  oxporimontal  work  monoy  fur-  . 
liislicd  by  tho  Edison  Electric  Light  Company  ovor 
four  hundrod  and  fifty  thousand  dollars. 

In  tho  installation  of  first  control  station  I  was 
.almost  constantly  presout,  giving  my  ontiro  timo  to  tlio 
work,  day  and  night.  I  had  to  givo  it  caroful  and  con- 
.stant  supervision.  In  illustration  of  what  I  say,  I  will 
stato  that  I  actually  worked  in  tho  tronohos  in  tho 
streets  in  tho  lowor  part  of  tho  oity  in  which  tho  con¬ 
ductors  were  being  laid,  making  many  of  tho  con¬ 
nections  myself. 

It  was  contemplated  that  when  tlio  first  control  sta- 
•tion  had  been  built  and  oporatod,  tho  public  woro  to 
form  companies  and  install  my  system  in  various  othor 
.Uistriots  similarly  to  the  installation  of  tho  first  Now 
York  central  station.  Tho  groat '  difficulty  was  in 
getting  moil  to  do  tho  work  of  installation.  Tlioro  woro 
not  tlion,  ns  now,  oloctrical  oiiginoors  who  woro  familiar 
with  iny  work,  and  who  could  be  omployed  for  tlio 
actual  construction  of  a  central  station.  Tho  art  was 
new,  and  mon  had  to  be  educated,  and  I  had  to  edu¬ 
cate  thorn. 

stallation  of  central  station  plants  in  cases  whoro  my 
-  company  had  mndo  contracts  for  tho  erection  of  plants'.  ' 
I  gavo  this  construction  department  my  personal  attorn 
tion,  leaving  my  experimental  work  to  a  groat  degree. 

.  I  gathered  around  mo  a  body  of  men  whom  I  in-  ' 
struetod  in  tho  details  of  my  system.  In  shops  I  es¬ 
tablished  training  departments,  so  that  tho  mon  I  om¬ 
ployed  could  bocoiuo  familiar  with  tho  apparatus  that 
was  to  bo  used,  and  gouorally  familiar  with  all  arrange¬ 
ments  of  tho  business,  to  tho  end  thoy  might  bo  ablo 
to  superintend  the  installation  of  plants.  I  expended 
tho  sum  of  fifty-four  thousand  dollars  of  my  own  money 
in  educating  men  iu  my  construction  department  and 
in  my  shops,  so  ns  to  dovolop  tlio  company’s  busiuoss. 

In  addition  to  tho  demands  upon  mo  by  reason  of  tlio 
necessity ,of  educating  mon  to  practice  a  now  art,  and 
tho  ostnblislimont  of  factories,  my  timo  was  also  largely 
taken  up  in  order  to  dofond  my  inventions  against  tho 
claims  of  othors  whom' tho  Patent  Office  placed  in  in¬ 
terference  with  mo. 

Among  those  interferences  may  bo  mentioned  that 
between  Maxim,  Swan  and  mysolf,  in  which  I  wns  ex¬ 
amined  at  groat  longth.  Also,  the  intcrferonco  with 
Sawyer  and  Man,  and  various  othor  intorferoncos  which 
recpiirod  a  great  deal  of  my  timo  for  tlio  purpose  of 
testifying  and  in  consultation  with  my  counsol. 

I  was  aware  that  infringement  had  boon  commenced 
of  tho  invention  hero  in  suit,  but  so  groat  woro  tho  de¬ 
mands  upon  my  time  thnt  wlion  tlio  advisability  of  com- 

VjTe^York  City,  Sep.  3,  I89i. 
lison^  5  ’301 

^  Dear  Mr.  Edison^ 

Can  ^K-fBroTOiv-the-Pa^ent  Lawyer,  call  on  you  in 

IfalnTo^lt  S a^eff  °f  **"  6en9ral  C°*?  Sha11  he  vl8it  you  at 

_„  +  0  .  The  ®K»"»son-Houston  Co.  are  suing  the  Sperry  Co.  on  this 
patent,  on  accotuU  of  the  Sperry  Regulator  which  we  make  at  Schene, 
taay.  we  are  trying  to  get  around  this  Thoms on -Houston  Paten 



N  EW  YORK - Septum.  JL&* J.8.9.I.* 




A.  0.  Tate  Esq,, 

Orange,  N.  J, 

Dear  sir,- 

We  are  about  to  forward  to  the  Patent  Office  the  fol¬ 
lowing  applications  of  Mr,  Edison,  all  on  ore  milling  apparatus,  viz, 

931,  Ore  crushing  rollers. 

932,  Magnetic  Separators, 

933,  Rollers  for  crushing  ore  or  other  material, 

934,  Ore  conveying  systems, 

935,  Ore  conveyer  and  method  of  arranging  ore  thereon. 

936,  Dust-proof  journal  bearing,  s* 

\ }  V 

939,  Ore  screening  apparatus. 

The  first  government  fees  on  these  applications  will 
amount  to  $135  and  we  request  that  you  kindly  Bend  us  a  check  for 
that  amount , 

Yours  truly, 

new  York - Sap.t__15, _ 1891,.. 

A.  0.  Tate 

Under  date  of  March  3,  1891,  we  wrote  you  ad¬ 
vising  you  that  the  Swiss  patent  of  Mr.  Edison  on  the  toy  phono- 
graph,^Set  No.  92,)  would  have  to  be  converted  into  a  complete  pat¬ 
ent  before  March  11,  1892,  by  filing  in  the  Swiss  Patent  Office  a 
model  of  the  invention  as  described  by  the  application,  or  a  photo- 
graph  of  such  model,  o reworking  apparatus,^  order  to  prove  the  ex¬ 
istence  of  a  model  or  working  apparatus.  With  the  above  letter  we 
enclosed  a  copy  of  the  drawings  as  filed  with  this  application  in 
order  that  you  might  readily  understand  what  case  we  had  reference  to. 

We  have  as  yet  not  heard  from  you  regarding  this  matter,  and 
as  the  Swiss  patent  authorities  are  very  strict  in  matters  of  this 
kind,  we  suggest  that  if  Mr.  Edison  desires  to  have  the  patent  con¬ 
verted  into  a  complete  one,  the  mattor  should  be  attended  to  with¬ 
out  delay.  The  patent .ife  question  is  No.  2,000  and  dated  March  11/90 
We  believe  we  advised  you  by  a  subsequent  letter  what  the 
size  of  the  photographs  should  be.  However,  the  photographs  should 
be  mounted  on  thin  cardboard  measuring  QX/±  inches  wide  and  13  inches 
high.  Unmounted  photographs  will  also  be  accepted  by  the  Offioe, 
but  should  be  made  of  such  size  as  will  permit  of  their  being  mounted 
on  cards  of  the  above  size.  —  Yours  truly,  JzZ? 


36  WALL  STREET,  SEP  X  7  jggj 

n™  v„..  / 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Dear  Sir :- 

We  send  you.herewith  according  to  your  request 
a  copy  of  patent  No.  454, 783,  obtained  by  Mr.  Thomson  on  the  Lanp 
Cut-out  having  a  wire  extending  between  the  two  sides  of  the  fila¬ 
ment  . 

Yours  truly. 

Enclosure . 




Patented  June  23,  1891. 


United  States  Patent  Office. 

lamp  cut-out  and  system. 

SPECIFICATION  forming  part  of  Lotto  Patent  No.  464.780,  4atoa  June  S3, 1891. 
Application  filed  Mart  20,  1880,  Serial  Mo,  105,881,  (No  moaeU 
Toailwhom  it  may  concern:  ■  „ 

•lio  it  known  that  L  Kliiiu  Tirmrqnv  °'  0l» 1110  ft„rc  which  forms  within  tho  lain?)  on 

MiiofHio  United  States  nna  a  rosWonl  nf:  I  "'.&0  °£  ‘ 10  «V>dnotor  must  bum  to  tho 

-  tel,I,n  1;I‘,°  e°>"'ty  oflissox,  amfsiato  of  no ,? n?i„0fiitl,°  ,globo  b°foi'°  U  ‘‘caches  tho 

Mi  icl  it  havo  invented  a  cortaiu  now  tor  HS IV Ire.nnd  fort] lint  reason  I  pro¬ 
s'111,  usoful  Jncandoscon t-Lnmp  Cut-Out  and  1 ‘.°  (ll'mngomont  wherein  tho  53 

1  j "  •  '”"“W  “.s.*;1 

ries  with  othor  lamps  or  other  dovieos-  anil"  ll™"-0'"  sP«oo  on  tho  rnpturo  of  tho  nia-  60 
tho  object  is  to  provido  for  an  intorruntf™  J>r  '  vr fc  °  ‘"cnndosoing  conduotor. 
the  series  circuit  by  tho  rupture  of tho  lam.  cci  k',!™  '0"  "my  b?  nppliod  to  b>candos- 
filament  or  incandescing  conductor,  and  in  rtJSu  'i  111  s,0ll0s.  0,1  any  kind  of  a 

rs  388  «*' 

-  sw 5  s  - 

lamps  or  othor  dcvicos  on  series  circuits  »  ™  7  t  o  “PPhontion  of  tho  Invention  to  tho  70 
operating  to  cm nploto  and “Sta  g! spoc‘fi<!d'  1%  3  illustrates  an  ai°  7 

around  a  defective  apparatus  in  case  of  linAvnolf  tf  1 10  ni.mbni'y  "’b'c  or  conductor 

«  "Kstatrfws  si  “  e=:5z=5=— 

&&z£g^S2STj£»  ’* 

My  invention  consists  in  tho  combination  haustnd  rfni,»U0t0r  ".lolmtod  ,vitIlh>  a"  ox- 
IO  thn \ n"  lnc.lllldcsco"t  electric  lamp  of  any  of  whosor  mnduoto™  ™r  l'P°r  Sllitabl°  IlllnP 
jo  tho  types  ,ii  winch  tho  way  eonductoism  any  ordinary  or  propor 
rtuotor  is  included  in  an  oxhaustod  or  vnnn  Vi.  a  ...  So 

oils  globo  or  rocoivor,  of  a  normnllv-idlo  wirn  ,.iLi  A  *?  aormnlly-idlo  wiro  or  conductor, 
or  conductor  extending  between  tho  sides  of  «,» f01nbll‘cd  with  tho  cut-out  dovices 
the  incandescing  tilament'i.Tcombinatio,  ll h,  '1??'^?  passage  of  an  abnor- 

35  with  cut-out  dovices  operated  by  tho  passago  fllninon^  of  tho 

Of  an  abnormal  current  in  said  kilo-wire  ,  3  0  13  termed  a  “normally-  S3 

The  said  nornially-idlo  wiro  or  conductor  iJn '  US0  n,ldor  n01’mnl  conditions 

Y  u?  ‘  !!';y  bo  nlso  termed  an  “auxiliary  con-  ft  tlmIV,Hft ° °1'1noPm'1'ontPnssos  through 
ductor”  for  tho  lamp,  preferably  extends  into  IIS1!!."  !111,?"1'10'8  onn  only  bo  called  ' 

40  tho  oxhaustod  globo  or  rocoptnclo  which  oon°  im?  nP0  ,at  011  by  lbn  ‘'“pturo  of  tho  filamont 
tains  tho  filament  of  tho  lamp  bu  is  olne  "  ,  tbe  Pa.ssngo  of  an  increased  amount  of  go 
trically  connected  outside  snki  u  obo  win-  a  "0“tTtl,ro"8hsuoh  wife.  Tho  wiro  or  con- 
suitablo  conductors,  through  which  tho  eur  lanm°*  1  1Sr  co!m°ctod  to  tho  circuit  of  the 
rent  which  brings  tho  cut-out  devices  into  ir  V  ’  ns7fT  i,lslaaoo>  bY  connection  to  one 
45  operation  on  rupture  of  said  filamont  may  of  the  cidortfwItohT t?ra  a’  (,Ti10  co"tncts 
io".'  la  some  eases,  howovor,  it  may  bo  found  L  S"  ‘tch  or  lover  that  completes  os 

demraWc  to  locate  this  normnlly-idlo  wireor  aro  idieaeda'c  C"'CUlt  m'0mul  1,10  '“"‘P 
auxiliary  conductor  entirely  without  thn  Sr ?«««  V?ii u  *  , 
gj^°  w  l’ecoptaclo,  hut  in  propor  proximity  are  included  th#?  coi,9e  of  which 

,0  to  tho  two  lamp-wires.  In  thl  loLrSnso,  S  too 


tlio  rupture  of  tho  filament  will  onorgizo'liio 
mngnot.  A  is  tlio  armnttiro  of  said  magnet, 
nttnchod  to  tlio  cut-out  lovor,  and  S  is  a  suit- 
5  able  retractor.  Wlion  tlio  mngnot  at  is  suffl- 
cicutly  excited,  tlio  contacts  of  tlio  cut-out 
aro  closed  at  C,  thus  establishing  tho  cut-out 
or  shunt  path  from  tho  wiro  a  around  tho 
lamp  to  tho  wiro  or  continuation  of  tho  cir- 
io  cult  b.  J  ho  cut-out  lover  is  hold  in  position 
to  maintain  tho  circuit  by  tho  action  of  coils 
upon  tho  magnet  31  aftor  the  mantior  fro- 
quontly  employed  in  counoetioii  with  cut-out 
dovicos,  such  coils  being  in  tlio  prawn t  iu- 
*5  stnnco  tho  coils  winch  arc  included  in  tho  cir¬ 
cuit  of  tlio  lionnnlly-idlo  wire.  When  tho 
eontaols  C  are  closod  by  the  action  of  tho 
mngnot,  tho  onrront flows  from  o  to  b  through 
tho  coils  at,  and  tlioneo  through  tho  cut-out 
20  contacts  Gaud  tho  wiro  6.  Tho  branch  or  cut¬ 
out  circuit  thus  established  may  bo  of  any 
desired  resistance,  but  is  preferably  of  a  re¬ 
sistance  equivalent  to  that  of  tho  lamp,  for 
-  which  purpose  an  artificial  rosistancoR  may 
25  bo  included  in  tho  branch  or  shunt  circuit. 

In  normal  operation  tho  eurront  outers  at  a, 
and  is  conducted  through  tho  Jilamoiitof  ttfo 
lamp  L  and  out  at  b  without  affecting  tlio 
other  dovicos;  but  should  the  filaincht  broafc 
30  and  burn  out  and  a  high  potential  exist  bn 
tl.o  lino  tho  cuiTOnt  traverses  tho  vacuous 
space  as  a  sort  of  diffused  arc,  which  will 
travel  downward  toward  tlio  base  of  tlio  lamp 
and  exist  between  tlio  conducting-wiros.  Tlio 
35  third  wirol  will  evidently  bo  immersed  in  this 
path  or  arc,  tlio  result  of  which  will  bo  tho 
pnssngo  of  a  small  current  through  the  mag¬ 
net  31  over  tho  wiro  I  to  tho  wire  of'tho 
lamp  connected  to  b.  Tlio  mngnot  Jt  thiis'on- 
40  orgizod  attracts  its  armature  A  nnd  closes  the 
contact  at  0.  Tho  arc  in  tho  base  of  tlio 
lamp  now  ceases,  thowholociirrant  now  pass¬ 
ing  from  a  through  tlio  mngnot  31,  through 
tlio  contacts  at  C  nnd  resistance  R  to  b,  tlio 
45  condition  of  tho  lines  ns  to  resistance  being 
scarcely  affected,  if  at  all.  'Tho  circuit  ignow 
comploto  through  tho  cut-out  dovico,  and  cur¬ 
rent  may  flow  without  interruption  through 
other  devices  on  tho  circuit  with  tho  lamii 
50  whoso  filament  is  broken. 

My  dovico  thus  constituted  is  introduced, 
as  shown  in  Fig.  2,  at  any  point  in  tlio  series 
of  lights opornted  from  ngcnornlor  G.  Ollier 

lights  may  at  tlio  same  linio  bo  fed  from  tho 
samo  gonornting  sourco  in  multiple  nrc.  5, 
It  is  not  essential  that  tho  wire  I  bo  placed 
in  tho  lamp,  ns  tlio  arc  formed  will  follow 
down  into  tho  baso  of  tho  lamp  along  tho  wires 
nnd  oven  outside  of  tho  lamp.  This  wiro  I 
may  llioroforo  bo  placed  between  tho  con-  61 
doctors  on  tho  oxtoriorof  tho  lamp,  ns  shown 
in  Fig.  11;  but  this  is  not  so  dosirablo  an  nr- 
. . . '  ’ — .  1  ’  '  '  ’  tho  arc 

must  mnko  its  way'outsido  the  lamp  boforo  tho 
cut-out  dovico  can  bo  oporalod  by  tho  pas-  65 
sago  of  tho  eurront  through  tho  auxiliary 
wiro  or  conductor; 

I  do  not  limit  myself  to  using  tho  m/ignot- 
l/.iiigaclion  of  llicourroiitllowing  in  tho  third 
wiro  on  rupture  of  tlio  filamont  to  oporato  tho  70 
eul-out  dovico,  sinco  tho  current  might  bo 
nindo  offcQtivo  in'otlior  ways,  ns  well  under¬ 
stood  by  electricians. 

What  I  claim  ns  my  invention  is — 

1. ’  An  incnndcscont  electric  lamp  providod  73 
with  a  liorinally-idlo  wiro  oxtonding  botwoon 
tho  sidesof  tlio  looped  filamont,  in  combinn- 
*‘on  with  out-out'doviccs  opornted  by  tliopns- 

lgo  of  an  abnormal  eurront  in  said  idlo-wiro. 

2.  An  incandescent  oloctrio  lamp  providod  80 
with  a  normnily-idlo  wiro  oxtemling  botwoon 
tlio  sidosof  tlio  looped  filamontand  connected 
outside  tho  laiiip  to  one  of  tho  lamp-wires,  in 
combination  with  cut-outdcviccs  opornted  by 
tlio  pnssngo  of  an  abnormal  current  in  said  8s 
idle-wifo.  ~ 

'll.  Tho  combination,  with  an  incandescent 
electric  lamp,  of  an  auxiliary  nonnally-ldlo 
wiro  or  conductor  oxtonding  into  tlio  vneu- 
r—  or  exhausted  receiver,  which  eontnins  tho  00 
incandescing  conductor  of  tho  lamp  and  con¬ 
nected  outside  of  tlio  lamp  with  tho  circuit 
thereof,  nnd  a  cut-out  dovico  for  short-circuit¬ 
ing  tho  lamp,  opornted  by  tho  pnssngo  of  an 
.abnormal  current  in  said  idlo  wiro  or  con-  ns 
doctor  upon  rupture  of  the  filamont  or  in- 
;cnudoscing  conductor,  and  tor  tho  purpose 
dosenbod.  1 

IgLiod  at  Lyiiii,  ii 

. S.lnto  of  3Inssncl 

JInrbh,  A.  11. 1880. 



31.  L.  Thomson, 

Wm.  F.  Noonan. 

,|S  SLP  l  o  1001 

Dear  Mr,  Edison:- 

I  send  you  by  mail  to-day  a  pamphlet  copy  of 
the  papers  in  the  injunction  suit  against  the  Mount  Morris 
Company  of  this  city,  a  competitor  of  our  Illuminating  Com¬ 
pany.  The  papers  for  the  injunction  against  the  Perkins 
C crop any  wore  served  on  them  last  week.  The  papers  against 
the  Twenty-third  Street  lamp  factory  in  this  city,  the  Con¬ 
solidated  Company,  will  be  served  probably  to-day. 

CUcly.  I'h.c,^- 

pyER  &  SEELY. 

LAW  OFFICES,  mtknt 

i  Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  ^QEIV^ . 

Dear  Sir:-  SEP  8#  lWlyfl 

•  T  !££/■  ■*£?/ 

In  yotr  application  909  certain  claims  involving 

a  sprocket  wheel  or  a  drum  connected  to  one  member  of  the  magnetic 

clutch  and  co-operating  with  another  member  of  the  magnetic  clutch, 

see  figure  2  of  the  enclosed  photo-lithograph,  ha,e  been  rejected. 

V/e  should  like  to  learn  tije  dat^f  yo/^nvention  ia  order  thflt  ,f 




^a"1"''  ^  '2—l^sb^/t  <yw^0LjL^  ,  „  w, 
fi^kS*  ^XsJrt  ^/j^r  ^V'-v- 

fj>&J\ huuK  ol^to  *W  OXA-'J  /veu^o-nsb  t/>  I  ^  &*fc:  M?jO 

CL.  S,  li 

Edison  Electric  Light  Company. 
Edison  Building, 

No.  42  Broad  Street. 


/ /  New  Yo  rk,  Sept.  25, 189 1 . 

Prof.  A.  E.  henneiiy,  Consult ing  Electric ian, 
Edison  J,a horato nj.  Ora vge, N.  J. 
Bear  Sir:- 

Yov  will  remember  that  in  talking  with  ym  the  othn 
day  I  had  promised  to  attend  myself  to  the  ordering  of  the 
special  covered  wire  from  the  Machine  Works, for  the  Trenton 
exhibit.  however, Mr.  Jenks  says  that  all  other  material  for 
this  exhibit  having  been  ordered,  through  you, he  would  prefer 
that  these  items  should  go  through  the  same  routine  as  the  xk 
others .  That  we  mayhave  enough  and  to  spare, we  should  have  at 
least  400  ft. of  No. 23, B.W.G. Bright  Red.Double  Cotton  Covered 
Copper  Wire  and  400ft.  of  No.  22,  B.W.G.  Bright  Blue, Double  Cottn 
Covered  Copper  Wire.  Probably  the  Schenectady  Works  would  be 
able  to  fill  this  order  on  sight, but  under  any  circumstances  us 
must  have  it.  in  packing  up  the  exhibit  for  shipment  to 
Irenton.the  following  articles  should  be  sent  with  it; 

500  ft. High  Grade  Insulated  Wire  #12, B.W.G. 

"  #16,  B.W.G. 

.  50  «  #14  White  double  cot!on  covered,  wire.  ttyb 

-  10  «  #23  (?)  German  Silver  Wire  .bare. 

S'  2  Porcelain  Base  Key  Receptacles. 

4  Wood  Binding  Posts  about  3/4  inches  high. 

1  dozen  10  ampere  safety  links. 

1  -  -  1  <§- 

A.E.K.  if 2 . 

One  Roll  white  tape.^j  [  *  (JIga^q^  j ^  HS~ 
s/  #ive  yards  if 20,  Green? s  ilk  covered,  flexible  cord, 

V  200  3/%  inch  pocelain  insulators  and  3  dozen  1 -^4  inch  pr 
celain  insulators. 

V/e  willalso  want  a  board  mounted  wi+h  three  keyless 
receptacles,  for  use  as  a  lamp  bank  on  the  same  general  style 
as  the  other  boards;  I  attach  a  rough  sketch  showing  my  idea. 

Mr.  Jenks  has  written  to  Mr. Ref  s  urging  :•  speedy 
decision  as  to  the  question  of  cross-examination  at  the  lab¬ 
oratory, and  upon  receiving  a  reply  we  will  notify  you, at  once. 

Yours  very  truly, 



A.  0,  Sato  Esq. 

a3.BC  E I 

N  ew  York _ Sept... . 26.,.. _ 1891. _ 

Dear  sir,- 

Ito^wo  Canadian  oases  on  the  phonograph  on  in 
condition  for  filing,  and  we  request  that  you  kindly  send  us  a 
check  for  the  fees  for  the  first  five  years  on  these  cases,  which 
amount  to  $40.  These  cases  should  be  forwarded  to  the  Patent  Of- 

kb  JmcUJ  cAjlcX 


Yours  truly, 


b'iv  §>.gIaa-&y\  /C/E 


September  30th,  1.891. 




— — -  BATOM’S  MjgjL  TOR  MEETING.  SEPTEMRF.B  3QTH.  1891. 

tion,  passed  on  the  PAth 
■  and  promises  to  resume  wc 


Mr.  Lowrey  has  received  a  copy 
inst.,  relating  to  his  going  or 
irk  next  week. 

Jf  your  resolu- 
with  the  appeal. 

... ..  jgds:  p""”' 

sxszixrirx'  •*  a,rt'"a' »  “isr 

prietors  of  the- Twenty-third  Street 'T^p^ac^ory'^'S]11  Tl^’v"'’^0" 
Morris  Electric  Light  Company,  of  this,  city,  a  competitor  If  T  , 
New  York  Illuminating. Company.  Under  your  instructions  °Ur  10°bO 
Mr.  Seward  and  Mr.  Dyer  to  act  as  counsel  ’  We  nave  asked 

Mr.  Natmors,  for  defendants,  promises  to  unite  in  a  request  to 
.ningeoItaILTjthhear  th#M-three  m°ti0nS  at  Syra0U8e  in  th.  week  begin- 

Ier;nod;Petiteol;Satalked  r^l^ny^f!0  Bisi, 

re  very  active  in  the  Southwest,  and  the  brinoino  of 
one  or  more  suits  would  probably  strengthen  our  hand  „  ,  ”  ”  f 
Carroll  wants,  win  cost  Sl,OCoI,  to’S^"  S. "Od Oore^tlr" “J  S’ 

go  on.  I  would  like  to  read  to  the  Committee  extracts  from  Mr!  Car- 
roll  s  letters. 


Snail  v 

e  at  New  Orleans,  as  urged  by  Mr.  Carroll? 

OCR.  NEW  HAVEN  THREE  WIRE  CASE.  As  reported  to  you  at  your  last 
meeting,  our  prima  facie  case  has  been  made  out,,  and  the  testimony  now 
to  be  taken  is  that  comprising  the  defendant's  case  and  then  our  rebuttal, 
Tne  defendant  has  tnree  months  from  September  1st  to  take  its  testimony 
Mr.  Buckingham,  for  defendant,  is  now  using  up  that  time,  day  by  day  ' 
putting- in  ms  case.  He  has  not  hurt  us  much  as  vet.  -Vvy 

OUR  TRENTON  THREE  WIRE  CASE,  There  is  fully  an  even  chance 
that  we  may  be  beaten. in  this  case,  because  we  may  not  be  able  to  proye 
the  infringement '  Still,  even  if  the  Court  held,  there  were  no  infringe 
ment,  it  might  neyertheless.  indicate  its  yiews  as  to  whether  .the  patent 
is  yalid.  That  is  what  we  hope  for,  but  there  is  so  much  doubt  about 
it,  we  hays  decided  to  avoid  having  this  case  argued,  if  possible..  On 
the  other  hand,  the  defendant,  knowing  our.  weakness,  is  pressing  the 
case.  Our  suit  on  the  same  patent  against  the  New  Haven  Company, 
mentioned  above,  is  a  better  suit  for  us  to  go  into  Court  on.  The  de¬ 
fendant  is  trying  to  force  us  to  argue  the  Trenton  Case;  we  prefer  to 
argue  the  New  Haven  Case*  when  ready,  and  to  stake  our  patent  in  that 
suit  instead  of  in  the  Trenton  suit.  In  these  views  Mr.  Betts  concurs. 

QUESTION;  Shall  we  postpone  this  case? 

VI. ' 

Company  has  a  patent  of  L.  Stieringer,  dated  July  7th,  1883,  ,'No. 231,573,- 
covering  Safety  Catches  with  hard  -metallic  ends,  also  non-combustible 
bases  for  cut-out  switches,  etc.  As  to  the  value  of  this  invention, 
ws  have  the  opinions  of  our  own  experts  and  of  a  number  of  central 
station  managers,  ■  engineers  and  insurance  men,  who  agree,  with  a  single 
exception,  that  Hard-End  Safety  Catch  Switches  are  a  necessity  in  the 
electric  lighting  business.  Moreover,  the  use  of  this  class  of  Safety 
Catches  and  also  of  non-combustible  bases,  is  required  by  most  of  the 
Insurance  Associations. 

This  patent  is  almost  universally  infringed  by  other  Electric  ' 
Lighting  Companies,  and  our  experts  are  of  the  opinion  that  the  patent 
is  a  good  one. 

QUESTION;  Shall  suits  be  commenced  on  this  patent  as  above 


OUR  TRENTON  FEEDER  CASE.  Mr.  Jenks  is  still  under  the  steady 
and  Dersistent  cross-examination  of  Mr.  Curtis  in  this  case.  But  we 
begin  to. see  the  end,  and  hope  that  the  testimony  will  be  all  in  and 
the  case  argued  within  two  months  from  now.  The  electrical  issues 
presented  are  hard  to  explain.  But  Mr.  Jenks  is  doing  admirable  work 
as  our  expert  witness,  in  making  these  questions  plain.  Mr.  Betts  too- 
gives  the  case  close  attention.  We  expect  to  win. 

Please  note  that  in  this  first  suit  ws  do  not  seek  specifically 
an  injunction  against  converter  systems. 

VIII  ■ 

gan  Railway  Appliance  Company,  a  Maine  Corporation  apparently  doing 
business  in  Boston,  has  commenced,  in  Massachusetts,  a  suit  against 
the  Naumkeag  Street  Railway  Company,  which  operates  a  Sprague  plant. 
This  suit  is.  brought  upon  pate  t  No.'  418,704,  dated  January  7th,  1390, 

issued  to  John  A.  Duggan,  of  Quincy,  Mass.,  for  a  Bracket  for  support¬ 
ing  Electrical  Conductors.  In  the  Sprague  Company’s  contract  with 
the  Naumkeag  Street  Railway  Company,  there  is  the  usual  clause  requir¬ 
ing  the  Sprague  Company  to  defend/  Che  suit  has  but  .lust  been  brought, 
and  I  am  not  yet  prepared  to  say  how  serious  a  matter  it  is. 

QUESTION;  Shall  I  take  the  usual  steps  to  defend  the  suit, 
and  engage  counsel  when  necessary? 


SHALL  WE  AID  MR.  HENRY  TO  SUE  ON  HIS  PATENTS?  .  We  have  retained- 
Mr/  Henry  as  an  expert,  as  authorized  by  you.  That  has  made -him  friend¬ 
ly,  and  he  now  asks  us  to  supply  him  with  money  to  bring  suits  against 
infringers  of  his  five  railway  patents,  in  return  for  which  he  offers  to 
giye  us  a  free  license  under  his  patents.  -It  would  cost  us  from  S3, 000 
upwards  to  do  what  he  wants/  It  might  cost  SlO, 000 '.before  we  get 

Of  Mr.  Henry’s  fiye  patents,  only  two  are  of  value.  One  of 
these.  No/  345,345,  is  for  an  Underground  Feeder  connected  with  a  Trol¬ 
ley  Wire  at  intervals /  We  are  now  trying,  as  complainants,  to  estab¬ 
lish- that  Mr.  Sprague  is  entitled  to  this  invention  under  his  patent  df 
May  5th,  1885,  No..  317,855.  Henry  claims  to  antedate  Sprague,  and 
possibly  does.  But  Henry’s  claims  are  limited  to  an  underground  Feeder, 
while  Sprague  covers  the  feeder  irrespective  of  location.  Even  if  Mr. 
Henry  could  establish  his  claim  to  an  underground  feeder,  it  would  not 
hurt  us  now,  as  we  are  not  using  it,  but  may  in  the  future. 

Henry’s  other  useful  patent  is  No.  484,988  for  suspending  the 
Trolley  Wire,  in  overhead  construction.  We  are  now  acting  as  defend¬ 
ants  in  a  suit  brought  against  us  by  the  Thomson-Houston  Co.,  on  sub¬ 
stantially  the  same  matter.  In  that  suit  the  Vanderpoele  patents  are 
involved,  which  Henry  claims -to  antedate.  Whether  he  does  or  not  we 
cannot  certainly  find  out..  .'.But  it  is  our  belief  that  we  can  break 
down  these  Vanderpoele  patents  on  overhead  construction. 

Is -it  worth  while  to  spend  a  large  sum  for  the  sake  of  getting- 
a  license,  and  to  avoid  being  put  to  the  expense  of  defending  ourselves 
if  perchance  Henry  sues  us,  so  far  as  we  infringe?  In  view  of  our 
heavy  patent  expenses  I  do  not  urge  you  to  spend  this  money,  .-Still  .it 
might  not  be  a  bad  plan  to  spend  it,  for  the  Henry  patents  in  the  hands 
of  an  enemy  might  put  us  to  much  trouble  and  expense. 

QUESTION:  Shall  we  supply  Mr.  Henry  with  money  as  requested? 


Paiste,  The  Star  Electric  Company,  and  J:  S.  Sprague,  all  of  Philadel¬ 
phia,  the  Consolidated  Electric  Manufacturing  Co.,  Boston,  a  concern  in 
Syracuse,  and  another  in  Chicago,  are  all  manufacturing  sockets  to  fit 
Edison  bases,  and  are  offering  them  at  prices  far  below  those  quoted 
by  us.  Our  very  lowest  price  is  38  cents,  and  their  regular  price  is 

20.  They  advertise,  and  are  active  in  pushing  sales.  These  compet¬ 
ing  sockets  are  poorly  made,  but  are  widely  used  by  wiring  concerns,  to 
the  ultimate  in. jury  of  the  Edison  system. 

These  infringing  sockets  are  covered  by  five  of  our  patents. 

Mr.  Insull  urges  that  we  sue  at  once. 

QUESTION;  Shall-  suits  be  brought,  and  counsel  be  retained  if 


■THE. CARBON  TREATMENT  CASE  .AGAINST  US.  For  nearly',  two  years 
we  have  prevented  the  plaintiff,  the  United  States  Electric  Lighting 
Company,  from  getting  this  case  into' Court.  But  they  have  at  last  '■ 
cornered  us,  and  the  case  is  likely -to-be  argued  next  month.  Mr.  Betts 
and  Mr.  Bate  have  supplemented  the  work  of  Mr.  Lewis,  -and  , not -a  thing 
has  been  left  undone  to  aid  us  in  breaking  down  this  patent.  But  the 
patent  was  sustained  in  England,  after  a  hard  fight',  and  it  will  be 
only  by  rare  good  fortune  that  we  win  here.  Indeed  we  all  think  that 
if  the  plaintiff  had  managed  its  case  more  skillfully,,  there  would  be  no 
doubt  whatever  of  our  defeat.  Mr.  Christy,  ;of  Pittsburgh,  will  make 
the  principal  argument  for  the  plaintiff,  and  Mr.  Betts  will  speak  for 

We. had  to  retain  Mr.  Quimby  suddenly,  for  reasons  of  tactics.. 

.It  .cost  E250.  We  all  agreed  that  it  was  important'to  retain  him. 

QUESTION;  Is  the  retaining  of  Mr.  Quimby  approved? 


Co.  was  informed  by  its  Licensee  Company. in  Toronto,  that  an  opposition 
Company,  namely,  the  Toronto  Electric  Light  Company,  intended  to  install 
an  Electric  Lighting  Plant  on  the  Three  Wire  System.-  By  request  of  Mr.- 
Insull,  a  notice  has  been  served  on  said  opposition  Company,  warning 
them  not  to  infringe  our  patents. 

QUESTION;  Is  this  action  approved? 


my  last  report  it  was  stated  that  the  Complainant  had  closed  its  Prima 
Facie  case  and  that  we  were  now  making  preparations  to  take  our  testi¬ 
mony.  We  commenced  on  the  17th  inst.  Mr.  Seely  is  in  active  charge, 
for  us.  As  yet  we  have  little  to  fear  from  this  case. 

XI7.  ' 

SHALL  WE  CONTINUE  MR.  •JENKS>  CONTRACT?'  On  .October  1st,  1889, 
the  Light  Company,  by  your  authority,  made  a  contract  with  Mr.  -Jenks  for 
his  expert  services  for  two  years  from  that  date.-  .His  .compensation  for 

the  first  year,  was  to  be  S3, 000.,  and,  for  the  second  year,  S3, 600.  The 
contract  also  contained  an  option  to  the  Light  Co.  to  employ  Mr.  Jenks  • 
for  one  year  from  October  1st,  1801,  at  the  compensation  of  S5.000. 

This  option  expires  on  the  30th  inst.,  and  Mr.  Jenks  wishes  to  know 
whether  you  wish  to  keep  him. 

I  cannot  say  too  much  in  praise  of  Mr.  -Jenks.  His  long  prac¬ 
tical  training  in  our  business,  his  unusual  skill  in  explaining  diffi¬ 
cult  questions,  his  thoroughness,  and  his  entire  willingness  to  work 
day  and  night,  make  him  almost  invaluable.  In  our  Feeder  Cass,  de¬ 
cidedly  the  most  subtle  and  novel  of  all  our  cases,  Mr.  J.  has  really 
distinguished  himself.  Mr.  . Betts  says  that  Mr.  -J.’s  deposition  in  that 
case  is  a  model,  and  Mr.  Curtis,  defendant’s  lawyer,  who  has  tried  his 
best  to  break  down  Mr.  Jenks,  now  says  that  in  his  opinion  Mr.  -J.  is 
one  of  the  very  best  electrical  expert  witnesses  in  the  country. 

For  all-round  work,  of  which  we  have  a  great  deal,  and  for 
testifying  as  an  expert,  Mr.  Jenks  is  well  worth  keeping  even  at  the 
high  salary  named. 


NEW  SUITS  COMMENCED  BY  US.  At  your  meetings  held -March -3rd 
and  5th,. 1891,  you  authorized  the  commencement  of  suits  on  the  following 
patents,  vizs 

Sprague  Patents  Nos.  317,235,  528,821  and  558,313  on  System  of 

Edison  Patent  No.  273,494,  on  increasing  the  conductivity  of 


Edison  Patent  No.  266,793  on  Pressure  Wire  system. 

•Edison  Patent  No.  276,  233  for  Commutator  Brush,  of  High  Resist- 

Edison  Patent  No.  264,668  for  Compound  Wound  Dynamo. 

Edison  Patent  No.  251, 542. for  lamps  of  various  candle  power  in 
same  circuit. 

I  now  report  progress  with  these  suits,  as  follows: 

Suit  on  Sprague  Patents  Nos.  317,235;  328,821  and  821.  This 
suit  was  brought  in  the  name  of  the  Sprague  Electric  Railway  &  Motor 
Co.  against  the  West  End  Street  Railway  Co.'  of  Boston.-  The  Bill  of 
Complaint  was  filed  June  8th,  1891.  and  service  of  subpoena  on  behalf 
of  defendant  was  accepted  by  Mr.  F.  P.'  Fish,  the  Counsel  of  the 
Thomson-Houston  Co.'  The  answer  was  due  in  this  suit  on  August  3rd, 
but  owing  to  absence  of  Mr.  Fish  in  Europe,  will  not  be  served  on  us 
till  October  5tn. 

I  snail  submit  this  case  for  your  further  consideration,  after 
the  Answer  is  filed. 

Suit  on  Edison  Patent  No.  275,494.  This  suit  was  also  brought 
against  the  West  End  Street  Railway  Co.,  the  Light  Co,  being  the  Com¬ 
plainant.  Mr.  Fish  .appeared  for  the  .de fendant .  My  remarks  in  the 
above  paragraph  as  to  the  Sprague  suit,  apply  to  this  case  also,  the 
complaint  having  been  filed  at  the  same  time. 

I  shall  submit  this  case  also,  for  your  further  consideration, 
after  the  Answer  is  filed. 

Suit  on  Edison  Patent  No.  266,795,  This  suit  was  authorized, 
but  we  have  finally  decided  that  as  this  patent  was  included  in  the 
Bridgeport  Feeder  suit,  it  would  be  better  to  wait  until  that  case 
is  decided,  before  suing  on  this  patent  separately. 

Suit  on  Edison  Patent  Mo.  276,:253.  We  decided  to  bring  suit 
against  the  Hudson  Electric  Railway  Co.  Hudson,  N.  Y.  which  operates 
a  Thomson-Houston  plant.  Mr.,  Fish  accepted  service  on  behalf  of  th 
defendant.  The  suit  was  commenced  by  filing  Bill  of  Complaint  by 
the  Light  Co.  against  the  Hudson  Co.  on  July  11th.  Mr.  Fish’s  an¬ 
swer  is  due  on  the  -5th  prox. 

Suit  on  Edison  Patent  No.  264.668.  Suit  has  been  com¬ 
menced  by  us,  and  the  general  remarks  made  above  as  to  the  other 
cases,  apply  to  this.  The  defendant  is  the  Thomson-Houston  Co., 
the  suit  being  brought  in  Massachusetts. 

Suit  on  Edison  Patent  No.  851,543.  This  suit  has  not  yet 
been  brought  as  it  was  desired  to  get  the  most  favorable  case  of 
infringement.  We  have  .now  decided  to  sue  the  United  States  Elec¬ 
tric  Lighting  Co.,  on  their 'plant  in  the  Equitable  Building,  120 

Mr.  Curtis  states  that  he  will  appear  for  the  defendant. 

You  instructed  me  to  do  nothing  in  the  above  suits,  after  an¬ 
swers  were  filed  by  the  defendants,  without  further  instructions  from 
you,  save  and  except  that  as  to  the  suits  on  the  two  Edison .patents, 

Nos.  276,235  and  .264, 66B,  we  were  to  push  them.  No  answers  have  been 
filed  as  yet  in  any  of  these  suits.  As  regards  the  two  suits  which  we 
were  to  push,  the  Thomson-Houston  Company  has  relaxed  in  pushing  its 
earlier  and  corresponding  suits  against  us,  but  we  shall  nevertheless  s 
press  our  suits. 


four  interferences  now  pending  in  tne  Patent  Office,  ineach-of  which 
Mr.  Sprague  is  one  of  tne  contestants-  and  Yanderpoele  is  the  other.  In 
one  of  tnese  interferences  Hunter  is  also  a  party.  The  claims  are 
mostly  for  details  of  an  early  type,  and  thus  far  Yanderpoele  has  gen¬ 
erally  been  able  to  prove  earlier  dates  than  Sprague,  and  some  of  the 
patents  awarded -to  the  former.  It  is  expected  however,  that  we 
may  be  able  to  point  out  anticipations,  to  limit  his  claims,  and  we  hope 
to  get  at  least  one  good  patent  for  Sprague  on  an  important  matter, 
namely,  the  construction  of  a  trolley  arm  carrying  the  upward  pressing 
contact  device  so  that  it  has  a  lateral  movement  which  enables  it  to 
follow  irregularities  in  the  overhead  'line. 

Our  policy  has  been-  to  handle  these  interferences  so  as  to  ob¬ 
tain  the  patent  if  possible,  and,  if  not,  to  limit  as  much  as  possiole 
the  claims  allowed  our  opponents. 

Respectfully  submitted, 

S.  B.  EATON, 

General  Counsel. 

September  26th,  3.89:1 . 

Thomas  A'.'  Edison,  Esq. 

Ootober  1,  1891V 

Dear  Sir: 

»  6 

0  ocis-im^^, 

We  beg "t^fadvise  you^ that  the  following  taxes 
on  foreign  patents  become  due  during  the  month  of  November: 

French  patent  Nov  187,087;  dated  Now  19,  1887,  Electric  Rail¬ 
way  (Set  67),  due  Now  19,  1891,  cost  $24; 

Spanish  patent.  No.  11,214,  dated  Now  11,  1890,  Electric  Rail 
way, (Set  93),  due  Nov.  11,  1891,  amount  $l0v 

English  patent,  Nov  15,583  of  1887,  Electric  Railway  (Set  93), 
due  Nov.  14,  1891,  amount  $55; 

French  patent  No.  209,267,  dated  Nov.  3,  1890,  Magnetic  Belt¬ 
ing  (Set  95),  due  Nov.  3,  1891,  amount  $24.; 

Belgian  patent  No.  92,573,  dated  Nov.  4,  1890,  Magnetic  Belt¬ 
ing,  (Set  95),  due  Now  4,  1891,  amount  $9.; 

Italian  patent,  Nov  16756,  dated  Now  5,  1890,  Magnetic  Belt¬ 
ing,  (Set  95),  due  Now  5,  1891, amount  $14v; 

German  patent,  No.  dated  Now  11,  1890,  (Set  95), Mag¬ 

netic  Belting,  due  Now  11,  1891,  amount  $17tf- 

If  you  desire  to  have  these  taxes  paid,  kindly  send 
us  a  check  for  the  above  amounts  within  the  coming  week,  in  order 
to  give  us  ample  time  to  communicate  with  our  agent;. 

New  York. 

October  5,  1891V 

"“Tt,.  £W?r  f?, 

Befernii^g  to  yohr  IfetU#  Oil  tfirf  JSi&ins*-. 
in  r.  payment  of  the  taxes  on  ?at^B  a,  *».  ^ 

of  the  1st  inst«,  xe  enclose  herewith  *ap)&#  ft*  c^ngs  In 
each  of  the  cases  mentioned  in  our  letter,  whioh  dr^ngs  hindly 
return  to  ua  with  your  replyf 



New  York. 

October  7,  1881. 

John  I\  Ott,  Esq., 

Edison' a  laboratory. 

Deair  Sirh* 

.f&CUVEQ  ' 

Ji  f  .  °oi-  s: — iaoi 

la  regard  tb  the  tt&w  form  of  out -outs  for  Mum  oipai 
rt&del  bf  jfeu  handed  to  Mr.  Peiaer  of  our  bffibe. 

^  ***  ^  ia  Of  the  portion  mark  fed  a  In  the 

***"■  iti  i  t  dtfbdifs'tfrjr  that  the  opening  should  be  a  email; 

ddiik  hot  tiW  binder' he,  entirely,  open  at  the  top,  ^.Jf 
Je****h  ^  oylinder  and  the  hook  iupported 

themroh,  Uttfctat  'CSfc  a*  Indicated  in  the  sketch,  would 

that  form  pjerate  da  welt  aa,the^  hdrnr  shown  .‘in  thbmodelf 

Tburae  truly, 



. _  /"  ^ 


_ 0x_t._a,„is9 1 . 

Messrs.  Dyar  &  Seely, 

No.  36  Wall  Street, 
Nova  York  City. 

Dear  Sirs:- 

I  have  your  letter  of  7th  instant  in  regard  to  the 
now  form  of  Cut-outs  for  Municipal  Iionp3,  model  of  which  was  sent 
to  your  office,  and  note  your  inquiry  in  regard  to  vhat  the  object 
is  of  the  extra  cap  marked  »A“  in  your  sketch.  The  part  re¬ 
ferred  to  is  an  extra  cap  put  on  for  the  purpose  of  prevent!^  the 
Plaster  of  paris  from  getting  in  arouni  the  rim  upon  which  the 
cut-out  hook  catches.  If  this  extra  cap  was  not  put  on  in  socket 
of  lamp,  the  plaster  of  paris  would  ran  through.  Otherwise  it 
plays  no  part  in  the  principle  of  the  cut-out. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Jib  (odd*^  <^-y^r  ^ 
d>  .W-  ^  **&*+«- 

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,^V*-«  . 

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C?^uL  4 



— _0.ct.QbBr..._9., — 18.91— 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq. 

OGT  1  c  100]^  , 

Dear  sir,  -^7/^ 

We  beg  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  favor  of 
the  7th  inst.  enclosing  check  to  our  order  for  $24,  covering  the 
tax  due  on  Mr.  Edison’s  French  patent  No.  187,087,  Electric  Rail¬ 
ways,  Set  67. 

On  looking  at  our^of  the  1st  inst .  we  notice  that  we  men¬ 
tioned  English  patent  No.  15,583  of  1887  as  being  Set  93.  This  was 
a  mistake  on  our  part  and  should  have  been  Set  67,  thus  correspon¬ 
ding  to  the  above  French  patent  upon  whioh  you  desire  us  to  pay  the 
tax.  We  understand  that  you  wish  to  have  paten^naintained. 

If  this  is  so,  kindly  send  us  a  check  for  $55''Jo  cover  the  tax. 

The  other  patents  mentioned  in  our fetter  wo  understand  you  do  not 
wish  to  maintain. 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq, , 

October  10,  1891t 

and  the  patents  referred  to. 
Your  application  274,588,  whJ 

In  connection  with  y ou^^oUm^ation- of-cfe  Jo/er 
®th'»i-  in  regard  to  certain  improvements  in  telegraphy  involving  the 
use  of  two  wires  for  each  circuit,  with  opposite  generators  in  the 
two  wires,  both  being  controlled  simultaneously  in  sending  a  mes- 
sage,  we  call  attention  to  the  enclosed  patents  to  Carty  548,512 
and  to  Barnett,  350,715.  Figure  3  of  the  first  patent  seems  to 
show  the  broad  idea1.  If  you  care  to  make  application  for  any 
features  of  your  system,  please  indicate  the  distinction  between 
the  same  and  the  patents  referred  to. 

/  Your  application  274,588,  which  describes  and  claims  a 
^method  of  separating  gold  or  other  non-magnetic  metals  from  their 
oreB»  hao  b0en  rejected  on  English  patent  6810  of  1886.^  The  pa- 
-V  /  tent  appears  to  us  to  fully  anticipate  this  invent ion.but  you  may 
(  *00  some  P°int  of  distinction  which  is  of  sufficient  value  to  be 

\  P»tent»ble-.  If  so,  please  indicate  it,  and  if  not  give  us  authori- 
\  ty  to  allow  the  case  to  drop.  Mr'*  Dickson  looked  the  matter  up 
Vor  us  in  his  note-book, and  found  that  the  earliest  date  of  which 
he\had  any  record  of  this  invention  was  April  27,  1888. 

We  send  you  a  copy  of  the  speaifioation, drawing  and  of 
the  English  patent,  which  please  return  to  us. 

Yours  truly,  , 

,  v  4 

•  aweoXortS 


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new  YORK . 0at.obar._15, _ irqi  . 


0G‘r  1  C 

Wa  beg  to  acknowledge  receipt  of^our  favor  of  the 
13th  inst.,  enclosing  check  to  our  order  for  JaaPto  cover  the  tax 
on  Mr.  Edison’s  English  patent  15,583  of  1887,  and  the  first 

government  fee  on  an  application  for  U.  S.  patent  on  an  improvement 
of  Mr  •  Dickson  *s  in  ra  kinstoscopas • 

Yours  truly. 

.  1 

LAW  OFFICES,  .mumi  patcht. 


RICHARD  n.  dyer  _ _  TV'  Tp  30 -WALL  STREET, 

asm™  V.^ 

Cv"  1  ?  7  "q  new  York . _.Q.ft*..oJb!B.r.....X.6.,.. _ 1891. 

Thomas  A.  Edtsoii^Eaq-^g^J’,  j 

A  short  time  ago  you  instructed.  Mr.  Gatlin 
to  make  application  for  patents  in  England,  France  and  Germany,  on 
your  railway  system  employing  low  tension  currents  with  connections 
leading  to  each  rail,  the  rails  being  connected  by  a  metal  plate, 
with  a  conducting  amalgam  between  the  plate  and  rail  ends. 

We  enclose  powers  of  attorney  for  France  and  Germany  for 
your  signature . 

In  instructing  us  to  file  applications  abroad  on  this  in¬ 
vention,  did  you  intend  to  have  us  go  ahead  at  once,  thereby  limit¬ 
ing  the  United  States  patent  which  may  be  obtained  to  fourteen 
years,  or  did  you  intend  to  have  us  wait  until  the  United  States 
patent  was  ready  to  issue?  In  the  latter  oase  we  call  your  atten¬ 
tion  to  the  fact  that  oare  should  be  exercised  about  allowing  this 
to  be  published  in  any  manner,  since  this  would  bar  a  patent  in 




Thomas  A'.*  Edison, Esq'.  ( 

NEW  YORK _ October  22, 1891V 


OCT  2  3  1891  ^  sir:.-  **  . 

fiufr — jo  I  9 / 

Please  inform  us  what  day  next  week,  or  as  soon 
thereafter  as  may  be,  you  can  spare  time  to  testify  in  the  case  of 
Edison  vsV  Ohinneekv  Let  us  know  as  soon  as  possible  so  that  we 
may  serve  notioe  ♦ftr/taking^timony  at  the  Laboratory'. 

Yoyye  truly. 

\s%  L  «A' 

■  ^ 


a-i'-uy&.c,  c'joUr-c  /fc  /-yf 


me, HARD  H.  oven  38  WALL  STREET,  _  ^  C 

ShL~u„  ^  o~-^i *5^7 

■)Uu*H  ^  -r 


Thomas  A?  Edison,  ^  ^ 

Dear  Sir:  -,>* 

In  1887  we  filed  two  applications  (Nos1.  733 

^  ^V^Zc09^11  improvemont5  ^  Phonographs  which  were  covered 
by  y.our^ English  patent  No?  1644  of  1878,  '  ihese  applications  were 

filed  for  the  reason  that  there  was  some  hopes  that  the  Courts 
would  decide  that  an  expired  foreign  patent  would  not  limit  the 
life  of  a  subsequent  United  States  patent.  Since  that  date  Judge 
Thayer  in  toe  Circuit  Court  case  of  Huber  v.  Nelson  Manufacturing 
Co,  38  E,  R?  830  has  held  that  a  United  States  patent  granted 
after  an  English  patent  for  the  same  invention  had  .-.lapsed  and  be¬ 
come  void  by  reason  of  non-payment  of  a  stamp  duty,  was  granted 
without  authority, and  was  therefore  void?  later  the  Supreme 
Court  in  Pohl  v.  Anchor  Brewing  Co?  51  0?  0,  156,  has  held,  that 
there  is  nothing  in  the  statute  which  admits  of  the  view  that  the 

duration  of  the  United  States  patent  is  to  be  limited  by  anything- 
but  the  duration  of  toe  legal,  term  of  the  f oreigh  patent  in  force 
at  the  tJme_of _the  issuing  of  the  United  States  patent,  or  that 
it  is-  to  be  limited  by  any  lapsing  or  forfeiture  of  any  portion  of 
the  term  of  such  foreign  patent?  it  is  to  be  observed  that  this, 
decision,,  refers  to  a  case  in.  which  the  United  States  patent  was 
granted  before  the  expiration  •  of  the  foreign  patent,  but  it  is 

TSA  .‘Edison'." 

possible  Jhat  the  principle  of  the  decision  would  enable  us  to 
obtain  allowance  of  these  applications  by  acknowledging  the  for¬ 
eign  patent,  notwithstanding  the  first  decision  above  quoted: 

The  question  is  whether  you  would  consider  it  worth  while  to  take 
out  the  patents  in  view  of  the  fact  that  they  would  only  run  to 
April  24,  1892,  the  date  at  which  the^fcerm  of  the  English  patent 
expires*."  if  you  do  think  it  is  worth  while  we  can  put  in  affida¬ 
vits  acknowledging  the  foreign  patents  and  endeavor  to  obtain  the 
patents;  or, if  you  think  it  worthwhile,  the  affidavits  might  be 
put  in  merely  for  the  sake  of  keeping  the  applications  alive,  al¬ 
though  there  dpes  not  seem  to  be  any  probability  that  the  Courts’ 
will  make  any  decision  which  will  relieve  th 
limitation  by  the  foreign  patent-  . 

Application  806  also  covers  subject-matter  found  in  the 
same  English  patent,  and  if  obtained,  would  be  likewise  limited, 
and  the  same  question  aa  to  the  desirability  of  obtaining  the  pa¬ 
rent, if  possible,  on  account  of  the  brief  term,  arises'.  We  enclose 
tracings  of  the  three  applications  in  order  that  you  may  see  what 
their  subject-matter  is:  The  dLaims  in  806  are  on  the  method  of 
duplicating  a  phonogram;  in  733  the  data*  are  on  the  particular 
form  of  apparatus  shown;  in  734  are  broad  claims  to  a  phonogram 
blahk  having  a  surface  of  wax  or  wax  like  material  and  a  backi*^ 
of  tough  material  such  as  paper*: 

It  is  necessary  that  we  should  a,ot  on  these  applications 
(at  least  733  and  734)  before  the  12th  of  next  month,  hence  we 
should  like  an  early  reply. 




Ans'dJl . - 

T\ECj New  York - No.v..»....4»... 

A.  0.  Tate  EsqV;  '  i  Ul/  5 lQgi 


Dear  sir,-  ^ 

\te  enclose  herewith  the  specification  in 
Mr.  Edison's  case  946  onmunicipal  lamp  cut-outs,  and  request  that 

you  kindly  have  him  sign  the  same  as  indicated  and  make  oath  before 
a  Notary,  returning  the  papers  to  us  when  executed. 

The  enclosed  tracing  of  the  drawing  shows  figure  3  incom¬ 
plete  .  The  spring  in  the  model  from  which  we  worked  the  drawings 

is  coiled  in  a  conical  form.  Is  this  the  way  the  spring  should 
appear,  or  can  it  not  be  coiled  in  a  cylindrical  form?  We  did  not 
complete  the  drawings  in  this  respect,  thinking  there  may  be  some 
object  in  coiling  the  spring  in  the  conical  form.  Kindly  have  us 

advised  as  to  this. 

Messrs'*  Dyer  &  See  ly, 

No*  36  Wall  Street, 
New  York  City  . 

Dear  Sirs:- 

1  return  herewith  the  specification  in  Ur*  Edison' 
case  946  on  municipal  lamp  cut-outs,  which  he  has  signed  before 

In  regard  to  the  enclosed  tracing,  whioh  shows  Figure  3 
incomplete,  I  attach  hereto  a  letter  from  Mr*  John  Ott,  with  a 
model  of  cut-out. 


Private  Secretary. 


\?fc  -%>  « -7t#( 

vCs&S  '^— <— <t-' 

'-c^O'.  eCs&s 

W  '  f^A-^ t^l/C;  «->-\^{-  '^2x 

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'^-  5b  . /'..  «..£!..  . 272S  .a'.'  / ...<C 

ax^&'L  -  ,  . .  y, 


new  Yom 

November  17,  1891* 

Thomas  A';  Edison,  Esqv, 
Dear  Sir:- 


Hns'dj&ZjTz^L  i  re 


In  your  application  749  the  following  claims 
stand  finally  rejected  by  fli e  Examiner: 

1.  An  electrical  switch  provided  with  contact  surfaces  of 
a.  low  resistance  inoxidizable  metal,  substantially  as  described* 

2.  An  electrical  switch  provided  with  contact  surfaces 
of  silver,  substantially  as  described* 

3.  An  electrical  switch  having  its  contact  surfaces 
faced  with  a  thin  sleet  or  coating  of  a  low  resistance  inoxidizable 
metal,  such  as  silver,  substantially  as  described* 

The  Examiner  relies  on  two  patents  to  Jones,  118,537, 

August  29,  1871,  and  121,173,  November  21,  1871,  and  patent  to 
Weston,  233,823,  October  26,  1880.  The  first  mentioned  patent 
shows  a  sewing  machine  motor  in  which  a  switch  is  operated  by  the 
needle  bar.  The  switfih  has  stationary  contacts  "of  silver  or 
platinum",  onto  and  off  from  which  slides  a  "current  breaker  of  any 
material  which  will  permit  of  its  acting  as  a  conductor"-.  The 
second  patent  also  shows  a  motor  and  a  switch  for  controlling  it 
having  "platinum  or  silver  jplates"  against  which  arms  "of  am 
suitable  conducting  material"  are  brought  in  contact  at  sJttle 


intervals'.  The  Weston  patent  describes  -brushes  of  a  suitable 
number  of  thin  sheets  of  copper  which  are  silver  plated  the  object 
of  plating  being  to  keep  the  sheets  clean  and  protect  them  against 
corrosion,  which  might  impair  the  integrity  of  their  electrical 
contact  with  each  other  and  with  the  periphery  of  the  commutator-. 

While  re  ither  of  these  patents  show  the  use  of  silver  in 
a  hand  switch  such  as  shown  in  your  application,  they  do  clearly 
disclose  the  use  of  silver  for  switch  contacts.  Do  you  consider 
this  of  sufficient  importance  to  warrant  an  appeal  to  the  Board  of 
Examiners -in-Chief ?  While  it:’ is  possible  that  we  might  obtain 

the  claims,  we  consider  the  chances  very  poor1. 


-  cj 

Lr  £.  ■  I 



Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq* 

-pj£,C  E  INYj?yj- — Rm 

NOV  j  Q  jggj 

Ans’d-^fyt—t/\  H-  {  iq 

»....17.., —,^|| 

We  enclose  two  affidavits  in  your  phonograph  applica¬ 
tions  733  and  734,  about  which  we  wrote  you  a  few  days  ago.  These 
affidavits  will  bo  put  in  simply  to  keep  the  applications  alive  as 
long  as  possible  but  without  the  intention  of  taking  out  patents  at 
least  at  present.  It  is  necessary  to  file  these  affidavits  in  the 
Patent  Office  before  the  12th  of  next  month. 



(Enclosures ) 





November  17,  18915' 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Orange,  N-.  J', 

Dear  Sir:- 

^£,CE  IV^ 

l .ji  2i?  IjOI 

fm'd-Mtein  ■?./  _J8  <?/ 

We  enclose  a  specification.  Case  945,  for  Mr'.  Edison's 
signature  in  the  three  places  required,  if  he  finds  the  specifica¬ 
tion  is  suitable  shape'. 

We  also  enclose  a  specification  on  an  Electric  Current 
Meter  invented  by  Ott  and  Kennelly.  Please  suggest:  to  Mr.  Kennelly 
that  he  examine  the  specification  and  if  he  finds  anything  that  is 
k  not  correct  or  clear,  that  he  should  call  our  attention  to  it'. 

Yours  truly , 



A  r,£,rr/l 



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*DYER  ft.  SEELY. 



A.  0.  late  Esq. 

We  beg  to  advise  you  that  Mr.  Edison’p  aj>piio*~ 
tlon  No.  418  upon  improvements  in  the  art  of  electrical  deeomppsi- 
tion  has  been  allowed  by  the  Patent  Office.  We  enclose  a  copy  of 
the  drawings  and  the  claims  as  allowed.  If  Mr.  Edison  desires  to 
have  this  patent  issued  at  once,  kindly  send  us  a  check  for  $20  to 
cover  the  final  fee.  Kindly  return  the  enclosed  drawing. 

Yours  truly, 

(Enclosures ) 





n ew  York . Deoember  5.  1891'. 

Thomas  At  Edison,  Esq#, 

Care  of  New  Jersey  &  Penn.  Concentrating  Works, 

Dear  Sir:- 

Ogden,  N.  j-,f 

We  enclose  herewith  a  preliminary  statenent  in  an  inter¬ 
ference  declared  November  2nd,  on  the  application  of  yourself  and 
Mr'.  Ott  on  the  Nickel-in-the-slot  Phonograph  Machine.  This  state 
ment  is  similar  to  one  you  executed  some  time  ago  in  another  inter 
ference'.  Kindly  sign  the  same  as  indicated,  and  send  it  to  Mr. 
Randolph  at  the  Laboratory,  who  will  have  it  signed  by  Mr.  Ott. 

We  wish  you  would  mail  this  to  Mr.  Randolph  immediately,  as  we 
desire  to  have  filed  at  the  Patent  Office  on  Thursday. 

Yours  truly. 

-{Oi,CEI  V££> . 

Pli  °EC  8  ”  1M1, 



T‘.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Dear  Siri- 

v  offices, 

n ew  York _ December  7,  1891'. 


j »y/ 

We  send  you  herewith  a  copy  of  our  brief  in 
the  interference  between  yourself  and  Maxim  and  Swan,  relating  to 
the  parchment  paper  and  the  bent  horse-shoe  filament. 



John  F .  Ott  Esq. 

LAW  OFFICES,  «... 


n  E  w  YO  R  K . ._JQa«u_l£U 1891, 

Dear  sir,* 

T/e  presume- your  application  1302,  on  an  at¬ 
tachment  for  phonographs, which  was  in  interference  with  Conyngton, 
Gilliland  &c.,  is  to  lie  assigned  to  Mr.  Edison.  We  are  ready  to 
pay  the  final  fee,  the  application  having  been  allowed  by  the 
Patent  Office,  but  before  paying  the  same,  send  you  the  enclosed 
assignment  for  your  signature  if  you  find  it  in  desired 'shape. 

If  the  invention  is  not  to  be  assigned  to  Mr..  Edison  please  inform 
us  of  that  fact.  If  you  sign  the  enclosed -paper  have  your  signa¬ 
ture  attested  by  one  witness. 

Yours  truly, 

■if"  ^ 


if'-t's-  Y'U'iit 




N EW  YORK _ _ 18.91  j _ 

Dear  Mr.  Edison, - 

We  enclose  you  a  copy  of  the  patent  which  has 
just  been  issued  to  you  on  tension  reducers  arranged  in  multiple 
arc.  We  have  advised  Major  Eaton  to  bring  suit  upon  this  patent 
at  once,  so  as  to  avoid  any  question  of  laches. 

The  patent  will  undoubtedly  be  attacked  as  not.  showing  a 
practical  apparatus,  and  it  may  be  also  said  that  the  apparatus 
described  is  not  operative.  We  should  be  prepared  to  meet  these  " 
two  objections,  and  also  to  make  complete  proof  of  your  entire  work 
in  this  line. 

We  consider  this  a  better  and  more  important  patent  than 
that  which  was  lately  issued  to  the  Bell  Telephone  Company  on  the 
application  of  Berliner  and  on  which  the  Bell  Telephone  people 
raised  the  price  of  their  stock  $25.  a  share. 

(Enclosure ) 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

no.  .«^Er^2J5;“T£,£r °f  ^ «« 

»n  a  t.o  1£r.“lt  »UfHford 

triot  Judges.  Perhaps  we  oaf^t  ^ coraP° sed  of  three  Dis- 

in  a  request  by  Jan.  12.  efendant  to  unite  with  us 

the  brief.  I  belie ve^e  is  not'31^  wee^’and  did  no  work  on 

not  have  been  readythis  v,l£%Zn  Vr  ^  °Ur  8ide  would 



write.  Thus  thi  Sle  brief  w<U  be  ^  ^  SeWard  w111 

Lowrey  is  well.  ]  be  coniPleted  by  the  time  Mr. 

».  th.  enl"?"  XV "s”  "y  ^‘S?!4!? ?” 1  "r’  '>™*»  fn 

»■  *.  >■»<,  ,h.  bnterPr»».aH;j  she  f  “na  a>y 

Sy*  "“s»  Si  Silff  L:£*s“ « « 

and  inject  telling  points  pf  his  own.  Can  rsad  dt 

fin  tut  l".  “f"  *PP“*1  1O0t>  "ll-  «■”>  I  fool  c.- 

i8.h.,l8M.  \  ^CEfT^S”0™- 

^/utc  1  0  1691  ,/i/K 

hns'd - 18 

o  y\ 



T.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange  H.  J., 

Dear  Sir!- 


N  ew  Yorin'- . December  19.  1891. 

A V  ■ 


V&CEI  Ve§. 



We  enclose  herewith  copies  of  patents  Nos.  46B';250  and 
465,251,  both  issued  December  15th,  on  Ore  Method. 

We  also  enclose  herewith  a  copy  of  patent  No.  464,895  is¬ 
sued  to  J.  Riddell,  December  S,  1891,  upon  an  Improvement  in  Var¬ 
iable  Transmitting  Mechanism.  In  connection  with  this  patent,  we 
wish  to  call  your  attention  to  figure  12  of  your  caveat  No.  118, 
and  particularly  to  figure  14  and  figure  15  of  your  caveat  No. 119. 
Caveat  No.  118  was  executed  by  you  August  4,  1890,  and  caveat  No. 
119  August  13,  1890'.  We  believe  you  have  the  original  notes  of 
these  caveats  from  which  we  prepared  the  copies  for  the  Patent 

Yours  truly. 





Patented  Deo.  8,  1891. 

yu-- . 7"ji^ 


United  States  Patent  Offe 



SPECIFICATION'  forming  part  of  letters  Potent  No.  46 4.865;,  dated  December  8, 1891. 
Application  filed  March  20. 1801.  No,  388,778.  .ato  nrnlol.) 


of  ll.o  United  Slatos,  rosldhijf  at  Lynii,  la  tho 
county  of  Lssox  and  Stato  of  Massaohusotts, 
i  liavo  invontod  a  now  and  asofal  I.nurovo- 
'  '  nri“1J  0  Ti'iiiisinittiuff  Moolmaisia, 

or  wluuli  tho  followii.K  is  it  spooifloatloa. 

IWy  in  volition  I'olatos  to  a  dovioo  wlioroby  a 
lioramlly-qiiioaooat  iiioiiiboi' — say  a  shaft 
i  wheel,  or  pulley— may  at  will  of  tho  operator 
ho  so  ooaaoctod  with  a  oonstaatly-rovolvod 
laoiaboi;— say  a  driviag-shaft— as  to  bo  pro- 
pollod  tlioi'  nay  dosirod  speed  nad  ia 
oitlior  tho  saino  direction  ns  such  driving 
member  or  in  a  direction  reversely  thereto. 

My  device  is  applicable  to  a  great  diversity 
of  uses—for  example,  as  a  speed  and  powor 
transmitter  and  regulator  for  various  do- 
vi cos,  such  nsdontal-cngines,  jowclors’  drills 
and  burnishers,  electric  motors,  &a.  As  a 
governor  for  electric  motors  and  dynamos  and 
tor  steam,  water,  and  other  engines,  it  may 
be i  inndo  to  produce  a  variablo  speed  in  either 
a  forward  or  tho  rovorso  dirnnt.inn 

. iwiiiwmw  a  vanauiospceu  111 OltllCl* 

a  forward  or  tho  rovorso  direction. 

25  .  Thoform  of  my  invention  herein  illustrated 
is  well  adapted  to  such  machines  as  those 
lathes,  circular  saws,  drills,  &c.,  which  require 
a  slow  speed  with  great  powor  in  tho  direc¬ 
tion  of  effective  rotation  followed  by  a  quick 
30  return  or  retractile  rotation. 

The  device  combines  tho  functions  of  a 
clutch  and  a  variablo  transmitter  without 
change  or  disruption  of  impact  and  without 
sudden  jar. 

35  Boforri ng  to  the  accoin pa ny i  ng  d rawi ngs, 

which  form  a  part  of  this  specification,  Figuro 
I  shows  in  its  normal  or  inactive  condition  a 
lorm  of  my  device  whereby  tho  person  in 
charge  can  cause  the  driven  shaft  or  mombor 
40  to  bo  rotated  at  any  desired  speed  relatively  to 
the  driver,  said  rotation,  when  slow,  being  in 
the  same  direction  as  that  of  tho  driver  ami 

N  I  is  a  diagram  which  represents  a  foi 
my  iuvontiou  in  which  tho  driven  moinl 
rotated  in  tho  same  direction  as  tho  dr 
membor,  but  at  any  dosirod  slower  spec 

A  represents  a  conical  boss,  which  coi 
of  a  rigid  ami  removable  projection  fr 
hunger  or  othor  fixture  2. 

3  is  my  driving-shaft,  having  a  pulley 
a  driving-bolt  5  from  any  suitablo  sour 
powor.  At  tho  cud  remote  from  tho  said 
ley  4  tho  driving-shaft  Is  journaled  in  ai 
bearing  9,  and  noar  tho  said  pulley  is  : 
nalod  in  and  foathorod,  as  at  7,  to  a  sice 
whoso  normal  position  is  shown  in  Fig.  I 
which  is  capable  of  being  shifted  to  oi 
tho  right  or  loft.  For  this  purposo 
sleeve  has  a  circumferential  groovo  9  foi 
coption  of  a  shifting  ring  or  y.oko,  (not  1 
shown,)  which  may  bo  of  any  customar 
suitable  construction.  Fig.  II  shows  tho ! 
slcove  shifted  to  its  extreme  loft  posit 
Tho  cono  A  is  perforated  ill  tho  lino  of 
geometrical  axis,  so  ns  to  constitute  a  j< 
nal-benriug  both  for  tho  rotating  and  loi 
tudinally-shiftublo  slcove  8  and  the  incla 
driving-shaft  3.  Sleeved  upon  tho  drivi 
shaft  3  and  pressed  toward  the  cono  A  b 
spring  10  is  my  driven  cone  B,  which  can 
a  pulley  12,  from  which  proceeds  a  bolt  K 
the  machinery  to  bo  driven. 

Extending  radially  and  at  equal  cireuml 
ential  distances  from  tho  sleeve  8  nro  t' 
three,  four,  or  more  arms  14,  having  bif 
catod  extremities  or  cheeks  lo  foroscillati 
tubes  or  boxes  10,  from  which  at  their  m 
length. extend  fulcrums  17,  that,  occupy  a 
rock  within  orifices  in  said  cheeks.  Each 
said  tubes  constitutes  tho  journal-bearing 
a  shaft  19,  armod  at  each  extremity  wit! 
wheel  20,  which  has  a  tiro  21  of  imlia-rubl 
or  other  suitablo  material  sons  lo  constiti 
a  frictiion-wheol. 

couoor  mornbor  1:1.  At  their  itoiiniil  position 
(aoo  iris.  I)  t ho  wliools  20  simply  roil  around 
both  cones  without  producing  rotation  of  tlio 
member  11.  Shift oC  tiio  tmnsmittor  C  oillior 
S  to  right  or  to  loft  oporntcs  to  rotnto  tlio  mom- 
uor  B.  A  right  sliift  of  tlio  tmnsmittor  op¬ 
erates  to  sot  up  in  tlio  momliur  11  n  rota¬ 
tion  in  tlio  snmo  direction  ns  tlio  tmnsmil- 
tor,  but  nt  a  roducort  spood.  A  loft  shift,  on 
to  tho  contrary,  (soo  Fig.  II,)  oporatos  to  rotnto 
tlio  luoinlior  II  nt  a  higher  spood  than  and  in 
tno  rovorso  dirootion  to  tlio  rotation  of  tlio 
tmnsmittor.  Assooiatod  wi;h  spring  10  may 
bo  a  nut  22,  which,  boing  sej'owod  loll  ward  or 
IS  rightward  on  tlio  d  r!  vi  ng-shiJf  t,  sorves  to  rogu- 
lato  tlio  prossnro  of  said  spring. 

The  fulcrum  of  tlio  osoillating  bearing  1C 
may  bo  confined  in  a  radial  slot  15'  in  the  arm 
15  and  tlio  transmitter  may  lie  hold  wlthyield- 
-°  lnB  prossuro  upon  tlio  oonos  by  a  spring  20. 
wliioh  may  have  its  stress  rogulntod  by  a  tom- 
por-sorow  24.  With  such  a  yielding  rulcrum 
ono  of  tlio  “oonos”  may  bo  of  cylindrical  or 
approximately  cylindrical  form  and  may  op- 
25  orate  by  cogs  insieml  of  friction  connection. 
ti,i!w°fC2Md  co,;°  or  mornbor  II,  instoml  of' 
tlio  shaft  3,  may  bo  tlio  driving  mornbor,  pul- 

aMvin^oy:0"  th°  llriVe"  il,at0“a  “C  11,0 
30  It  is  manifest  tlintof  tlio  tliroo  mcinbors  A, 

.  IS,  and  C  oitlior  0110  may  bo  tlio  non-rotntivo 
inombor,  and  of  tlio  othor  two  oitlior  may  bo 
employed  ns  tlio  driving  with  tlio  otlior  as 
tlio  driven  inombor. 

3S  It  is  obvious  that  any  suitablo  moehnnism— 

such  as  a  ta  n  of  cog-whools— may  bo  used 
for  transmitting  tho  motion  of  tlio  mornbor  13 
to  tho  machinery  to  bo  driven,  or  tlio  said 

Having  thus  described  my  invention,  tho 
following  Is  what  I  claim  as  now  therein  and 
dosiro  to  secure  by  Letters  Patent: 

3.  In  a  vnrinblo  transmitting  mechanism, 
tho  combination  of  tliroo  members,  of  v.’hioh  **5 
two  aro  aligned  and  rovorsoly-prosontod  oonos, 
and  of  which  tho  otlior  mornbor  is  armed  at 
pnoli  ond  witli  rolling  contacts  whoso  journal-  1 
boaring  is  fulerumod  in  a  lioad  slidablo.lon- 
gitndinally  of  said  oonos,  moans  for  prevent-  to 
ing  ono  mornbor  from  rotation,  and  means  for  ” 
communicating  rotation  to  0110  of  tho  othor 
mombors,  substantially  as  and  for  tho  pur¬ 
pose  sot  forth. 

2,  In  a  variable  transmitting  moohanism,  55 
tho  combination  of  a  fixed  00110,  an  aligned 
royorsoly-dirootod  rotatablo  eono,  a  shaft  co¬ 
axial  with  and  revolving  frooly  within  said 
oonos, a  sioovo  foathorod  toand  slidabloupon 
said  shaft,  two  or  more  equidistant  arms  of  60 
said  sleeve,  ouch  arm  afford  ing  fulcrum-boar- 
nig  for  an  oscillating  bearing,  and  a  shaft 
journaled  in  said  bearing, wliich  shaft  carries 
at  1  ts  exti'o  m  i  ties  two  roll  i  ng  con  tacts  or  trans- 
mitting-wheols,  substantially  as  and  for  tho 
purpose  .set  forth. 

a.  The  combination  of  tho  shaft  a,  tho  sta¬ 
tionary  couo  A,  tlio  transmitter  proper  C,  tho 
cono  U,  revolving  and  sliding  freely  on  said 
shaft,  the  spring  10,  and  tho  rogulating-nut  70 
22,  substantially  as  sot  forth. 

of  freeing  the  globe  of  an  incandescent  electric  lamp  from  organic 
and  other  foreign  substances  which  enter  the  lamp  during  the  pro¬ 
cess  of  manufacture,  by  getting  rid  of  indissoluble  substances  on 
the  interior  of  the  globe  by  oxidizing  them  and  then  washing  the 
material  from  the  glass.  This  is  done  before  exhaustion  and  is 
for  the  purpose  of  improving  the  vacuum.  These  claims  are  finally 
rejected,  the  Examiner  talcing  the  ground  that  there  is  no  invention 
in  cleaning  the  inside  of  globes  in  the  same  manner  that  plates  and 
vessels  have  been  cleaned  in  laboratory  work . 

The  claims  in  your  application  672  also  stand  finally  re¬ 

jected.  These  claims  cover  the  method  of  producing  and  maintain¬ 
ing  a  high  vacuum  in  the  glass  globes  of  incandescent  electric 
lamps,  consisting  in  removing  foreign  substances  by  washing  the  in¬ 
ner  surface  of  thB  globe  with  hot  water,  then  exhausting  the  air 
and  then  sealing  the  globe.  The  Examiner  takes  the  ground  that 
there  is  no  invention  in  cleaning  the  globes  as  and  for  the  purpose 
indicated,  in  view  of  what  is  common  in  laboratory  practice. 

We  cannot  amend  in  such  manner  as  to  keep  these  oases  aliwe 
longer,  since  they  have  stood  under  final  rejection  for  nearly  two 

years.  Shall  we  let  them  go,  or  shall  we  appeal?  We  consider 
the  prospects  of  success  on  an  appeal  extremely  poor. 



which  is  enclosed,  you  describe  the  reciprocating  crushing  roller 
5  as  being  longer  than  the  roller  4.  Is  there  any  reason  for  this, 
except  that  by  making  one  roller  longer  than  the  other  the  surface 
of  the  shorter  roller,  for  its  entire  length,  is  always  in  working 
contact  with  the  .other  roller,  and  material  is  saved  by  making  one 
roller  short, without  reducing  the  efficiency  of  the  apparatus? 

Is  there  any  advantage  gained  by  reciprocating. the  longer  roller 
that  would  not  be  gained  by  reciprocating  the  shorter  one? 

The  patents  cited  by  the  Examiner  show  it  to  be  old  to 
reciprocate  one  or  both  of  the  rollers  in  mechanism  for  crushing 
or  grinding,  for  the  purpose  of  preventing  the  rollers  becoming 
worn  in  circumferential  grooves.  We  shall,  therefore,  be  obliged 
to  restrict  the  claims  to  ordinary  features  of  construction.  It  is 
doubtful  whether  we  can  even  get  claims  depending  solely  on  the 
difference  in  length  of  the  rollers,  since  we  describe  rollers  of 
equal  length  as  being  equivalent  thereto;  also,  in  view  of  one  of 
the  patents  cited,  which  shows^but  does  not  describe)  a  similar 
construction.  If  there  is  some  important  advantage  gained  by 

(T'.  A.  E.,  2) 

reciprocating  the  longer  of  the  two  crushing  rollers,  we  may 
haps  cover  it,  but  we  do  not  see  that  there  is. 

Yours  truly, 

SON'S  PATENT  No.  383R9R. 



!|  -1*  A  filament  of  carbon,  viz.  small  cross  section  with¬ 

out  regard  to  length. 

Jj  .  This  result^  in  or  makes  possible- 

jj  a-  A  moderate  current  an (1  small  leading-in  . 

!!'  v/ires  of  a  high  resistance  metal*,  platinum?*  which  of 

all  metals  only  has  •a^co.effioient  of  expansion  like  j 
!  that  of  glass.  .  .  ..  %■ 

j  b.  A-, small  . radiatingy.. siirf ace  and  a  hi  gji  re- 

si' stance;f?tod,rsm-arli’  mass  per,  .unit  vof  f’  surf  ace ’which  I 

%  '//WV'V  * 

pennits  of  a  divided  ligiimVizi"  one^in  which  an 
economically  high  tonpor'alure  of  the|bumer  can  be  '  j 
maintained  without  producing  a  light  of  more  than  j 
moderate  candle  power.  ^  j 

c.  Elasticity;. which  permits  fixed  connections  | 
for  the  ends  of  the  filament  to  be  employed, and  ena-h 
bles  the  lamp  to  be  transported  and  handled  without 
breaking  the  filament. 

2.  A  filament  of  carbon  having  a  high  specific  resist¬ 
ance.  (Note.  This  is  to  be  distinguished  from  the  broad  idea 
of  using  this  character  of  carbon, that  being  old  in  the  form 
of  sticks  or  pencils.)  This  increases  the  resistance  and 
decreases  the  mass  per  unit  of  radiating  surface.  It  aids 
the  filament  in  all  directions  in  which  the  latter  is  ad¬ 
vantageous.  Carbonizable  structural  and  unstructural  mater- 
iAs_are_de-sc  r  lh  ed .  _ _ 

3.  A  carbon  burner  having  a  high  total  resistance  suit¬ 
able  for  multiple  arc.  This  is  due  to  the  lengthening  of  1 
and  the  employment  of  8, which  together  enable  3  to  be  secur¬ 
ed  in  a  divided  light,  viz.  one  with  a  small  radiating  sun- 
face  and  mass  .permitting  an  economically  high  degree  of  heat 
of  the  burner  to  be  used  and  at  the  same  time  producing  a 
light  of  moderate  candle  power.  The  coiling  of  the  filament, 
to  further  reduce  the  radiating  surface  is  described.  The 
lengthening  of  the  filament  also  increases  the  elWicity, 

necessity  in  order  to  give  go6d:1|lectrical^  connections  with 
the  filament.  'f|L  "  V 

4.  .A  carbon  filament  made  ofjprbonizable  material 
reduced  to  size  before  carbon! ^ataon^^  : 

(Note.  This  is  to  be  distinguished'  from  tlie  broad 
idea  of  making  carbon  burnprl  in  this  way, that  being  old 
in  pencil  s. )  ,  ■ 

This  enables  a  filament  to  be  obtained  uniform  in' 
size  and  in  degree  of  carbonization. 

5.  Carbon  burner  secured  to  wires  by  carbon  paste.  ■ 

6.  Preventing  the  distortion  of  the  filament  during  car¬ 


7.  An  entire  glass  chamber,  viz.  one  of  an  entire  or 
unbroken  piece  of  glass. 

(Note.  Crooke's  radiometer  produced  an  eleciric  light 
but  was  not  an  electric  lamp) 


A  high  and  stable  vacuum,  re  suiting  in  long  life  of 

burner  and  economy  in  energy. 

9-  nmm  rtres  ««“*•»*  «11  to  seal  into  El„s8. 


10.  The  us,  of  a  carbon  burner  in  a  high  and  stable 
|  vacuum. 

'  •*  v  ■ ,  .•  . 

i,  lie  lies  of  1,  3,  8  or  4  either  eeparateiy>Qr  to¬ 

il  Esther  in  a  high  stable  vaclnm_  ^ 

I  13-  ^ws»u» 

I!  ments  necessary  to  permit ' a  simple' 

'  '■  - 

”  """*'**  a  Ig1®  to  be4ade  composed 

“  ***"  #*!$*!*  ^^@%n,1„;,e<1.-o.rJon.l„r„er.- 
i  “mi!r  ^  *>*  - 

i  tJib  glass.  ‘  '  ^ 


:A  ^ 

(»ote.  Features  1 ,  3,  4,  7,  8,  9,  •,«  »nd  M  arB 
an  —eroial  1„,  .h.ther  hieh  or  i*„w  resistance  or  " 
whether  intended  for  us,  in  Stipl.  .To  or  in  series) 

1891.  Phonograph  -  General  (D-91-43) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  about  the  technical  and  commercial 
development  of  the  phonograph.  Some  of  the  letters  are  by  Edison’s  attorney, 
Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  and  relate  to  Edison’s  suit  against  Ezra  T.  Gilliland  and 
John  C.  Tomlinson.  There  are  also  letters  about  Edison’s  investment  in  the 
Phonogram ,  a  monthly  phonograph  magazine  published  by  Virginia  H.  McRae; 
items  regarding  the  lawsuit  between  the  North  American  Phonograph  Co.  and 
the  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Co.;  correspondence  about  musical 
recording  sessions  at  the  West  Orange  laboratory;  and  requests  for 
information  about  phonographs  and  cylinder  recordings.  Individual  letters 
pertaining  to  more  than  one  phonograph  company  are  also  Tried  in  this  folder. 

Approximately  90  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal; 
letters  of  acknowledgement;  routine  correspondence  concerning  phonograph 
agencies  and  contracts. 

- —  ^ 

The  Official  Organ  of  the  United.  States  Phonograph  Companies. 



I  enclosed  you  last  week  a  copy  of  tho  Phonogram, 
hut  I  presume  that  through  some  error  in  the  mailing  department  it 
must  have  been  lost,  as  I  hear  through  Mr.  Tate  that  you  have  not 
received  it. 

I  take 'pleasure  in  mailing  you  to-day  a  copy  of  tho 
same,  which  I  trust  you  will  find  worthy  of  your  approval. 

I  am  with  great  respect. 

Very  truly  yours. 


jueuLBj  IkcMt  'fc  Qisfa 

^  JMk 

Ifcg  /vi/t/^L  — -  ^ 

Jpiw/f'  b-fto^4  J%  . 

■  \  ^lA/oMkOnj  Vzt//1 

tJ  i  :  *VQ: 

The;  Phonogram, 

Stye  Official  Orgap  of  tl?e  pipoqograp!?  <$ompai?ies  of  tl?e  United  States. 


Devoted  to  the  Interests  of  the  Phonograph,  and  Kindred  Subjects. 

Room  127  Pulitzer  Building. 

'y<uAJ . January 

. iScfl. 

w»  A-  0.  Tate:- 

Now  Jersey, 

My  Dear  Mrv  Tate, 

In  acknowledging  the  receipt  of  your  letter  of 
January  7th,  I  need  not  say  how  greatly  the  prompt  and  generous 
action  of  Mr.  Edison  in  taking  five  shares  of  stock  in  the  Phono-. 

S.r-m  has  encouraged  me. 

While  I  am  making  many  strong  friends  for  the 
Magazine,  naturely  there  are  none  I  prize  so  much  as  the  "Father" 
of  all  the  gracious  influences  that  are  inspiring  men  -  ard  one 
woman  to  achieve  great  undertakings. 

Please  communicate  my  thanks  to  Mr.  Edison, 
and  hoping  frequently  to  receive  words  of  good  cheer  and  wise  coun¬ 
cil'  both  from  you  and  himse/f. 

I  I  am  very  sincerely  yours. 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 


Dear  Sir: 

..'Yew  tip/ljlA n:._3Ld,_iaq:,. 

I  A  ■m 


Edison' v  Gilliland  and  Tomlinson.  X  beg  to 
say  that  pursuant  to  your  instructions,  and  against  our  own  judg¬ 
ment,  we  are  giving  each  month  extensions  to  the  defense  in  this 
suit,  that  is  to  say  we  are  allowing  them  an  extension  of  time 
month  by  month  within  which  to  file  their  answer. 

In  view  of  the  notice  which  Mr.  Idppincott  has 
served  on  us  that  he  objects  to  any  further  extensions  being  grant¬ 
ed.,  I  write  to  enquire  if  you  will  not  now  allow  vis  to  take  the 
position  which  we  have  been  desirous  of  taking  all  along,  viz:  that, 
we  shall  grant  no  further  extensions  and  that  the  defense  must 
file  their  answer  at  o$ce. 

We  signed  the  last  extension  for  another  month, 
two  days  ago,  but  it  has  not  yet  been  delivered,  and  the  defendants 
counsel  tell  us  this  morning  that  they  will  file  their  answer  in 
five  days  or  so  ,  if  we  insist  on  it. 

May  we  insist  on  the  answer  being  filed  at  once? 
You  need  have  no  fear  that  they  will  press  the  case  after  the 
answer  is  filed.  Consequently  any  objection  which  you  may  have 
to  being  annoyed  by  having  your  time  ocupied  in  this  suit,  you 
can  doubtless  dismiss. 

We  advise  that  the  answer  be  filed  and  that  we 
then,  after  finding  out  just  what  it  is,  decide  whether  we  shall 
press  the  suit  on  our  part  or  not. 

Will  you  kindly  send  us  your  instructions  as  to 
granting  further  extnsions,  aid  oblige, 

Very  truly  yours, 

Dea*  Mr.  Edison:  '  .  ’  I8J1, 

if  I  were  the  Co-  Fight.  I  told  Bush  yesterday  that 

7  ./ore  tne  judge  I  would  continue  the  preliminary  intunetion 

5=r»  ^  rS°r 

the  Attnnnnv  p  ^’^p0’  v  Exhibition  Co.  Bush  has  applied  to 
lE  to  “k8  pl*”  «  *“■“»  »•« 

aSi  r«r«s  ,™  “ 

I,\  iv  :  "  fortunately ,  no  blame  whatever  rests  on  -no. 

Ail  of  these  things  wore  both  before  my  time. 

„  „  .  Che  ever  tells  Bush  that  if  all  the 

of  Exhibition  Co.  stock  will  surrender  their  stook  to"  him  and 
associates,  they  will  stop  t*e  fip-ht  and  lot  +  u«  „  a  t.  .  11  „ 

S*„*“  *"»»»  “■*  «.o.tat7=  i# 

thSetheyaareandtaheCVer’  **  BIUoh  to°!ath  in^rdJr  to" show 

of  anv  iov^t  ,  has  man;  judgments  against  him  and  pays  no  bills  - 
oi  any  sort,  being  utterly  dead  broke.  Bush  ssv«  tp*+  „u 

S"“’e  *hat  he  lived  cn  an  income  allowed  him  by  his  father ^(Tth at 
h  had  no  property  whatever  except  some  shares  of  stock  in  mr 
Porations  of  no  account.  The  testimony  shots  that  a  jud^pnl 
against  Cheever  would  be  practically  worthless.  Bush  sayd  t£t  if 

rc;^e„^S-S.9.“:fih:arinR’  Pths 

Evans  is  1  n  '  ^  -ties,  at  least  so  far  as  ;/ 

Bush  sava  that  f  !?x*anrton8  in  E<lis°u  v  Gilliland  and  Tomlinson. 

Bush  sajs  that  last  Summer  G.  and  T.  had  an  interview  with  Bush 

thsvL™ulT0t!'  Th°y  trie4  t0  fri^ltQrl  ^sh  and  Lippincott  so  that 
they  would  got  you  you  to  stop  your  suit  against  them.  Tomlinson 
tead  to  L.  andB.  the  Proposed  answer  in  their  suit.  It  pitched 
int° »•» ■»«»*■• 

told  him  :oT^  lWJ  «"»™r  wtiiuh  n  ood  frlflht.n  Mm,  and 

id  him  not  to  ask  you  to  grant  an  extension  . 

ed  in  fri-Wii/w,  '^'S  +later  Ohoover  went  Haines  and  succeed/? 

Lipp incott 't o'1  ask  £?  f0°  rant  '  T™’  tried  to  Set  P 

d0  so.  s  ait  extensions.  Lippincott  declined  to,.  - 

He  called  on  JTur^nsZT,  %  -tensions. • 

told  him  that  my  orders  must  come  from  you  tr-inns  rt  1  , 

« m  e«.i,  m  to  mo  ,o  ^  s^agarg, 

J-  --AnfofcJ.i  ,j 

newspapers  would  publish  the  answer  and  thereby  injure  his  ventures 
Bush  notifies  me  that  Lippincott  wants'  you  to  grant 
no  further  extensions.  If  you  grant  them,  Bush  states  that  Lip- 
pinoOT.t  will  ask  you  to  hand  him  back  his  bond. 

Bush  states  that  G.  and  T.  did  not  know  that  Lip- 
pineott  has  made  an  affidavit  for  us  and  that  they  do  not  realize 
how  strong  against  them  our  case  is. 

In  view  of  the  above,  and  deferring  to  my  letter 
of  yesterday  to  you  on  this  matter,  I  hope  you  will  diroot  my  of¬ 
fice  not  to  grant  any  more  extensions. 

Re  Nickel  Slot  Again. Bush  says  that  Lippincott  will 
consent  to  sell  phonographs*!  th.  a  string  tied  around  them  so  that 
they  cannot  be  used  for  nickel  slot  purposes  or  beyond  th  e  terri¬ 
tory  of  the  local  company.  Ke  says  that  Lippincott  will  also 
adopt  my  plan,  to  force  all  the  local  companies  to  recognise  the 
■'Skh  ib  .i  ti  on  Co.  Bush  says  that  Lippincott  and  Cheever  together  can 
get  all  of  the  local  companies  to  voluntarily  consent  to  having 
phonographs  sold  with  a  restriction. 

The  fight  between  the  N.  A.  P.  Co.  and  th  a  Exhibit  ion 
Co.  ought  to  be  stopped.  All  that  the  Exhibition  Co.  wants  is  to 
prevent  phonographs  from  being  sold  without  restrictions  as  to 
nickel  slot  business.  Both  you  and  Lippincott  are  willing  to  con 
sent  to  this.  Then  why  fight  any  longer? 

Bush  says  that  if  you  or  your  representative,  will 
now  stop  in  and  take  up  the  plan  which  he  and  I  were  at  work  on 
before  the  fight  began,  Lippincott  will  help  you  carry  it  out.  Of 
course  Cheever  will,  for  it  is  just  what  he  wants. 

I  strongly  advise  that  you  and  Mr'.  Insull  immediate 
ly  take  this  matter  up.  Then  turn  the  details  over  to  Bush  andm» 
and  I  am  sure  we  can  save  the  Exhibition  Co.  mid  give  it  a  monopoly 
for  the  whole  United  States.  But  if  you  or  Insull  ant.  -it.  ™,=+  k„ 
done  promptly. 


w i  th  out  r  e v i s i on . 

dictated  Sunday  and  will  be  sent  to 
I  shall  send  a  copy  to  Mr.  Insull. 

id  wi 




yjfrM.’  .^yy^kn.  23.  1891. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

Jurt£'e  x,aoombe  decided  as  I  thought  he  would,  to  con- 
turme  at  least  for  the  present  the  temporary  injunction.  I  think 
that  in  the  end  he  will  continue  it  permanently  so  far  as  Hew 
York  State  is  concerned  at  least. 

Please  note  what  I  have  marked  in  blue  pencil  about 
graphophones.  Db  you  wish  me  to  hasten  the  entry  of  the  order  so 
that  graphophones  my  be  sold  without  delay?  Please  return  the 
annexed  papers. 

Very  truly  yours , 

Thomai  A.  Edison,  Esq. 


Dio  tated. 

'■e.uMY/1-ei-iA  January  22nd,  1891. 

My  dear  Major  Eaton  : 

X  am  just  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  this 


I  saw  Mr.  lippineott  last  evening,  after  his  trip  to 
Orange,  and  understood  him  tp  say  that  Mr.  Edison  was  to  renew  the 
note  until  March  15th.  1891;  and  that  meanwhile  arrangements  as  to 
the  indebtedness  of  The  North  American  Phonograph  Co.  were  to  be 

Ihe  present  note,  as  I  understand  it,  carries  no  stock 
of  The  North  American  Phonograph  Co.  as  collateral. 

If  I  am  correct,  •'the.  collateral  for  that  note,  which  Mr. 
Edison  has  promised  to  renew  until  March  15th.  1891,  is  stock  of 
the  Edison  Phonograph  Co. 

It  will  give  me  great  pleasure  to  call  on  you  tomorrow 
between  12  and  3,  as  suggested. 

I  send  you  herewith  a  copy  of  the  opinion  of  Judge  La- 
combe.  As  at  present  advised  we  shall  at  once  push  for  a  trial 
of  the  case  on  the  merits  and  file  a  Cross-Bill  f0r  relief  in  re¬ 
spect  to  the  exhibits  annexed  to  the  six  party  agreement. 

I  have  not  yet  lost  my  faith  in  toe  Phonograph,  and  if 
you  and  I  can  only  come  together. wi thou t  toe  annoyance  of  Tomlin- 


son,  Gilliland,  Cheever  and  Company,  I  think  prospects  will  bright¬ 
en  very  rapidly. 

(Enclosure. ) 



O  0 

Southern  District  of  Mew  York 

Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition 

Tho  North  American  Phonograph 



!  L  A  COME  E,  Circuit  Juape: , 

-  Tills  motion  mu nt  be  determined  upon  the  papers 
as  they  stand.  It  is  not  disputed  that  the  six-party 
agreement  to  which,  both  dependent  and  complaint  wore  par¬ 
ties  was  in  the  form  se,t  forth  in. the  bill.  :>i ts  fourth, 
clause,  therefore,  contained  an  epreement  on  the  port  of 
the  defendant  to  use  its  best  endeavors  so  far  as  it  could 
lerelly  do  ho  to  induce  its  licensees  to  enter  into  agree¬ 
ments  with  the  complainant  similar  to  tho  one  annexed  to 
such  six-party  arreomont ,  and  which,  did  not  contain  the 
reservations  which  had  been  inserted  in  contracts  made 
■  with  Buch  licensees  before  tho  friendly  offices  of  the  do¬ 
ll  Pendant  had  boen  thus  secured. 

It  is  insisted  that  the  six-party  acreoment  was 
signed  in  such  form  by  a  mistake,  and  defendant  prays,  os 
is  about  to  rray,  be  reformed  in  that  rospoct.  it 

is  , ;  however  , 

i  important  document,  formally 


executed  under  seal,  presumably  with  all  (the  deliberation 
which  attends  the  execution  of  such  instruments ,  and  upon 
this  motion  for  a  preliminary  injunction  it  must  be  held 
as  eoreeotly  expressing  the  intention  of  the  parties,  cor-  j 
tainly  unless  a  perfectly  clear  oase  of  fraud  or  mutual  mis-j 
take  of  fact  were  mode  out. 

The  objections  that  the  complainant  is  not  law- 
fully  organized  as  a  corporation  and  that  for  various  rea¬ 
sons  such  contracts  are  ultra  vires  should  not  avail  to 
defeat  this  motion  under  the  principles  laid  down  in 
Whitney  Arms  do.  v.  Barlow.  63  >1.  Y.  ,  63  and  Railway  Co.  j 
v.  McCarthy,  96  U.  S.,  898,  as  the  defendant  has  received 
under  the  contract  and  still  holds  19,000  shares  of  the  j 

complainant's  stock. 

The  injunction  may  continue  until  further  BCtion  j 
of  the  Court  in  the  terms  Of  the  ad  interim  order  but  with  j 
an  express  reservation  of  the  graphophones.  I 

Jan.  31,  1691.  E.  Henry  Lacombe . 


r  The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York. 

Executive  Office,  16-18  Broad  St. 

'  New  York,  Fobruar 

Referring  to  my  note  of  last  weok,  enclosing  clipping 
from  the  Commercial  Advertiser  as  to  new  uses  for  the  Phonograph, 

I  beg  to  enclose  herein  letter  from  the  Smithsonian  Institution 
giving  the  gist  of  the  experiments  upon  the  monkeys  to  date,  which 
do  not  appear  to  have  been  carried  very  far  or  to  have  been  very 
conclusive;  it  might  be  owing  to  the  fact  that  -•  on o graph  was 


It  was  regarded  as  of  no  importance,  no  record  of  it  was  kept,  nor  lias  any  report 
of  it  been  published  by  the  Institution. 

The;  Phonogham, 

Sl?e  Official  Or?ai>  of  tl?e  pipoijograpl?  <5ompaijies  of  tlpe  Uipited  States. 


Devoted  to  the  Interests  of  the  Phonograph,  and  Kindred  Subjects. 

Room  T27  Pulitzer  Building. 

'y+d, . 

Mr.  A.  0.  Tata, 

Private  Sec.  of  Mr.  Edison, 

/(,:  Edison's  Laboratory, Orange.y."N.  J. 

Dear  Sir : 

Will  you  please  let  mo  know  if  Mr.  Edison  will 
be^back  to-morrow  as  I  am  very  anxious  to  organize  my  stock  company 
at  'once  and "get  his  name  enrolled. 

If  he  does  not  return  to-morrow, will  you  let  me 
know  v/nere  he  is,  so  that  I  can  reach  him  by  letter.  Could  you 
send  me  a  telegraphic  dispatch  in  answer  to  this, and  greatly  oblige 
Yours  very  truly, 


}r  The;  Phonogham, 

r\  5l?e  Official  Orgaij  of  tl?e  pipopoijrapl?  Qompaijies  of  tlpe  dijited  States. 


■*  0^,  Devoted  to  the  Interests  of  the  Phonoorsph,  and  Kindred  Subjects. 

Room  137  Pulitzer  Building. 

"■  rsj.  ~y*4, .  23rd.  ,X„  X 

Mr.  Tiics.  A.  Edison:- 

Edison  General:  Electric.:Co%arii-:-  / 

Schenectady,  M.Y.,  r"  ■  if  ^ 

I  send  you  by  this  mil,  the  February 
n-itor  of  th.  Phonogram  and  trust  m  *U  noto  lt,  evident  improve, 
ment  over  the  first  issue. 

I  hope  especially  that  you  will  agree  rath  me 
in  my  editorial  views  as  to  the  real,  progressive  and  practical 
purpose  of  the  Phonograph  in  economising  labor,  becoming  a  con¬ 
fidential  agent  whenever  personal  secrecy  may  be 

the  future  I  fon 

-  .menever  personal  secrecy  may  be  required  and  in 

every  respect,  supplying  a  human  need.  I  take  this .high  ground 
bo  cause  looking  into  the  it, tore  I  foresee  that  tha  Phonograph 
,vill  soon  cease  to  be  the  to,  of  the  people  who  frequent  saloons 
auct  Oigar  shops  and  for  success  must  depend  on  its  genuine  merit. 

because  I  an,  a  woman,  I  already  realise  that 
I  must  light  ,,  way  aiong  these  adverse  influences,  but  if  I  „  sus¬ 
tained  by  those  who  have  it  heart  .tie  really  great  interests  in¬ 
volved  in  ,„»r  noble  invention,  I  am  sure  of  ultimately  establish¬ 
ing  the  magasine  on  a  foundation  from  which  nothin/*  cen  shake  „ 

The;  Phonogram, 

5l?e  Offieial  Orgai?  of  tlpe  p^oijotjrapl?  Qompapies  of  tl?e  ilijited  States. 


Devoted  to  the  Interests  of  the  Phonooraph,  and  Kindred  Subjects. 

Room  137  Ptilitzer  Building, 

ytsAu-  'ijoAAj . . . . 1  $cj 


iVly  advertising  is  beginning  to  come  in  with  loss  solicitatio 
and  tllue  utterances  of  my  correspondents  are  in  every  way  encoura¬ 

Under  these  circumstances,  may  I  not  in  a  ' 
measure  rely  upon  you  -  you  who  know  what  the  first  years  of  a 
struggle  are  with  success  right  in  front,  yet  just  eluding'  your 
grasp  because  you  did  not  have  the  strength  to  roach  it. 
enterprise  is  yours,  its  inspirations  are  your  own,  its  ambition 
is  that  which  moved  you  years  ago,  and  when  I  write,  endeavoring 
to  disseminate  influences  that  some  day  will  have  their  fruition, 
it  is  with  the  feeling  that  I  but  repeat  what  you  have  thought  ovc 
and  over  again,  and  would  have  me  say  to  the  largest  possible  au- 

You  have  already  indicated  that  you  would  sub¬ 
scribe  to  five  of  the  shares  and  there  is  no  time  when  the  sub-  ' 
scrips ion  will  be  more  welcome  than  now.  Having  to  wait  upon 
the  expiration  of  the  advertising  contracts  and  to  use  money  in 
pushing  the  circulation,  I  am  now  and  shall  bo. short-handed  for 

The;  Phonogram, 

5l?e  Official  Orgai?  of  tye  pipoijograpl?  Qompaipies  of  t|?e  tinted  States. 

Devoted  to  the  Interests  of  the  Phonograph,  and  Kindred  Subjects. 

Room  137  Pulitzer  Building. 


two  or  three  months  to  come,  so  that  I  make  this  frank  appeal  to 
you  fo  forward  me  the  amount  of  your  subscription  as  soon  as  prac¬ 
ticable  and  to  keep  your  helping  influences  around  me  until  the 
Phonograph. is  firmly  established  on  the  high  plane  to  which  it  is 
tending.  ; 

Refolding  to  your  favor  of  the  25th.  inst.,  I 

beg  to  hand  you  herewith  copies  of  the  waivers  which  Mr.  Edison- 
executed  for  royalties  due  him  under  his  contract  with  the  Toy 
Co.,  also  copies  of  similar  contracts  executed  by  the  North  Amer¬ 
ican  Phonograph  Co.,  the  same  being  as  followsi- 

(1)  Thomas  A.  Edison  and  the  Edison  -Phonograph  Toy 
Mfg.  Co.  agreement,  dated  January  31,  1890. 

(2)  Agreement  between  *  ove  parties,  dated  April  30,1890 

(3)  North  American  Phonograph  Co.  and  Edison  Phonograph 
Toy  Mfg.  Co.,  agreement,  dated  January  31,  1890. 

(4)  Agreement  between  same  parties, dated  April  30,  1890. 

Very  truly  yours, 


t*  /f?  -^gs. 

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In  Setting  up  Report  Made  on  the  Phonograph. 

Hr.  Rand,  I  wish  to  show  you  now  the  operation  of 
the  Phonograph  in  connection  with  the  Linotype.  You 
will  certainly  see  that  the  day  of  shorthand  reporting 
is  doomed.  Mr.  Young  can  report  me  at  any  rate  of 
speed  at  which  I  see  proper  to  talk.  I  am  now  speaking 
at  the  rate  of  from  two  hundred  to  two  hundred  and 
twenty-live  words  a  minute,  and  I  am  sure  Mr.  Young 
will  tell  you  that  he  can  take  me  with  greater  facility 
than  ho  could  if  he  were  to  attempt  to  do  It  in  short¬ 
hand.  In  fact,  I  would  defy  him  to  take  me  at  the 
rate  of  speed  at  which  I  am  now  talking,  and  he  is 
known  to  he  one  of  the  most  expert  stenographers  In 
tho  country.  The  object  of  reporting  in  this  way  is  to 
do  away  in  tho  first  instance  with  the  expense  of  re¬ 
porting,  and  then  with  the  delay  in  dictation.  For 
instance,  if  a  lecture  Is  to  take  place  In  the  evening, 
and  a  newspaper  wants  a  report  of  that,  they  will 
simply  have  the  matter  repeated  by  the  operator,  the 
cylinders  sent  to  the  office,  and  the  matter  put  into 
typo  at  once,  or  into  type-bars,  without  the  Interven¬ 
tion  of  copy. 

220  William  Street, 

New  York,  April  13,  1801. 


We  take  pleasure  in  certifying  that  wo  wore  ,  present 
and  saw  the  above  matter  printed  under  the  following 

conditions : 

Mr.  J.  0.  deplume  made  the  above  printed  remarks, 
which  Mr.  C.  P.  Young,  a  prominent  stenographer  of 
this  city,  repeated  into  the  phonograph,  in  a  very  low 
tone  of  voice,  instead  of  reporting  it  in  shorthand.  The 
Linotype  operator  immediately  set  tho  'matter  up  from 
the  cylinder,  while  Mr.  Rand  timed  the  operator.  It  took 
three"  and  one-half  minutes  to  set  up  this  dictation, 
which  consisted  of  567  ems,  the  speed  being  at  the  rate 
of  9,720  ems  per  hour.  There  were  four  corrections  made 
necessitating  tho  re-printing  of  four  lines,  which  occu- 

Norden  Publishing  Company,  j  Norden  Publishing  Company, 

\  RprEN ^(W eeelv)  AND  .. D AG BL A D ET"  ( 

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44-  £e6(  EDISON  BUILDING  ) 

May  7th,  189 1. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,,  . 

Bear  Sir: 

Edison  v  Gilliland.  We  have  been  trying  to  go 
ahead  with  this  case^beginning  by  taking  the  examination  of  Mr. 
Lippincottj  but  Mr.  Bush  serves  us  with  a-' not  ice  that  Mr.  L.  is 
too  ill  to  be  examined  and  that  some  weeks  must  elapse  before  he 

will  be  well  enough. 


A  great  mistake  was  mhde  in  this  case  when  we  put 

/  • 

it  off  last  year  to  oblige  the  business  people. 

Very /  tiuly  yours,  ^ 


The:  Phonogram, 

fte  Official  Organ  of  the  Phonograph  Conipaiiies  of  the  tfnited  states. 


Koom.87,  Pulitzer  Building, 

Your  favour  of  tho  21st  ult.,  at  hand  and  contents 

duly  noted.- 

While  X  am  very  much  disappointed  *at  the  result  of  Mr. 
Insull's  determination  in  regard  to  the  advertisement  in  the  Phono¬ 
gram,  yet  I  still  hope  to  be  able  to  convince  him  that  he  may  have  acted 
a  little  hastily  in  his  judgment  of  its  value  as  an  advertising  medium. 

I  confess  that  the  obstacles  in  the  pahhway  of  the  magazine,  have 
been  many  and  severe,  ;yet  1  know  that  in  the  near  future  I  shall  have  be¬ 
hind  me  as  backers,  a  majority  of  the  phonograph  companies,  and  with 
that  backing,  I  shall  be  enabled  to  plant  their  organ  in  every  spot 
whore  progress,  enterprise  and  business  activity  reside,  and  in  doing 
this,  the  journal  will  naturally  fall  into  the  hands  of  wide  awake  people 
to  whom  its  advertising  pages  will  appeal.- 

'I  therefore  feel  sure  that  out  of  its  thousands  of  readers,  many 
will  be  interested  in  the  work  and  progress  of  the  Edison  Gen.  Electric 
CO.-,  and  that  such  men  as  can  afford  to  read  its  pages,  can  also 

afford  to  do  business  with1 this  large  Electrical  Concern  o  f  whom,, 

Mr.  Insull  is  so  fitting  a  representative.' 

The  Phonogram  asks  no  favors,  but  working  in  the  interests  of  32 
great  companies,  its  pages  must  have  some  influence,  and  I  had  expected  l 
that  the  Edison  CO,  recognizing  the  fact,  that  alone  and  unaided,  x  was 
making  a  great  fight  to  plant  this  organ  in  everyhousehold,  I  should  ; 
at  i. least  have  their  support  in  the  shape  of  a  moderate  advertisement  y 
paftichl^rSy  as  the.  interests  of  this  magazine  are  so  closely  identified 
with  those  which  Mr  .-  Edison  has  at  h;art  and  which  are  now  on  the  eve  of 
a  grand  awakening .- 

Thanking  Mr.'  Edison  and  yourself  however,  for  the  kind  interest  you 
have  displayed  in  the  magazine  and  trusting  that  in  the  near  future  I 
may  be  enablod  to  overcome  Mr  .•  jCnsull 1  s  prejudices,  I  remain, 

dictated  to 


Very  truly  yours,  . 


®mttul  Jff&ttmtal  T&wctk, 

^xambille,  jfcr. 

CAPITALS  SURPLUS  $250,000°-" 

J.  M.  Nelson,  Prrsi dnt!,.  y/n;  5pi_^?d p h 
H.Bunce,  ViceJ'rtst.  Lon.V.Stephens,y&r£6’r«vi. 

51.  A  Edison  -  Plsq- 

June  27th-  1891. 

$4  40  Q-l  -lXio 



Llewellyn  Park 
Dear  Sir  ; 

,  -h  />urucn  a  Personal  appeal-  I  must  make  it  however 
and  should  you  see  fit  not  Jo  grant  it  wy'.then  in  the  words 
of  a  celebrated  classical  author  " that  settles  it  " 

,,  „  “  {  m.  the  first  Phonograph  customer  in  Missouri 
InrntLfli  from  all  over  the  state  call  on  me  and 

kthZ\  %Z  °n  enthTuslas*  ™  +’he  subject  ask  for  some- 

nhnliS  Edison-  now  I  shall  be  grateful,  will  esteem  it 
ooWiUjent  —  to  make  a  lo  ng~sWory  short  please 
r&,2£tlilLd3r  confining  your  yoive ,  say  any  %Tng~ 
oh-Ey  Tet  m e~plea s e  Mp^fffends \and  'Tiino'r  me  this  much —  1 
largest  size  I  could  procure  through  the 
?' 9 1  odoms  our  walls  -and  now  with  your  voice 

we  will  be  happy-  Very  Truly  ~  ■  « 

New  York,  New  Haven  &  Hartford  Railroad  Company. 

>  ,  f  ,.v ■  <3//??/ 

Now  Haven,  Conn; .June  27;  1Q91. 

Mr.  A.  0.  Tate,, 

Electrician,  Orange,  N.|J. 

Dear  Sir.\- 

May.l  trouble  yon  for  a  moment  with  a  matter  pertaining  to 
my  phonograph.  I  would  not  bother  you  with  this  if  I  had  any  faith 
in  the  ability  of  the  local  company  to  put  me  on  the  right  track. 

For  some  time, my  machine  has  troubled  more  or  less  by 
running  unevenly  at  times.  I  notice  it  more,  when  I  first  start  it  up. 
I  have  been  using  for  a  battery,  4  cells  of  Type  K  E-Lalande.  I  didn't 
know  but  possibly  the  battery  was  too  strong  and  have  taken  off  a  cell 
but  with  no  better  result.  I  have  applied  every  remedy  I  can  think  of, 
but  I  must  say  I  am“stuck”  this  time.  I  have  tried  different  batter¬ 
ies  but  the  trouble  remains.  Have  tried  different  governors,  adjusted 
all  the  brushes,  belts  and  screws,  but  to  no  use-.  Connections  all  seem 
to  be  perfect,  and  I  have  come  to  the  conclusion  that  the  fault  must 
be  in  the  armature  of  motor,  or  in  the  german  silver  shunt. 

Will  you  kindly  tell  me  the  resistance  of  the  shunt,  or  rather,  what 
it  should  be?  X  cannot  understand  why  it  should  run  unevenly  when 
first  started^  up,  and  then  after  running  five  minutes  or  so,  settle 
down  to  even  work;  although,  it  will  very  often  change  suddenly  in 
the  middle  of  a  record. If  you  can  give  me  a  possible  clue,  will  be 
very  much  obliged.  This  is  the  first  fault  I  have  been  unable  to  f 


sij&cey-I  have  had  the  machine 

NewYork,  New  Haven  &  Hartford  RailroadCompany. 

New  Haven,  Conn.,  July  4,  1891. 

Mr.  A.  0.  Tate, 

Electrician,  Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:~ 

Yonrs  received,  in  answer  to  my  inquiries  regarding  my 
phonograph.  Thanks  for  the  information.  I  reversed  the  polarity  of  the 
battery,  and  that  has  seemed  to'  eliminate  the  trouble.  It  is  quite 
a  queer  fact,  that  the  three  batteries  I  have  been  experimenting 
with  to  locate  this  fault,  should  all  happen  to  be  connected  up  the 
same  way.  The  fact  that  I  got  the  same  trouble  with  all  three  batteries 
gave  me  the  impression  that  the  battery  couldn’t  possibly  be  re¬ 
sponsible  for  the  defect.  I  was  not  aware  before,  that  the  condition 
of  a  motor  changed,  electrically,  by  constant  running-  a  battery 

at  a  certain  polarity.  As  I  am  interested  in  any  thing  pertaining  to 


electrical  matters,  I  should  like  very  much  toAgive>jthe  reason  for 
such  a  change,  and  what  the  change  is.  If  this  is  not  troubling  you 
to  much,  I  shall  esteem  it  a  great  favor  to  be  enlightened  upon 
this  subject. 

Thanking  you  again  for  your  kindness,  I  remain. 

The  Phonogram, 

tfhe  Official  Organ  of  the  Phonograph  Companies  of  the  tfnited  (States. 


Devoted  to  the  Interests  of  the  Phonograph,  ano  Kindred  Subjects. 

Noom  87,  Pulitzer  Building, 

- -Ja-l-y-36-th— 

Mr*  A.O.-  Tate- 

Orange,  N.J.- 

Your  favour  with  the  enclosed  letter1' of  Mr.-  Wehle,  is  duly 
received.-  While  I  was  surprised ‘to  receive  th  l  enclosure,  I  must  thank 
you  for  your  very  kind  answer  and  also  add^thkt  this  enables  me  to  give 
you  a  little  insight  into  the  struggles  X  hive  made  and  am  malcing  in  behalf 
of  this  little  magazine?  •  / 

When  I  first  undertook  the  editing  rand  publishing 
of  The  Phonogram,’  it  was  at  the  request  jt  Mr.-  T.R.  Lombard,  with  whom 
I  had  had  some  conversation  pn  the  matter  and  who  seemed  to  tttnk  me  capable 
of  so  doing.-  He  handed  over  to  me  as  a/basis  of  operation,  a  guaran¬ 

tee  of  5000  subscribers  fri 
replied  to  a  circular  lette] 

ing  that  they  desired  such  e 

i  the  different  companies1 each  of  whom  had 
sent  out  by  the  Worth  American  Phono graph^t at- 
•  organ  anL  would  support  it.-  These  answers 

'  in  my  possession. 

When  the  first 

ordered  the  insertion  of  e 

sue  was  about  to  go  1 
•aph  Stating  that  on 

I5th,  the  phonograph  would  be  sol\.» j  Immediately  upon  publishing  1 
issue,  one  half,  if  not  more,  of  the  subscriptions  were  cancelled  t 
companies  and  I  was  left  in  this  plight.- 

I  had  at  this  time,  made  all  my  arrangements  freZ- printing  on  a  basis  of 
5000  subscribers,  most  of  my  advertising  contracts  were  signed  and  many 
private  subscriptions  had  come  in  and  while  I  did  not  see  my  way  clear, 

I  felt  that  I  was  in  honour  bound  to  continue  the  magazine.  This  matter 
puzzled  me  so  much^that  X  appealed  to  an  attorney  who  advised  me  if  possible 
to  continue  publishing  and  by  getting  out  an  interesting  magazine  X  would 
probably  weah  over  the  recalcitrant  companies.' 

Finally  Mr.'  Lombard  seeing  the  financial  condition  of  The  Phonogram, 
wrote  a  circular  letter  to  each  company,  a  copy  of  whidh  I  herewith  enclose, 
This  letter  however,  was  not  sennas  it  was  understood  that  aOonvention  was 
shortly  to  be  called  and  the  matter  taken  up  then*  At  that  convention,  it 
was  decided  that  a  Committee  composed  of  Mr.-  R.T .  Haines,  Mr.  E.D.-  Easton 
and  Mr.'  Anden  of  OhiOjShould  write  to  the  sub-companies  asklngfor  a  guarantee 
fund  to  support  the  magazine  until  it  could  become  self-sustaining.’  I. have 
not  yet  been  advised  of  the  answers  to  that  letter.' 

In  the  meantime  I  becajnet  involved  somewhat  financially  and  asked 
my  creditors  for  an  extension  of  time  wherewith  to  make  payments.-  Most  of  tte 
them  acquiesced  cheerfully?  I  mentioned  to  this  particular  person^that 
Mb,  Edison  was  interested  in  the  paper  and  if  he  would  glance  over  the  ad¬ 
vertising  pages  he  would  see  the  advertisement  of  the  Edison  Lalande 
Battery.  I  also  mentioned,  that  the  circular  letter  had  been  written  to 
the  companies  and  as  soon  as  a  reply  could  reach  me,  I  could  effect 
sonie  amicable  settlement  *  I  see  my  last  statement  has  been  garbled' 
and  made  totally  erroneous  ?  - 

The  Phonogram, 

fae  Official  Organ  of  the  Phonograph  Companies  of  the  tfnited  states. 

Devoted  to  the  Interests  of  the  Phonograph,  and  Kindred  Subjects. 

Hoorn  87,  Pulitzer  Building, 

My  business  career  has  been  so  well  known  in  New  York,  that  it 
is  hardly  necessary  for  me  to  "blow  my  own  trumpet." 

I  feel  however,  that  I  have  a  grievance  against  some  of  the  phonograph 
companies,  for  when  I  undertook  this  paper,  no  one  in  the  whole  range  of 
phonograph  circles  could  be  found  who  would  put  their  hands  in  i.heir 
pookets  and  give  one  cent  towards  promulgating  the  scheme  andyou  are 
probably  aware;how  mismanaged  at  that  time  the  business  was.'  I,  Mr.  Tate, 
have  spent  nine  months  of  untiring  labour  and  all  of  my  own  capital, 
in  this  enterprise  and  I  find  myself  now,  after  having  built  up  the  edifice 
and  when  the  superstructure  is  a  simple  matter,  involved  in  debt,  not 
properly  supported  by  the  companies ,^who  instead  of  having  cause  of  com¬ 
plaint^  testify  their  approbation  of  the  organ, ^  andl  very 'much  .fear ,  under¬ 
mined  by  those  who  are  anxious  'to  get  possession  of  the  fruits  of  my 
hard-earned  labours® 

Pardon  me  for  making  so  lengthy  an  asnwer,  but  I  do  not  believe  that 
Mr.  Edison  or  yourself,  are  aware  of  what  I  have  had  to  contend  with. 

Yet  my  resolution  has  never  wavered,  and  I  am  still  workinginde- 
fatigably  to  continue  this  organ.-  I  am  daily  getting  new  subscriptions 
from  THE  PEOPLE,  toatlly  unsolicited,  and  testimonials  as  to  the 

good  the  Phonogram  is  doing.' 

1  expect  eventually  to  pay  off  every  cent 
‘  C0ntrtic*ed  in  the  name  of  this  magazine,  and 
which  to  do  it?  ! 

of  indebtedness  that  has  been 
nil  I  ask  is  a  lijrtle  time  in  M 

•The  jperson  in  question,  has  caused  me  great  ahnoyance  by 
personal  insults  and  has  resorted  to  this  last,  in  order. to  still  fur¬ 
ther  injure  me.’ 

»t  la  »M1>  neoessnry  for  me  to  Bay,  that  Mr.  Edison's 
■ns»e  has  never  he.n  uaad  In  oonaootlon  ,1th  Eh.  Phonogram  except  to  say 
that  h.  had  agreed  to  tah,  some  stoch  at  the  time  I  intended  to  get  np 
«  stooh  company,  and  this  „s  done  .imply  to  enlist  the  enthusiasm 
or  others.  There  could  have  heen  no  Impropriety  In  this,  a,  his  name  „ould 
have  appeared  on  the  stock-book  of  subscribers.- 

I  have  never  thought  of  selling  the  magazine, 'nor  has  any  one  ever 
proposed  to  buy  it  from  me? 

Very  truly  yours, 


.  •.  Messrs.  Michigan  Phonograph  Co., 

Detroit,  Mich. 

-  ■  Gentlemen:- 

A  few  months  ago  the  "Phonogram"  was  started  for  the 
purpose  of  creating  an  interest  in  the  Phonograph,  and  at  the  same 
time  educating  the  publics  in  its  uses,  giving  infomation  generally 
of  a  kind  likely  to  be  desired  by  the  public,  and  of  benefit  to 
the  Companies.  ,.  7^— 

♦  „  Tbis  msazine  has  now  reached  its  f&irth  issue,  and  up 

in  °r  no  enooura&ement  from  the  local  companies 

m  the  way  of  support,  and  in  fact  has  had  from  some  Companies  a 
certain  degree  of  opposition,  becuase  it  had  the  misfortune  to 
publish  some  views  that  did  not  coincide  with  the  ideas  of  those 
in  control* 

e+  At  the  oonyention  of  the  Companies  last  May  the  matter. 
wftwh*1  Sr:a  pUbll°atl0n  of  this  kind  was  referred  to  the  write/"1//^  • 
the  assurance  that  if  met  with  the  approval  of  the  Companies  ' 

SnossibJe'Jor'hi  tl,eir  support  «-r'The  pressure  of  business  made  it 
Sthei  +Ln  i  t0 ,Elve  any  Personal  attention  to  this  matter 

I'  5  ascertain  if  parties  could  be  found  who  would  be 
i  f,  t0  ™dertake  the  business;  the  result  of  such  investigations 
being  the  establishing  of  the  maganize  above  mentioned. 

It  now  becomes  important  that  substantial  aid  shall  ho 

“ is  to  “ >■» SinSn 

oi  the  writer  that  the  Companies  who  are  reaaly  at  work  in  the 

sich  t£eUaf  ?™tribute  a  sma11  sum  monthly,  say  $15.  each  until 
such  time  as  the  magazine  is  made  self  sustaining;’ 

he  nnr  I*1®  v/rit^r  takes  this  opportunity  of  saying  that  neither 
he  nor  the  Company  he  represents  either  directs  or  controls  this 

local °rtl0n’ • °r  bas,anythine  t0  ^  with  it  more  than  any  of  the 
fn  he  ^maan+®S’  but  believinS  that  its  existence  cannot  fail 
*P*>*iotive  of  good  to  the  general  enterprise,  is  pleased 
to  request  of  you  your  earnest  attention  to  this  suggestion  and 

zsr&s&s;  sr:  n.repiy  to  ibe  ^ 

...Yours  very  truly, 

JAS.  H.  MADDUX,  Proprietor. 


Eden  Musee  American  Co. 

55  West  23D  Street. 

New  York,  July  28th,  1891. 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J, 

Dear  Sir:— 

We  are  in  receipt  of  your  letter  addressed  to  our 
president  Mr,  Heilman,  introducing  Mr.  Walter  H.  Miller,  and 
requesting  us  to  obtain  permission  for  a  few  phonographic  records, 
of  our  Hungarian  band.  We  shall  be  pleased  to  let  our  orchestra 
play  in  the  Phonograph  any  morning  if  you  will  be  kind  enough  to 
advise  us  two  days  before  hand  in  order  not  to  interfere  with  our 


Thomas  A.  Mison,  *sq. , 
Orange,  N.  J, 
Dear  Sir:— 

In  ansiror  to  yours  of  the  31st,  ultirai,  we  bog  to  say 
that  we  shall  bo  pleased  to  have  our /Hungarian 'ban*  play  for, the  . 
Phonographic  ree.rds  on  Tu.sday  August  4th, /at  and  request 

™  **  8#n4  Miller  with  the^.e.seary  apparatus. 



Thomas  A.  Edis< 

Ediscn,' E 
Dear  Sin; 


!  .  „X0 , 1891.— 

Refari’ing-to  Mr_  gate's  letter  of  the  4th  inat.  lo 
me  about  the  claim  made  against  you  by  Ladd  &  Sheldon  because  of 
S  a^«e®d  membership  of  the  copartnership  publishing  the  BHOHOi 
GRAM,  the  said  fim  being  creditors  of  that  Journal  for  the^  small 

T™1*  °f  t8T'*  bes  t0  8ay  that  1  have  had  a  Pers°nal  inter- 
vievr  with  Mr.  Ladd,  and  have  obtained  a  statement  from  Mrs. 
and  that  my  conclusion  is  that  although  Mr.  Edisai  paid  $250  ” 

five  shares  of  stock  of  the  corporation  which  it  was  intended 
should  publish  the  said  newspaper,  and  although  the  said  corpora¬ 
tion  was  never  in  point  of  fact  fomed,  and  although  in  some  cases 
copartnership  arises  out  of  circumstances  of  this  kind,  neverthe¬ 
less  I  am  satisfied  that  in  this  particular  matter  there  is  no  co¬ 
partnership,  and  Mr.  Edison  is  not  liable. 

,,,  .  *  have  notlfied  Mr.  Ladd  of  the  said  firm  of  Ladd 

and  Sheldon  to  the  above  effect  • 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Beg., 
Orange ,  N.  J. 


- August  I9th, _ 

Dear  Sir: 

Y«ur  favor  of  the  I8th,  duly  receired  and  I  beg  to  eay 
that  it  has  given  me  great  pleasure  te  have  eur  Orchestra  play  in 
the  Phonograph,  under  Mr.  Miller's  instructions. 

As  some  of  the  records  did  not  tun.  out  to  be  satisfactory,  1 
-hall  also  be  pleased  to  repeat  the  e^erimen*^  if  y.u  wlll  1#t  m. 
know  a  day  or  two  in  advance. 

Tours  very  truly. 


New  York,  N  ew  I  Iaven  &  Hartford  Railroad  Company. 


New  Haven,  Conn.,  September  g,  1891- 

Mr-  A.  0.  Tate, 


Orange,  ft,  j. 

Dear  Sir-: 

As  the  phonographs  have  now  been  plsced  upon  the  market, 
I  am  thinking  seriously  of  purchasing  one.  I  have  heard  rumors 
of  an  improved  machine  being  under  .way,  and  of  course  I  don’t  care 
to  invest  just  yet,  if  there  is  a  prospect  of  obtaining  an  improved 
machine  by  waiting  a  few  months.  If  perfectly  proper,  will  you 
kindly  advise,  and  I  will  esteem  it  a  great  favor. 

¥o"” very 

C.  T.  D. 


joJl,  ,4,  4 

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Re  the  attached  letter  from  John  0.  Hoald,  and  Mr. 
Edison's  note  thereon,  is .  there  any  objection  to 
my.  informing  Mr.  Heald  by  letter  of  what  Mr. 
Edison  las  decided  to  do  in  the  matter?  It 
occurred  to  mo  that  in  view  of  our  relations 
■with  the  N.  J.  Phono.  Co.  you  might  .not  want 
to  have  any  written  record  made  of  this  trans¬ 


Oct.  24,  1891. 

••  7^//  t  'r  Ci.  , 


r  i  v  ^  ^“0- 

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{M$Wod;  iS^S4^.Z5_CII.._  /# 

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i  i  *  i  *YV\^vi  I 



Master  Willie  G.  Kino,  a  little  six-yenr 
old  violinist,  has  been  making  things  lively 
J  of  late  in  and  around  the  city  of  New  York, : 
.  by  his  extraordinary  performances  upon  the 
old  king  of  instruments.  Willie  was  born  at 
1  Lake  Weir,  Florida.  The  New  York  Herald 
thuB  speaks  of  the  gifted  little  fellow: 
“  Willie  G.  King,  the  six-year  old  son  of  Dr. 
T.  M.  King,  is  the  youngest  of  five  children, 
ill  or  ivhnm  - - -  iCR8  expert  with 

I  ordinary  j 

nil  of  whom  arc  mi 

violin.  With~WH . 

genius.  Tlie,  children 
music  at  sight  upc-  4,-~  ■ 

very  proud  of  his  ^  . . .  . . 

he  may  be,  for  it  is  doubtful  if  there  is  such 
another  remarkably  gifted  family  f 
land.  Willie  is  a  robust  little  fellow, 

iMsaei . 


father,  n  well-known  of  Brooklyn,  is 
a  gentleman  of  education  and  experience, 
and  is  very  careful  as  to  the  health  of  his 
children.  I  heard  this  little  musical  phe¬ 
nomenon,  Willie,  play  a  new  violin  coinposi- 1 
tion,  written  in  four  lints,  at  first  sight,  using 
the  first,  second,  third,  fourth,  and  fifth  posi- 1 
tions  upon  the  violin.  Prof.  J.  Jny  Watson 
has  sole  chnrgc  of  the  musical  training  of 
this  remnrkable  family,  and  is  indefatignble 
in  his  attentions  to  his  gifted  charge.”  At.  a 
concert  given  on  the  I46t  inst.  under  the 
auspices  of  the  Young  People’s  Society  of 

managed  to  manipulate  w 

presented  to  Prof.  J..  Jny  Wat6on,  in  Norway 
m  1868.  Willie  was  called  again  and  again 
before  the  delighted  audience,  and  even  after  j 
the  concert  was  nearly  concluded  a  delega¬ 
tion  of  gentlemen  entered  the  church  and 1 
requested  a  repetition  of  the  boy’s  exhibition 
of  genius,  which  was  readily  granted. 

child’s  efforts,  and  he  was  compelled  to  piny 
i  yet  once  more.  Professor  Watson  writes  us 
that  “  Wonderful  Willie  ”  may  be  heard  in 
New  England  !n  the  near  future.  America  ■ 
J"  -apidly  coming  to  the  front  in  the  way  of 

. iicnl .genius,  nnd  perhaps  a  Mozart  or  a ' 

Verdi  is  among  the  musical  features  In  the 
dim  futurc.of  our  great  and  glorious  republic. 

IKew  york,.^. 

.  |  ^  DEC  8  -  1891 

An&u-kr  'y.  >f ,  M 
Your  letter  of  5th.  Inst  just  rec civ 
r  hos ton,  where  he  will  remain  for  a 
sifciiate  the  locality  of  your  agency 
proper  instructions  it  may  perhaps  s 
Lolins  mentioned,  could  be  played  int 

.11  probably  have  a  a 

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Mr.  Thos,  ^r.  Bdi'son, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Ifcar  Mr.  Edison;  «- •  ‘■/T'r; - 18^,^ 

Hearing  a  goo<Fdeal  of  talk  about  a  new  phonograph, 
t  *»p«  you  will  allow  me  to  offer  a  suggestion,  which  will  cover 
«*•  point  of  the  only  serioue  trouble  which  I  have  had  with  the 
IteM graph  in  a  years  usa  0f  it.  This  is  the  matter  of  expansion 
th°  W<lX  oylind®rs  with  «hanges  of  temperature, 
•*/|**“  prob*bly'  be  loss  troublesome  in  a  climate  different 
WllltfMt  VO  have  here.  It  often  happens  that  the  temperature  of 
tool s  down  within  fifteen  minutes  sufficiently  to  make 
#«Mmiy  difficult  to  remove  a  cylinder.  Oylindarm-  Idft  on 
Hlaht  are  almost  invariably  found  cracked  in  the  morning. 
flMtfflNUd  it  do  to  use  a  hard  rubber  barrel  instead  of  brass? 

With  the  compliments  of  the  season,  I  am  as  ever. 

Yours  very  truly, 


?l(t  1 

,.  ^jSB 



.  -^  '^-*LSuG  <5^u-v i*-v-v  ^o^j^v>^-v^a  t^Q^&is/^. 

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sftfc?  o-^w^s. 

1891.  Phonograph  -  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Company 

.  This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
business  of  the  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Co.  Included  are 
documents  concerning  the  company’s  lawsuit  against  the  North  American 
Phonograph  Co.,  the  appointment  of  trustees,  and  a  disagreement  with  the 
Edison  interests  over  the  sale  of  machines  and  the  use  of  appropriate 
nameplates  on  them.  Some  of  the  documents  are  on  thin  tissue  paper  and  are 
illegible  due  to  faded  or  blurred  ink. 

All  the  documents  have  been  filmed  except  for  illegible  items  and 
duplicate  copies  of  selected  items. 



Dear  Mr,  Edison: 

&(/{■&{£///{  EQUITABLE  BUILDING) 

u4,  H'  j  ;  ■ 

y}  7/erA an  a.  1891-. 


I  attended  tjhe  argmfeht JgfeiCjlli^^ud^^WswnBo 
on  the  question  of  making  the  inj u6tff|2fri*i?erman en^hiAbuflwit  hore- 
„°f°r.erari,tGCl  at  the  rsquest  of  the  Exhibition  Cp9an?  asainsti^Ti 
N.A.P.Oo.  Kitohin  and  Tomlinson  appeawed^tw>Mke  Exhibitvoa^d. 
Bush  and  Seward  for  the  N.A.P.Oo.  TM  latter  showed-  Wap  Ives, 
oy  far  the. best  lawyers  and  the  best  speake/"s,e^frt<T'  if  tlYa 
decides  the  case  on  technicai;grounddli\j^®N;A.F.i<V> ' y^~ 

Bush  and  Seward  knocked  tyie  t^gc^^at i  onuor  the^xhilii t ^  01 
its  early  contracts  with  lo^6l  phonogAapWEttpanies  Wi 
hat.  If  Tomlinson  was  the  lefW&i^f  the  ErfhUxWfton  Oo. 
time  (  and  I  believe  he  was)  h#' must  havei-felV^hamed.pJ'-  1 
when  he  heard  his  poor  work  -  “  ~  A' 

The  Exhibits 

est  case,  laying  technicaliti 
broad  view  of  a  case,  and  for  thi 
the  inj  unction  as  regards  New  Yo 

>•<4  and 

**w  tia/iameaiOi- hfrmS'eSf 

rlpp^j^^tlees \Wor«$$&8  Judge. 

country  < 
days . 

i  at  present.  Both 

to  file  briefs  withi^i  ten 

.  ^t  seems  to  me  that  the  strong  point  for  the  Ex—  • 

hibition  Co.  is  that  the  N.A.P.Oo.  bound  itself  in  the  six*ii  part 
•*■**••  agreement  of  last  April,  which  I  drew,  to  use  its  best  en¬ 
deavors  to  induce  the  local  companies  to  make  exclusive  contracts 
for  the  nickel  slot  business,  with  the  Exhibition  Co.  The  N.A.P.Co 
was  paid  a  large  slice  of  stock  for  this  premise.  In  the  face 
of  that  fact,  they  now  wish  to  sell  phonographs  and 

thus  practically  annihilate  the  business  of  the  Exhibition  Co.  It 
seems  to  me  that  the  Court  ought  to  decide,  if  the  decision  is  to 
be  given  regardless  of  technicalities,  that  the  N.A.P.Co.  may  sell 
phonographs,  but  must  not  do  it  in  such  a  way  as  to  injure  ibhe 
Exhibition  Co, 

Bush  stated  trmhis  argument  that  the  agreement 
u e tween  Lippincott  and  the  Graphophone  Bo.  made  when.Lippincott 
bought  the  Grapho'  phone  business,  provides  that  the.f'raph  ophone 

Co •  may  at  any  time  within  five  years  from  the  date  of  said  purchasa¬ 
ble  back  from  Lippinoott  not  only  the  graphophone  patents  but  also 
the  phonograph  patents.  TJHs  was  news  to  me.  Bush  did  not  state 
clearly  what  the  terms  of  this  possible  purchase  were  to  be. 

It  seemed  to- me  an  outrage  that  Tomlinson  should 
appear  in  Court  to  represent  a  Company  in  which  you  are  a  Direc¬ 
tor  and  a  large  stockholder.  Cheever  and  (iott.sohalk  ought  to 
have  regarded  your  wishes  better  than  that.  It  seemed  to  me  a 
gross  outrage. on  you. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Hutomhtic  Phonogrhph  Exhibition  Co. 


Hutomhtic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Co. 

13  PARK  ROW, 


Mr.  A.  0.  Tate, 

Edison  laboratory.  Orange,  N.  J. 
My  dear  Mr.  TateS- 

. January  22nd,  _  1. 

.  ! 

I  beg  to  Inform  you  that  Judge  Laoombe  of 
the  United  States  Oirouit  Court  has  rendered  his  decision  in  our 
ease  against  the  North  American  Phonograph  Company,  making  the 
temporary  injunction  which  we  had  secured  on  December  13th,  per¬ 

We  hope  the  North  American  Phonograph  Company  will  now  find 
it,  in  the  interests  of  all  concerned,  to  arrange  with  our  Com¬ 
pany,  and  come  to  some  understanding,  so  the  Phonograph  interests 
will  not  suffer,  as  we  do  not  wish  to  take  any  advantage  of  the 

situation;  but  only  desire  to  have  our  rights  protected.  We  de¬ 
sire  the  oo -operation  of  Mr.  Edison,  North  American  Phonograph  Com¬ 
pany  and  every  local  Company,  and  will  do  everything  we  reasonably 
oah  to  bring  about  that  result, 

f  wish  you  would  explain  to  Mr,  Edison,  my  position  in  this 
mattery  Hope  you  are  on  a  tfapid  way  to  full  recovery, 
fours  truly, 

{'ft'*/ (EQUITABLE  BUIL[ 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

■yj.iw J^an .  23.  189 1. 


How  won! /i  4*  ,  ,  Re  Auto,natio  Phonograph  Exhibition  Company. 
How  would  it  do  for  you  to  write  this  company,  13  Park  Row  over 
your  own  signature  as  a  Trustee (  which  I  believe  you  r  n  sk 
them  to  give  you  answers  to  the  following  questions? 

are  a*  *  ,How  many  maohines  are  there  now  out,  and  how 

are  they  distributed  as  regards  different  States? 

j.  ,  What  were  the  gross  receipts  for  all  the  machi 

for  November,  and  for  December,  so  far  as  you  know? 

aeiwri  hv  „  How  much  does  the  shafe  of* the  receipts  re- 
ill?  y  mPanf  am0Unt  t0  for  November  and  December?  sever 

months?  y°U  r60ei  V9d  a11  you  a™  en«tled  to  for  those 

for  v our  ,  ,What  was  the  eross  amount  that  you  received 

latest  L+T  Share„ fr°m  the  beginning  of  the  business  down  to  the 
latest,  date,  and  what  disposition  has  been  made  of  the  money? 

salaries  rer+=  .  ^  your  ourrent  monthly  expenses  for 
salaries,  rents,  &c.  ana  how  much  for  each  in  detail? 

.  „  Do  “rou  k0ep'a  regular  set  of  books  and  if  so 

do  you  have  a  regular  monthly  trial  balance?  Please  lend  me 
your. last  trial  balance  for  examination,  to  be  reyurned  to  you  -o 
oat-send  giaua  copy  of  them.  How  much  Treasurery  Stock  has  been  ' 
sold,  to  whom  and  at  what  price? 

Perhaps  it  would  be  well  for  vou  to  <?+«+*  «<, 
an  excuse  that  Mr.  Insull  failed  to  obtain  th's  information  before 

Hoping  you  will  agree  with  me,  I  remain 
Very  t  ruly  yours, 

Orange,  N.  J.,  Jaruary  26th,  1894 < 

Major  r>.  B.  Baton, 

#120  Broadway,  New  York  City. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  enclose  herewith  for  your  information  press  copies 
of  correspondence  received  this  morning  by  Mr.  Edison  from  the 
President  of  the  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Company.  Mr. 
Edison  has  made  an  appointment  to  meet  Mr.  Cottsohalk  at  the  Labora¬ 
tory  on  Wednesday  afternoon  next. 

Yairs  very  truly, 

Private  Secretary. 


TJutomhtic  Phonocrhph  Exhibition  Co. 

13  PARK  ROW, 

(  ©Tew 

Mr.  Thoa.  A*  Edison, 

laboratory,  Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  SirJ- 

,January_,,_ . . yrfp  1 

We  presume  that  you  have  been  informed  that  Judge 
laoombe  has  made  our  temporary  injunction  against  the  North 
American  Phonograph  Company  permanent. 

We  had  hoped  that  Mr.  Insull  would  find  time  to  arrange 
matters  amicably,  but,  as  you  can  see  by  enclosed  copy,  he  has 
been  too  busy  to  give  our  business  any  attention. 

Before  going  any  further  in  negotiations,  we  wish  to  have 
your  personal  views  and  advise,  as  you  are  the  largest  stock¬ 
holder  and  in  the  near  future  the  stock  must  become  of  great 
value}  furthermore,  we  desire  to  take  only  such  aotion  as  we  be¬ 
lieve  will  be  advantageous  to  all  concerned. 

If  you  can  name  an  early  day,  say  Wednesday,  and  oan  spare 
an  hour  for  an  interview  with  me^  I  am  sure  we  could  agree  on 
some  plan  and  then  open  negotiations  through  our  Counsel  Major 
Eaton  or,  some  other  disinterested  party,  looking  towards  early 

k.  ‘  <T>>  -  'rU' 

//"L-f  <<J> 

Yours  truly. 


Samuel  Insull. 

Edison  Building,  Broad  St« 


Kev/  York# 

January  23rd,  1891. 

%  dear  Cheever:- 

I  have  been  so  overrun  with  work  this  week,  that 
I  have  found  it  absolutely  impossible  to  take  up  the  question  of 
the  relations  between  the  Automatic  Company,  the  local  Companies, 
and  the  North  American  Phonograph  Company. 

X  extremely  regret  this,  more  especially,  as  I  know  that 
I  have  concluded  a  negotiation  satisfactory  to  all  parties,  if 
I  had  had  the  time. 

I  am  confident,  however,  that  Major  Eaton  has  put  through 
such  a  negotiation.  He  is  in  hearty  sympathy  with  the  views  of 
the  Automatic  Company,  and  I  would  strongly  urge  that  you  author¬ 
ize  him  to  go  ahead. 

Yours  very  truly, 

0*  A*  Cheever,  Esq., 

13  Park  Row,  N.  Y.  City. 

No*  Eno-« 



Jan,  23rd,  1891. 

Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Co. 

Felix  Gottsohalk,  Esq.,  President. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  beg  to  say  that  I  yesterday  received  a  letter  from 
Mr.  Che  ever  expressing  a  hope  that  Mr.  Insull  and  I  may  at  once 
bring  about  a  satisfactory  adjustment  of  your  matters  with  the 
North  American  Phonograph  Company.  Within  the  last  day  or  two  I 
have  had  a  long  talk  with  Mr.  Trask  as  well  as  with  Mr.  Edison  and 
Mr.  Insull.  The  situation  is  complicated,  and  I  would  like  to 
discuss  the  whole  matter  with  you  in  person.  If  you  can  call  at 
my  office  on  Tuesday  about  noon,  I  shall  be  glad  to  discuss  it,  or 
I  can  call  at  your  office  if  more  agreeable  to  you. 

Very  truly  yours, 

(Signed)  S.  B.  Eaton. 

Kutqmktic  Phonocrhph  Exhibition  Co. 

13  PARK  ROW, 

January . 31st, 

. /cPfl 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir!- 

Your  favor  of  the  24th  referred  to  us  from  Messrs. 
Eaton  &  lev/ is 1  office  yesterday,  and  we  hasten  to  give  the  re¬ 
quired  information. 

In  answer  to  your  inquiries: 

(1)  How  many  machines  have  y/u  now  out,  and  how  are  they 
distributed  as  regards  different  States! 

We  have  744  machines  dis tribute^/ amongst  the  local  Companies  as 


New  York  140  New  Jei  y 

New  England  60  Ohio 

Columbia  136  Xentuc 

Montana  25/Elorid 

all  the  batteries 
Minnesota  Company 
Companies  for  j 
As  near  as  we  c 
worth  of  batter^ 

Old  Dominion  139 
Georgia  21 
Minnesota,  26 
Alabama  36 

maohines  (excepting  Columbia  and 
be  been  purchased  by  the  respective  local 
feount,  and  become  an  asset  of  our  Company, 
feulate  we  own  about  one  half  (  l/2)  of  $3000. 
1  different  kinds* 

(2)  What  ware  the  gross  receipts  for  all  .the  maohines  for 
November  and  for  December,  so  far  as  you  know! 

Gross  amount  collected  by  Sub-Companies  for  November  and  Decem¬ 
ber  $22119.£L4 

T,  A.  E.  (2) 

(3)  How  much  does  the  share  of  the  receipts  received  by 

your  Company  amount  to  for  November  and  December,  sever¬ 
ally,  and  did  you  receive  all. that  you  are  entitled  to 
for  those  months? 

We  received  from  Sub-Companies  as  our  half  of  the  net  profits  for 

the  months  of  November  and  December  as  follows: 

Kentucky  Phonograph  Co. 
Old  Dominion  »  » 

Georgia  "  « 

Florida  «  « 

Minnesota  »  » 

New  Jersey  *  « 

New  York  "  » 

New  England  «  « 

Alabama  "  » 

Ohio  «  » 

Montana  "  « 

Columbia  ”  ■ 

1  month.  188.50 





no  return. 


no  iSaSSts. 


(4),  What  was  the  gross  amount  that. your  received  for  your 
own  share  from  the  beginning  of  the  business  down  to 
the  latest  date,  and  what  disposition  has  been  made-of 
the  money? 

Gross  amount  received  from 

Sub-Companies  to  Jan. 

1st, 91, $9106. 57 

Treasury  Stook  E.  T.  Gilliland, 


a  "  Mrs.  Louis  Glass. 


To  pay  E.  T,  Gilliland, 

"  Robinson  &  Blodgett, 

Trs . 


*  Ohas*  A.  Che  ever, 



This  money  was  disbursed  as 




General  Expense, 


Law  Expense, 


Pay  Roll , 


Printing  &  Stationery, 




Office  Furniture,, 




Machines,  (573) 

:  24131,40  . 


Cash  in  Bank* 

arid  on  hand, 



(5)  What  is  your  ourrent  monthly  expense  fpr  salaries,  rents 
etc.,  and  how  muoh  for  each  in  detail? 

Salary  per  month. 

R.  Keating,  bookkeeper, 
Anna  Gr  oth ,  t,Typ  ewr it  er , 

Anna  Groth,  .  Typewriter,  12*.  » 

A.  W.  Rose  ^  Electrician  &  J  _ 20*  ■ 

„  .  t  Supt .  machines!  $208, 

Rent  per  month.  - E -  v  5Q 

None  of  the  Officers  have  received  salaries  ( 
any  kind  up  to  date. 

ipensation  of 

(6)  Do  you  keep  a  regular  set  of  books,  and  if  so,  do  you 
have  a  regular  monthly  trial  balance?  Please- send  me 
your  last  trial  balance  for  examination,  to  be  returned 
to  you,  or  send  me  a  copy  of  it. 

Yes,  No  monthly  trial  balance  yet,  will  have  one  ending  January. 

(7)  How  much  Treasury  stock  has  been  sold,  to  whom,  ani 
at  what  prioe  ? 

^200  shares  of  Treasury  stock  has  been  sold  at  $25.  i.e. 

Mrs.  Louis  Glass,  100  shares. 

E.  T*  Gilliland,  100  " 

Any  other  information  you  may  wish  on  this  subject  is  at 
your  disposal.  * 

Yours  truly. 

Hutqmhtic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Co. 

13  PARK  ROW, 

•  A*  0*  Tate, 

Orange,  N»  J, 
Dear  Sir»- 

January  3l8t. 

Dictated  to  and  transcribe 
F*  H  O  N  O  C  R  A 

Referring  to  your  fhvor  of  the  S9th  inst,  you  are 
mistaken  as  to  the  mode  of  procedure  in  this  matter,  and  think  the 
corrections  ought  to  be  made  without  delay. 

Mr*  Lippinoott  did  not  turn  over  your  oheok  for  $3500.  to 
our  Company ,  nor  was  this  loan  credited  to  your  account  on  our 

Mr*  Lippinoott  sent  us  a  oheok  of  the  North  American  Phono¬ 
graph  Company  for  $7500.,  and  requested  us  to  oredit  this  amount 
oh  Our  boo,ks  to  Messrs.  Robinson  &  Blodgett  Trustees. 

These  instructions  have  been  followed,  and  we  suggest  that 
you  secure  without  delay  an  order  from  Messrs,  Robinson  &  Blodgett, 
instructing- us  to.  transfer  your  share  of  the  entire  amount,  now 
to  their  credit,  to  your  account.  There  is  all  told  $11250*  to 
their  credit  up  to  date. 

Regarding  form  of  security,  we  think  your  attorney  could 
suggest  some  plan,  by  which  an  acknowledgement  of  these  loans 
could  be  given  in  some  manner,  free  from  the  risk  of  one  of  the 
parties  being  able  to  act  independent  of  the  rest*. 

A  PE  C 

1  iffifiiff/fitA 


Jan.  81  at. _ /M.\ 

Mr.  Felix  Gottsohalk, 

C/o  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Co., 

13  Park  Rot,  New  York, 

Dear  Sir: 

I  have  just  learned  that  my  brother  John  P.  Haines, 
will  not  be  up  from  Lakewood  to-day,  but  will  remain  there  over 

Yours  very  truly, 


•  /I'm/’  .3rd.  .1891. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J., 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  favor  of  Eeb.  2nd.,  with  reference  to  your  loan 
of  $3,500.  to  the  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Company,  per 
Mr.  Lippincott,  is  at  hand,  and  in  reply,  z  will  say  that  I 
will  give  the  matter  my  immediate  attention. 


New  York  City,  Feb.  9,  1891. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:  ^ 

After  reading  the  enclosed  will  you  kindly  send  it 
to  Mr,  ^ate  with  such  instructions  as  you  may  see  fit  to  give. 
Please  let  Mr.  ^ate  mail  the  letter  asking  the  questions  straight 
to  the  A  .PTCo.,  as  there  is  no  need  of  seidding  it  through  my  of¬ 
fice.  A 

Very  truly  yours, 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq 
Dear  Sir: 


If"''  3^v/>-Zel)?_9.^_ia9X,_  /J 

- - u  the  letter  of  this  Com¬ 
pany  dated  the  31st  ult . ,  containing  answers  to  various  questions 
asked  by  you  relating  to  the  status  and  details  of  their  business, 

I  beg  to  suggest  that  you  now  write  them  another  letter  to  elioit 
further  information  and  that  you  ask  them  the  following  additional 

(X)  How  many  Sub-Companies  have  you  contracts  with, 
and  what  are  the  names  of  these  Companies? 

(2)  In  your  letter  of  the  31st  ult.  you  state  that 
the  gross  receipts  collected  by  (all?)  Sub-Companies  for  Bovember 
and  December  amounted  to  $22,1X1.14.  Will  you  kindly  tell  me  how 
much  this  averaged  per  machine,  computing  on  the  basis  that  all 
machines  Werasinfuse  for  the  entire  period  of  the  two  months. 

$3)  In  your  leter  of  the  31st  ult.  you  stated  that 
the  gross  receipts  were  $22,1X9.14,  will  you  kindly  tell  me  how  the 
receipts  were  apportionaed  among  the  various  Sub-Companies,  mention¬ 
ing  each  Company  and  the  amount  of  its  receipts;  also  as  regards 
each  Sub-Company,  how  much  the  expenses  were  which  were  to  be  ded¬ 
ucted  from  the  gross  receipts  and  how  much  was  the  net  amount  for 
said  two  months  received  by  each  Sub-Company? 

_  .  Referring  again  to  the  aforesaid  gross  receipts 

of  §22,119.14  you  stated  that  out  of  that  amount  you  received  only 
§3,909.57.  It  thus  appears  that  you  received  only  about  18  %  of 
the  gross  receipts.  Please  tell  me  whether  that  is  all  you  are 
entitled  to  receive? 

(5)  How  many  shares  of  the  Trustee  Stock  held  by  Mr. 
Gottschalk  has  been  sold,  to  whom,  at  what  price,  and  how  many 
shares  does  he  still  hold? 

(6)  Please  state  in  full  detail  what  the  indebted¬ 
ness  of  the  Company  was  in  January  1891.  Please' also  state  whether 

you  have  given  any  Promissory  Motes,  and  if  so  to  whom 

?hesrto+What  amounts>  and  when  payable,  and  state  v,he?her  any  f 
these  notes  are  endorsed  or  secured  in  any  way.  TOetner  *** 

ter  of  the  Sls+^t  to,your  answer  <4)  *n  your  said  let 

Trustees,  and  Mr.  Chester.  ’  SrS  Robinson  a»d  Blodget, 

OoTany,  „!«,  bf.aoh 

*”n“l  mat1^ 

& “  r~°,r' ln 
machines'1  5rom  t,  ^ I!®1'  y°U  StatS  that  you  have  distributed  744 
Sate  not'been  naS  fot  T**™  tav8  put  out  171  machines  which 
count  Of  +1  F  d  Has  any  payment  at  all  been  made  on  ac- 

entitelv?  machines,  and  have  the  other  been  paid  for 

you  and  have  .1,  <  8  ^ny  patent  suits  been  commenced  against 

you,  and  have  you  received  any  notices  from  owners  of  oat»t« 

asXTvsrr.  2^ss'«u« 


and  exactly  what  amount  as  regards  each  certificate. 

does  Mr  rof+aJ1^  A?  r®sards  the  above  mentioned  Trustee  Stock, 
does  Mr.  Gottschalk  claim  the  right  to  vote  on  it,  and  has  he  vev. 

voted  on  it? 

Upon  receiving  answers  to  the  above  questions, 
please  send  me  a  copy  v/ithout  delay,  and  oblige, 


'•*'*  «***'  'mm-  yon  etntraets  with,  and 

-r-isi  arc  th»  s**®**  *r  t&N*  Ssw&assi®#* 

iwl)«tart{s  »*.«*  1%  fee-Sawpa ii*a,  *w«ri«g  si  State*,  vi*i  Hew 

*"**•  •***  Um  !*r say.  Old  Dominion,  Gol- 

®»i0*  Kentucky,  Horida,  Minnesota,  Montana, 

JPnwio(7m?h  Coaapatsios.  Ii«  York  and  Metro- 

•■jaMtart  v?»W4»e  ean*oU6at«d  loaves  really  IS  oontraets. 

m  **  /aw  lotted  raT  31st  Ult.  you  atate  r-f  t  tho  sra»a  ro- 
sal?  rotod  by  (alls)  Sab-Oongianlaa  for  Coveccber  and 
MKMMM  to  f2au®.l*l,  Will  sou  Kindly  tell  m  hor 
this  «*er*@ed  sen  m china,  doajauUng  on  tha  basin  that 
lVt"  a*?«  in  use  for  tha  entire  period  of  the  a  months 

■W.V*.  i  *m»  *>S'-ta*  Sa^emyaaie*  rat  stating  Jwir  mny  wach- 
***••  •***  4*  *W  «AI»*  were  in  non  vs  use  the  Average 

'****&  *»«e.  fa&eS#  p«r  aesth  «&eh  machine. 

'**£*?  FF1*  30a«  nit,  you  state  that  the  gross  ra- 

****  ki«4^  *•«  »*  ho*  the  re- 

,***”«  651,8  ****«»  Sub-Companies,  ran- 
g*?***^  &nd  «*  »ww*t  «*f  ita  rtMlpti;  also  as- 
ft8*  *m**h  »*¥«*.*•«  ware  which 

%**.**  T*  ****9i9&  $r»*a  raraipta  and  Iww  much  was 

■  .  «**«  «#>**»«  *or  said  two  months  reoeiwed  isy  arali  Sub-  a«c- 



■  i-D  t*.  ttw  aforesaid  gross  receipts  of 
■:'.y  ? t »t ?  that  oas  of  that  amount  you  re- 
It  thus  appears  that  you  »• 
*vj*  Hyt  of  the  gross  receipt  a.  Please 
her  that  ia  all  you  are  entitled  to  re- 

. ' : ••..;*■>  ant  it  left  to  receive  wore  aa  the  local  Companies 
'fl  --;  v-  hasr-  .double  the  net  coot  price  of  records, 

■?-•■  a-vors^s  are  really  not  chargeable  to  ua, 
**•'  Atfur’ican  Fhcrcrrapa  Oniony  trill  give  u* 

-  -  s.  ;  ..  eat  tar  and  «r.  2d  is  or.  does  not  tale  up  the  • 
£««r!s,  «>si  also  assist  e’.tr  Cos$*ny  In  rearrange 
•*sJ -i-sf!*,  **  are  yuwerlew*  to  cheek  overcharges  ex- 

Siv?  iwirc'  *sar*«  of  tlw  Trustee  -  Steak  held  by  Mr.  Qotta- 
■■■'rr&'u 6*«  bees.  sold,  to  *h«»*  at  eftet  prise»  and  how 

.•vsnwshyt,  a'KKres  does  he  *tiU  boM* 

■■itoiis  hold  ftp  Ur.  Sotts^rsfclk  mm*  time  since,  only 

C*#d  ofi 

<c  ati  ••  ; 

■•illiiws*.  art.  |SsS* 

=;  :<  ?!**&»  atsbe  £a  fall  .detail  vh*i 
*  ia  y«&o»ryj,.  i~8i» 

i  say  yrossiaaottf  aotea,  Mid  If  *e» 
-■•■(  „  «,r  <?Uaf  ite-gKMf  .eta*  aiwsawt**  eba«t  fag* 
a««a£t  «*»*»  m?  al  **»:»»  z*t«s  *rv  endowed. 

~  «=■'«■!»- e?,x.  -ms;  .  . 

fepr-nis  ^-.noBn  tha  tettabfftmwi-  «'<>»  fwr 

•  >'»i *  '  .-av..  *  ivt-r. 

gtinf  answer  yfcw  aS&d 


writ's:  'i  •  ii  jrfcn.;  fi 

vis>  i^DMt  *tc 

Isir.  t>i*  last  iUr«*  it*®*, 
^s-asrs*  (?&!,< ru»oj;  . 

"  ':rusto«,  :;p.  miilanrt 

••'••  our  Tr#a*«u*y  *r.y 

•  *.c  ‘’iaii*  account* 

^  “La-g  or  tha  Coca- 
.=  .  spt«q  Asia  a  «cj>y  of  all 
w,  adoption.  ?laaac 

'  Coewrtary  of  th«  Oon- 

Si’  OS'  f.'t  -Lay*  «£>  .. 

1  ate**  option.  j  ..  r 

««*?■  «rw.  t&eroforo  asrro'-  -; 
»•**«■»  iswwa  sre  jwaaa*s»  ou»* 

ft*4«  So  ocior.&aeRta 
•*»;**  w%  iiev*  no 
*■•■•  -’.is  ties  except- 
-sideut'e  aertifloa- 

;rfc«4i  a«ba  a  eopr  of  *:■*  Kinut*e  of  the  *»oent 
;!•!*»  sWotisjg,  Atytifiod  to  j»y  &»  S®ep8*a*y. 

•*  »*  lisft  af  *h*  stoekhoMera  of  tiw* 

It*  Ah*  **4*b«e  -Adf-  O'awste  a*Xd  by  ***h,  as 
■  *s*  *r  «sa  soo^eKy  *t  th«  «&■»  of  tt» 

&»**£*£«  SJwllyc  ftwt  mi*  *erti«ed  by 

<H  PJf  ». 

■  .«iip  m  mm' m **»  so*  *****  mat 

"■■■  mmGm**  t  w&amm  4*  parmn*  S# 

start*  41*- 

-  *rwassfc»  fit**,  miar  it  «siwe*»  y*«  hat 

■  ■*&%&!&■  &**b  ,*»%:  .fcs^fe-ifasia-  .§&*<»' 

T*  "  "  *»-l  &&«*  ***<&*  aw  of  afe^e 

...  w.-  taMOB  ?«&<$' 

•“>  -  A*3**  *taESS£i*o.  3tS3ft&0&« 


Re^peotfully  yours, 

i  ft  SRM.  1831. 

fSionegraph  Bxnibitioti  Ccf^cnj- . 

PWi*  «**.,  Pmtidont../  -  •••:>■  v.; 

Sd  *"»xrh«r-  patent .  yew  cat  cosed  t**or  aT  xestai— 
eilKMMI  Insure*.  *  -  -Ttattw'JoarC  SST-fti— Sfl 

^a^^^***<w**1' -*±*®  *»***»**•.  *  - 4tS«fe^MW%  *  t^T  yn,.n. 

^  -  H**?***-  .«»***  «ao»!»ti«  n»chiua  patents,  X  oo«ft«r« -da-oake 

.%>**rW**H«s*  4**i*a<:**K  Kaa.  of  fto^anyjhW-  — m 

'■*?*»* 5«  is  r-.fl*/d*  wsiapeartaa*  details.  Bo  a»*»  therefore 

let  m*  -to*  ririrt'lwMii  :~  i 

--i  ^sfsrlf  .»*?  t-Ha*  foa  Ball  cn*  *nwS(»  of  the  local  Oowpenle* 
&■&&&!&$  &$*&■  £*$.****  opw^'vtw  ^oirnittfesaoue**  ml  tikt  if 
"’*-**F»*  ■*»?  flotlo*  rale tin-  Ye  lha  patent*  referred  to  or  to 
S^-'^SEfiSK.*  -  *•***«-»  they  steal*  at  owe  send  the*  to  you 

YOtc-ferWlrte,  srm  *swd«st  *11  alto  at  jrew  expense,  end  pay  all 

-  ..'-T^-rpj"  *■&  9* •  **»  *?****  tai«‘j>*4«jt  looked  into 

*5tfe5*«  l&»irar*,  x  xuascst  that  yea  g»  to  no  expense  of 
*gg.  fox?.-.*?***  *»*r  y*»-j os»»  •«* .«n/ t*wr ter*  *e*  mo# 
5Swtfe  «5t8»fe3K«  r»Sfiins  »r* Bof'wirtii  ependlne  nosh  none? 

5-erf  *f*J?  y  ,{ 

'-.  faasBpoll'yY'.S*  ;«■&«** 

fiPE  c 



■ytci/J  '&C'r/y  Feb.  TPijTaciT  ./^f 

A . 0 . Tata ,  Esq,,  Private  Secretary, 
Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Refer)!  ng  to  your  request  for  Copy  of  Contract  with  the 
trlmth^  5  qnn'Th  1!xhi.bition  C°>  ™d.r  which  Mr.  Edison  received 
copTefof1  tv*o0contracts°fnamely:S+O0l?  *  1  ^ 

April  ifl  TRQn  fh  ♦  B  Inven+'ions  and  Patents,  dated 

April  19,  1890,  between  Thomas  A.  Edison  and  others  and 
Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Co. 

r  codling  stock, 

s  and  Felix  t}ottschalk|  Trustee 


These  two  contracts  when  read  together,  cover  the  agree- 

S  aT",.!'50”  "r-  f!1'0"  *•  S.SOO  of  ItoS  of 

vlr+V'!:  ;  151  cons,icie nation  of  his  giving  the  Company  his  in¬ 

ventions  covering  nickel-in- the-slot  attachments. 

Trusting  the  above  will  be  satisfactory,  I  remain, 

Mr.  Edison,- 

Ploase  read  the  attached  correspondence  from 
Gottschalk.  It. is  very  important  that  you  should  name  a  man  for 
the  seventh  Trustee- immediately ;  otherwise  Gottschalk  is  coing  to 
claim  that  lie  did  all  he  coxild  to  carry  out  your  wishes,  bub  found 
it  impossible  to  do  so,  and  Madden  will  remain  on  the  Board.  How 
would  so  mo  one  from  Spencer  Trask's  office  suit  you  -  say  Blodcett 

or  Skehan? 


AdTeMAfIG  Phqnograph  ExhibiTign  Gg. 

13  PARK  ROW, 

Mr*  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.  J* 
Dear  Sir:- 

Referring  to  your  favor  of  February  11th,  we  now  beg  to 
enolose  you  our  answers  to  the  same,  with  Exhibits,  A*  B.  C.  D* 
and  E.,  whioh  we  hope  will  give  you  all  the  neoessary  information. 

Regarding  the  seventh  Trustee  of  our  Board,  and  referring  to 
the  conversation  that  I  had  with  you  at  the  laboratory,  I  wrote  a 
letter  on  February  12th  (upon  ray  return  to  the  office  after  a 
two  weeks'  absence  on  aocount  of  illness)  to  Mr*  John  P»  Haines 
asking  him  to  serve  as  Trustee,  and  enolose  you  copy  of  the  same 
also  his  answer.  1  then  interviewed  his  brother,  Mr*  R.  T» 

Haines,  as  I  imagined  you  would  have  no  objection  to  his  serving 
on  the  Board,  and  regret  to  say  that  he  also  is, so  occupied,  that 
he  oannot  accept  the  position.  1  now  await  to  hear  from  you  on 
this  subject*  X  have  done  what  X  promised  to  do  in  the  matter* 
Respeotfully  yours. 

*  t;!/"  President* 




flnwwjr  X«i,  W*4. 

WlMt  SUctrio  Oot^any 

**  t*  ftOitiwAa* 


INDEBTEDNESS  January  1st,  1891. 

Gilliland  Electric  Company 
E.  T.  Gilliland, 

Robinson  &  Blodgett,  Trustees. 
Chas.  A.  Cheever, 




_ 4484.82 



*  "'a$  ft*  ‘  v; 

■  MsstasS  SMto  *«»*♦ 

r  '  _ _  AS3B3S8  X.  ...  — , — .»■ 


Tb*  jsaaMi^sl  offleci  of  the  Coop any  shall  be  in  the  ..City. 

*£ there  nay  *•  *l*o  suoh  other  Sreaoh  Ottloee  as  the 
’iMS***1**  *w»e*«»a  ms  eypoiai.  -  - 

•  •■  tmtaut.  Um  . . 

'  bw«i  gating  of  the  stockholders 

•«&»  iHt  Ummkt  of  fmnmrr  at  aaa  *•  tf*  i»  eftflh 

jW -*&’«&***  «*T  "the  Cossyamr  i*  «*r  ’Em*  City*  fa*  the  ****** 
m  far  the  tranwiOtUm  *f  aft?  5wbA»*»  Jfciote 

«*r  **mm  *•*  «*••**«*  •»**  *  i*u«m  • 

tfe»  *f  fmaStt*  a 

*»  w—*  «r  < 


Is  to  SSMBUs*  Of  ths  stook- 

:i8a®****  a#  into  itmmmsk  ««iwtoiy,  KyH  at 

ttl8*r  ^  *»*  ***  *«»  *■*  «»  towtay.  Janmry  astti 

**  1  ******  ******  «  +m*m  tow  haU  for  Tn»t«M  of  *h» 
*"*****  *to  totantM  tow  AO*  aWtod  and  wan,  In  toaordme, 
***%  ttt*  tor  to  «t  m  impootor  ©f  XUetion.  Upon  oounting 
^  toStoft*  th*  feli awing  imtof  wore  found  to  h*re  been  east, 

4»»t-4to  *»«&*  nambar  tout  eaat  in  favor  of  the  following  gtntlo- 

A*  Che  war, 
^Sfcfcs  ttoifctoHMkjMk, 

■teefi  :.U 
9S(cml  -1 tonll-., 

if,  SfttaMTt,  Jr, 

!»**•»  »*•  SmwA, 

■  Jitotf*  *,  jto&toa, 

4?8fc'kN«?  uto*  *torw»a» 

.«r^osi^*^ft  3nwp*«nr  «tor 

ktOf  otoetoti  to  «ot  i 

mmmi  h*  wk  mum* 





Qentlomon: - 

New  York,  February  14th,  1891. 

Referring  to  piroular  letter  No.  53  of  the  North 
American  Phonograph  Company,  and- the  letter  from  Arthur  S.  Fraser 
ft  Co,  enclosed  therein,  referring  to  certain  claims  made  by  the 
Universal  Selling  Machine  Company,  we  heg  to  say,  that  in  case 
you  receive  any  notice  relating  to  these  patents,  or  to  any  other 
infringed  patent,  you  will  kindly  send  such  common  ioation  to  us 
eittwwrt  delay. 

lit  the  meantime,  you  neod  not  give  yourselves  any  uneasinews 
In  this  matter,  and  we  heg  to  state,  that  we  shall  fully  carry  . 
out  that  paragraph  of  opr  agreement  with  your  Company  as  follows 
•The  party  of  the  first  part  ggroes  at  its  own  expense  to  defend 
•the  party  of  the  aeoond  part  against  all  suits  of  infringements 
enr  for  infringement  of  the  poBeseion,  leasing,  use  or  sale  of 

fei*  HU*  Machines  and  to  pay  all  final  judgments  rendered 

Yours  very  truly, 

$  Signed)  Mix  Qottsehalk. 



,  (Copy) 

New  York  February  lsth,  1891* 

Mr,  John  P.  Hainea, 

257  Fifth  Avenue,  N,  Y, 

Dear  Sir:- 

Ab  the  seventh  member  of  the  Board  of  Trustees  of 
our  Company,  your  name  has  been  unanimously  seleoted  by  the  major¬ 
ity  of  the  stockholders,  and  I  ask  if  you  would  be  willing  to 
serve  if  elected.  Mr.  Edison  as  well  as  myself  would  consider 
It  a  personal  favor  if  you  will  agree  to  serve.  We  promise  to 
put  you  to  as  little  inoonvenience  as  possible.  We  have  our 
monthly  meetings  generally  of  about  one  hour  session.  No  other 

Yours  truly, 

(Signed)  Felix  Gottsohalk. 



Not  York  February  14th,  1891. 

Mr.  Felix  Oottsohalk, 

Automatio  Phonograph  Exhibition  Co, 

13  Park  Row,  New  York. 

Dear  Sir;- 

In  reply  to  your  favor  of  yesterday  1  would  state 
that  it  will  be  impossible  for  me  to  aooede  to  your  wishes  in  re¬ 
gard  to  allowing  you  to  propose  my  name  for  eleotion  as  a  member 
of  the  Board  of  Trustees  of  the  Automatio  Phonograph  Exhibition 
Company,  My  time  is  so  completely  occupied  with  my  present  en¬ 
gagements,  that  it  will  be  impossible  for  me  to  add  tojny  duties. 


Yours  very  truly, 

(Signed)  John  p.  Haines. 

V  c  j  The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York. 

Executive  Office,  16-18  Broad  St. 

February  25th,  1891. 

•ky  dear  Mr.  Thtd:  ;  ' 

Your  favor  of  even  date  at  hand,  with  regard  to  ny  serving 
Sector  of  the  Automatic  Phonograph  'Exhibition  Co.  Kindly  say  to 
'if  he -desires  me  to  personally  represent  him  on  this 
jg>gl  eased  to  serve  him  thereiid^^^time  is  so  fully 

i'/L*.  o.y-  tv ■ 



■tf'  f/y.V EDISON  BUILDING) 

\yfccu&c>r/<y_}bi\.y  2nd.  X891 

Dear  Mr#  Edison: 

Possibly  the  enclosed  may  Interest  you.  I  do 
not  propose  that  the  Automatic  Phono.  Ex.  Company  shall  hereafter 
blame  us  for  selling  machines,  without  our  at  least  first  going 
through  the  form  of  trying  to  get  their  consent. 

Kindly  return  after  reading. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

\>L««  '  '?  ^  I-  3  • 

Mew  York  City,  July  8th,' I89x . 

f  <i.'l  >-.o  -  c!  P  &*• 

Exhibition  Company  at  last  notifies' me  today,  that  his  Company  has 
no. objection  to  the  1,000  machines  being  sold  and  to  the  agree¬ 

ment  heretofore  executed  and  now  held  by  me  in  escrow,  going  into 
force.  Thus  this  matter  is  at  last  ended  in  favor  of  selling  the 
machines  with  the  consent  of  all  concerned. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,, 

l  l  i -y  l l 'i/  fa  — 

.1-  ^  L  .  A 

I  '  c  4/  ! 

' f°  0,0  d 

Jocfr-  z>'  ~  "  ° 

QfJL-ctfr  «°  .e,e*  * 

*  f^Z 

(jjcK^JL  5 


>ottr  -  3^-2- 


Jr*£  < 

Tfo-  * 

1891.  Phonograph  -  Edison  Phonograph  Company  (D-91-45) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  pertaining  to  the  business  of  the 
Edison  Phonograph  Co.  Most  of  the  letters  relate  to  taxes  owed  by  the 
company  to  the  State  of  New  Jersey.  There  are  also  letters  about  patent 
applications  and  the  election  of  company  officers.  Among  the  correspondents 
are  Eaton  &  Lewis  and  Dyer  &  Seely,  two  law  firms  that  handled  company 
affairs.  r  3 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed. 

%  i  l\r~«  ®  |J  " 




— Ian*— 12,— 18S1 . 

Edison  Phonograph  Company, 

T.  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  President, 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Re  Now  Jersey  State  Tax.  We  are  in  receipt  of  Mr. 
Tate's  letter  of  January  loth,  enclosing  a  notice  from  the  Attor¬ 
ney  General  of  the  State  of  New  Jersey,  relative  to  the  taxing 
upon  the  Phonograph  Co.  for  1880,  and  giving  notice  of  a  motion 
for  an  injunction  against  the  Company,  for  non-payment  of  the  taxes 
of  1889.  it  will,-  perhaps,  be  useful  to  briefly  state  to  you 
the  condition  of  this  matter,  as  farming  a  basis  of  judgment  for 
future  action.  As  you  will, perhaps, Member,  the  notice  of  tto 
imposition  of  the  1889  tax  was  sent  to  us  for  advice,  and  we  ad¬ 
vised  that  theere  were  only  two  coirsesto  Pursue,  either  to  pay 
the  tax,  which  would  be  subject  to^^fran  the  first  day  of 
July,  at  the  rate  of  one  per  cent,  per  month,  or  to  apply  to  review 
the  action  to  the  State  Board  of  Assessment.  By  our  letter  of 
May  3,  1889,  we  advised  you  that  the  Company  was  probably  liable 
t°  the  t«c  under  all  the  c  ire™  lances  ,'but  that  it  might  be  worth 


while  to  test  the  question,  considering  the  fact  that  there  was  no 
decision  absolutely  imposing  such  liability.  The  main  ground  of 
our  contention  was  that  the  Phonograph  Co.  was  still  a  "Manufactur¬ 
ing  Company"  in  process  of  liquidation.  It  was  determined  to  ap¬ 
ply  to  the  State  Board  of  Assessors  to  review  their  action.  We. 

did  so,  and  on  August  7th,  1889,  argued  the  question  at  Trenton  be- 
docision  * 

fore  the  State  Board  of  Assessors,  :  was  reserved,  it  being 

agreed  that  the  Secretary  of  the  Board  should  notify  us  of  any  de¬ 
cision.  We  have  never  heard  from  him  on  the  subject,  and  did  not 
deem  it  best  to  Btir  the  matter  up, thinking  that  the  State  Board 
might  simply  permit  it  to  go  by  default,  if  not  c  anpelled  to  abso¬ 
lute  action.  On  March  24,  1890,  the  matter  of  the  new  taxes 
for  that  year  was  placed  in  our  hands  for  our  action.  We  again 
arranged  with  the  State  Board  for  a  hearing,  and  the  argument  took 
place  on  Sept.  9,  1890,  before  it  at  Trenton.  We  have  never 
received -any  notice  that  this  matter  has  been  decided,  although 
it  was  again  arranged  in  open  Board  that  the  Secretary  should  noti¬ 
fy  us  of  any  decision. 

The  main  argument  at  the  hearing  on  the  Tax  of  1889  wao 
that  although  this  Company  had  ceased  to  do  business,  yet  it  was  . 
still  a  manufacturing  Company,  and  wao  entitled  to  a  reasonable 
time  for  wind  ing  up.  At  the  -second  hearing,  that  is  upon  the 
tax  of  1890,  this  point  wao  assumed  by  the  Board  in  their  ques- 


tiono  and  otherwise,  to  be  sound.  Their  main  point  at  the  latter 
hearing  was  that  while  a  yoar  might  be  reasonable  time  for  winding 
up,  two  years  was  not  so,  and,  therefore ,  the  argument  as  to  rea¬ 
sonable  time  for  winding  up,  would  not  apply  to  the  tax  of  1890. 

We  also  made  the  point,  that,  as  the  Company's  capital  was  invested 
in  United  States  patents,  it  was  not  taxable.  But  this  point  is 
of  little  value  under  the  New  Jersey  decisions. 

The  Attorney  General's  motion  is  noticed  for  Jan.  27, 
1891,  before  the  Chancellor  at  Trenton.  We  will  write  to  him 

and  also  to  the  State  Board  of  Assessors,  asking  if  a  mistake  has 
not  been  made  and  whether  or  not  the  tax  which  ho  meant  to  col¬ 
lect  was  that  of  1890.  If  the  answer  i o  unf aver  able ,  we  can 
still  fight  the  claim  for  the  tax  of  1889  by  certiorari  or  other 
equivalent  proceedings.  We  do  not  think  that  the  chances  of  suc¬ 
cess  are  great,  but  it  isperhaps  worth  trying.  Our  application 
to  the  State  Board  of  Assessors  has  not  prejudiced  our  case  in  the 
least  in  that  regard. 

As  to  the  tax  of  1890,  we  think  that  will  have  to  be 
paid.  The  main  point  —  that  of  giving  a  manufacturing. canpany 
time  to  wind  up  --  would  have  much  less  application  to  the  taxof  ' 
1890  than  to  the  tax  of  1889. 

We  will  advise  you  of  what  the  State  Board  of  Assessors 


and  Attorney  General  say  regarding  the  intention  of  their  notice; 

It  io  worth  while  to  note  that  this  motion  ie  e imply  one 
for  an  injunction  -to  reetrain  the  Edioon  Phonograph  Company,  its 
officers  and  agents,  from  the  exercise  of  any  franchise  of  said  cor 
poration  or  the  transaction  of  any  business-*.  it  might  be  pos¬ 
sible  to  assign  the  patents,  if  you  desired  it,  to  a  Trustee  with 
the  power  to  c«™ey.^  The  Phonograph  Co.  would  still  exist  as  a 
corporation^ hough  incapable  of  any  action  if  such  an  injunc¬ 
tion  were  granted.  We  presume,  however,  that  a  suit  for  the  tax  ' 
would  follow  if  the  injunction  should  issue. 

Very  truly  yours, 


near  Mr.  Tata:  ^  °ity’  5*  I89*‘  ' 

sent  $5,000  in  its  S^^L^t  tTl?*  E^,0°*  has  at  pre" 
tax,  about  $2,500,  in  the  next  L,«  We  have  t0  pay  the 

the  Treasurer  of  the  said  Companv.  Ii ’itVfLr+i  t^ie.^oney  froln 
ha-s  cash  in  its  Treasury?  IS  it  4  fact  that  the  E.P.Co. 

Please  excuse  printed  signature 
Very  truly  yours,. 


Edison  12aboratory. 

Edison  Laboratory. 

&  pc* 

■  vV 

* . '  1 _ 


'i  V  L,  l 

r>>  *  ^  L 

equitable  BUILDING) 

'■■-i  ■■  - i^Ske/i’  L  l^eb.  13,  189 1. 

Edison  Laboratory,  Orange,  N.J. 
Dear  Sir: 

£  ,  < . 

■L’  .  / 

Your  favor  of  the  10th  inst,.  in  regard  to  the 
officers  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Company  was  duly  received.  I 
have  examined  the  Minutes  with  the /view  of  answering  the  question* 
contained  in  your  letter,  and  find  the  following  to  be  the 
faots:  / 

At  the  annual'  meeting  of  this  company  held 
July  1st,  1889,  (which  is  the /Last  recorded  annual  meeting  in  the 
minutes)  the  following  persons  were  elected  Directors:  samuel 
Insull,  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Charles  Batchelor,  Alfred  0.  Tate  and 
John  F.  Randolph. 

held  August  I6,/I889 

special  meeting  of  such  Directors, 
ficers  were  elected  as  follows: 

President:  -  Samuel  Insull. 

....  ,  /  Secretary  and  Treasurer:  John  K.-Ranclolnh-. 

Mr.  Edison  a^.d  Mr.  /ate  Fere  in  Burope~at"  thii~time. 

, ,  I .  /  There  is  only  one  meeting  recorded  in 

the  minutes  Sine/  that  time,  namely,  on  Feb.  8,  1890.  In  the 
minutes  of  this/neeting  of  Feb.  8,  1890,  it  is  stated  "The  Presi¬ 
dent,  Mr.  Edis-rfn  was  in  the  Chair". 

.  There  has  not  been  any  formal  change  of 

officers  since  the  election  of  Mr.  Insull  as  President  and  Mr. 
nandolph  as  Secretary  and  Treasurer  on  August  16,  1889,  unless 
there  was  a  special  meeting  held  between  that  date  and  FeB.  8,1890, 
the  minutes  of  which  were  not  recorded. .  If  this  is  so,  the  min¬ 
utes  should  be  corrected. 

If  there  has  been 

ting,  of  which  the 

Edison  Phonograph  Company, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  President, 
Orange,  N.  J., 

(2c^LA-  <£3*-'-v  °^p( 

4P  L~*~  -~~s>-e.ol  ^ 

'^~<J^&  ^“Wx_  «iL 4ffL**ns*J2  ,  v 

^  /Wr6?' 

‘S-c?  , 

10^  ,^>  ¥tr^-' 
£«-<£v  i) 

A. 0. Tate,  Esq., 

Orange,  Mew  Jersey. 

Bear  Sir: 

Re  Taxation  of  Edison  Phonograph  Co.  Herewith  I 
beg  to  hand  you  for  your  files  the  following  papers  relating  to 
the  namely: 

I.  A  copy  of  the  testimony  of  Mr.  £ate  taken  beforo 
the  Commissioner,  October  I3th,  1890. 

3.  A  copy  of  the  affidavit  of  John  I\  Randolph, 
prepared  by  Mr.  Parker  for  use  on  the  application  of  the  Edison 
Phonograph  Company  for  a  Writ  of  Certiorari. 

3.  A  copy  of  the  Answer  which  was  verified  by  Mr. 
John  P.  Randolph  in  the  same  proceedings,  but  which  has  not  been 

Kindly  acknowledge  receip 


uly  yi 


Edison  ^Phonograph  Cq., 
Orange,  N,  J. 

Gentlanenf  rr 

We  enclose  herewith  U,  S?  Pat  onto  Nos.  448,780  and 
448, '7, 81,  issued  March  24th  upqn  Mr.  Edisqn's  cases  Nos. ‘,784  and 
794,  respectively, 

Kindly  acknowledge  receipt. 






April  24.  IS9T. 

Edison  Phonograph  Company, 

A. 0. Tate,  Esq.,  Secretary. 

Dear  Sir: 


.  t  Referring  toyour  valued  favor  of  the  I4th  inst.,  en¬ 

closing  my  letter  of  February  13 th  to  you,  which  I  return  herewith, 
please  find  enclosed  a  form  of  resolution  which  I  have  drawn  for 
the  purpose  of  confirming  the  acts  performed  by  you  and  Mr.  Edison 
under  the  erroneous  but  honest  supposition  that  you  were  officers 
of  the  Company. 

Enclosed  resolution  should  be  adopted  at  a  meeting 
of  the  Board  of  Directors  of. the  Company  and  recroded  verbatim  in 
the  minutes.  The  Book  of  Minutes  is  to  my  possession,  so  if  you 
will  kindly  send  me  the  resolution tfchen  adopted,  together  with  the 
Minutes  of  the  Meeting  adopting  it,  I  shall  see  that  they  are 
copied  into  the  said  book. 

Hoping  ; 

L  find  the  above  satisfactory,  I  re- 

Very  truly  yours , 


.  ,  .  aeierring  to  your  favor  of  the  21st.  inst.  in 

Savd  of  A«pi«n!.PaP°rK  re°eived  from  the  M-J. Department  State  . 
-ask  that  you  will  kincu/have  a  lfthe  blanks"8  f  il  lefup ,  ^/the ‘l 
P'','!a,,u  1>r  »» 

1  *  . ,  .  Wil1  you  kincUy  do  this  and  return  the  same  in  us 

by  next  mail  if  possible.  Please  address  your  letters  aftev. 
th>.  to  ,,,  M  a  B».d  Mr..,  a,  „  shall  remove  there  t„o“ro,. 

Very  tiuly  yours, 

Eaton  &  Lewis  p  A.G.N, 

€  P  (--<3>-o  . 






44  (l\i\§ow  BUILDING  J 


A.O,  Tate,  Esq,, 

Orange,  New  Jersey, 

Dear  Sir: 

Your  favor  of  the  15th,  inst,,  with  the  Resolution  passed 
by  the  Edison  Phonograph  Company,  together  with  information  as  to 
the  date  of  their  meeting,  was  duly  received,  I  will  have  these 
minutes  written  in  the  proper  book,  in  accordance  with  your  re¬ 

Fhonorfmnh  rotation. 




%#ilr4-£  Zs&r-Zn 


Edison  Phonograph  Oo'rf, 

Orange,  N. 

Gentlemen, - 

.  W«  b8S  t0  advise  you  that  the  final  government  fee 
on  Mr#  Edison's  ease  No.  869  covering  Hie  improved  form  of  feeding 
nut  for  the  phonograph,  i.e.,  a  series  of  soft  metal  plates,  must 
be  paid  at  the  Patent  Office  not  later  than  July  2nd.  TYa  also  beg 
to  advise  you  that  the  final  government  fee  on  case  No.  867,  toy 
phonographs,  must  be  paid  at  the  Patent  Office  on  or  before 
July  10th. 

We  enclose  herewith  tracings  of  the  drawings  in 
these  two  eases  in  order  that  Mr.  Edison  may  understand  just  what 
cases  we  have  reference  to. 

If  you  desire  to  have  these  fees  paid,  kindly  send 
us  a  oheck  for  $40, ^the  amount  of  the  fees. 

Yours  truly. 



New  York . 

_  6,  1891. 

A.  0.  Tat  Si  Eb  q.  t 

Orange,  N.  J, 

Dear  Sirj- 

Wo  beg  to  aoknowled 
in  at  enclosing  cheek  to  our 
to  tho  credit  of  the  Phonogra 
for  the  same.  ^  ^ 

Yours  tiuly. 

your  favor  of  thB  6t*> 
which  we  Jieir  a  placed 
Please  accept  OUr  that** 

fjU 011,- 


V  OFFICES,  .r.oi.LTY,  , 

Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Gentlemen,  • 


OCT  1-1801 



18 <?/ 

We  send  you  herewith  Letters  Patent  No.  460,123' is¬ 
sued  September  29th,  1891,  upon  Mr.  Edison's  improvement  in  phono¬ 
gram  blank  carriers,  case  899.  Kindly  acknowledge  receipt. 

Yours  truly, 

\  /  (p  b'I'-'l 



November  21,  1891y 

Edison  Phonograph  Company, 

Orange,  N.  J, 


NOV  2  3  1891 

Gentlemen:-  Ms>d_ _ m 

We  beg  to  advise  you  that  Mr.  Edison's  application  No. 
847  has  been  allowed  by  the  Patent  Office;  also  the  application  of 
Mr.  Ott  on  Coin  Controlled  Phonographs.  We  enclose  herewith 

copies  of  the  drawings  so  that  y ou  may  readily  understand  what 

1891.  Phonograph  -  Edison  Phonograph  Works  -  General  (D-91-46) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to 
the  business  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works.  Many  of  the  letters  are  from 
Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  Edison’s  attorney,  and  relate  to  various  legal  matters. 
Included  are  letters  about  the  transfer  of  property  to  the  township  of  West 
Orange  and  the  company’s  lawsuits  against  the  Edison  Phonograph  Toy 
Manufacturing  Co.  and  the  North  American  Phonograph  Co. 

Approximately  40  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  correspondence 
about  foundiy  work  done  by  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works  for  the  Edison 
General  Electric  Co.  and  the  New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania  Concentrating 
Works;  correspondence  regarding  accounts  and  other  routine  matters;  letters 
of  transmittal  and  acknowledgement;  duplicate  copies  of  selected  items. 

Dear  Mr.  Tate 

New  York  City,  Jan.  9th,  1891, 

thlB  ra++ J;  sP°He  to  Mr.  Randolph  at  the  Laboratory  yesterday  about 

timL  -  i,  l  u°ld  him  hat  1  oould  not  find  y°ur  draft  of  rosolu 
t ions,  and  asked  him  to  send  me  a  duplicate  copy.  I  repeat  the 

Stalling!  attaCh  U  t0  ^  annSX9d  l6tter’  t0  avoid  mis— 

and  will  not  meet 

The  Board  did  not  meet  last  Tuesday 
certainly  forseveral  days. 

t  *  1 ,  .  1  dld  ”ot  know  lmtil  yesterday  that  you  had  been  so  ill. 

I  should  have  called  on  you  yesterday,  but  was  kept  At  at  the 

Laboratory  until  after  dark 
getting  better. 

I  am  glad  to  hear  that  you  are 
Very  t  ruly  you 




t. — ^ 


Major  S.  B.  Eaton, 

#120  Broadway, 

New  York  City . 

Dear  Sir:- 

Ref  erring  to  the  Resolution,  draft  of  whioh  I  handed 
to  you  some  time  ago,  and  whidh  was  designed  to  ratify  the  di¬ 
vision  of  Edison  Phono.  Works  stock  issued  to  Mr.  Edison  between 
the  latter  and  the  Mercantile  Trust  Company,  you  will  recollect 
that  in  your  letter  to  me  dated  5th  November  last  you  a3ked  nc  to 
take  pains  to  remember  that  the  resolution  in  question  had  better 
be  passed  at  the  next  meeting  of  the  Board.  There  is  a  special 
meeting  of  the  Directors  to  be  held  to-morrow  (Tuesday  )  at  12 
o'clock  noon  in  Mr.  Insull's  office  at  the  Edison  Building,  New 
York,  and  I  send  you  this  letter  so  that  action  may  be  taken  on 
the  matter  referred  to  herein. 





Major  s.  B,  Eaton, 

#120  Broadway  , 
New  York  City. 

Dear  Sir:- 

In  regard  to  the  draft  of  resolution  which  I  handed 
to  you  some  time  ago,  and  which  you  spoke  to  Mr.  Randolph  about 
yesterday  when  you  were  at  the  Laboratory,  as  explained  in  my 
letter  of  5th  instant,  this  resolution  was  designed  to  ratify  the 
division  of  Phono.  Works  stock  iBsued  to  Mr.  Edison  between  the 
latter  and  the  Mercantile  Trust  Co.  I  have  caused  a  search  to 
be  made  through  our  files  for  a  copy  of  the  resolution,  but  there 
does  not  seem  to  have  been  a  copy  of  it  made,  as  one  cannot  be 

/ (Av''\ 



,/}/cu>  .fyc, 

tyts^O  ? 

Edison  Phonograph  Wortts 

Thomas  a.  Edison,  Eqsq.,  President. 

Dear  sirs  * 

rsa,;r„r™&s  sirrrrr s=  »;■ 

been  extensive.  •  what  a£e  » our  wishes ‘fs^  ,  °UP  Servioes  tav° 

It  seems  to  me  that  we  ought  not  ^  present  a  bill? 

=-■=  r.“H~  -  ~ 

this  regards , 

T  it y+\Wlli  kindly  let  me  know  your  wishes  in 
’  1  sha11  take  Pleasure  in  conforming  to  them. 

Very  truly  yours, 

S z*~  Led-  ”^’v^ 

C^L  0  <=f - 


/2&L%‘fwer.e/u't(y(  EQUITABLE  BUILDING) 

J***"  *'/'??/  ...  «i. 

Edison  Phonograph  Works, 


Thomas  A,  Edison,  Esq.  President, 

In  your  attachment  suit  in  New  Jersey  against 
the  Boston  Toy  Company  in  which  there  is  likely  to  be  a  fight, 
we  have  retained  a  local  lawyer:;  in  New  Jersey  for  the  purpose  of 
convenience  and  accuracy.  His  retaining  fee  is  §100.  Will  you 
kindly  send  us  a  cheque  drawnto  the  order  of  Albert  Watson  for 
$100,  as  retaining  fee,  to  said  lawyer,  and  oblige, 

Very  truly  yours, 


Edison  Phonograph  Works, 
A.  0.  Tate  Esq . , 
Orange,  H.J. 


■yj/cw Jan-  21,  1891;. 

2fW^a  -o 

Re_  Phono.  Works  vs.  Ed.  Phono.  Toy  Mfg,'  Oo. 

It  is  important  that  I  should  have  a  consultation  with 
you  in  reference  to  the  attachment  in  this  case  at  an  early  date. 
I  have  made  an  appointment  on  my  diary  for  Friday  at  S  o’clock 
at  this  office.  If  that  will  be  agreeable  to  you  I  shall  be  glad 
to  see  you  then.  Please  let  me  know  at  once  whether  it  will  be 






«y<}  V 

<&c/Us-o*.-o  ) 

^<z<*^<3£v  i 

^o/4  ye/%0 

‘4’c^4y  'C/Ses- 




'  2  j f  equ  ha 

~~Z%!W  l^y/yJan-.  26  ,  1891. 

Edison  Phonoemph  Works, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,,  President. 

Dear  Sir: 

,„_+  e+  ,,  iV  A  Referring  to  Mr.  Tate’s  letter  of  the  20  th 

inst.,  statins  that  you  would  like  our  bill  for  cash  disbursements 
Pref0r  t0  haVe  bil1  for  services  to  reqt 
t  ory  to  Us.  ^  S  t0  ^  that  this  Wil1  b?  quite  satisfac- 

ments  to  January  I, 
receive  your  cheque 

jsncj.osed  please  find  bill  for  cash  disburse- 
1891, $559. 20  for  which  we  shall  be  glad  to 

Very  truly  yours, 


Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

Orange,  N.  J, 

g^ge,  N.  J.,  February  3rd,  1891. 


I  had  a  conversation  with  Mr.  Edison  yesterday  in 
regard  to  the  12  Phonographs  (new  model  },  and  the  six  ITickel-in- 
the-Slot  machines  which  you  are  building,  six  of  the  former  -for 
the  K.  U.  P.  Co.  and  six  for  the  N.  A.  P.  Co.,  and  the  latter  for 
the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Co.  Mr.  Edison  says  that  if  these 
are  billed  direct  against  the  Companies  named  it  may  cause  Compli¬ 
cation  with  respect  to  our  manufacturing  agreements,  and  he  there¬ 
fore  prefers  to  have  them  billed  against  himself.  You  can  retain 
the  original  orders  which  I  sent  you  and  make  your  bills  out 
against  Mr.  Edison. 

Yours  very  truly, 

(Signed)  A.  0.  TATE, 

Private  Secretary. 

JVK  '■ 

fa  " 

tfc)  %■■  a- 

k  .  .  <  :  «X. 

'-  pp^Ric 

.  fiAiyo  &jU>  cUah^L  ,-/$  @.  k  .  (?  ^' 

fa'I  (XCyLi^i,  djLhv-VU.  . 

fyb  cicJiiMt)  mJo  ^jtnr^C 

drdbbu  sf>  cccAd  c^(A  (a^u>A  /U^  ^AL  <^4j. 

\£ntSL  Cv\A,^U~.  $Kv  §(L*e»^ 

MemaJ  (Qded-cvt'. 

t?r h .  m,  tn.^f 

Mr.  Edison,- 

V/hom  should  we  charge  with  the  phonograph 
which  was  sent  to  Connelly,  N.  J.  &  Pa.  Concentrating  Works, 

Ogden?  r/Kfatf 

.  ^  W'  ,, 

\  -xAV  .  ‘V  ~"N  /  l-rln' 


V.  “T.* 


^  u. 

jlhbVrGL '3 '£/%?/ 

Ol  .  CO,  C/cdb  V  {  U 

OU  CUIa~<^/l/  • 

-/t/t/u  TCooIclj!  sCrj/  (yW-L4*UMCMAO 

CCcLao^  Oo  CMwcrpajUs  kn/£ ^  ZcrvcdicccJ^  ^ 

slzhs^u^,  !T^/  (Pc^oasu^f  ’ 

Mr.  Edison, - 

The  Phonograph  Works  have  just 
the  foil  opine  telegram: 

Judge  Depew  has  granted  stay.  Do  not  allow 
be  removed. 

Eugene  Stevenson,  Newark,  N.  J. 



goods  to 

April  1,  1891, 



ytcu>  jkvT/fs  April  I.  189 

Uiomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  . 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Attacliment  Suit  of  E.P.Wroks  v  E.P.T.M'f'g.  Co. 
Mr.  heyns  is  confined  at  home  with'  a  severe  cold.  Our  Nev'  Jersey 
associate  lawyer  it  turns  out  is  Confined  with  the  -rip,  and  it  " 
wi.l  be  at  least  another  day  bel'o're  we  can  advise  you  Hist,  what 
to  do  in  the  present  emergency.  /  But  you  can  depend  upon  our 
giving  the  matter  the  quickest  possible  atrention.  It  seems  to  me 
that  we  on glit  to  appeal,  but  I  Zlo  not  wish  to  decide  to  do  so  until 
I  have  a  chance  to  confer  with  Any  associates,  Who  are  really  mo-e 
familiar  with  attachment  proceedings  than  I  am.  One  is  ill  at 
59th  Street  and  the  other  is  fll  in  New  .Terse 
some  disadvantage.  j 

l  that  Mr.  : 

1  in  New  Jersey,  so  I  am  working  at 

and  the  matt 
sent  to  him, 
order  that  y 

I  will  add  tha!t  Mr.  Bush  is  in  bed  with  the  grip, 
ra  relating  to  the  statement  against  the  N.A.pToo  . , 
nust  necessarily  be  postponed.  I  mention  this  in 
•.  may  know  what  is  going  on  in  this  regard. 


V  t,  f  l:  H 

Hew  York  City,  April  7tli,  I89p. 

Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  President. 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Attachment  Suit  of  Works  v  Toy  Company. 
We  are  now  waiting  for  Judge  Depua  to  determine  just  what 
sort  of  bond  you  must  give  in  case  wo  apneal  from  his 
decision.  If  the  conditions  of  the  bond  are  not  too 
onerous  I  shall  favor  appeal  for  it  will  tie  the  whole 
thing  up  for  a  year,  including  appeals  to  both  of  the 
higher  Courts,  and  we  may  win  in  the  end.  But  I  want 

to  know  first  whether  the  Judge  will  let  us  sell  the 
goods  if  we  wish  to  pending  appeal,  and  just  what  the 
damages  will  be  if  we  are  finally  beaten  on  the  last  ap¬ 

Inasmuch  as  the  question  presented  in  this 
ease  seems  to  be  an  entirely  new  one,  I  may  ask  you  in 
a  few  days  to  let  mo  take  the  opinion  of  some  How  Jersey 
lawyer  of  ago,  standing  and  experience,  such  a  man,  for 
instance,  as  Ex  Chancellor  Runyon.  Possibly  it  might 
pay  us  to  find  out  what  he  thinks  our  chances  would  bo 
of  appeal.  However,  I  shall  see  you  about  this  in  a  few 

Please  excuse  printed  signature  as  I  am  just 
leaving  for  Syracuse  t.o  see  Judge  Wallace  a  tout  hearing 
the  Filament  Case. 

Very  truly  yours, 
S. B. Eaton. 

APR  10 1891 

Thomas  Butler  Esq., 

Edison  Building, 

Broad  St.,  New  York* 

Dear  Sir:- 

Referring  to  the  Graphophone  tables  v;e  have  on  hand 
we  beg  to  advise  that  there  are  about  175  of  the  tables  with  legs, 
treadles  and  wheels,  which  ought  to  net  us  §2.  each*  In  addition 
to  these  we  have  300  table  parts  not  assembled,  which  ought  to  net 
us  $1.50  each?  we  have  also  parts  for  200  more,  with  the  exception 
of  the  table  tops,  these  parts  are  not  assembled  and  ought  to  met 
us$1.00  each. 


Yours  truly. 

Edison  Phone 


^  /  Z-  Z-n. 




Bear  Mr.  Edison: 

Re  Attachment  Suit  of  E.P.Works  v  Toy  Co.  I  have  been 
to  Jersey  City  and  had  a  long  conference  with  Ex  Chancellor  Runyon 
about  our  taking  an  appeal  in  this  case.  He  will  give  us  a  care¬ 
fully  considered  opinion  by  the  end  of  this  week  and  will  charge 
$100,  for  which  I  shall  ask  you  to  remit  in  due  time. 

Very  truly  yours, 

P.S.I  send  a  duplicate  of  this  note  to  Mr.  Insull, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Thomas  Butler  Esq., 

Edison  Building,  Broad  St.,  New  York. 

Near  Sir:- 

I  have  your  favor  of  the  20th. , with  relation 
to  the  cylinders  which  you  have  received  from  the  New  York  Co. 

I  beg  to  quote  you  below, the  comments  by  Mr.  Ballou, on  your 

"In  reply  to  Mr.  Builer's  letter  about  the  cylinders, would 
say  that  the  fault  must  be  outside  of  the  Works.  The  cylinders 
are  turned, cleaned, inspected  and  wrapped  the  same  day.  We  haye  ' 
about  25  out  of  every  1050  cylinders  which  we  take  a  second  cut 
from; that  is, if  there  are  any  defects  which  are  not  taken  out  when 
they  are  turned  off  the  first  time, a  second  cut  is  taken  to  take 
out  such  defects.  This  cut  is  never  made  below  a  limited  gauge. 

About  one  year  ago  when  they 'were  having  so  much  trouble  with 
the  cylinders, the  second  cuts  amounted  to  about  300  per  day, and 
then  some  would  have  to  have  a  third  and  fourth  cut. 


Yours  very  truly, 

(graph  Works/  f.. 

o&-4&~-  oLl.\L^Uu  7U/U^AJ^ 

$&'vnJL*  WT~<z-'f>p~U'^ci  Co-^JL  a*  ~<M  }VpyJCo 

C^-A _ .--  -fc( 'fcfcjLa 

Dear  Mr.  Tate: 

New  York  City,  April  2a,  I89i. 

oh„n/la  ....  ,  Your  telephone  message  reaches  me  late,  owing  to 
absence.  Whatever  was  attached  is  in  the  eye  of  the  law  i-,  the 

removal  °r  the+ ^  y°U  ftave  ™  ^  consent  Jo  the 

,r“  rsrr z  y°“  *■  *• « 

Please  excuse  printed  signature. 

Very  truly  yours, 

S.B. Eaton  p  A.G.M 

If  the  p ropery  in  question  is  covered  by  the  attachment  you  cannot 
deliver  it  because  it  is  in  the  Sheriff  B-'custody*  The  Boston 
Company  can  legally  take  any  props rty^be longing  to  them  if  it  is 
not  covered  by  the  attachment* 


*/&•-,  nhi. 

44  .(/Uwtrd.^te££j(l  EDISON  BUILDING  ) 

May  18 1 , 189 1 , _ 


Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  President, 

Re  Attachment  Suit  v  Toy.  Co. 
enclosed  the  opinion  of  Ex  Chancellor  Runyon, 
whidi  kindly  return  as  it  is  my  only  copy. 

I  beg  to  hand  you 
dated  the  25th  ult., 

Ke  sustains  the  view  taken  by  Judge  Depue ,  and  ad¬ 
vises  us  not  to  ap  peal.  He  even  goes  so  far  as  to  hold  that  in 
all  cases  where  "substituted  service"  can  be  had  under  the  Statute 
attachment  will  not  lie.  Indeed,  he  says  that  an  attachment  would 
not  be  good  even  though  the  summons  served  on  the  agent  in  New  Jer¬ 
sey  of  a  foreign  corporation,  would  not  entitle  the  owner  of  the 
judgment  to  enforce  it  against  the  said  corporation  in  another 
State.  Thus  foreign  corporations  are  better  off  in  New  Jersey 
than  an  individual  there,  and  the  property  of  the  foreign  corpora¬ 
tion  cannot  be  attached  ijii-.New  Jersey  if  you  are  able  by  "sub¬ 
stituted  service"  to  get  a  judgment  which  though  valid  in  New  Jer¬ 
sey  is  utterly  invalid  and  useless  everywhere  else  and  utterly 
useless  in  New  Jersey  itself  if  the  defendants  property  has  been 
removed.  Tftis  is  an  outrage,  but  Judge  Depue  and  Ex  Chancellor 
Runyon  say  that  it  is  law  in  New  Jersey.  It  is  not  lav/  in  New 

Shall  we  appeal  nevertheless?  No  doubt  the  Supreme 
Court,  the  first  step  in  the  appeal,  would  sustain  Judge  Depue.  The 
case  would  then  go  to  the  highest  Court,  where  we  would  have  a  fight- 
inpr  charm. ° 

If  we  appeal,  the^wwwie  must  give  a  bond  with  a 
surety,  agreeing  to  return  the  goods  in-the  end  if  we  are  beaten- 
with  damages  which  would  probably  b§  six  per  cent,  per  annum  on  " 
the  value  of  the  goods.  The  cost  the  appeal  including  lawyers 
fees  and  everything,  assuming  that  we  were  finally  beaten,  would 
be  perhaps  0500.  I  think  you  already  know  that  any  other  existing 

bona  fide  creditor  of  the  Toy  Co.  can  participate  in  the  fruits 
of  the  attachment  if  he  files  his  claim  before  the  matter  is  final¬ 
ly  ended, 

If  you  wish,  you  can  give  up  the  attachment  and  com¬ 
mence  an  action  by  serving  the  agent  of  the  Toy  Co.,  in  New  Jer¬ 
sey,  Judge  Depue  having  he  Id  that  such  a  service  would  be  good. 
Whether  a  judgment  obtained  in  such  a  suit,  would  be  good  outside 
of  the  State  of  New  Jersey,  is  doubtful.  Probably  the  defendant 
however,  would  come  in  and  contest  the  suit,  in  which  case  the 
judgment  would  be  good  everywhere. 

If  you  are  willing  to  spend  about  $500  and  yourself 
go  on  the  appeal  bond  of  the  Works  without  having  much  of  any  risk 
attachable  to  it,  you  can  appeal  and: tie  the  goods  up  under  the 
present  attachment  until  next  Winter  or  even  later.  Or  we  can 
vacate  the  attachment  and  let  them  take  the  goods.  In  that  case 
w_e  car.  sue  by  serving  their  agent,  but  without  attaching  anything. 

*  Will  you  kindly  think  the  matter  over  and  give  me, 

your  instructions  the  very  first  of  the  week,  as  we  cannot  delay 
the  other  side  much  longer. 



.ykce/Afyew'/ty. _ May.  Xat.  189  x . 

Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  President 

Dear  Sir: 

Fx  ..  J*e  Attachment  Suit  v  Toy.  Co.  The  fee  payable  to 

Ex  Chancellor  Runyon  for  the  opinion  which  he  gave  is  $100.  We 
are  also  making  a  good  many  other  cash''  disbursements  in  this  mat- 
er.  If  agreeable,  will  you  kindly  send  us  a  cheque  for  $250, 
which. we  shall  place  to  the  credit  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works. 



/kcw&w/:' _ May_.4th,i89j . 

Phonograph  Works, 
A. 0. Tate,  Esq., 

I  discussed  with  Mr.  Edison  today  the  question  of 
abandoning  the  attachment  suit  against  the  Toy  Co.,  and  of  looting 
that  Company  take  the  goods  now  under  attachment  if  they  wish  to. 
If  that  be  done,  there  will  still  be  a  charge  for  storage  as  re¬ 
gards  the  goods  in  question.  Mr.  Edison  wants  you  to  make  out 
that  charge  for  storage  touching  the  specific  goods  covered  by 
the  attachment  and  send  it  to  me  at  once. 

Are  there  any  goods  in  your  custody  belonging  to 
the  Toy  Co.  on  which  you  have  done  work  which  has  not  been  fully 
paid  for?  we  are  trying  to  discover  some  point  on  which  we  can 
hold  something,  and  Mr.  Edison  states  that  there  are  goods  other 
than  those  covered  by  the  attachment,  and  that  they  consist  of 
mechanisms  on  which  you  have  done  work  which  has  not  been  paid  for. 
Will  you  kindly  tell  me  whether  this  is  so, and  give  me  a  full  list 
of  such  goods  in  a. general  way.  if  you  have  any  other  goods  be¬ 
longing  t,o  the  Toy  Co.,  please  tell  me  what  they  are  and  whether 
they  represent  any  work  done  by  you. 

In  sending  me  the  above  information  please  state 
as  regards  any  existing  claims  whether  they  belong  to  the  Works 
or  to  Mr.  Edison  or  otherwise,  for  I  must  know  exactly  who  owns  any 
claim  in  question. 

Hoping  to  receive  your  report  without  delay,  I  re- 


MAY  5  1891 


44-  &*veu£c$geeAtwk\ 


[  ^  e„  "A  4th,  1891. 

'  W^i*5  J 


Edison  Phonograph  Works  ,  ^ 

Samuel  Insull,  Esq.,  Treasurer, 

Edison  Building,  44  Broad  Street, 

New  York  City. 

Dear  sir: 

AdvsnoB  Wp+Hm  +  H  !*  °£  E?ison  United  Phonograph  Company  ror 
Advanoe  Estimate  of  Cost.  Replying,  to  your  valued  favor  of  the 
u  *<*’  yli}10^  rea°hed  me  this  morning,  and  referring  to  Secre- 
of  ,h0  30th  ult-  Bm“8d  «“"*<■• 1  »•«  *° 

,  ...  .  ,  U  aPPQai,a  from  Mr.  Morison's  letter  that  his  Com- 

andY+h«+  bin**"g  of  PlaoinB  you  a  large  order  for  machines  &e. 

the  1,  k  PU7T  °f  enablinB  them  to  decide  upon  placing 
temni£fed%  h+£  Wan  fr0m  y°U  the  "08timatsd  actual  cost  as  con¬ 
templated  in  the  agreement  of  March  II,  1890". 

®he  Point  is  whether  they  have  the  right  to  call  on 
yan06.,  °r  an  9Stimate  of  this  kind,' or  whether  they  first 
p  ace  their  order  and  then  remain  in  ignorance  of  the  estimated 
cost  until  they  receive  your  "bill  for  the  estimated  cost"  at  the 

?£  eacb  oalendar  rao»th  as  provided  for  in  the  ninth 
section  of  the  said  agreement* 

Tbe  above  point  is  not  clearly  settled  by  the  con- 

iSS’secI’i^  °^ni°n+viS  that  a  fair  readinG  of  the  second  and 
ninth  sections  shows  that  you  need  not  state  the  estimated  cost 

and^hat^this^01*  ?  th®  miration  of  each  calendar  month, 
h£  0S!  may  be  vari0d  0a°h  month  if  for  any  good  reason 
and  noting  in  good  faith  you  think  the  estimated  cost  should  be 
be^ft!L^«H9  S8£0nd  seotion  Prides  that  the  "actual  cost"  shall 
be  determined  each  year,  and  that  proper  allowancii“Sh!ai  then  be 
made  in  case  it  differs  fromthe  estimated  cost. 

,  .  .  11,11110  my  opinion  is  that  you  are  not  bound  to  state 

in  advanoe  what  the  estimated  actual  cost  is  and  while  the  contract 
provides  for  arbitration  in  the  event  of  any  dispute  as  tb  what 


you  ought  t,o  clo,  nevertheless  I  suggest  that  you, might  comply  with 
Secretai’y  Morison’s  request  so  far  as  to  give  him  the  estimated 
cost  as  closely  as  possible,  but  in  doing  this  you  should  dis¬ 
tinctly  notify  him  that  you  reserve  the  right  to  change  it  from 
month  to  month  when  rendering  bills  as  called  for  by  section  ninth 
of  the  contract.,  if  you  find  it  necessary  to  do  so.  If  you  do 
this,  and  then  make  the  cost  up  with  reasonable  business  judgment 
and  entire  good  faith,  you  will  be  all  right. 

While  on  this  subject  I  shall  state  that  the  con¬ 
tract  provides  that  within  one  month  after  you  give  written  notice 
of  the  particular  type  of  machine  you  have  determined  on,  the 
Company  must  give  its  firm  order  of  ten  machines  per  diem.  The 
contract  also  provides  for  an  inspector,  However,  I  suppose 
these  points  of  the  contract  you  do  not  wish  to  have  discussed 
in  this  opinion  which  relates  only  to  the  question  of  your  giving 
in  advance  the  estimated  actual  cost. 

Hoping  the  above  will  be  satisfactory,  I  remain, 

Very  truly  yours, 

^  :4  « 

44-  BUILDING  ) 

^l(ett/&evy&_ May..  5_th.,_I.8aj . 

Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

A.O  .Tate,  Esq.,  .Secretary, 

Bear  Sir: 


Referring  to  my  letter  of  yesterday  asking  for  a  re¬ 
statement  of  the  different  classes  of  property  now  stored  at  the 
Works  and  belonging  to  the  E.P.T.Mfg.  Go.,  please  let  me  remind 
you  that  one  of  the  most  important  things  I  want  to  know  is  in 
whom  the  title  now  rests.  As  regards  the  various  kinds  of  pro¬ 
perty  you  are  to  report  to  me  on,  has  possession  passed  touching 
each,  and  has  title  passed?  in  no  event  will  there  be  any 
lien  if  title  is  passed.  0?$ 

1  Is  the  Toy  Go.  insolvent,  and  how  strong  an  dffi 
davit  can  you  make  that  it  is?  Has  it  past  due  debts  unpaid 
outside  of  its  debts  to  the  Works  and  to  Mr.  Edison?  if  you 
can  give  me  an  affidavit  which  absolutely  shows  insolvency, 
there  is  one  other  possible  twist  which  we  can  try  against  the  said 
Toy  Co.  in  New  Jersey. 

Will  you  kindly  send  me  a  mem.  of  the  amount  of 
Mr.  Edison's  claim  against  the  Toy  Co.,  with  dates. 

Please  give  the  above  matters  your  very  prompt  atten 
tion  as  Mr.  Edison  is  inclinded  toot  to  appeal  from  the  decision  of 
Judge  Depue  in  the  present  attachment  suit,  and  irSrwe  are  going  to 
dcaajpthing  else,  we  ought  to  decide  before  the  attachment  is  vaca 
ted.  So  please  give  this  the  earliest  possible  attention,  and 

Very  tr-uly  yours. 

New  York  City,  May  5th,  1891. 

EcUson  Phonograph  Works, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  President. 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Attachment  Suit  v  Toy.  Co.  Referring  to  your 
valued  favor  of  yesterday  returning  the  Runyon  opinion,  Judge  Dopue 
held  that  McRovan  was  an  agent  competent  to  be  served  in  behalf  of 
the  Company.  That  same  question  was  submitted  to  Runyon  and  he 
agrees  with  Depue,  although  his  written  opinion  does  not  say  any¬ 
thing  about  it.  On  that  particular  question  of  fact,  1  think  that 
the  higher  Courts  would  also  agree  with  Depue.  But  behind  and 
above  that  question  of  fact  is  the  question  of  law  already  dis- 
cussed  between  us,  and  it  is  on  that  question  that  I  should  hope  to 
win  if  we  appealed  the  case. 

Plea?e  fiive  me  by  return  mail  your  written  instruc¬ 
tions  as  to  whether  we  shall  appeal  so  that  I  may  make  no  mistake. 

I  have  nothing  newato  add  pro  or  con#  Mr*  Stevenson  and  I  tfoth 
feel  that  Depue  and  Runyon  are  both  wrong  on  the  law  point,  though 
probably  right  on  the  question  of  fact.  But  their  two  opinions 
are  entitled  to  more  weight  than  our  two.  Shall  we  appeal,  and 
tie  the  matter  up  for  a  year  at  an  additional  cost  of  perhaps  §500 
and  at  the  trouble  of  your  going  on  the  appeal  bond  of  the  Works? 

Awaiting  your  prompt  reply,  I  remain, 



May  6,  1891. 


Edison  Phonograph  Works,  r 

Thomas  A.Edison,  Esq.,  President. 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Attachment  Suit  v  Toy  Co.  I  beg  to  say  that  Mr 
Insull ,  Mr.  Tate  and  I  have  talked  over  the  question  today  of  ap¬ 
pealing,  and  we  are  all  of  opinion  that  an  appeal  should  be  taken 
because  the  continued  tieing  up  of  the  goods  v/ill  make  it  more 
easy  for  Mr.  Insull  to  negotiate  with  Mr.  Madden.  For  reasons  of 
tactics,  we  think  that  the  appeal  should  be  taken  although  it  may 
cost  a  few  hundred  dollars  and  although  you  may  have  to  go  on  the 
bond  of  the  Works  on  appeal.  Does  this  meet  your  approval  The 
risk  attached  to  the  bond  will  be  but  slight  so  far  as  you  are 
concerned,  and  it  will  also  pay  you  to  take  that  risk  in  view  of 
the  advantage  of  the  continued  tieing  up  of  the  goods  in  con¬ 
sequence  of  the  appeal.  Shall  we  appeal? 

Please  excuse  printed  signature. 

Vo'-y  truly  yours , 

S.B. Eaton  p  A.Cf.M. 

Edison  Building, 

Broad  St.,  Mew  York. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  have  your  letter  of  May  18th.,  calling  attention 
to  defect  in  cylinders,  and  have  referred  the  same  to  Mr.  Ballou. 

Mr.  Ballju  says  that  he  is  unable  to  account  for  this  defect, 
but  says  that^is  possible  that  a  few  of  them  might  have  shrunk 
slightly.  He  says .however,  that  he  will  look  into  it,  and  endeavor 
to  remedy  the  trouble. 

Yours  truly. 

'sCU-ernJ  e^^/t5 

r$&xA/  ®£i/; 

<-'/£^/€£ /cJk<^cc<A^  «<».  _. 

,  ‘^O  jfejz.  *S 

0-W  c*.  c.<z^-oot-^  ttrf?  cf-c</x tfcc^'&ce* 

~'£e'  (&&£o</-&-^<J 

c-r/&<  t~}~6y  &t<°*z*^Zs/ O-C^A/  <Aet£c**>e~/t=Z? 

'<0*1/  A/cCct.ui'  O-^/^co-^t 

/  ' 


C^,-UC.  jer&&- * 

f  *7  *fA< 



•  •  to  the  Board  by  Mr  Edison  giving  an 

:'•  Phonos  .•ay.ks,  Cylinders  etc  also  new  tools*  ^ 

,,r,o  and  o#  taction  of  Mr  SeligmPr  seconded 

allowing  resolution  was  adopted. 

OJ  or  Edison  Phonograph  Works  be  notified  to 
per  memorandum  and  that  a  sum  of  money  aggregating 
the  said  Phonograph  Works  for  same,  which  sum  is 
to  -  ored^ed  in  a  separata  account  and  that  in  the  event  of  the 
Works  furnishing  other  party  or  parties  than  this  Company  with 
said  Tool?,  it  is  suggested  that  the  said  Phonograph  Works  will 
charge  them  their  proper  proportion  of  the  cost  to  this  Company 
for  the  said  Tools  and  that  they  refund  to  this  Company  their porti&r£ 
of  excess  of  payment. 

1‘esolved  t :  :a~ 
mare  the  tools  , 

nsoo.  be  paid 

..  ■ 

y  I  .. 

Samuel  Insull  Esq. (Treasurer, 

Edison  Building,  New  York. 
Dear  Sir:- 

Thoro  were  some  parts  of  the  Cash  Register 
which  1  could  not  see, as  it  was  inconvenient  for  them  to  take  it 
all  apart.  I  thoroughly  examined  all  parts  which  wore  taken  down 
and  understood  the  workings  of  the  whole  machine. 

The  mechanical  construction  of  the  machine, with  the  exception 
of  a  few  details, v/as  of  the  best.  These  points  could  be  easily 

I  consider  it  a  practical  machine  and  one  that  can  be  econom¬ 
ically  manufactured. 


Superintendent . 

Edison  Building,  New  York. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  have  arrived  at  the  point  now, when  we  have 
need  of  another  horse. 

We  shall  be  glad  if  you  will  have  Mr.  Turner  send  us  another 
one  from  Schenectady.  What  we  need  is  a  heavy  horse, such  as  the 
one  we  returned  to  them  several  months  ago, minus  his  kicking  pro¬ 

Yours  truly, 

Edison  Phono grpi£h  Works^ 


Dear  Sirt- 

We  are  out  of  sapphire.  Mr.  Ballou  knows  of  150 
to  200  ounces  of  very  good  material  which  can  be  had  of  1.  Tanne- 
baum  &  Co.,  65  Nassau  St.,  New  York,  at  $3.  per  oz.  Will  you 
authorize  us  to  make  this  purchase? 

phonograph  dictation. 


l:  §>{ 

,A>,  , 

V  ^'Bea^JUlr. 

Insull : 

Mew  York  City,  June  13,  I89j. 

N*'4  ,  §  y°u  anc*  I  ought  to  see  Mr,  Edison  Monday  or  Tue s da v 

j-n.  /?<  whether  or  not  the  Phonograph  Yforks  shall  give  a  bond 

\  V  t0  appeal  the  N,J .Attachment  Suit  against  the  Toy  Co., 

w  \Y  j&P  *he  at  the  Works.  Mr.  Edison  would  have  to  go  on  the 

%.  vf  ’i^ond  asjj’surety  and  possibly  somebody  else  besides.  The  matter 
■lit  \  cannot  well  be  delayed  longer  than  Tuesday  at  the  latest.  When  can 
|A-s  you  go  out? 

vX.’P  Very  truly  y°urs* 

W  S.B. Eaton,  p  A.G.M. 





v  JUN 18 1891- 

Samuel  Xnsull,  Esq.,  . 18 

. . 

Dear  sir: 

Re  Proposed  Suits  by  Edison  Phonograph  Works  and  Mr, 
Edison  aeainst  the  Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Manufacturing  Company. 

Referring  to  the  decision  reached  yesterday  at  our 
conference  with  Mr.  Edison  that  these  suits  should  be  conduced 
at  once,  will  you  kindly  send  me  an  accurate  statement  of  these 
various  claims  in  order  to  fora,  the  bases  of  the  suits.  Please 
make  them  up  without  regard  to  the  existing  attachment  suit  of  the 
Edison  Phonograph  Works  against  the  Toy  Company,  that  is  to  say, 
just  as  if  that  suit  were  not  pending.  We  can  then  subdivide  the 
claim  ourselves  in  my  office  in  such  way  as  circumstances  may  re¬ 
quire  . 


Awaiting  your  early  attention  to  this  matter,  i  re. 

Very  truly  yours, 


■av>h  Company  to  purchase  supplies  for  the  phonograph  fivm  out  aide 
rsono.  'A’hoy,  for  instance,  buy  chip  brushes  an<l  diaphragm  dlaa-. 
a  outside.  It  may  bo  that  a  chip  brush  ia  not  actually  a  part  • 
1  tho  auppli bb  contemplated  in  tho  contract;  but  tlds  certainly 

ujtanco,,  listening  tube  is  am 
;s  which  'no Id  the  ear  leads  : 

n.-rnlote  unless  they  havo  1 
as  it  ion.  Shay  want  no  to 

™3y  the  tubes  without  those  springs ,  and  intend  supply inc  the 

>  case  of  cusnutator  bruuh- 

t’th  American  Phonograph  Company'  }iave  on  hand  a  number 

b-uah  boldore  at  the  Jersey  City  shop. 

1  oho s  ior  these,  no  that  they  tlctnaolves  i 

holders.  'Cl i«  instances  which 
at  moment,  but  it  appears  to  tin 

:a  can  assemble  them  tc 
quoted  are  not  of  very 

imont,  but  it  appears  to  us  that  tho  principle  is  entirely 
md  if  it  in  permitted  to  develop  with  our  approval  and 
co,  it  nay  lead  to  serious  cenaequenoos.  We  would  be  clad 
w-Hd  kindly  define  our  position  v/ith  respect  to  these 

:•  earliest  convenience. 

‘■icon  Phonograph  Company  lave  appliod 
sr  our  contract  wo  should  supply  them 
‘•are  will  hand  you  this  letter  and  va 

n  ion  this  lot  tor  and  will  show  you  models  of 
-mutator  brushes,  and  explain  tho  matter  to  you 

suly,  ]?l)T<;oiI  PKUIIOGRAPH  VVOiEi 

©hades  (©ex  t^nnjth, 


241  ;§outli  f®lfth  direct. 




pi,iiuieiPi,iu..M.y  27th . : . IS9i 

A.O.Tate  Esq.  Secy. 

Edison  Phono.  Eorks 
Dear  Sir 

In  answer  to  your  favor  of  25th  inst.  I 
would  prefer  to  have  your  company  take  entire  charge 
and  design  and  build  the  proposed  machine  complete. 

What  is  desired  is  a  simple, compact  machine  not 
larger  than  the  Nat.  Weighing  Machines  Co's  scales, 
that  can  be  conveniently  placed  in  a  depot  or  store 
and  not  occupy  verymuch  space, the  slot  arrangement 
must  such  as  can  be  operated  oily  by  a  nickel  and  not 
by  a  dummy.  Can  you  furnish  me  with  an  estimate  of 
cost  for  designs  and  patterns  and  approximate  the 
cost  per  machine  when  built. 


^  fi~- <*i»  Ctritct 

.  4t-Jt(Urcs^-e. 

/iL,  7$ t^7  -  — r 

Very  Truly  Yours, 




EUGENE  H. LEWIS  J/"1  <?,  /? 

ffjJiy_3.Q  ,_i  891 . 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Mr.  A’.  0.  Tate,  Secretary, 

Orange,  N.  J, 

Dear  Sir! 

Edison  Phonograph  Works  re  Watchung  Avenue.  I  am  in  re¬ 
ceipt  of  your  flavor  of  the  29th  instant,  in  relation  to  the  above 
matter,  and  enclosing  a  letter  from  the  Town  Authorities  and  a  pro¬ 
posed  deed  for  execution  by  the  Works.  On  looking  over  the  papers 
I  find  that,  to  properly  deal  with  the  matter,  I  shall  have  to  send 
some  one  to  look  over  the  ground.  I  shall  accordingly  send  a  man 
from  this  office  to-morrow  and  will  then  be  in  a  position  to  reply 
fully  to  the  inquiries  of  your  letter. 

1  Very 

•O'  .  4  V  1  \ 

P  ^  ^  L  ’  L  »• 

V  ,  -  --  n  .  •  H* . 

■'  K  ■'  ^  l  {  o  A>  <t 

44-  a* 



Mr 4 Years’ 8  letter  of.  the  31st  ult .  is  received  to¬ 
gether  with  two  large  parcels  of  copies  of  all  bills  rendered  by 
you  against  the  North  American  Phonograph  Company  down  to  May  1st, 
1891.  My  understanding  is  that  you  wish  a  suit  commenced  at  once 
against  the  said  Company  for  the  purpose  of  putting  these  bills 
into  judgment. 

•"ed'ison  b-uiloing,  broad  street 


'  August  8th,  1891. 

Thomas  A. Editor 

1  enclose  herewith  copy  of  a  letter  addressed  to 
the  Phonograph  Works  by  Mr.J.G.Wood,  the  General  Manager  of 
the  Missouri  Phonograph  Company.  Shall  I  refer  this  to  the  "North 
Amerioan  Phonograph  Company,  and  have  you  any  suggestion  to  make 
as  to  "what -  ought  to  be  sd.  d  to  them  when  handine  them  the  1  erttai?'" 


■  K A*™*-  to-  - 



■  m'Sf'b 


ID  f/ 

Samuel  Insull  Esq.,  Troas., 

Ediscn  Buil||ing, 

4  r  Broad  StT,  New  York. 

■Vi  ..Dear  SirJ- 

f;'  .We  bee  to  hand  you  herewith  a  copy  of  a  letter  we 

have  this  day  received  from  J,  0.  Wood  Esq.,  General  Manager  of  the 
Missouri  Phonograph  Co. . 

■  !''  Yours  truly, 

“  "  Edison 


1  Enclosure. 



Milbanky  S*  Dak.,  July  10,  1891. 

Ediscn  Phonograph  Works, 

Orange ,  New  Jersey;* 

Gentlemen : - 

•On  my  rfetum, to  St.  Louis,  I  made  .out  an  order  for 
a  Sample  of  the  nejr  reproducer  jrifrir.''  the  N.  AV;  Pi  Coy,  informs  me 
theft  they  will  be  very  expensive  unless  a  large  number  is  ordered. 
As  understood  while  at  your  shops  at  the  invention,  that  these 
arms  would  be  ready  |o  go  out  at  once,-  are  you  in  a  position  to 
send  us  on<|,  immediately?  We  feel  the  phonograph  interest  is 
being  kept  baok  y  wy-pueh  .1*0,  way,  the  J»uaine8s  is  conducted  no*; 
and  hope  before  long  that  such  changes  will  be  made  to  enable  th$ 
local  companies  to  get"  goods  more  promptly^  We  have  order's  in  now 
s4hd,e  last  May,  for  machines  and  haye  no  information  as  to  when 
they  will  be  shipped,;  We  shall  probably  need  a  hundred  machines 
ih  otir  territory  before  the'  1st*  -of  January,'  and  in  case  we  a„e 
bothered  in  getting  machines  as  we  have  been,  we  shall'  surely  be; 
obliged  to  stop  active  work  until  you  can  get  thingssettled  there 
in  New  York  for  active  business* 

.  Wil1  you  kindly  let  me  hear  from  you  here,  as  1  am  taking  a 
months  vacation  in  my  sunnier  cottage,  and  shall  not  return  to  St.. 
Louis  until  the  fore  part  of  Augusti 

Yours  very  truly,, 

(signed)  j.  c*  Wood,  Gen.  Manager, 

Thef  Missouri  Phonograph  Co. 

-AugUBt  18th,  IRQ  1  .y/^O 

A, o. Tate  Esq. , Secretary , 

'  Edison  Building,  New  York, 
Dear  Sir:- 

Enclosed  please  find  statement  of  account 
against  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company, as  requested  by  you. 

Also  find  enclosed, a  list  of  the  Tools  under  construction  for 
that  Company, as  made  up  by  Mr.  Ballou. 

The  cost  of  Labor  &  Material  on  the  tools  as  per  enclosed 
list, up  to  and  including  Saturday  August  15th  is  $1,555.25 

This  sum  incroased  by  our  regular  percentages, 
namely,  40*  &  20*. will  amount  to-  *2  R9 

2  enclosures. 


List  of  Tools 

under  construction  for  Edison  United  Phonograph  Co. 


V,  "PUouo.  "Body  Tools 
Jig  for  drilling  and  first  reaming 
Hand  reaming  Jig  for  main  shaft  support 
Hand  reaming  Jig  for  main  shaft  oentre 
Swinging  arm  stud  and  screw  shaft 
Fixture  for  filing  swinging  arm  seat 
Drill  jig  for  swinging  arm  dowel  pin  hole 
Fixture  for  filing  lock  bolt  lug 
Fixture  for  milling  straight  edge 
Drill  jig  for  set  screw  holes 
Drill  jig  for  Idler  pulley  studs 



^ia^v;ae$\\v  5W\\v  TotiVs 

Screw  Machine  fixture  for  boring  hubs 
Fixture  for  milling  seat  and  lift  slot 
Fixture  for  milling  pawl  and  spring  slot 
Drill  jig  for  lift, pawl  and  spring  pins 
Drill  jig  for  cup  clamp  screws 
Drill  jig  for  adjusting  screws 
Fixture  for  reaming  cup  hole 
Bell  trip  dies  . 

nearly  " 
partly  .  " 


Ccovmx’Yui'c  YvcoiVxe 

Fixture  for  profiling  bracket  lugs 
Fixture  for  milling  rubber  plate  supports 
Drill  jig  for  all  holes 

Dies  for  index  spring, starting  and  spring  levers 


nearly  " 


Gcovievftor  1&\ru.cV\.e,\7 

Fixture  for  profiling  sides 
Drill  jig  for  all  holes 
Fixture  for  milling  feet 




SvMlXVty-VU)  ^OtWV 

Drill  jig  for  stud  hole  .  Finished 

Drill  jig  for  centre  and  adjusting  screw  " 

Fixture  for  straddle  milling  " 

Fixture  for  milling  for  lock  bolt  » 

Hand  reaming  for  stud  hole  « 

Hand  reaming  for  centre  hole  u 

Drill  jig  for  dowel  pin  not  » 

Drill  jig  for  magnet  frames  n 

Fixture  for  knife  block  back  rod  sleeve  hole  » 

Dies  for  small  levers  on  knife  blocks  » 

Top  plate  drill  jig  not  „ 

musuoX,  ^.(L^'cod.u.ce-v;  Txm/ 

Fixture  for  boring  hub 
Drill  jig  for  hub  clamp  screws 
Fixture  for  sawing  hub 
Fixture  for  profiling  boss 
Fixture  for  boring  cup  hole 

i°r  adJustin6  and  binding  post  dcre* 
Drill  jig  for  cup  clamp  screws 



Ctmt  2>lo\:  Tools 

Punching  dies  (2) 

Punching  dies  (9) 

Drill  jigS 



not  * 

Th.  too!,  M,iob  „o  „„  o^^oo  „„  „.„ly  ftoiah8a 

by  Sept . iet  thot  w  eon  beBta  the  of 

machines  without  delay  - c"""' 



August  18th, 1891. 

A.O.Tate  Esq. ,PrivatJ  Secretary, 

Edison  Building,  New  York. 

Dear  Sir:-  ^ 

Replying  to  your  favor  of  the  19th  August, receiv¬ 
ed  til  is. morning, we  beg  to  advise  you  that  the  Phonograph  Works 
have  no  claim  whatever  on  its  books  against  Jesse  H.lippinco'tt, 
tfefther  have  we  received  any  notice  from  Mr. Waite, the  Assignee, 
cal lingijf  or-'^riy’  s^ch  claim. 

Thomas  Butler  Esq., 

Edison  Building, 

Broad  St. ,  New  York. 
Dear  Sir:- 


SEP  2  1891 

We  would  ask  you  to  kindly  speak  to  Mr  Inaull 
regarding  the  price  the  New  York  Works  are  now  paying  us  for  iron 

The  price  we  now  charge  them  is  3  1/2/,  and  Mr.  Ballou  thinks 
that  this  is  entirely  too  low,  and  that  we  should  have  4  1/2/  for 
the  reason  that  most  all  of  the  castings  they  send  us,  are  quite 
small  and  difficult  to  cast,  requiring  a  very  large  amount  of  labor 
and  taking  a  smaller  quantity  of  iron.  • 

The  price  of  3  1/2/  seems  to  have  been  fixed  by  Mr.  Insull 
more  than  a  year  ago,  when  I  understand  the  Works  were  receiving 
orders  for  larger  castings,  which  of  course  we  could  furnish  at  a 
less  price  than  we  can  furnish  the  small  castings  which  we  are  now 


Yours  truly,  / 

Edison  Phonograph  Works, 



SEP  5  1391 

New  York,  Sept*  4,  1891* 

Thomas  Butler  Esq*, 

Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

Edison  Building,  Broad  St»,  Cityi 
Dear  Sir! 

I  have  your  favor  of  the  3rd,  inst*',  in 
relation  to  the  price  we  are  paying  the  Phonograph  Works  for  iron 
castings.  The  price  which  we  are  paying  for  iron  castings  to  the 
Phonograph  Works,  taking  into  consideration  that  the  castings  are 
billed  to  us  E.  .0 *  B,  Orange,  and  we  are  obliged  ,in  addition  ,to 
truck  these  castings  across  the  City,  is  no  lower,  if  as  low  as 
the  price  we  are  paying  other  foundries.  We  can  also  obtain  much 
prompter  service  from  other  found  riesi'  I  therefore,  cannot 
consider  the  question  of  paying  a  higher  price  to  the  Phonograph 
Works  for  iron  castings. 

Dictated  by  E,  A, 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq., 

Edison  Building, 

Broad  St.,  Now  York. 
Dear  Sir.:- 

With  relation  to  your  letter  requesting  us  to  send 
the  6  new  style  phonographs  made  for  ‘'fesoti, .  to  -the 

Laboratory,  .the  .writer  in  accordance  with  a  message  received  from 
Mr.  Insull  has  asked  Mr.  Edison  about  these  machines,  and  he  has 
given  his  permission  for  them  to  remain  here  at  the  Works  for  the 
moment,  for  purposes  of  experimentation,  and  also  for  use  in  this 

Yours  truly,  s) 

Edison  Phonograph  Works, 


. r  pm, 


mWmiva^  i68i  g  d3s  . 


Thomas  Butler  Esq., 

Edison  Building, 

Broad  St.,  New  York. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Herewdith  please  find  a  memorandum  of  the  Edison 
United  Phonograph  Cos'  account,  agreeing  with  my  telephone  message 
to  you  of. this  morning. 




?r.  ^  ^  / 

To  Edison  Phonograph  Works,  Dr. 



OuU  oK. 


i  >JL 

To  Edison  Phonograph  Works,  ©£■ 

telbehonb  sob.  (/ 

^  Office  and  Works,  Lakeside  Ave. 


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!  'Q''tt'fr r>t  Sd’.fi  (-71.  f*  i?vf~ 

P-e  f.^yy  ,7*' 

.  ''f&fp'h.  r>t£*XSj,  vr**  7o  — 
j  6Lecr)iitf‘  ttfdL*-  Jr«./-r>-r  r.  /Ua.&M.ctlf 

\  Mf,  %■ 

.  £;A?..%. 


..'y  f*. 

Xefi'z-.fyy ! .2-  c 
•JZ  a-  y  >t3  \  4  c, 

Shipped  \o 


Hill,  of _Ladirig__ 

Edison  Building, 

Broad  St.,  New  Yoric. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Rep  lying  to  your  letter  of  September  5th.,  we  would 
state  that  we  have  not  been  in  the  habit  of  sending  Mr.  Edison  a 
summary  of  our  pay-roll.  We  have  only  heretofore  made  out  one 
copy,  and  that  has  been  sent  to  your  office,  supposably  for  you  to 
hand  to  Mr.  Edison  at  such  times  as  you  required  to  get  money  from 
him  for  our  pay-roll.  Do  you  wish  us  to  send  a  copy  of  this  sum- 
-mary  each  week  to  Mr.  Edison? 


jp/'TV-r,  Cu  &  - 



Montreal.  September  10th,  1891. 

A. 0. Tate,  Esq., 

Care  of  The  EdL  son  General  Electric  Company, 

Edison  Building,  Broad  Street,  New  York. 

My  Dear  Tatet- 

I  have  your  telegram  telling  me  that  after  talk¬ 
ing  with  Major  Eaton  you  have  decided  to  s  tand  by  the  bills  as 
rendered  by  the  Phonograph  Works.  This  does  not  at  all  surprise 
me;  I  was  v try  much  surprised  at  your  s  aying  we  ought  to  withdraf 
them.  It  struck  me  that  if  the  contract  was  so  worded  that  we 
ought  towithdraw  these  bills,  Eaton  muBt  have  made  some  big 
blunders  in  drawing  the  contract,  and  this  I  did  not  think  he 

Yours  very  truly, 

No  eno< 

o™,  *£CEIV££  f  EDISC 

SEP  1^1801 

^■d^l%J?_.hUl89  / 

Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

A,  0,  Tate,  Esq,,  Seo,,  Orange,  N,  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Wat chung  Deed,  We  beg  to  enclose  herewith  a  deed  from 
Edison  Phonograph  Works  to  The  Inhabitants  of  the  Townsliip  of  West. 
Orange, for  execution.  This  has  been  drawn  with  an  eye  to  the 
Auchincloss  mortgage. 

After  Mr,  Edison  signs  it  will  you  please  attest  it,  amd 
also  sign  the  acknowledgment  ,  If  Mr,  Randolph  takes  the  acknow¬ 
ledgment  please  have  him  fill  in  the  blank  space  as  follows :"J6hn 
E.  Randolph,  a  Commissioner  of  Deeds  in  and  for  the  State  of  New 
Jersey,  residing  at  West-Orange  New  Jersey", 

Kindly  return  to  us  after  execution. 

Yours  truly, 


SEp14  1891 

Ans'd  ..(•;/. 

A.  0,  Tate  Esq.,  Secretary, 

Edison  Building,  Broad  St.,  N.Y. 

Dear  Sfrr- 

Re.  the  musical  records,  the  writer’s  understanding  from 
you  is  that  we  are  to' charge  the  different  phonograph  companies, 
the  same  price  which  you  charge  us.  , 

Does  this  rule  apply  also  to  the  blank  cylinders?  Are  we  to 
charge  the  phonograph  companies  10/  a  cylinder,  the  same  as  you 
charge  us,  and  the  same  as  we  charge  the  North  American  Phonograph 
Co.,  when  we  ship  them  direct? 

When  you  supply  us  records  on  cylinders  which  we  have  furnisheS 
you  by  order  of  the  North  American  Phonograph  Co.,  are  we  to  re¬ 
charge  the  records  to  the  North  American  Co.,  the  same  as  we  do  the 
cylinders,  when  we  ship  them  to  you,  or  are.  we  'to  charge  the 
records  to  the  phonograph  company  for  whom  the  records  have  been 


Yours  truly, 

Edison  I  ih  Works- 


^•>'-051 V  ££> 

SEP  16  1891 

,  Ans'd . 18 

New  York,  Sept.  14,  1891. 

Thomas  Butler  Esq., 

Edispn  Phonograph  Works, 

Edison  Building,  42  Broad  St.,  City* 

Bear  Sir: 

I  beg  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  yoi&r  favor  of  $he 
14th.  inst  ,  enclosing  letter  from  Mr.  H.  0,  Ware,  of  the  Edison 
Phonograph  Works,  dated  September  12th  ,  in  further  reference  to 
the  matter  of  iron  castings  and  note  that  Mr.  Ware  principally 
objects  to  our  orders  for  small  castings.  We  use  small  castings 
almost  entirely;as  our  work  does  not  'call  for  heavy  castings. 

X  would  state  that  the  larger  portion  of  our  requisitions  for  ipon 
castings  are  sent  to  the  Phonograph  Works,  and  this  portion  includes 
alft  of  the  large  orders. 

I  return  herewith  Mr.  Ware's  letter  of  the  12th.  inBt.,  as 
I  presume  that  you  desire  to  keep  it  in  yodr  files,  and  remain, 

Yours  truly,  '' 

/ /  .  Ass't  Manager* 

Bictated  by  E^  A.  S, 





•  scphim  ■ 

£r?ipS«*  * 

' . ** 


Thomas  Butler  Esq., 

Edlscn  Building, 

Broad  St.,  New  York. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  have  your  letter  or  September  5th.,  enclosing 
eopy  Of.  letter  poo  hove  received  from  Mr.  Hutchinson,  regarding 
the  price  the  Me,  York  Work,  are  paying  „„  for  „„i„g,. 

».  ....  Mr.  Hutohlnson'a  remark.  this  matter,  and 

»d  in  r.plp  „e  »ould  cap,  that  or  coura,  the  Phonograph  Work. 
located  in  Orange,  and  ir  the,  make  castings  for  parti,,  „„ 
York,  aomebodp  has  to  pap  the  freight.  „  .cold  hardly  p.y  t. 
..and  this  freight,  onl.a.  getting  .  *,*„  prl„  ^ 
eatings,  „  particularly  object  to  la,  that  th,  No.  York 

Work,  do  no,  send  us  any  large  casting,,  on  „hich  „e  could  cos.  eu't 
oven,  or  perhaps  a  11,,!,  .head,  but  most  all  of  the  „rk  they  .and 

"*  "  ””  ™aU  ““  1»‘ris**s'  requiring  a  number  or  cores,  „d 
requiring  ...large  mount  or  labor,  and  thi.  0f  »„*  hardly  ' 

pays  no  at  th.  rat.  „e  arc  no,  charging.  Can  „„  „r.  Hut.hin.on 


’  .  (2) 

arrange  to  sometimes  send  us  larger  and  heavier  work?  We  believe 
we  are  now  giving  the  New  York  Works,  perhaps  a  little  better  grade 
of  castings  than  they  get  in  Now  York,  and  we  also  believe  that  our 
service  is  as  prompt  as  they  could  get  anywhere,  with  perhaps  the 
exception  of  parties  in  New  York  near  their  Works. 

'  ^'yy^y* . p.*uV 

Xy.OLu^  ;  y^T, 

JtAAy^J^y ; 

A^f/-^<zyl  Jy-v-t 



MyC^U-yC  ^>*>  *J-<Z~.,  .  J-AiJuJ-u 

(yy^tzAyy^^A ,  -Ir-^cyC^AA 


.  /^c  l^adyta/vM/ 

_  Y  '  ■■*•; 

c (Qafom'.  ‘P’1' 

'Sept.  Slat,  1891. 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Edison  Building,  Broad  Street, 
Hew  York  City. 

Bear  Sir:- 

I  bog  to  confirm  the  following  message  which  I  tel¬ 
ephoned  to  you  this  afternoon! 

"Mr.  Edison  has  prepared  the  annexed  letter  to 
send  to  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company. 

Before  mailing  the  same  he  desires  you  to  sub¬ 
mit  it  to  Major  Eaton  and  ask  him  if  it  will 
affect  in  any  wa^eontracts  now  existing  be¬ 
tween  himself  and  the  United  Company: 

Edison  United  Phonograph  Co.,  September  21st,  1891. 

Mills  Building,  Broad  St., 

New  York  City. 

Dear  Sirs!- 

According  to  the  contract  entered  into  between  the 
Edison  United  Phonograph  Company  and  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works, 
the  profit  allowed  the  works  is  twenty  per  cent  (20/?)  on  all  things 
manufactured  by  them.  by  nuiual  consent  this  clause  is  abrogated 
for  a  poriodl  of  six  taohihs  from  the  date  hereof,  and  in  lieu  of  the 

twenty  per  cent  profit  allowed,  the  PhonoC^ph  .  v/orke  will  dolive 
now  style  phono graphs,  with  speaking  and  listening  tube,  packed, 
for  sixty  dollars  (60.00)  each,  and  Nickel-in-Slot  mechanisms  com¬ 
plete  ready  for  use,  but  without  battery,  for  ninety  dollars  (90. 
00)  each.  We  shall  try  and  fill  y0ur  orders  as  fast  as  possible. 
Ploaso  answer  if  this  is  satisfactory. 



I  send  you  the  foregoing  at  Mr.  Kdison's  request.  He  would 
like  you  to  give  the  matter  your  prompt  attention. 

Yours  very  truly. 


. . .  _ _ 

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44  .Cd'/wa '/:44faee6{  EDISON  BUILDING  ) 

'Slieu/-2(0rdy_  Sept  '#  23, .1891 . 

Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

A‘.  O’.  Tate,  Esq.,  Secretary, 

Edison  Laboratory,  Orange,  N'. 

Dear  Sir: 

SEP  2  &  1891 

Re  Watchung  Ave .  Deed.  Your  favor  of  the  2lBt  inst.,  en¬ 
closing  Deed  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works  to  the  Inhabitants  of 
West  Orange,  is  at  hand.  We  have  affixed  the  seal  of  the  Company 
and  now  return  the  Deed  to  you  for  acknowledgment. 

For  Woe  3:  ending  October  31st,  1091. 

Shipments  for  v/eoh- — - — - - — --122  Records 

■%:  Orders  on  band  for — - — - - — -—175  « 

These  are  being  hold,  av/aitii®  receipt  by  us  of  requisition 
from  I'll*  A'»  P«  Co!*  for  cylinders. 

£  . 


'(/J'/'tytr.d {  EDISON  BUILDING) 

-Nov  .  .17-,  -.1891 . 

Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

A,  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Secretary. 
Orange,  N,  J. 

Dear  Sir: 


.  .  NOV  I  G  1891  ....'  j 

l\ns’d^tzLij£. - 18  /y 

Re  Wat chung  Ave.  Deed.  In  connection  with  the  above 
matter  we  beg  to  return  to  you  herewith  the  following  papers,  viz: 

(a)  Warranty  Deed  from  Elias  M.  Condit  to  Edison  Phono¬ 
graph  Works,  dated  May  18,  1888. 

(b)  Certified  copy  of  Mortgage,  The  Edison  Phonograph 
Works  to  Henry  B.  Auchincloss. 

(c)  Abstract  of  the  Title  of  Edison  Phonograph  Works 
to  Lands  in  West  Orange,  N.  J. 

Yours  very  truly, 



For  vraok  ending  28th  Hovomlm-,  1891. 

Shipments  ibx*  weok- 

•125  Rccorda. 

Oi-doi's  on  hand  fox*' 



Reel  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
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may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 

A  Note  on  the  Sources 

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filmed  are  the  best  copies 
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effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 



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